CHANROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY
US LAWS, STATUTES and CODES : Chan Robles Virtual Law Library USA Supreme Court Decisions | Resolutions : Chan Robles Virtual Law Library

ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library™ | chanrobles.com™   
Main Index Repository of Laws, Statutes and Codes Latest Philippine Supreme Court Decisions Chan Robles Virtual Law Library Latest Legal Updates Philippine Legal Resources Significant Philippine Legal Resources Worldwide Legal Resources Philippine Supreme Court Decisions United States Legal Resources United States Supreme Court Jurisprudence ChanRobles LawTube - Social Network

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com DebtKollect Company, Inc. - Debt Collection Firm Intellectual Property Division - Chan Robles Law Firm

Philippine Supreme Court DecisionsChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

google search for chanrobles.comSearch for www.chanrobles.com


LEE V. MISSOURI, 439 U. S. 461 (1979)

Subscribe to Cases that cite 439 U. S. 461 RSS feed for this section

U.S. Supreme Court

Lee v. Missouri, 439 U.S. 461 (1979)

Lee v. Missouri

No. 77-6066

Decided January 15, 1979*

439 U.S. 461

ON PETITION FOR WRIT OF CERTIORARI TO THE

SUPREME COURT OF MISSOURI

Syllabus

Judgments of Missouri Supreme Court and Missouri Court of Appeals affirming convictions as against fair cross-section claims based on exclusion of women from juries are vacated, and the cases are remanded for reconsideration in light of Duren v. Missouri, ante p. 439 U. S. 357. Because Duren does not announce any "new standards" of constitutional law not evident from the decision in Taylor v. Louisiana, 419 U. S. 522, the considerations calling for departure from full retroactive application of constitutional holdings are inapplicable to juries sworn after the Taylor decision.

Certiorari granted in Nos. 77066, 77-6068, 77-6701, and 77-7012. 556 S.W.2d 11; 556 S.W.2d 25; 556 S.W.2d 135; 559 S.W.2d 749; 560 S.W.2d 283; and 564 S.W.2d 328, vacated and remanded.

PER CURIAM.

The motions for leave to proceed in forma pauperis are granted.

In each of these cases, the trial court denied a timely motion to quash the petit jury panel. On appeal, the convictions were affirmed on the basis of State v. Duren, 556 S.W.2d 11 (Mo.1977). State v. Lee, 656 S.W.2d 25 (Mo.1977); State v. Minor, 556 S.W.2d 35 (Mo.1977); State v. Arrington, 559 S.W.2d 749 (Mo.1978); State v. Burnfin, 560 S.W.2d 283 (Mo.App. 1977); State v. Combs, 564 S.W.2d 328 (Mo.App. 1978).

We reversed the decision below in Duren because of inconsistency with the principles enunciated in 419 U. S. 357. The State of Missouri has urged that our decision in Duren not be applied retroactively to petitioners or appellants other than Duren himself. However, because that decision does not announce any "new standards" of constitutional law not evident from the decision in Taylor v. Louisiana, the considerations that have led us in other cases to depart from full retroactive application of constitutional holdings, see, e.g., Stovall v. Denno, 388 U. S. 293, 388 U. S. 297 (1967), are inapplicable to juries sworn after the decision in Taylor v. Louisiana. Compare Daniel v. Louisiana, 420 U. S. 31 (1975), holding Taylor v. [email protected] inapplicable to cases in which the jury was sworn prior to the date of that decision.

We note that in any case in which a jury was sworn subsequent to Taylor v. Louisiana and the fair cross-section claim based on exclusion of women was rejected on direct review or in state collateral proceedings because of the defendant's failure to assert the claim in timely fashion, relief is unavailable under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 unless the petitioner can show cause for having failed to raise his claim properly in the state courts. See Wainwright v. Sykes, 433 U. S. 72 (1977).

The petitions for certiorari in Nos. 77-6066, 77-6068, 77-6701, and 77-7012 are granted. The judgments below in those cases, together with that in No. 77-6553, are vacated, and the cases are remanded for reconsideration in light of Duren v. Missouri, ante p. 439 U. S. 357.

So ordered.

[For opinion of MR. JUSTICE POWELL concurring in the judgments, see ante, p. 439 U. S. 460.]

MR. JUSTICE REHNQUIST dissents.

* Together with No. 77-6068, Minor v. Missouri, also on certiorari to, and No. 77-6553, Arrington v. Missouri, on appeal from, the same court, and No. 77-6701, Burnfin v. Missouri, and No. 77-7012, Combs v. Missouri, on certiorari to the Court of Appeals of Missouri, Kansas City District.





Back
ChanRobles™ LawTube

google search for chanrobles.com Search for www.chanrobles.com


Supreme Court Decisions Philippine Supreme Court DecisionsUS Supreme Court Decisions



www.chanrobles.us




QUICK SEARCH

cralaw

Browse By ->> Volume


cralaw

Browse By ->> Year


cralaw

  Copyright © ChanRobles Publishing Company | Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions
ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™
 
RED