U.S. Supreme Court
Zartarian v. Billings, 204 U.S. 170 (1907)
Zartarian v. Billings
Submitted December 7, 1906
Decided January 7, 1907
204 U.S. 170
Naturalization acts of the United States have limited admission to citizenship to those within its limits, and under its jurisdiction.
An alien's right to acquire citizenship is purely statutory, and extension of the effect of naturalization to minor children of the person naturalized not included in the statute must come from Congressional legislation, and not judicial decision.
Section 2172, Rev.Stat., and the naturalization laws of the United States, do not confer citizenship on the minor children of a naturalized alien who were born abroad and remain abroad until after their parent's naturalization; such children are aliens, subject as to their entrance to the United States to the provisions of the Alien Immigration Act of March 3, 1903, 32 Stat. 1213, and may be excluded if afflicted with contagious disease. chanroblesvirtualawlibrary
The facts are stated in the opinion.