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MISSISSIPPI V. LOUISIANA, 350 U. S. 5 (1955)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Mississippi v. Louisiana, 350 U.S. 5 (1955)

Mississippi v. Louisiana

No. 11, Original

Argued October 11, 1955, on exception to the

Report of the Special Master

Decree entered October 17, 1955

350 U.S. 5

Final decree fixing the true boundary between Mississippi and Louisiana at certain points on the Mississippi River.

DECREE

This cause having been submitted upon the pleadings, evidence, and exhibits after arguments by counsel upon the exceptions of the State of Louisiana to the Report of the Special Master, the Court, having duly considered the same and being fully advised in the premises, now enters the following order:

The exceptions to the Report of the Special Master are overruled. The Report of the Special Master is adopted, and his proposed decree is approved, and

It is Ordered, Adjudged and Decreed that the true boundaries between the States of Mississippi and Louisiana at the places involved in this case be, and they hereby are found and concluded to be, as follows: chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

Page 350 U. S. 6

Description by geodetic positions (North American Datum) of the line that forms the Mississippi-Louisiana state boundary between Latitude 32ˇ 15' and 32ˇ 09' and Longitude 90ˇ 58' to 91ˇ 07', that is, in the area commonly known as Reed-Bedford, Oak Bend, Diamond Island and Diamond Point.

Beginning at a point where the live thalweg of the Mississippi River crosses the line 32ˇ 15' North Latitude;

Thence Southward along the live thalweg of the Mississippi River to a point where the live thalweg crosses the line that runs South 60ˇ East from the point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 11' 34" - Long. 90ˇ 59' 47".

Thence leaving the thalweg of the Mississippi River and running North 60ˇ West to the point being at Lat. 32ˇ 11' 34" - Long. 90ˇ 59' 47";

Thence running Westward along the dead thalweg of the abandoned channel of the Mississippi River (lower Oak Bend) to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 11' 29" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' (S-5 Smith Exhibit 5).

Thence leaving the dead thalweg of the abandoned channel of lower Oak Bend and running Northward (along the Suter line, Smith Exhibit 5) to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 11' 46" -- Long. 90ˇ 00' 09" (S-4, Smith Exhibit 5);

Thence Northward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 11' 51" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 11" (S-3, Smith Exhibit 5);

Thence Northward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 12' 44" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 20" (S-2, Smith Exhibit 5);

Thence Northward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 09" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 14" (S-1, Smith Exhibit 5);

Thence Northward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 21" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 10" (S, Smith Exhibit 5).

Thence running Westward along the dead thalweg of the abandoned channel of the Mississippi River that loops around the Northern side of Diamond Island (Diamond Island Towhead) to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 22" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 13"; chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

Page 350 U. S. 7

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 26" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 22";

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 31" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 30";

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 36" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 37";

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 44" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 47";

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 49" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 53";

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 55" -- Long. 91ˇ 01';

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 14' -- Long. 91ˇ 01' 05";

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 14' 09" -- Long. 91ˇ 01' 15";

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 14' 17" -- Long. 91ˇ 01' 29";

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 14' 23" -- Long. 91ˇ 01' 43";

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 14' 29" -- Long. 91ˇ 02';

Thence Westward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 14' 32" -- Long. 91ˇ 02' 16";

Thence Southward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 14' 31" -- Long. 91ˇ 02' 33";

Thence Southward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 14' 26" -- Long. 91ˇ 02' 48";

Thence Southward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 14' 16" -- Long. 91ˇ 03';

Thence Southward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 14' 00" -- Long. 91ˇ 03' 06";

Thence Southward to a point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 54" -- Long. 91ˇ 03' 08" ("C" Smith Exhibit 5).

Thence running Southward (along Smith line "C" Exhibit 5) to the point that is Lat. 32ˇ 13' 41" -- Long. 91ˇ 03' 10" (C-1 Smith Exhibit 5); chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

Page 350 U. S. 8

Thence Southward to the point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 31" -- Long. 91ˇ 03' 16" (C-2 Smith Exhibit 5);

Thence Southward to the point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 07" -- Long. 91ˇ 03' 40" (C-3 Smith Exhibit 5).

Thence running Westwardly along the dead thalweg of the abandoned channel of the Mississippi River (lower Oak Bend) to the point that is at Lat. 32ˇ 13' 23" -- Long. 91ˇ 04';

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 13' 37" -- Long. 91ˇ 04' 30";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 13' 35" -- Long. 91ˇ 05';

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 13' 26" -- Long. 91ˇ 05' 30";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 13' 04" -- Long. 91ˇ 06';

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 12' 30" -- Long. 91ˇ 06' 28";

Thence Westwardly to a point at the head of Palmyra Lake and Kellogg Lake (where the Northern and Western boundary of Diamond Point ends and which is point of beginning of the Southern boundary of Diamond Point), Lat. 32ˇ 12' 24" -- Long. 91ˇ 06' 44";

Thence Westwardly along the thalweg of Palmyra Lake to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 12' 26" -- Long. 91ˇ 07'.

That portion of the Southern boundary of Diamond Point that also forms the Mississippi-Louisiana state boundary is described as follows:

Beginning at the thalweg of the Mississippi River at the lower end of Diamond Point Cut-off at a point, being at Lat. 32ˇ 09' 46" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' (Smith Exhibit 5);

Thence Westwardly along the dead thalweg of the abandoned channel of the Mississippi River and so-called Kellogg Lake to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 09' 43" -- Long. 91ˇ 00' 30";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 09' 40" -- Long. 91ˇ 01'; chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

Page 350 U. S. 9

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 09' 45" -- Long. 91ˇ 01' 30";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 10' -- Long. 91ˇ 01' 52";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 10' 07" -- Long. 91ˇ 02';

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 10' 27" -- Long. 91ˇ 02' 29";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 10' 41" -- Long. 91ˇ 03';

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 10' 50" -- Long. 91ˇ 03' 30".

The following portion of this description is inserted here to complete the Southern boundary of Diamond Point and to join the two portions of the Mississippi-Louisiana state boundary:

Thence continuing Westwardly along the dead thalweg in the abandoned channel of the Mississippi River and so-called Kellogg Lake to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 10' 54" -- Long. 91ˇ 04';

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 11' -- Long. 91ˇ 04' 18";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 11' 03" -- Long. 91ˇ 04' 30";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 11' 11" -- Long. 91ˇ 05';

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 11' 25" -- Long. 91ˇ 05' 30";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 11' 44" -- Long. 91ˇ 06';

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 12' -- Long. 91ˇ 06' 10";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 12' 07" -- Long. 91ˇ 06' 15";

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 12' 20" -- Long. 91ˇ 06' 30"; chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

Page 350 U. S. 10

Thence Westwardly to a point, Lat. 32ˇ 12' 24" -- Long. 91ˇ 06' 44" (being the point at the head of Palmyra Lake and Kellogg Lake where the Northern and Western boundary of Diamond Point ends and joins with the Southern boundary of Diamond Point).

The costs of this suit are equally divided between the two States, plaintiff and defendant.





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