U.S. Supreme Court
Gonzales v. Williams, 192 U.S. 1 (1904)
Gonzales v. Williams
Argued December 4, 7, 1903
Decided January 4, 1904
192 U.S. 1
The Immigration Act of March 3, 1891, 26 Stat. 1084, relates to foreigners as respects this country -- to persons owing allegiance to a foreign government; citizens of Porto Rico are not "aliens," and upon arrival by water at the ports of our mainland, are not "alien immigrants" within the intent and meaning of the act.
The facts of this case, which involved the power of the Commissioner of Immigration at the Port of New York to detain a citizen of Porto Rico as an alien immigrant under the provisions of the Act of March 3, 1891, 26 Stat. 1084, are stated in the opinion of the court. chanroblesvirtualawlibrary