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UNITED STATES V. JULIAN, 162 U. S. 324 (1896)

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U.S. Supreme Court

United States v. Julian, 162 U.S. 324 (1896)

United States v. Julian

No. 925

Submitted March 16, 1896

Decided April 18, 1896

162 U.S. 324



The jurat attached to a deposition taken before a commissioner of a circuit court of the United States is not a certificate to the deposition in the ordinary sense of the term, but a certificate of the fact that the witness appeared before the commissioner and was sworn to the truth of what he had stated, and the commissioner is entitled to a separate fee therefor.

This was a petition for fees as commissioner of the Circuit Court for the Middle District of Tennessee.

The claim included a large number of items, but the only point in controversy before this Court is whether petitioner was entitled to fifteen cents for each jurat or certificate appended to depositions taken by him as such commissioner. The total number of jurats so appended was 238, and the total charge therefor was $35.70.

The Court of Claims allowed this item, and the government appealed.

MR. JUSTICE BROWN delivered the opinion of the Court.

This case involves the construction of that paragraph of Rev.Stat. 847 which allows to commissioners "for issuing any warrant or writ, and for any other service, the same compensation as is allowed to clerks for like services," and the paragraphs of § 828 which allow to clerks, "for taking and certifying depositions to file, twenty cents for each folio of one hundred words," and, "for making any record, certificate, return or report, for each folio, fifteen cents."

In the case of United States v. Ewing, 140 U. S. 142, 140 U. S. 146, 4, and in United States v. Barber, 140 U. S. 164, 140 U. S. 165, 1, we held a commissioner to be entitled to twenty cents per chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

Page 162 U. S. 325

folio for drawing complaints in criminal cases, as for "taking and certifying depositions to file," where the local practice required a magistrate to reduce the examination of the complaining witnesses to writing. In the latter case (p. 140 U. S. 166), we also held that the petitioner should be allowed a fee or ten cents for each oath administered in connection with these complaints, and fifteen cents for each jurat, as for a certificate, and also (p. 140 U. S. 168, 7) that the charge per folio for depositions taken on examinations of prisoners was allowable, upon the same principle upon which we allowed it for preparing complaints. It follows from this that the commissioner is also entitled to fifteen cents per folio for the jurat to each deposition.

The certificate referred to in the words "taking and certifying depositions to file" is that required by §§ 863, 864, 865, 866, and 873, to be appended to depositions taken de bene esse in civil cases depending in the district or circuit court, which includes the circumstances with reference to the witness authorizing his deposition to be taken, the official character of the person taking it, the proof of reasonable notice to the opposite party, the fact that the witness was cautioned and sworn to testify to the whole truth, and other similar requirements. It was probably more particularly with reference to this class of depositions that the fee "for taking and certifying depositions" was inserted. The certificate referred to is always appended to depositions or a series of depositions taken de bene esse, is often of considerable length, and is required by repeated rulings of this and the circuit courts. Bell v. Morrison, 1 Pet. 351; Cook v. Burnley, 11 Wall. 659; Harris v. Wall, 7 How. 693; Whitford v. Clark County, 119 U. S. 522; Tooker v. Thompson, 3 McLean 92; Voce v. Lawrence, 4 McLean 203.

The jurat is not a certificate to a deposition in the ordinary sense of the term, but a certificate of the fact that the witness appeared before the commissioner, and was sworn to the truth of what he had stated. We think the design of the statute was to allow a separate fee therefor.

The judgment of the Court of Claims is therefore


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