U.S. Supreme Court
Pepke v. Cronan, 155 U.S. 100 (1894)
Pepke v. Cronan
Argued October 22, 1894
Decided October 29, 1894
155 U.S. 100
APPEAL FROM THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES FOR THE DISTRICT OF NORTH DAKOTA
P., being adjudged guilty of contempt by a state court, and sentenced to fine and imprisonment therefor, applied to the District Court of the United States for a writ of habeas corpus upon the ground that the statute of the state under which the proceedings took place of which his conviction and punishment for contempt formed a part were in contravention of the Constitutions of the United States and of the state. The district judge discharged the writ and remanded the petition. It was conceded that the validity of the proceedings in the state court could have been tested by the supreme court of the state on certiorari or habeas corpus, and no reason appeared why a writ of error could not have been applied for from this Court to the state court. Held that, without considering the merits of the question discussed, the judgment of the court below should be affirmed.
Certain citizens of Minnesota were the owners of a lot and building in Walsh County, North Dakota, which they had leased and which were occupied under their lessee. Against the occupant and one of the owners a proceeding was instituted in the District Court of Walsh County, in the name of the state upon the relation of its attorney general, under an act of North Dakota in that behalf entitled
"An act to prescribe penalties for the unlawful manufacture, sale, and keeping for sale intoxicating liquors, and to regulate the sale, barter, and giving away of such liquors for medical, scientific, and mechanical purposes,"
(Laws N. Dakota, 1890, 309. c. 110), praying for an injunction against the occupant for unlawfully disposing of intoxicating liquors upon the premises and against the owner for permitting the use thereof for the unlawful keeping or selling of such liquors, which injunction was granted, and under the restraining order and a search warrant also issued the sheriff took possession of the building and contents. While the sheriff had possession, Emil J. Pepke entered the building under the license and permission of the owners, whereupon, upon report of the sheriff, a rule upon him chanroblesvirtualawlibrary
to show cause why he should not be punished for contempt was entered by the district court, the rule was made absolute, and Pepke was sentenced to imprisonment in the county jail for ninety days and to pay a fine of $200, and was committed accordingly. Thereupon Pepke presented his petition for habeas corpus to the District Judge of the United States for the District of North Dakota, setting forth the grounds upon which he charged that section 13 of chapter 110 of the Laws of North Dakota of 1890, under which section the proceedings against him had been had, and the entire act were in contravention of the Constitution of the United States and of the state, and the judgment against him therefore void. The writ of habeas corpus was issued, and upon hearing was discharged and petitioner remanded, whereupon the cause was brought to this Court by appeal.
MR. CHIEF JUSTICE FULLER, after stating the facts in the foregoing language, delivered the opinion of the Court.
It was insisted upon the argument that the judgment in contempt was not appealable. State v. Davis, 2 N.D. 461, 51 N.W. 942. But it was conceded that the validity of the law and of the sentence could be tested by the supreme court of the state on certiorari or habeas corpus, and no reason was suggested why, if the judgment of the district court was the final judgment of the highest court of the state in which a decision in the matter could be had, a writ of error from this Court might not be applied for.
Without considering the merits of the questions discussed, the judgment must be affirmed upon the authority of Ex Parte Fonda, 117 U. S. 516; In re Wood, 140 U. S. 278; Cook v. Hart, 146 U. S. 183; New York v. Eno, ante, 155 U. S. 89, and cases cited.