U.S. Supreme Court
Serra v. Mortiga, 204 U.S. 470 (1907)
Serra v. Mortiga
Submitted February l, 1907
Decided February 25, 1907
204 U.S. 470
The guarantees extended by Congress to the Philippine Islands are to be interpreted as meaning what the like provisions meant when Congress made them applicable to those islands.
While a complaint on a charge of adultery under the Penal Code of the Philippine Islands may be fatally defective for lack of essential averments as to place and knowledge on the part of the man that the woman was married, objections of that nature must be taken at the trial, and if not taken, and the omitted averments are supplied by competent proof, it is not error for the Supreme Court of the Philippine Islands to refuse to sustain such objections on appeal.
While the Supreme Court of the Philippine Islands hears an appeal as a trial de novo and has power to reexamine the law and the facts it does so entirely on the record.
The facts are stated in the opinion. chanroblesvirtualawlibrary