U.S. Supreme Court
American Surety Co. v. Shulz, 237 U.S. 159 (1915)
American Surety Co. v. Shulz
Argued February 23, 1915
Decided April 5, 1915
237 U.S. 159
Under § 24, Judicial Code, the district court has jurisdiction of a suit to enforce a supersedeas bond given under §§ 1000 and 1007, Rev.Stat. Such a suit is one of a civil nature arising under the Constitution or laws of the United States even though the suit in which the bond was given was not one so arising.
A supersedeas bond is not a substitute for the judgment in a civil suit for which it is given -- the judgment and bond are distinct; the former rises out of the common law and the latter out of a law of the United States.
The facts, which involve the jurisdiction of the district court of the United States under § 24 Judicial Code, are stated in the opinion.