U.S. Supreme Court
Booth v. United States, 291 U.S. 339 (1934)
Booth v. United States
Argued January 17, 1934
Decided February 5, 1934
291 U.S. 339
1. A district or circuit judge of the United States who retires pursuant to § 260 of the Judicial Code, as amended, continues in office within the meaning of § 1 of Art. III of the Constitution, and his compensation may not be diminished. P. 291 U. S. 348.
2. In the light of the evident purpose of the Act that a retiring judge shall continue to hold office and perform official duties, its provision for the appointment of a "successor" cannot be construed as vacating the office. P. 291 U. S. 351.
3. A diminution after an increase of compensation, even though not a reduction below the rate at date of appointment, is a diminution within the meaning of § 1 of Art. III. P. 291 U. S. 352.
Certificates from the Court of Claims in two cases involving the validity of an Act reducing the pay of retired federal judges. chanroblesvirtualawlibrary