Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1976 > August 1976 Decisions > G.R. No. L-43521 August 10, 1976 - MARIA BUKID, ET AL. v. ALBERTO A. REYES:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

SECOND DIVISION

[G.R. No. L-43521. August 10, 1976.]

MARIA BUKID, MIGUEL CASTILLO and MANUEL CARANDANG, Petitioners, v. HON. ALBERTO A. REYES, Judge of the Court of Agrarian Relations, Branch II, Seventh Regional District; CRISANTO SALAZAR, LAUREANO MACALINTAL and IRENEA ACAPIO, Respondents.


R E S O L U T I O N


AQUINO, J.:


Presented for resolution in these special civil actions of certiorari and prohibition is the question of whether the Court of Agrarian Relations, Lipa City Branch, gravely abused its discretion in not allowing Maria Bukid and her sons, Miguel Castillo and Manuel Carandang, to intervene in CAR Case No. 1800 "Crisanto Salazar v. Laureano Macalintal and Irenea Acapio." That question has to be decided on the basis of the ultimate facts found in the pleadings.

Crisanto Salazar alleged in his amended complaint that the spouses Laureano Macalintal and Irenea Acapio are the owners of two parcels of land located at Barrio Maugat, Padre Garcia, Batangas. In 1957 or after Salazar married Macalintal’s sister, he became a tenant of the Macalintal spouses on their six-hectare-parcel of land. When the Macalintal spouses acquired a one-hectare coconut land in 1960, Salazar became also the tenant thereof. He planted on the land coconut, coffee and mango trees and banana plants.

Salazar also alleged that sometime after the permanent trees had been planted, he allowed Miguel Castillo, at the request of his mother Maria Bukid and with the consent of the Macalintal spouses, to plant seasonal crops on the portion of the land that was not planted to fruit-bearing trees. Manuel Carandang, another son of Maria Bukid, succeeded Castillo as a tiller of the land. In 1972, when Salazar separated from his wife, he asked the Macalintal spouses to pay for the price of the trees which he had planted. The spouses did not honor their contractual commitment. They dispossessed him of the land and "asked Maria Bukid to administer the landholdings" (Par. 12, page 10, Rollo).

Salazar prayed that the Macalintal spouses be ordered to account for the produce of the land and to pay him his corresponding share thereof up to the time the possession of the land is restored to him or that he be paid the value of the permanent trees planted by him, plus disturbance compensation and damages.

The Macalintal spouses in their answer alleged that Salazar was their tenant up to 1967 when he surrendered or abandoned the land and he and his wife moved to San Antonio, Quezon Province. It was then that Maria Bukid became their overseer and her two sons became their tenants. Six years later, Salazar separated from his wife and stayed with his children who were residing at Barrio Maugat. In February, 1975 Salazar surreptitiously occupied the house of the spouses on the said land. They filed an ejectment suit against Salazar in the municipal court of Padre Garcia. The Macalintal spouses prayed for the dismissal of Salazar’s complaint.

On December 10, 1975 Maria Bukid and her sons, pursuant to the lower court’s order filed an intervention complaint in CAR Case No. 1800. They alleged that since 1967 they have been the overseer and tenants, respectively, of the Macalintal spouses on the landholdings .N question and that in February, 1975 Salazar forcibly entered the house of the Macalintal spouses located on the said land and dislodged Maria Bukid therefrom. The intervenors prayed that Salazar and the Macalintal spouses be ordered to recognize Maria Bukid as the overseer, and her two sons, Castillo and Carandang, as the tenants of the said land.

Salazar opposed the motion for intervention. (The Macalintal spouses manifested on November 28, 1975 that they interposed no objection to the motion for intervention). The lower court denied the motion in a minute order dated February 20, 1976. The intervenors filed a motion for reconsideration and an amended complaint in intervention. The lower court denied the motion for reconsideration in its minute order dated March 23, 1976. A copy of that order was served on the intervenors on April 1. On April 12, they filed the petition herein.

Respondent Judge’s CAR counsel justified his denial of the motion for intervention by alleging that the intervenors have no cause of action against Salazar and the Macalintal spouses. The CAR counsel contended that the status of Maria Bukid as an overseer would not be affected by any decision on Salazar’s complaint. As to her grievance that she was ejected by Salazar from the house occupied by her, she could secure relief in the ejectment case pending in the municipal court.

The CAR counsel also contended that since Salazar and the Macalintal spouses have not attempted to oust Castillo and Carandang from the land in question, they have no cause of action against the said persons and no right to intervene in the litigation between them. Respondent Judge’s counsel observed that Maria Bukid and her sons should have filed an answer in intervention because they "have a common cause" with the Macalintal spouses in resisting Salazar’s claim. Or they should file a separate action.

Taking into account the foregoing factual allegations and considering that the proceedings in the Agrarian Court are governed by the Rules of Court (Sec. 155, Code of Agrarian Reforms);

Considering that Salazar wants to take the place of Castillo and Carandang as tenants and desires to be restored to the possession of the landholdings in question, which since 1967 have allegedly been under the control of the intervenors;

Considering that Salazar’s demand for his share of the produce during the time that the land has been in the possession of Maria Bukid and her sons (or, alternatively, for the price of the permanent trees) would adversely affect their own shares in the products thereof (already received and to be received) as well as their rights, if any, to the plantings thereon;

Considering that the intervenors have an interest in the subject matter of Salazar’s action and that complete relief cannot be granted therein without hearing their side of the controversy; that any adjudication in Salazar’s favor would prejudice them; that their interest in the CAR case is actual and material, direct and immediate and not merely contingent and inchoate (Garcia v. David, 67 Phil. 279; See secs. 2, 7 and 8, Rule 3 in relation to Rule 12 of the Rules of Court), and that their intervention will not unduly delay or prejudice the adjudication of the rights of Salazar and the Macalintal spouses:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

The Court resolved to set aside the court’s order denying the motion for intervention of Maria Bukid and her sons, Castillo and Carandang, and to direct that, in justice to them, their intervention complaint be admitted and thus obviate duplicity of suits (Toledo v. Court of Agrarian Relations, 62 O.G. 4765, 8 SCRA 499). That order was issued with grave abuse of discretion. No costs.

SO ORDERED.

Fernando (Acting C.J.), Barredo, Antonio and Concepcion, Jr., JJ., concur.




Back to Home | Back to Main


chanrobles.com



ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc. : www.chanroblesprofessionalreview.com
ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com
ChanRobles CPA Review Online

ChanRobles CPALE Review Online : www.chanroblescpareviewonline.com
ChanRobles Special Lecture Series

ChanRobles Special Lecture Series - Memory Man : www.chanroblesbar.com/memoryman





August-1976 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-37187 August 3, 1976 - ASIATIC INTEGRATED CORPORATION v. HON. FEDERICO ALIKPALA

  • G.R. No. L-37561 August 9, 1976 - PONCIANO WAGAN v. JOEL P. TIANGCO

  • G.R. No. L-32401 August 10, 1976 - HUSING LAO v. FELINO D. ABALOS

  • G.R. No. L-42452 August 10, 1976 - IRENEO ABUAN, ET AL. v. MIGUEL T. VALERA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-42615 August 10, 1976 - SALUD DIVINAGRACIA, ET AL. v. VALERIO V. ROVIRA

  • G.R. No. L-43521 August 10, 1976 - MARIA BUKID, ET AL. v. ALBERTO A. REYES

  • A.C. No. 1564 August 11, 1976 - SERVANDO MANGAHAS v. CRISPIN P. PEREZ, JR.

  • G.R. No. L-27785 August 11, 1976 - ZACARIAS A. TICZON v. SERAFIN C. FULE

  • G.R. No. L-29080 August 17, 1976 - CONCEPCION MACABINGKIL v. PEOPLE’S HOMESITE AND HOUSING CORPORATION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-31061 August 17, 1976 - SULO NG BAYAN, INC. v. GREGORIO ARANETA, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-42349 August 17, 1976 - FOAMTEX LABOR UNION-TUPAS v. CARMELO NORIEL, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. 131-MJ August 21, 1976 - JACOB O. MEIMBAN v. EMMA B. BALITE

  • A.M. No. 535-MJ August 21, 1976 - ELSIE Q. TOLENTINO v. GODOFREDO O. TIONG

  • G.R. No. L-25897 August 21, 1976 - AGUSTIN DORMITORIO, ET AL. v. JOSE FERNANDEZ

  • G.R. No. L-43760 August 21, 1976 - PHILIPPINE ASSOCIATION OF FREE LABOR UNIONS (PAFLU) v. BUREAU OF LABOR RELATIONS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-310 August 23, 1976 - CELESTINO C. JUAN v. FAUSTINO P. ARIAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-34882 August 24, 1976 - J. AMADO ARANETA v. ALFONSO DORONILA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-40633 August 25, 1976 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TELESFORO B. HONDOLERO

  • G.R. No. L-41166 August 25, 1976 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL. v. NUMERIANO G. ESTENZO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-26282 August 27, 1976 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENITO SATORRE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-28344 August 27, 1976 - DOLORES T. OCAMPO v. ABELARDO SUBIDO

  • G.R. No. L-41893 August 27, 1976 - VICENTE C. GALANG v. WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. 97-MJ August 31, 1976 - JUAN A. ABING v. CLOTILDE J. SALAZAR

  • A.M. No. P-214 August 31, 1976 - LUCIANO TAGA-AN v. MAHATMA G. ROA

  • A.C. No. 401-CJ August 31, 1976 - BENJAMIN MARAVILLA v. GUMERSINDO ARCILLA

  • A.C. No. 1418 August 31, 1976 - JOSE MISAMIN v. MIGUEL A. SAN JUAN

  • G.R. No. L-24233 August 31, 1976 - MALAYAN INSURANCE CO., INC. v. MANILA RAILROAD COMPANY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-25161 August 31, 1976 - IN RE: REPETITION FOR SURRENDER OF OWNER’S DUPLICATE OF OCT v. HEIRS OF MARIANO RIVERA

  • G.R. No. L-27099 August 31, 1976 - FELISA REJUSO, ET AL. v. IRENEO ESTIPONA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-28838 August 31, 1976 - AQUILINO DE LA CERNA, ET AL. v. LOURDES DE LA CERNA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-30458 August 31, 1976 - FRANCISCO Q. BOCOBO v. VICENTE M. ESTANISLAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-37406 August 31, 1976 - VALERIO TACAS v. FLORENTINO C. CARIASO

  • G.R. No. L-38270 August 31, 1976 - AQUILINA SAN PEDRO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-40694 August 31, 1976 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CARLOS ALETA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-42010 August 31, 1976 - ODELON RAMOS v. ARSENIO M. GONONG

  • G.R. No. L-43009 August 31, 1976 - VICENTE S. LAUDE v. CINE MODERNA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-43302 August 31, 1976 - ELENA JACOB v. WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION COMMISSION, ET AL.