U.S. Supreme Court
McMicking v. Schields, 238 U.S. 99 (1915)
McMicking v. Schields
Submitted May 12, 1915
Decided June 1, 1915
238 U.S. 99
General Order No. 58, of April 23, 1900, amended the Philippine Code of Criminal Procedure, and gave the person charged with crime a specified time within which to plead, but even if the trial court misconstrued the provisions of the Order in that respect, such error would not deprive the proceedings of lawful effect and enlarge the accused.
Mere error of law, even though serious, committed by the trial court in a criminal case in the exercise of jurisdiction over a case properly subject to its cognizance, cannot be reviewed by habeas corpus.
The writ of habeas corpus cannot be employed as a substitute for a writ of error.
23 P.I. 526 reversed.
The facts, which involve the validity of a conviction and sentence in the Philippine Islands and the extent to which the conviction can be reviewed on habeas corpus, are stated in the opinion. chanroblesvirtualawlibrary