Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1954 > March 1954 Decisions > G.R. No. L-6901 March 5, 1954 - PIO S. PALAMINE, ET AL. v. RODRIGO ZAGADO, ET AL.

094 Phil 494:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

EN BANC

[G.R. No. L-6901. March 5, 1954.]

PIO S. PALAMINE, SULPICIO UDARBE, ALFONSO SAGADO, HIPOLITO EXCELISE, IRENEO SULITA, MELECIO DAMASING, and LUDHERO BALOC, Petitioners, v. RODRIGO ZAGADO, METRANO PALAMINE, BRIGIDO CAÑALES, DOMINADOR ACOBO, GUALBERTO SAFORTEZA, Respondents.

Tañada, Pelaez & Teehankee, for Petitioners.

Provincial Fiscal D. Melendez for Respondents.


SYLLABUS


ADMINISTRATIVE LAW; REMOVAL OR DISMISSAL OF CHIEF AND MEMBERS OF POLICE FORCE OF A MUNICIPALITY. — The chief and members of the police force of a municipality cannot be dismissed simply in accordance "with the new policy of the present administration," without charging and proving any of the legal causes specifically provided in Republic Act 557.


D E C I S I O N


BENGZON, J.:


The petitioners were on June 12, 1953, the chief and members of the police force of Salay, Misamis Oriental. On that date they were removed from the service by the respondent Rodrigo Zagado as the acting mayor of the same municipality. The other respondents are the persons subsequently appointed to the positions thus vacated.

This litigation was instituted without unnecessary delay, to test the validity of such removals and appointments, the petitioners contending they were illegal, because contrary to the provisions of section 1, Republic Act No. 557, which reads in part as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"Members of the provincial guards, city police and municipal police shall not be removed and, except in cases of resignation, shall not be discharged except for misconduct or incompetency, dishonesty, disloyalty to the Philippine Government, serious irregularities in the performance of their duties, and violation of law or duty, . . ."cralaw virtua1aw library

There is no question that on June 12, 1953 each of the petitioners received from the respondent Rodrigo Zagado a letter of dismissal couched in these terms:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"I have the honor to inform you that according to the new policy of the present administration, your services as Municipal Police, this municipality will terminate at the opening of the office hour in the morning of June 13, 1953, and in view hereof, you are hereby respectfully advised to tender your resignation effective immediately upon receipt of this letter."cralaw virtua1aw library

There is also no question that on June 14, 1953 said respondent appointed the other respondents to the vacant positions, which the latter assumed in due course and presently occupy.

The respondents’ answer, without denying the letters of dismissal, alleges that Acting Mayor Zagado had dismissed the petitioners "with legal cause and justification" and that "charges have been preferred against the said petitioners."cralaw virtua1aw library

What that legal cause is, the pleading does not disclose. What the preferred charges were, we do not know. Whether they are charges of the kind that justify investigation and dismissal, respondents do not say. And when the controversy came up for hearing, none appeared for respondents to enlighten the court on charges or the outcome thereof.

Hence, as the record now stands the petitioners appear to have been dismissed simply in accordance "with the new policy of the present administration" as avowed in the letters of dismissal. Probably that is the "legal cause" alleged by respondents. But they forget and disregard Republic Act 557, inasmuch as no misconduct or incompetency, dishonesty, disloyalty to the Government, serious irregularity in the performance of duty or violation of law has been charged and proven against the petitioners. The Legislature in said statute has wisely expressed its desire that membership in the police force shall not be forfeited through changes of administration, or fluctuations of "policy", or causes other than those it has specifically mentioned.

Reinstatement is clearly in order. 1

Wherefore, judgment is hereby rendered in favor of the petitioners, commanding the respondent Acting Mayor Rodrigo Zagado to reinstate them to their respective positions, and ordering the other respondents to vacate their places. Costs against respondents. SO ORDERED.

Paras, C.J., Pablo, Padilla, Montemayor, Reyes, Jugo, Bautista Angelo, Labrador, Concepcion and Diokno, JJ., concur.

Endnotes:



1. Mission, Et Al., v. Dell Rosario, G. R. No. L-6754, supra, p. 483; Manuel v. De la Fuente, 43 Off. Gaz., 4829, 92 Phil., 302.




Back to Home | Back to Main


chanrobles.com



ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc. : www.chanroblesprofessionalreview.com
ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com
ChanRobles CPA Review Online

ChanRobles CPALE Review Online : www.chanroblescpareviewonline.com
ChanRobles Special Lecture Series

ChanRobles Special Lecture Series - Memory Man : www.chanroblesbar.com/memoryman





March-1954 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-7207 March 4, 1954 - PABLO SANTOS v. DIRECTOR OF PRISONS

    094 Phil 491

  • G.R. No. L-5692 March 5, 1954 - SURIGAO CONSOLIDATED MINING CO., INC. v. EL ADMINISTRADOR DE RENTAS INTERNAS

    094 Phil 492

  • G.R. No. L-6901 March 5, 1954 - PIO S. PALAMINE, ET AL. v. RODRIGO ZAGADO, ET AL.

    094 Phil 494

  • G.R. No. L-6874 March 6, 1954 - POTENCIANO SAN JUAN, ET AL. v. BIENVENIDO A. TAN, ET AL.

    094 Phil 497

  • G.R. No. L-7028 March 6, 1954 - JOAQUIN VILLALUZ v. TITO CANDIDO

    094 Phil 501

  • G.R. No. L-5156 March 11, 1954 - CARMEN FESTEJO v. ISAIAS FERNANDO

    094 Phil 504

  • G.R. No. L-6158 March 11, 1954 - CEBU PORTLAND CEMENT CO. v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, ET AL.

    094 Phil 509

  • G.R. No. L-6229 March 11, 1954 - LUCIO LOPEZ v. ELIAS DE LA CRUZ, ET AL.

    094 Phil 517

  • G.R. No. L-5732 March 12, 1954 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FEDERICO FADER

    094 Phil 522

  • G.R. No. L-6337 March 12, 1954 - RUPERTA CAMARA, ET AL. v. CELESTINO AGUILAR, ET AL.

    094 Phil 527

  • G.R. No. L-6784 March 12, 1954 - NATIVIDAD MIRANDA v. DEPORTATION BOARD

    094 Phil 531

  • Resolution : In the Matter of the Petitions for Admission to the Bar of Unsuccessful Candidates of 1946 to 1953; ALBINO CUNANAN ET AL., petitioners. March 18, 1954 IN RE: CUNANAN, ET AL. : 094 Phil 534

  • G.R. No. L-5973 March 20, 1954 - MARCELO VEA v. CLAUDIO ACOBA, ET AL.

    094 Phil 597

  • G.R. No. L-7058 March 20, 1954 - VICENTE J. FRANCISCO, ET AL. v. EDUARDO ENRIQUEZ

    094 Phil 603

  • G.R. No. L-4816 March 23, 1954 - SURIGAO EXPRESS CO., INC. v. ADOLFO C. MORTOLA

    094 Phil 614

  • G.R. No. L-6940 March 23, 1954 - MARIANO LICLICAN, ET AL. v. MANUEL ARRANZ, ET AL.

    094 Phil 617

  • G.R. No. L-5656 March 24, 1954 - JUAN G. FELICIANO, ET AL. v. MARIANO ALIPIO, ET AL.

    094 Phil 621

  • G.R. No. L-6493 March 25, 1954 - EUGENIO S. DE GRACIA v. RAMON R. SAN JOSE, ET AL.

    094 Phil 623

  • G.R. No. L-5921 March 29, 1954 - SALVACION B. LONDRES v. NATIONAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF THE PHILIPPINES

    094 Phil 627

  • G.R. No. L-6706 March 29, 1954 - ALFREDO JAVIER v. ANTONIO G. LUCERO, ET AL.

    094 Phil 634

  • G.R. No. 6791 March 29, 1954 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. QUE PO LAY

    094 Phil 640

  • G.R. No. L-4958 March 30, 1954 - MONICO PUENTEVELLA, ET AL. v. FAR EASTERN AIR TRANSPORT, ET AL.

    094 Phil 644

  • G.R. No. L-4989 March 30, 1954 - MARCIANO INOCENTE, ET AL. v. MAMERTO S. RIBO, ET AL.

    094 Phil 652

    TABLE

  • G.R. No. L-5638 March 30, 1954 - LUZON LUMBER & HARDWARE CO. INC. v. MANUEL QUIAMBAO, ET AL.

    094 Phil 663

  • G.R. No. L-5758 March 30, 1954 - ISIDRO DE LEON v. HONORABLE DOMINGO IMPERIAL, ET AL.

    094 Phil 680

  • G.R. No. L-6269 March 30, 1954 - ANTONIO CHUA v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    094 Phil 700

  • G.R. No. L-6298 March 30, 1954 - CONCEPCION MATURAN, ET AL. v. ARCADIO GULLES, ET AL.

    094 Phil 701

  • G.R. No. L-6308 March 30, 1954 - FEDERICO T. JUGADOR v. ZACARIAS DE VERA

    094 Phil 704

  • G.R. No. L-6382 March 30, 1954 - MANUEL LAPUZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    094 Phil 710

  • G.R. No. L-6518 March 30, 1954 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO DIAZ

    094 Phil 714

  • G.R. No. L-6686 March 30, 1954 - BARTOLOME BARTOLOME v. AUDITOR GENERAL

    094 Phil 718

  • G.R. No. L-6835 March 30, 1954 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FAUSTO YADAO, ET AL.

    094 Phil 726

  • G.R. No. L-7026 March 30, 1954 - MARGARITA ESTACIO VDA. DE POSADAS v. MARIA NIEVRE, ET AL.

    094 Phil 729

  • G.R. No. L-7115 March 30, 1954 - EUGENIO N. BRILLO v. MANUEL ENAGE, ET AL.

    094 Phil 732