US LAWS, STATUTES and CODES : Chan Robles Virtual Law Library USA Supreme Court Decisions | Resolutions : Chan Robles Virtual Law Library

ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library™ |™   
Main Index Repository of Laws, Statutes and Codes Latest Philippine Supreme Court Decisions Chan Robles Virtual Law Library Latest Legal Updates Philippine Legal Resources Significant Philippine Legal Resources Worldwide Legal Resources Philippine Supreme Court Decisions United States Legal Resources United States Supreme Court Jurisprudence ChanRobles LawTube - Social Network

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : DebtKollect Company, Inc. - Debt Collection Firm Intellectual Property Division - Chan Robles Law Firm

Philippine Supreme Court DecisionsChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

google search for chanrobles.comSearch for

RELFORD V. COMMANDANT, 401 U. S. 355 (1971)

Subscribe to Cases that cite 401 U. S. 355 RSS feed for this section

U.S. Supreme Court

Relford v. Commandant, 401 U.S. 355 (1971)

Relford v. Commandant, U.S. Disciplinary Barracks,

Ft. Leavenworth

No. 98

Argued December 15-16, 1970

Decided February 24, 1971

401 U.S. 355


Petitioner, then an Army corporal, was convicted in 1961 by a general court-martial for violating Articles 134 and 120 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice by kidnaping and raping, within the bounds of a military reservation, two women -- one, who was waiting for her serviceman brother who was visiting the base hospital; the other, who was on her way from the home on the base where she lived with her serviceman husband to the post exchange where she worked. In this habeas corpus proceeding, the Court granted certiorari on the issue of the retroactivity and scope of O'Callahan v. Parker, 395 U. S. 258 (1969), which held that a court-martial had no jurisdiction to try a member of the armed forces charged with attempted off-post rape of a civilian and related offenses, since such crimes were not "service-connected."


1. Though some of the factors are present here that the Court relied on for its result in O'Callahan (the offenses were committed in peacetime within this country's territory, did not relate to the accused's military duties, were traditionally cognizable in civilian courts (which were available to try them), and did not directly flout military authority or violate military property), this case significantly differs from O'Callahan in that the crimes there were committed by a serviceman away from his base against a victim who had no connection with the base, whereas here, the crimes were committed on the base against women properly there, one of whom was returning to her work on the base when the attack occurred. Pp. 401 U. S. 364-365.

2. An offense committed by a serviceman on a military post that violates the security of a person or of property there is service-connected, and may be tried by a court-martial. Pp. 401 U. S. 367-369.

3. The question of O'Callahan's retroactivity is not decided. Pp. 401 U. S. 369-370.

409 F.2d 824, affirmed.

BLACKMUN, J., delivered the opinion for a unanimous Court. chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

Page 401 U. S. 356

ChanRobles™ LawTube

google search for Search for

Supreme Court Decisions Philippine Supreme Court DecisionsUS Supreme Court Decisions



Browse By ->> Volume


Browse By ->> Year


  Copyright © ChanRobles Publishing Company | Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions
ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library |™