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TEXAS & PACIFIC RAILWAY CO. V. ROSBOROUGH, 235 U. S. 429 (1914)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Texas & Pacific Railway Co. v. Rosborough, 235 U.S. 429 (1914)

Texas & Pacific Railway Co. v. Rosborough

No. 357

Argued November 30, 1914

Decided December 14, 1914

235 U.S. 429

ERROR TO THE CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS

FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT

Syllabus

Where the cause was removed from the state court to the district court and comes here solely because plaintiff in error is incorporated under an act of Congress, this Court goes no further than to inquire whether there is plain error.

Where defendant on the trial insisted that sparks or cinders from only three identified locomotives which were properly equipped with spark consumers could have caused the fire which destroyed plaintiff's goods, but introduced evidence tending to show that all its locomotives were properly equipped, which fact it had pleaded, it was not error to admit evidence in rebuttal to the effect that locomotives were seen within a few days after the accident near the scene of the fire which were emitting large cinders.

The trial court having properly instructed in respect to contributory negligence, it was not error to refuse to instruct that a railway company was not liable for damage by fire caused by its own negligence because it had not consented to storage of the damaged cotton on its chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

Page 235 U. S. 430

platform, it appearing that there had been a long continued custom for such storage.

209 F.2d 5 affirmed.

The facts, which involve the validity of a judgment against a railroad company for damages by fire caused by sparks from one of its locomotives, are stated in the opinion.

Memorandum opinion by MR. JUSTICE McREYNOLDS, by direction of the Court:

This cause was removed from the state court to the district court, and comes here solely because plaintiff in error is incorporated under an act of Congress. We go no further than to inquire whether there is plain error. Chicago Junction Ry. v. King, 222 U. S. 222, 222 U. S. 224; Texas & Pacific Railway v. Howell, 224 U. S. 577, 224 U. S. 582.

The circuit court of appeals affirmed the judgment of the district court, rendered upon a verdict, against the railway company for the value of cotton destroyed by fire alleged to have started from sparks and cinders negligently permitted to escape from some passing locomotive. The answer of the company denied all negligence, and expressly set up (1) that it exercised ordinary care to procure and use upon all of its engines proper spark arresters, and that these were in good repair when the accident occurred, (2) that, without its consent, the cotton was stored on the part of an open platform which chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

Page 235 U. S. 431

extended over its right of way, and was thus voluntarily exposed near tracks along which twenty engines were operated every day.

While insisting that sparks or cinders from only three identified engines could have caused the fire, the railway company nevertheless introduced some evidence tending to show that all locomotives were properly equipped. In rebuttal and over objection, a witness was permitted to testify that, within a few days after the accident, he saw engines, while passing near the scene, emit large cinders, and the admission of such evidence constitutes the principal subject of complaint here. In view of the pleadings and the statements of preceding witnesses, this action was not improper. Texas & Pacific Railway v. Watson, 190 U. S. 287, 190 U. S. 289; Goodman v. Lehigh Valley R. Co., 78 N.J.L. 317, 325-326.

The court was requested, but refused, to charge that, if the railway had not assented to the storage of the cotton over its right of way, and if in fact the fire started there, then it would not be liable. This refusal is said to constitute plain and material error, but we think otherwise in view of the long continued use of the platform and the clear instruction in respect of contributory negligence. The mere presence of the cotton on the right of way without affirmative permission would not suffice to relieve the company from the consequence of its own negligence. Grand Trunk Railroad v. Richardson, 91 U. S. 454, 91 U. S. 471.

The other assignments of error are not much relied upon, and are without substantial merit.

Judgment affirmed.





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