A collection of Philippine laws, statutes and codes not included or cited in the main indices of the Chan Robles Virtual Law Library.
Republic Acts :
|REPUBLIC ACT NO. 2668 - AN ACT
CREATING THE CITY OF GINGOOG
Section 1. This Act shall be known as the Charter of the City
Sec. 2. Territory of the City of Gingoog. — The City of Gingoog, which is hereby created, shall comprise the present territorial jurisdiction of the Municipality of Gingoog in the Province of Misamis Oriental.
Sec. 3. Corporate character of the city. — The City of Gingoog constitutes a political body corporate and is endowed with the attribute of perpetual succession and possessed of the powers which pertain to a municipal corporation, to be exercised in conformity with the provisions of this Charter.
Sec. 4. Seal and general powers of the city. — The city shall have a common seal, and may alter the same at pleasure. It may take, purchase, receive, hold, lease, convey, and dispose of real and personal property for the general interests of the city, condemn private property for public use, contract and be contracted with, sue and be sued, prosecute and defend to final judgment and execution wherein said city is a party, and exercise all the powers hereinafter conferred.
Sec. 5. The city not liable for damages. — The city shall not be liable or held for damages or injuries to persons or property arising from the failure of the Municipal Board, the Mayor, or any other city officer or employee, to enforce the provisions of this Charter, or any other law or ordinance, or from negligence of said Municipal Board, Mayor or other city officers or employees while enforcing or attempting to enforce the provisions: Provided, however, That nothing herein contained shall prevent any aggrieved party from filing a personal action in the proper court against any official or employee of the city government for any act or omission in the performance of his duties.
Sec. 6. Jurisdiction of the city. — The
jurisdiction of the City of Gingoog for police purposes shall be
coextensive with its territorial jurisdiction and shall extend to three
miles from the shore into Gingoog Bay; and for the purpose of
protecting and insuring the purity of the water supply of the city,
such police jurisdiction shall also extend over all territory within
the drainage area of such water supply or within one hundred meters of
any reservoir, conduit, canal, aqueduct or pumping station used in
connection with the city water service. The municipal court of the city
shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the justice of the peace court
of the respective municipalities, to try crimes and misdemeanors
committed within said drainage area, or within said spaces of one
hundred meters. The court first taking jurisdiction of such an offense
shall thereafter retain exclusive jurisdiction thereof. The police
force of the several municipalities concerned shall have concurrent
jurisdiction with the police force of the city for the maintenance of
good order and the enforcement of ordinances throughout said zone, area
and spaces. But any license that may be issued within said zone, area
or space shall be granted by the proper authorities of the municipality
concerned, and the fees arising therefrom shall accrue to the treasury
of the said municipality concerned and not to that of the
Sec. 7. The Mayor — His election, qualifications and compensation. — The Mayor shall be the chief executive of the city. He shall be elected by the qualified voters of the city during every election for provincial and municipal officials in conformity with the provisions of the Revised Election Code. No person shall be elected mayor unless at the time of the election he is at least twenty-five years of age, a resident of the city for at least two years prior to his election, and a qualified voter therein.
He shall receive compensation as provided in Republic Act Numbered Eight hundred forty.
Sec. 8. The Vice-Mayor — His election,
qualifications, duties and compensation. — There shall be a vice-mayor
who shall be elected in the same manner as the mayor and shall at the
time of his election possess the same qualifications as the mayor. He
shall perform the duties of the mayor, in the event of sickness,
absence or other temporary incapacity of the mayor, or in the event of
a definitive vacancy in the position of mayor. If, for any reason, the
vice-mayor is temporarily incapacitated for the performance of the
duties of the office of the mayor, or said office of the vice-mayor is
vacant, the duties of the mayor shall be performed by the councilor who
obtained the highest number of votes. The acting mayor shall have the
same powers and duties as the mayor.
Sec. 9. General powers and duties of the Mayor. —
Unless otherwise provided by law, the Mayor shall have immediate
control over the executive and administrative functions of the
different departments of the city, subject to the authority and
supervision of the Office of the President. He shall have the following
general powers and duties:
Section 10. Secretary to the Mayor. — The Mayor shall
appoint one secretary who shall hold office at the pleasure of the
Mayor and who shall receive a compensation, to be fixed by ordinance
approved by the Office of the President, at not exceeding two thousand
seven hundred pesos per annum.
The Municipal Board
Section 11. Constitution and organization of the Municipal Board — Compensation of members thereof . — The Municipal Board shall be the legislative body of the city and shall be composed of the vice-mayor, who shall be its presiding officer, and six councilors who shall be elected at-large by popular vote during every election for provincial and municipal officials in conformity with the provisions of the Revised Election Code. In case of sickness, absence, suspension or other temporary disability of any member of the Board, or if necessary to maintain a quorum, the President of the Philippines may appoint a temporary substitute who shall possess all the rights and perform all the duties of a member of the Board until the return to duty of the regular incumbent.
If any member of the Municipal Board should be a candidate for office in any election, he shall be disqualified to act with the Board in the discharge of the duties conferred upon it relative to election matters, and in such case the other members of the Board shall discharge said duties without his assistance, or they may choose some disinterested elector of the city to act with the Board in such matters in his stead.
The members of the Municipal Board shall receive compensation as provided in Republic Act Numbered Eight hundred forty.
Section 12. Qualifications, suspension and removal of
Members of the Board. — The members of the Municipal Board shall at the
time of their election be qualified electors of the city, residents
therein for at least one year, and not less than twenty-three years of
age. Upon qualifying the members-elect shall assume office on the date
fixed in the Revised Election Code until their successors are elected
Section 13. Appointment, salary and duties of
Secretary of the Board. — The Board shall have a secretary who shall be
appointed by it to serve during the term of office of the members
thereof. The compensation of the secretary shall be fixed by ordinance,
approved by the Office of the President, at not exceeding two thousand
seven hundred pesos per annum. A vacancy in the office of the secretary
shall be filled temporarily for the unexpired term in like manner.
Section 14. Method of transacting business by the
Board — Veto, authentication and publication of ordinances. — Unless
the Office of the President orders otherwise, the Board shall hold one
ordinary session of the transaction of business during each week on a
day which it shall fix by resolution and such extraordinary sessions,
not exceeding thirty during any one year, as may be called by the
Mayor. It shall sit with open doors, unless otherwise ordered by an
affirmative vote of four members. It shall keep a record of its
proceedings and determine its rules of procedure not herein set forth.
Four members of the Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction
of business. But a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and may
compel the immediate attendance of any member absent without good cause
by issuing to the police of the city an order for his arrest and
production at the session under such penalties as shall have been
previously prescribed by ordinance. Four affirmative votes shall be
necessary for the passage of any ordinance, or of any resolution or
motion directing the payment of money or creating liability, but any
other measure shall prevail upon the majority votes of the members
present at any meeting duly called and held. The ayes and nays shall be
taken and recorded upon the passage of all ordinances, upon all
resolutions or motions directing the payment of money or creating
liability, and, at the request of any member, upon any other resolution
or motion. Each approved ordinance, resolution or motion shall be
sealed with the seal of the Board, signed by the presiding officer and
the secretary of the Board and recorded in a book kept for the purpose,
and shall, on the day following its passage, be posted by the secretary
at the main entrance of the City Hall and at least two other public
places, and shall take effect and be in force on and after the tenth
day following its passage unless otherwise stated in said ordinance,
resolution or motion or vetoed by the Mayor as hereinafter provided. A
vetoed ordinance, if repassed, shall take effect ten days after the
veto is overridden by the required votes unless otherwise stated in the
ordinance or again disapproved by the Mayor within said time.
Section 15. General powers and duties of the Board. —
Except as otherwise provided by law, and subject to the conditions and
limitations thereof, the Municipal Board shall have the following
Section 16. Restrictive provisions. — No commercial
sign, signboard, or billboard shall be erected or displayed on public
lands, premises, or buildings. If after due investigation, and having
given the owners an opportunity to be heard, the Mayor shall decide
that any sign, signboard, or billboard displayed or exposed to public
view is offensive to the sight or is otherwise a nuisance, he may order
the removal of such sign, signboard, or billboard, and if same is not
removed within ten days after he has issued such order, he may himself
cause its removal, and the sign signboard, or billboard shall thereupon
be forfeited to the city, and the expenses incident to the removal of
the same shall become a lawful charge against any person or property
liable for the creation or display thereof.
Department and Offices of the City
Section 17. City departments. — There shall be a finance department, an engineering department, a law department, a health department, a police department, a fire department and an assessment department. Unless otherwise provided by law, the Mayor shall have general supervisory control over all the city departments.
The Municipal Board may from time to time make such readjustment of the duties of the several departments as the public interest may demand, and, with the approval of the President, may consolidate any department, division or office of the city with any department, division or office.
Section 18. Powers and duties of the heads of
departments. — Each head of department of the city government shall be
in control of such department under the direction of the mayor and
shall possess such powers as may be prescribed herein or by ordinance.
He shall certify to the correctness of all payrolls and vouchers of his
department covering the payment of money before payment, except as
herein otherwise expressly provided. At least four months before the
beginning of each fiscal year, he shall prepare and present to the
Mayor an estimate of the receipt and appropriation necessary for the
operation of his department during the ensuing fiscal year, and shall
submit therewith such information for purposes of comparison as the
Mayor may desire. He shall submit to the Mayor as often as required
reports covering the operations of his department.
Section 19. Appointment and removal of officials and employees. — The President of the Philippines shall appoint, with the consent of the Commission on Appointments, the judge and auxiliary judge of the municipal court, the city treasurer, the city engineer, the city attorney, the city health officer, the chief of police, the chief of the fire department, and the other heads of such city departments as may be created.
Sec. 20. Officers not to engage in certain
transactions. — It shall be unlawful for any city officer, directly or
indirectly, individually or as a member of a firm, to engage in any
business transaction with the city, or with any of its authorized
officials, boards, agents, or attorneys, whereby money is to be paid,
directly or indirectly, out of the resources of the city of such person
or firm; or to purchase any real estate or other property belonging to
the city, or which shall be sold for taxes or assessments, or by virtue
of legal process at the suit of the city; or to be surety for any
person having a contract or doing business with the city, for the
performance of which security may be required; or to be surety on the
official bond of any officer of the city and shall not be financially
interested in any transaction or contract in which the National
Government or any subdivision or instrumentality thereof is an
Sec. 21. The city treasurer — His powers, duties and compensation. — There shall be a city treasurer, who shall have charge of the department of finance and shall act as chief fiscal officer and financial adviser of the city and custodian of its funds, He shall receive a salary not exceeding four thousand eight hundred pesos per annum as provided in Republic Act Numbered Eight hundred forty. He shall have the following general powers and duties:
(a) He shall collect all taxes due the city, all licenses authorized by law or ordinance, all rents due for lands, markets, and other property owned by the city, all further charges of whatever nature fixed by law or ordinance, and shall receive and issue receipt for all costs, fees, fines and forfeitures imposed by the municipal court.
(b) He shall collect all miscellaneous charges made by the engineering department and by the other department of the city government, and all charges made by the city engineer for inspections, permits, licenses, and the installations, maintenance, and services rendered in the operation of the private privy system.
(c) He shall collect, as deputy of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, by himself or deputies, all taxes and charges imposed by the Government of the Republic of the Philippines upon property or persons in the city, depositing daily such collections in any depository bank of the Government.
(d) Unless otherwise specifically provided by law or resolution, he shall perform in and for the city the duties imposed by law or resolution upon provincial treasurers generally, as well as the other duties imposed upon him by law.
(e) He shall purchase and issue all supplies, equipment or other property required by the city through the purchasing agent, or otherwise, as may be authorized, subject to the general provisions of law relating thereto.
(f) He shall be accountable for all funds and property of the city and shall render such accounts in connection therewith as may be prescribed by the Auditor General.
(g) He shall deposit daily all municipal funds and collections in any bank duly designated as Government depository.
(h) He shall disburse the funds of the city in accordance with duly authorized appropriations, upon properly executed vouchers bearing the approval of the chief of the department concerned, and on or before the twentieth day of each month he shall furnish the Mayor and the Municipal Board for their administrative information a statement of the appropriation, expenditures and balances of all funds and accounts as of the last day of the month preceding.
Sec. 22. The city engineer — His powers, duties and compensation. — There shall be a city engineer, who shall be in charge of the department of engineering and public works. He shall receive a salary of not exceeding four thousand eight hundred pesos per annum. He shall have the following powers and duties:
(a) He shall have charge of all the surveying and engineering work of the city, and shall perform such service in connection with public improvement, or any work entered upon proposed by the city, or any department thereof, as may require the skill and experience of a civil engineer.
(b) He shall ascertain record, and establish monuments of the city survey and from thence extend the survey of the city, and locate, establish, and survey all city property and also private property abutting on the same, whenever directed by the Mayor.
(c) He shall prepare and submit plans, maps, specifications and estimates for buildings, streets, bridges, docks, and other public works, and supervise the construction and repair of the same.
(d) He shall make such tests and inspection of engineering materials used in construction and repair as may be necessary to protect the city from the use of materials of a poor or dangerous quality.
(e) He shall have the care of all public streets, parks, erected, including markets and slaughterhouses and all buildings rented for city purposes, and of any system now or hereafter established by the city for lighting the streets, public places, and public buildings.
(f) He shall have the care of all public streets, parks, and bridges, and shall maintain, clean, sprinkle, and regulate the use of the same for all purposes as provided by ordinance; shall collect and dispose of all garbage refuse, the contents of closets, vaults, and cesspools, and all other offensive and dangerous substances within the city.
(g) He shall have the care and custody of all public docks, wharves, pies, levees, and landing places owned by the city.
(h) He shall prevent the encroachment of private buildings and fences on the streets and public places of the city.
(i) He shall have general supervision and inspection of all private docks, wharves, piers, levees and landing places, and other property bordering on the harbor, river, esteros, and waterways of the city, and shall issue permits for the construction, repair and removal of the same, and enforce all ordinances relating to the same.
(j) He shall have the care and custody of the public system of waterworks and sewers, and all sources of water supply, and shall control, maintain, and regulate the use of the same, in accordance with the ordinance relating thereto; shall inspect and regulate the use of all private systems for supplying water to the city and its inhabitants, and all private sewers and their connections with the public sewer system.
(k) He shall supervise the laying of mains and connections for the purpose of supplying gas to the inhabitants of the city.
(l) He shall inspect and report upon the conditions of public property and public works whenever required by the Mayor.
(m) He shall supervise and regulate the location and use of engines, boilers, forges, and other manufacturing and heating appliances in accordance with law and ordinance relating thereto. He is authorized to charge, at rates to be fixed by the Board with the approval of the Department Head, for sanitation and transportation services and supplies furnished by his department.
(n) He shall inspect and supervise the construction, repair, removal, and safety of private buildings, and regulate and enforce the numbering of houses, in accordance with the ordinances of the city.
(o) With the previous approval of the mayor in each case, he shall order the removal of buildings and structures erected in violation of the ordinances; shall order the removal of the materials employed in the construction or repair of any building or structure made in violation of said ordinances; and shall cause buildings or structures dangerous to the public to be made secure or torn down.
( p) He shall file and preserve all maps, plans, notes, surveys, and other papers and documents pertaining to his office.
Sec. 23. Execution of authorized public works and
improvement. — All repair or construction of any work or public
improvement, except parks, boulevards, streets or alleys, involving an
estimated cost of three thousand pesos or more shall be awarded to the
lowest responsible bidder after public advertisement by posting notices
of call for bids in conspicuous places in the City Hall and other
public places which shall not be less than ten less than ten days and
by publication in the Official Gazette for not less than ten days by
the Mayor upon the recommendation of the city engineer: Provided,
however, That the city engineer may, with approval of the President of
the Philippines upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Public
Works and Communications, execute by administration any such public
work costing three thousand pesos or more.
Sec. 24. The city attorney — His powers and duties. — The city attorney who shall discharge his duties under the general supervision of the Secretary of Justice shall be the chief legal adviser of the city. He shall receive a salary of not exceeding four thousand eight hundred pesos per annum. He shall have the following powers and duties:
(a) He shall personally or through any assistant represent the city in all civil cases wherein the city or any officer thereof, in his official capacity, is a party; and shall prosecute and defend all evil action related or connected with any city officer or interest.
(b) He shall, when directed by the mayor, institute and prosecute in the city's interest a suit on any bond, lease, or other contract and upon any breach or violation thereof.
(c) He shall, when requested, attend meetings of the Board, draw ordinances, contracts, bonds, leases, and other instruments involving any interest of the city, and inspect and pass upon any such instrument already drawn.
(d) He shall give his opinion in writing, when requested by the Mayor or the Board or any of the heads of the city departments, upon any question relating to the city or the rights or duties of any city officer thereof.
(e) He shall, whenever it is brought to his knowledge that any city officer or employee is guilty of neglect or misconduct in office, or that any persons, firm, or corporation holding or exercising any franchise or public privilege from city, has failed to comply with any condition, or to pay any consideration mentioned in the grant of such franchise or privilege, investigate or cause to be investigated the same and report to the Mayor.
(f) He shall investigate all charges of crimes, misdemeanors, and violations of laws and city ordinances and prepare the necessary informations or make the necessary complaints against the persons accused. He may conduct such investigations by taking oral evidence of reputed witnesses and for this purpose may, by subpoena, summon witnesses to appear and testify under oath before him, and the attendance or evidence of an absent or recalcitrant witness may be enforced by application to the municipal court or the Court of First Instance.
(g) He shall have charge of the prosecution of all crimes, misdemeanors and violations of laws and city ordinances triable in the Court of First Instance of Misamis Oriental and the municipal court of the city, and shall discharge all the duties in respect to criminal prosecutions enjoined by law upon provincial fiscal.
(h) He shall cause to be investigated the causes of sudden deaths which have not been satisfactorily explained and when there is suspicion that the cause arose from unlawful acts or omissions of other persons or from foul play. For that purpose he may cause autopsies to be made in case it is deemed necessary and shall be entitled to demand and receive for the purpose of such investigations or autopsies thed of the city health officer.
(i) He shall at all times render such professional services as the Mayor of Board may require, and shall have such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law or ordinance.
(j) He shall perform the duties prescribed by law for register of deeds.
Sec. 25. The city health officer — His salary powers and duties. — There shall be a city health officer who shall have charge of the health department. He shall receive a salary of not exceeding four thousand eight hundred pesos per annum, one-half of which shall be paid by the city government and the other half by the National Government. The city health officer shall have the following general powers and duties:
(a) He shall have general supervision over the health and sanitary conditions of the city.
(b) He shall execute and enforce all laws, ordinances and regulations relating to the public health.
(c) He shall recommend to the Municipal Board the passage of such ordinance as he may deem necessary for the preservation of the public health.
(d) He shall cause to be prosecuted all violations of sanitary laws, ordinances, or regulations.
(e) He shall make sanitary inspections and may beded therein by such members of the police force of the city or of the national police as shall be designated as sanitary police by the chief of police or proper national police officer and such sanitary inspector as may be authorized by law.
(f) He shall keep a civil register for the city and record therein all births marriages, and deaths with their respective dates.
(g) He shall perform such other duties not repugnant to law or ordinance, with reference to the health and sanitation of the city as the Director of Health Services shall direct.
Sec. 26. The chief of police — His powers, duties and compensation. — There shall be a chief of police who shall have charge of the police department. He shall receive a salary of not exceeding two thousand four hundred pesos per annum. He shall have the following general powers and duties:
(a) He may issue supplementary regulations not incompatible with law or general regulations promulgated by the proper department head of the national Government, in accordance with law, for the governance of the city police and detective force.
(b) He shall quell riots, disorders, disturbances of the peace, and shall arrest and prosecute violators of any law or ordinance; shall exercise police supervision over all land and water within the police jurisdiction of the city; shall be charged with the protection of the rights of person and property wherever found within the jurisdiction of the city, and shall arrest when necessary to prevent the escape of the offender, violators of any law or ordinance, and all who obstruct, or interfere with him in the discharge of his duty; shall have charge of the city prison; and shall be responsible for the safe-keeping of all prisoners until they shall be released from custody, in accordance with law, or delivered to the warden of the proper prison or penitentiary.
(c) He may take good and sufficient bail for the appearance before the judge of the municipal court of any person arrested for violation of any city ordinance.
(d) He shall have authority within the police limits of the city, to serve and execute criminal processes of any court.
(e) He shall be the deputy sheriff of the city, and, as such, he shall, personally or by representative, attend the sessions of the municipal court, and shall execute promptly and faithfully, all writs and processes of said court.
(f) He shall have such other powers and perform such other duties as may be prescribed by law or ordinance.
Sec. 27. Chief of secret service. — There shall be
a chief of the secret service who shall, under the chief of police,
have charge of the detective work of the department and of the
detective force of the city, and shall perform such other duties as may
be assigned to him by the chief of police or prescribed by law or
Sec. 28. Peace officers — Their powers and duties.
— The Mayor, the chief of police, the chief of the secret service, and
all officers and members of the city police and detective force shall
be peace officers. Such peace officers are authorized to serve and
execute all processes of the municipal court and criminal processes of
all other courts to whomsoever directed, within the jurisdictional
limits of the city or within the police limits as hereinbefore defined:
within the same territory, to pursue and arrest, without warrant, any
person found in suspicious places or under suspicious circumstances
reasonably tending to show that such person has committed, or is about
to commit, any crime, or breach of the peace; to arrest or cause to be
arrested, without warrant, any offender when offense is committed in
the presence of a peace officer or within his view; in such pursuit or
arrest to enter any building, ship, boat, or vessel or take into
custody any person therein suspected of having participated in such
crime or breach of the peace, and any property suspected of having been
stolen and to exercise such other powers and perform such other duties
as may be prescribed by law or ordinance. They shall detain and arrest
a person only in accordance with the provisions of existing laws
relative to such detention until he can be brought before the proper
Sec. 29. Chief of fire department — His powers, duties and compensation. — There shall be a chief of fire department who shall have charged of said department. He shall receive a salary of not exceeding one thousand eight hundred pesos per annum. he shall have the following general powers and duties:
(a) He may issue supplementary regulations not incompatible with law or general regulations issued by the proper department head of the National Government in accordance with law, for the governance of the fire force.
(b) He shall have charge of the fire-engine houses, fire engines, hose trucks, hooks and ladders, and all other fire apparatus.
(c) He shall have full police powers in the vicinity of fires.
(d) He shall have authority to remove or demolish any building or other property whenever it shall become necessary to prevent the spreading of fire or to protect adjacent property.
(e) He shall investigate and report to the Mayor upon the origin and cause of all fires occurring within the city.
(f) He shall inspect all buildings erected or under construction or repair within the city and determine whether they provide sufficient protection against fire and comply with the ordinances relating thereto.
(g) He shall have charge of the city fire alarm service.
(h) He shall supervise and regulate the stringing grounding and installation of wires for all electrical connections with a view to avoiding conflagrations, interference with public traffic or safety, or the necessary operation of the fire department.
(i) He shall supervise the manufacture storage, and use of petroleum, gas, acetylene, gunpowder, and other combustible matters and explosive.
(j) He shall have such other power and perform such other duties as may be prescribed by law or ordinance.
Sec. 30. The city assessor — His powers and duties. — The city assessor shall have charge of the department of assessment. He shall receive a salary of not exceeding two thousand four hundred pesos per annum. He and his authorized deputies are empowered to administer any oath authorized in connection with the valuation of real estate for the assessment and collection of taxes. He shall make the list of the taxable real estate in the city, arranging in the order of the lot and block numbers the names of the owners hereof, with a brief description of the property opposite each such name and the cash value thereof. In making this list, the city assessor shall take into consideration any sworn statement made by the owners of the property, but shall not be prevented thereby from considering other evidence on the subject and exercising his own judgment in respect thereto. For the purpose of completing this list, he and his representatives may enter upon the real estate for the purpose of examining and measuring it, and may summon witnesses, administer oaths to them, and subject them to examination concerning the ownership and the amount of real estate and its cash value. He may, if necessary, examine the records of the office of the Register of Deeds in the Province of Misamis Oriental showing the ownership of real estate in the city. The city treasurer shall act as city assessor ex-officio until the municipal board, by ordinance approved by the Department Head, provides otherwise.
Sec. 31. Real estate exemption from taxation. —
The following shall be exempt from taxation:
Sec. 32. Declaration to be made by persons acquiring or improving real estate. — It shall be the duty of each person who, at any time, acquires real estate in the city, and on each person who constructs or adds to any improvements on real estate owned by him in the city, to prepare and present to the city assessor within a period of sixty days next succeeding such acquisition, construction or addition, a sworn declaration setting forth the value of the real estate acquired or the improvement constructed or addition made by him and description of such property sufficient to enable the city assessor readily to identify the same. Any person having acquired real estate who fails to make and present the declaration herein required within the said period of sixty days shall be deemed to have waived his right to notice of the assessment of such property, and the assessment of the same in the name of its former owner shall, in all such cases, be valid and binding on all persons interested, and for all purposes, as though the same has been assessed in the name of its present owner.
Sec. 33. Action when owner makes no returns or is unknown, or ownership is in dispute or in doubt, or when land and improvements are separately owned. — If the owner of any parcel of real estate shall fail to make a return thereof, or if the city assessor is unable to discover the owner of any real estate, he shall nevertheless list the same for taxation, and charge the tax against the true owner, if known, and unknown then as against an unknown owner. In case of doubt or dispute as to ownership of real estate, the taxes shall be levied against the possessor or possessors thereof. When it shall appear that there are separate owners of the land and the improvements thereon, a separate assessment of the property of each shall be made.
Sec. 34. Action in case estate has escaped taxation. — If it shall come to the knowledge of the city assessor that any taxable real estate in the city has escaped listing, it shall be his duty to list and value the same at the time and in the manner provided in the next succeeding section and to charge against the owner thereof the taxes due for the current year and the last preceding one year, and the taxes thus assessed shall be legal and collectible by all the remedies herein provided, and if the failure of the city assessor to assess such taxes, at the time when they should have been assessed was due to any fault or negligence on the part of the owner of such property, the penalties shall be added to such back taxes as though they had been assessed at the time when they should have been assessed.
Sec. 35. When assessment may be increased or reduced. — The city assessor shall during the first fifteen days of January of each year add to his list of taxable real estate in the city the value of the improvements placed upon such property during the preceding year, and any property which is taxable and which has therefore escaped taxation. He may during the same period revise and correct the assessed value of any or all parcels of real estate in the city which are not assessed at their true money value, by reducing or increasing the existing assessment, as the case may be.
Sec. 36. Publication of complete list and proceedings thereon. — The city assessor shall, after the list have been completed, inform the public by notice published for seven days in a newspaper of general circulation in the city, if any, and by notice posted for seven days at the main entrance of the City Hall, that the list is on file in his office and may be examined by any person interested therein, and that upon the date fixed in the notice, which shall not be later than the tenth day of February, the city assessor will be in his office for the purpose of hearing complaints as to the accuracy of the listing of the property and the assessed value thereof. He shall further notify in writing each person the amount of whose tax will be changed by such proposed revision, by delivering or mailing at least thirty days in advance of the date fixed in the notice such notification to such person or his authorized agent at the last known address of said owner or agent in the Philippines, sometime in the month of January. It shall be his duty carefully to preserve and record in his office copies of said notice. On the day fixed in the notice, and for fixed days thereafter, he shall be present in his office or hear all complaints filed within the period by persons against whom taxes have been assessed as owners of real estate, and he shall make his decision forthwith and enter the same in a well-bound book, to be kept by him for that purpose, and if he shall determine that injustice had been done or errors have been committed he is authorized to amend the list in accordance with his findings.
Sec. 37. City assessor to authenticate list of
real estate assessed. — The city assessor shall authenticate each list
of real estate valued and assessed by him as soon as the same is
completed, by signing the following certificate at the foot
"I hereby certify that the foregoing list contains a true statement of the piece or pieces of taxable real estate belonging to each person named in the list, and its true cash value, and that no real estate taxable by law in the City of Gingoog has been omitted from the list, according to the best of my knowledge and belief.Sec. 38. Time and manner of appealing to Board of Tax Appeals. — In case any owner of real estate, or his authorized agent, shall feel aggrieved by any decision of the city assessor under the preceding sections of this article, such owner or agent may, within thirty days after the entry of such decision appeal to the Board of Tax Appeals. The appeal shall be perfected by filing the appeal to the Board of Tax Appeals with all the written evidence in his possession relating to such assessment and valuation.
(Signature) City Assessor"
Sec. 39. Constitution and compensation of Board of
Tax Appeals. — There shall be a Board of Tax Appeals which shall be
composed of five members to be appointed by the President of the
Philippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments. Three
members of the Board shall be selected from among government officials
in the city other than those in charge of assessment and they shall
serve without additional compensation. The two other members shall be
selected from among property owner in the city and they shall each
receive a compensation of ten pesos for each day of session actually
attended. The chairman of the board shall be designated in the
appointment and shall have the power to designate any city official or
employee to serve as the secretary of the board without additional
Sec. 40. Oath to be taken by members of the Board
of Tax Appeals. — Before organizing as such, the members of the Board
of Tax Appeals shall take the following oath before the municipal judge
or some other officer authorized to administer oaths:
"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will hear and determine well and truly all matters and issues between taxpayers and the city assessor submitted for my decision. So help me God. (In case of affirmation the last four words to be stricken out).
"Member of the Board of Tax Appeals
"Subscribed and sworn to (or affirmed) before me this _________ day of ___________, 19________
(Signature and title of officer,
Sec. 41. Proceedings before Board of Tax Appeals and the Department Head. — The Board of Tax Appeals shall hold such number of sessions as may be authorized by the Secretary of Finance, shall hear all appeals only transmitted to it and shall decide the same forthwith. It shall have authority to cause to be amended the listing and valuation of the property in respect to which any appeal has been perfected by order signed by the board or a majority thereof, and transmit it to the city assessor who shall amend the tax list in conformity with said order. It shall also have power to revise and correct, with the approval of the Department Head first had, any and all erroneous or unjust assessments and valuations for taxation, and make a correct and just assessment and state the true valuation, in each case when it decides that the assessment previously made is erroneous or unjust. The assessment when so corrected shall be as lawful and valid for all purposes as though the assessment had been made within the time herein prescribed. Such reassessment and revaluation shall be made on due notice to the individual concerned who shall be entitled to be heard by the Board of Tax Appeals before any reassessment or revaluation is made. The decision of the Board of Tax Appeals shall be final unless the Department Head declares the decision reopened for review by him, in which case he may make such revision or revaluation as in his opinion the circumstances justify. Such revision when approved by the President of the Philippines shall be final.
Sec. 42. Taxes on real estate — Extension and
remission of the tax. — A tax, the rate of which shall not exceed two
per centum ad valorem to be determined by the municipal board, shall be
devised annually on or before the second Monday of January on the
assessed value of all real estate in the city subject to taxation; all
taxes for any year shall be due and payable annually on the first day
of June and from this date such taxes together with all penalties
accruing thereto shall constitute a lien on the property subject to
Sec. 43. Seizure of the personal property for delinquency in payment of the tax. — After a property shall have become delinquent in the payment of taxes and said taxes and corresponding penalties shall remain unpaid ninety days after the payment thereof shall have become due, the city treasurer, or his deputy, if he desires to compel payment through seizure of any personal property of any delinquent person or persons, shall issue a duly authenticated certificate, based on the records of his office, showing the fact of delinquency and the amount of the tax and penalty due from said delinquent person or persons or from each of them. Such certificate shall be sufficient warrant for the seizure of the personal property belonging to the delinquent person or persons in question not exempt from seizure; and these proceedings may be carried out by the city treasurer, his deputy, or any other officer, authorized to carry out legal proceedings.
Sec. 44. Personal property exempt from seizure and
sale for delinquency. — The following personal property shall be exempt
from seizure, sale and execution for delinquency in the payment of the
real estate tax:
Sec. 45. The owner may redeem personal property before sale. — The owner of the personal property seized may redeem the same from the collecting officer at any time after seizure and before sale by tendering to him the amount of the tax, the penalty, and the costs incurred up to the time of tender. The costs to be charged in making such seizure and sale shall only embrace the actual expenses of seizure and preservation of the property pending the sale, and no charge shall be imposed for the services of the collecting officer or his deputy.
Sec. 46. Sale of seized personal property. —
Unless redeemed as herein before provided, the property seized through
proceedings under Section forty-three hereof, shall, after due
advertisement, be exhibited for sale at public auction and so much of
the same shall satisfy the tax, penalty, and cost of seizure and same
shall be sold to the highest bidder. The purchaser at such sale shall
acquire an indefeasible title to the property sold. The advertisement
shall state the time, place and cause of sale, and be posted for ten
days prior to the date of the auction, at the main entrance of the City
Hall and at a public and conspicuous place in the district where the
property was seized.
Sec. 47. Return of officer — Disposal of surplus. — The officer directing the sale under the preceding section shall forthwith make return of his proceedings, and note thereof shall be made by the city treasurer upon his records. Any surplus resulting from the sale, over and above the tax, penalty and cost, and any property remaining in possession of the officer, shall be returned to the taxpayer on account of whose delinquency the sale has been made.
Sec. 48. Vesting title to real estate in city government. — Upon the expiration of one year from the date on which the taxpayer became delinquent, and in the event of continued default in the payment of the tax and penalty, all private rights, titles and interest in and to the real estate on which said tax is delinquent, shall be indefeasibly vested in the city government, subject only to the rights of redemption and repurchase provided for hereinbelow: Provided, That the title acquired by said city government to real estate shall not be superior to the title thereto of the original owner prior to the seizure thereof.
Sec. 49. Redemption of real estate before seizure. — At any time after the delinquency shall have occurred, but not after the expiration of ninety days from the date of the publication of the advertisement provided for in the next succeeding section, the owner or his lawful representative, or any person having any lien, right, or any other legal or equitable interest in said property, may pay the taxes and penalties accrued and thus redeem the property. Such redemption shall operate to divest the city government of its title to the property in question and to revert the same to the original owner, but when such redemption shall be made by a person other than the owner, the payment shall constitute a lien on the property, and the person making such payment shall be entitled to recover the same from the original owner, or if he be a lessee, he may retain the amount of said payment from the proceeds of any income due to the owner of such property: Provided, That the person exercising the right of redemption shall not acquire a title to said property better than that of the original owner prior to the seizure.
Sec. 50. Notice of seizure of real estate. — Notice of the seizure of the estate shall be given by posting notices at the main entrance of the City Hall, the provincial building and all the municipal buildings in the Province of Misamis Oriental, in English and Spanish and in the dialect commonly used in the locality, and a copy of said notice shall be sent by registered mail to the owner of the property. A copy of said notice shall also be posted on the property subject to seizure. Such notices shall state the name of the delinquent persons, the date on which such delinquency commenced, the amount of the taxes and penalties then due from each, and shall state that unless such taxes and penalties are paid within ninety days from the date of the publication of such notice, the forfeiture of the delinquent real estate to the city government shall become absolute.
Sec. 51. Ejectment of occupants of seized property. — After the expiration of ninety days from the date of the publication of the notice of delinquency provided for in the next preceding section, the city treasurer, or his deputy, may issue to the Mayor or to other officers authorized by law to execute and enforce the laws a certificate describing the parcel of real estate on which the taxes have been declared delinquent, stating the amount of taxes due, and the penalties and costs accrued by reason of the delinquency and requesting him to eject from said property all the tenants and occupants thereof. Upon receiving such certificate, the Mayor or any other officer authorized to enforce the law shall forthwith have all the tenants and occupants who refuse to recognize the title to the city expelled from the property in question, and to that end he may use the police force: Provided, however, That if the property so seized is or includes, a residential home, the occupant thereof shall be given a sufficient time, not exceeding ten days from the date of the notice of ejectment to vacate the premises.
Sec. 52. Redemption of real property before sale. — After the title to the property shall have become vested in the city government in the manner provided for in sections forty-eight and fifty hereof, and at any time prior to the sale or execution of the contract of sale by the city treasurer to a third party, the original owner or his legal representatives or any person having any lien, right, or other legal interest or equity in said property, shall have the right to redeem to entire property in question by paying the full amount of taxes and penalties due thereon at the time of the seizure, and if the city treasurer shall have entered into a lease of the property, the redemption shall be made subject to said lease: Provided, That the payment of the price of sale may, at the discretion of the purchaser, be made in installments, extending over a period not exceeding twelve months, but the initial payment, which must be made on the date of the filing of the application for redemption, and every subsequent payments, shall not be less than twenty-five per centum of the entire sum due, and shall in no case be less than two pesos, unless the total or the balance of the amount due on all seized property in the name of the taxpayer is less than two pesos. The purchaser may occupy the property after paying the first installment and the usual taxes on the property shall be payable in the year that in which the application for redemption was approved. Any failure of the purchaser to pay any installment on the date it is due shall have the effect of a forfeiture to the city government of any partial payment made by said purchaser, and in case he has taken possession of the property, he shall forthwith surrender the same to the city government. In case the purchaser should fail to relinquish possession of said property, the city treasurer or his deputy shall forthwith adopt measures to eject therefrom all the tenants or occupants thereof as provided for in this Act: Provided, however, That the original owner of any real estate seized prior to the approval of this Act, who redeems the same within six months subsequent to its approval, is hereby released from any obligation he may have to the Government for rent for the use of such property: Provided, finally, That the provisions of this section shall apply to redemption of real estate seized for delinquency in the payment of taxes thereon and not redeemed up to the date of the approval of this Act.
Sec. 53. Notice of sale of real estate at public auction. — At any time after the forfeiture of any real estate shall have become absolute, the treasurer, pursuant to the rules of procedure to be promulgated by the Department Head, may announce the sale of the real estate seized on account of delinquency in the payment of taxes thereon, for the redemption of which no application has been filed. Such announcement shall be made by posting a notice for three consecutive weeks at the main entrance of the City Hall and of all the municipal buildings of the province, in either English or Spanish, and in the dialect commonly used in the locality and by publishing the same once a week during three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the city. Copies of such notice shall be sent immediately by registered mail to the delinquent taxpayer at the latter's home address, if known. The notice shall state the amount of the taxes and penalties so due, the time and place of sale, the name of the taxpayer against whom the taxes are levied, and the approximate area, the lot number and the location by district and street and the street number and district or barrio where the real estate to be sold is located.
Sec. 54. Sale of real estate — conditions. — At
any time during the sale or prior thereto, the taxpayer may stay the
proceedings by paying the taxes and penalties to the city treasurer or
his deputy. Otherwise, the sale shall proceed and shall be held either
at the main entrance of the City Hall or on the premises of the real
estate to be sold as the city treasurer or his deputy may determine.
Sec. 55. Redemption of real estate after sale. — Within one year from and after the date of sale, the delinquent taxpayer or any other person in his behalf shall have the right to redeem the property sold by paying to the city treasurer or his deputy the amount of the taxes penalties, costs and interest at the rate of twelve per centum per annum of the purchase price, if paid in whole, or of any portion thereof as may have been paid by the purchasers, and such payment shall invalidate the certificate of sale issued to the purchaser, if any, and shall entitle the person making such payment to a certificate to be issued by the city treasurer or his deputy, stating that he has thus redeemed the property, and the city treasurer or his deputy, upon the return by the purchaser of the certificate of sale previously issued to him, shall forthwith refund to the purchaser the entire sum paid by him with interest at twelve per centum per annum, as provided for herein, and such property shall thereafter be free from the lien of such taxes and penalties.
Sec. 56. Execution of deed of final sale. — In case the delinquent taxpayer shall not redeem the property sold as herein provided within one year from the date of the sale, and the purchaser shall then have paid the total purchaser price, the city treasurer, as grantor, shall execute a deed in form and effect sufficient to convey to the purchaser so much of the real estate against which the taxes have been assessed as has been sold, free from all liens or encumbrances of any kind whatsoever, and said deed shall succinctly recite all the proceedings upon which the validity of the sale depends. Any balance remaining from the proceeds of the sale after deducting the amount of the taxes and penalties due, and the costs, if any, shall be returned to the original owner or his representatives.
Sec. 57. Taxes and penalties which shall be paid upon redemption or repurchase. — The taxes and penalties to be paid by way of redemption or repurchase, shall comprise in all cases only the original tax by virtue of the failure to pay which the seizure was made, and its incidental penalties, up to the date of the forfeiture of the real estate to the government.
Sec. 58. Taxes — Legal procedure. — (a) The
assessment of a tax shall constitute a lawful indebtedness of the
taxpayer to the city which may be enforced by a civil action in any
court of competent jurisdiction, and this remedy shall be in addition
to all remedies provided by law.
Tax Allotments and Special Assessment for Public Improvements
Sec. 59. Allotment of internal revenue and other taxes. — Of the internal revenue accruing to the National Treasury under Chapter II, Title XII of Commonwealth Act Numbered Four hundred and sixty-six and other taxes collected by the National Government and allotted to the various provinces, as well as the nationald for schools, the City of Gingoog shall receive a share equal to what it would receive if it were a regularly organized province.
Sec. 60. Power to levy special assessments for
certain purposes. — The Municipal Board may, by ordinance, provide for
the levying and collection, by special assessment of the lands
comprised within the district or section of the city specially
benefited, of a part not to exceed sixty per centum of the cost of
laying out, opening, constructing, straightening widening, extending,
grading, paving, curbing, walling, deepening, or otherwise
establishing, repairing, enlarging, or improving public avenues, roads,
streets, alleys, sidewalks, parks, plazas, bridges, landing places,
wharves, piers, docks, levees, reservoirs, waterworks, water mains,
water courses, esteros, canals, drains and sewers, including the cost
of acquiring the necessary land and public improvements thereon, as
Sec. 61. Property subject to special assessment. — All lands comprised within the district, or section benefited, except those owned by the Republic of the Philippines shall be subject to the payment of the special assessment.
Sec. 62. Basis of apportionment. — The amount of the special assessment shall be apportioned and computed according to the assessed valuations of such lands as shown in the books of the city assessor. If the property has not been declared for taxation purposes, the city assessor shall immediately declare it for the owner and assess its value, and such value shall be the basis of the apportionment and computation of the special assessment due thereon.
Sec. 63. Ordinance levying special assessment. — The ordinance providing for the levying and collection of a special assessment shall describe with reasonable accuracy the nature, extent, and location of the work to be undertaken; the probable cost of the work; the percentage of the cost to be defrayed by special assessment; the district or section which shall be subject to the payment of the special assessment the limits whereof shall be stated by meters and bounds if practicable, and by other reasonable accurate means if otherwise, and the period, which shall not be less than five nor more than ten years, in which said special assessment shall be payable without interest. One uniform rate per centum for all lands in the entire district or section subject to the payment of all the special assessment need not be established, but different rates for different parts or sections of the city according as said property will derive greater or less benefit from the proposed work, may be fixed. It shall be the duty of the city engineer to make the plans, specifications, and estimates of the public works contemplated to be undertaken.
Sec. 64. Publication of proposed ordinance levying
special assessment. — The proposed special assessment ordinance shall
be published, with a list of the owners of the lands affected thereby,
once a week for four consecutive weeks in any newspaper published in
the city, one in English, one in Spanish, and one in the local dialect
if there be any, and in default of such local paper, in any newspaper
of general circulation in the city. The said ordinance in English,
Spanish, and the local dialect shall also be posted in places where
public notices are generally posted in the city and also in the
district or section where the public improvement is constructed or
contemplated to be constructed.
Sec. 65. Protest against special assessment. — Not later than ten days after the last publication of the ordinance and list of landowners, as provided in the preceding section, the land owners affected, if they compose a majority and represent more than one-half of the total assessed value of said lands may file with the Municipal Board a protest against the enactment of the ordinance. The protest shall be duly signed by them and shall set forth the addresses of the signers and the arguments in support of their objection or protest against the special assessment established in the ordinance. If no protest is filed within the time and under the condition above specified, the ordinance shall be considered approved as published.
Sec. 66. Hearing of protest. — The Municipal Board shall designate a date and place for the hearing of the protest filed in accordance with the next preceding section and shall give reasonable time to all Protestants who have given their addresses and to all land owners affected by any protest or protests, and shall order the publication once a week, during two consecutive weeks, of a notice of the place and date of the hearing in the same manner herein provided for the publication of the proposed special assessment ordinance. All pertinent arguments and evidence presented by the land owner interested or their attorney shall be attached to the proper records. After the hearing, the Municipal Board shall either modify its ordinance or approve it in toto and send notice of its decision to all interested parties who have given their addresses, and shall together with a list of the owners of the parcels of land order the publication of the ordinance as approved finally affected by the special assessment, three times weekly, for two consecutive weeks, in the same manner hereinabove prescribed. The ordinance finally passed by said body shall be sent to Mayor with all the papers pertaining thereto, for his approval or veto as in the case of other city ordinances. If the Mayor approves it, the ordinance shall be published as above provided, but if he vetoes it, the procedure in similar cases provided in this Act shall be observed.
Sec. 67. When ordinance is to take effect. — Upon the expiration of thirty days from the date of the last publication of the ordinance as finally approved, the same shall be effective in all respects, if no appeal therefrom is taken to the proper authorities in the manner hereinafter prescribed.
Sec. 68. Appeals. — Any time before the ordinance providing for the levying and collection of special assessment becomes effective in accordance with the preceding section, appeals from such special assessment may be filed with the President of the Philippines, in the case of public works undertaken or contemplated to be undertaken by the National Government, and with the Secretary of Finance in the case of public works undertaken or contemplated to be undertaken by the city. In all cases, the appeal shall be in writing and signed by at least a majority of the owners of the lands situated in the special assessment zone representing more than one-half of the total assessed value of the lands affected. The appellant or appellants shall immediately give the Board a written notice of the appeal, and the secretary of said Board shall, within ten days after receipt of the notice of appeal, forward to the officer who has jurisdiction to decide the appeal an excerpt from the minutes of the Board relative to the proposed special assessment and all the documents in connection therewith.
Sec. 69. Decision of the appeal. — Only appeals made within the time and in the manner prescribed in this Act shall be entertained, and the officer to whom the appeal is made may call for further hearing or decide the same in accordance with its merits as shown in the papers or documents submitted to him. All appeals shall be decided within sixty days after receipt by the appellate officer of the docket of the case, and such decision shall be final.
Sec. 70. Fixing of amount of special assessment. — As soon as the ordinance is in full force and effect, the city treasurer shall determine the amount of the special assessment which the owner of each parcel of land comprised within the zone described in the ordinance levying the same is to pay each year during the prescribed period, and shall send to each of such landowners a written notice thereof by ordinary mail. If upon completion of the public works it should appear that the actual cost thereof is smaller or greater than the estimated cost, the city treasurer shall without delay proceed to correct the assessment by increasing or decreasing, as the case may be, the amount of the unpaid annual installments which are still to be collected from each landowner affected, and , in all cases, he shall give notice of such rectifications to the parties interested.
Sec. 71. Payment of special assessment. — All sums due from any landowner or owners as the result of any action taken pursuant to this Act shall be payable to the city treasurer in the same manner as the annual ordinary tax levied upon real property, and shall be subject to the same penalties for delinquency and be enforced by the same means as said annual ordinary tax; and all said sums together with any of said penalties shall, from the dates on which they are assessed, constitute special liens on said land, with the sole exception of the lien for the non-payment of the ordinary real property tax. If upon recomputation of the amount of special assessment in accordance with the next preceding section, it appears that the landowner has paid more than what is correctly due from him, the amount paid in excess shall be refunded to him immediately upon demand; in the other case, the landowner shall have one year within which to pay without penalty the amount still due from him. Said period shall be counted from the date the landowner received the proper notice.
Sec. 72. Disposition of proceeds. — The proceeds
of the special assessment and penalties thereon shall be applied
exclusively to the purpose or purposes for which the assessments were
levied. It shall be the duty of the city treasurer to turn over to the
National Treasury all collections made by him from special assessment
levies from national works.
Sec. 73. Annual budget. — At least four months before the beginning of each fiscal year, the city treasurer shall present to the Mayor a certified detailed statement by department of all receipts and expenditures of the city pertaining to the preceding fiscal year, and to the first seven months of the current fiscal year together with an estimate of the receipts and expenditures for the remainder of the current fiscal year; and he shall submit with this statement a detailed estimate of the revenues and receipts of the city from all sources for the ensuing fiscal year. Upon the receipt of this statement and estimate and the estimates of department heads as required by Section eighteen of this Act, the Mayor shall formulate and submit to the Municipal Board at least two and a half months before the beginning of the ensuing fiscal year, a detailed budget covering the estimated necessary expenditure for the said ensuing fiscal year, which shall be the basis of the annual appropriation ordinance: Provided, however, That in no case shall the aggregate amount of such appropriation exceed the estimate of revenues and receipts submitted by the city treasurer as provided above.
Sec. 74. Supplemental budget. — Supplemental budget formulated in the same manner may be adopted when special or unforeseen circumstances make such action necessary.
Sec. 75. Failure to enact an appropriation
ordinance. — Whenever the Board fails to enact an appropriation
ordinance for any fiscal year before the end of the previous fiscal
year, the several sums appropriated in the last appropriation ordinance
for the objects and purposes therein specified, so far as they may be
done, shall be deemed to reappropriated for the several objects and
purposes specified in said last appropriation ordinance, and shall go
into effect on the first day of the new fiscal year as the
appropriation ordinance for that year, until a new appropriation
ordinance is duly enacted.
The Municipal Court
Sec. 76. Regular, auxiliary and acting judges of municipal courts. — There shall be a municipal court for the City of Gingoog for which there shall be appointed a municipal judge and an auxiliary municipal judge.
The municipal judge may, upon proper application, be allowed a vacation of not more than thirty days every year with salary. The auxiliary municipal judge shall discharge the duties of the municipal judge in case of absence, incapacity or inability of the latter until he assumes his post, or until a new judge shall have been appointed. During his incumbency, the auxiliary municipal judge shall enjoy the powers, emoluments and privileges of the municipal judge who shall not receive any remuneration therefor except the salary to which he is entitled by reason of his vacation provided for in this Act.
In case of absence, incapacity or inability of both the municipal judge and the auxiliary municipal judge, the Secretary of Justice shall designate the justice of the peace of any of the adjoining municipalities to preside over the municipal court, and he shall hold office temporarily until the regular incumbent or the auxiliary judge thereof shall have resumed office or until another judge shall have been appointed in accordance with the provisions of this Act. The justice of the peace so designated shall receive his salary as justice of the peace plus seventy per cent of the salary of the municipal judge whose office he has temporarily assumed.
The municipal judge shall receive a salary of not exceeding four thousand eight hundred pesos per annum one-half of which shall be paid by the city government and the other half by the National Government.
Sec. 77. The clerk and employees of the municipal court. — There shall be a clerk of the municipal court who shall be appointed by the municipal judge in accordance with Civil Service law, rules and regulations, and who shall receive a compensation to be fixed by ordinance, approved by the Secretary of Justice, at not exceeding one thousand eight hundred pesos per annum. He shall keep the seal of the court and affix it to all orders, judgments, certificates, records, and other documents issued by the Court. He shall keep a docket of the trials in the court, in which he shall record in a summary manner the names of the parties and the various proceedings in civil cases, and in criminal cases, the name of the defendant, the charges against him, the names of the witnesses, the date of the arrest, the appearance of the defendant, together with the fines and costs adjudged or collected in accordance with the judgment. He shall have the power to administer oaths.
Sec. 78. Jurisdiction of municipal court. — The municipal court shall have the same jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases and the same incidental powers as at present conferred upon them by law. It shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the Court of First Instance over all criminal cases arising under the laws relating to gambling and management of lotteries, to assaults where the intent to kill is not charged or evident upon the trial, to larceny, embezzlement and estafa where the amount of money or property stolen, embezzled or otherwise involved, does not exceed the sum or value of two hundred pesos, to the sale of intoxicating liquors, to falsely impersonating an officer, to malicious mischief, to trespass on Government or private property, and to threatening to take human life. It may also conduct preliminary investigation for any offense, without regard to the limits of punishment, and may release, or commit and bind over any person charged with such offense to secure his appearance before the proper court.
Sec. 79. Incidental powers of municipal court. — The municipal court shall have power to administer oaths and to give certificates thereof; to issue summonses, writs, warrants, executions, and all other processes necessary to enforce its orders and judgments, to compel the attendance of witnesses; to punish contempt of court by fine or imprisonment, or both, within the limitations imposed by law; and to require of any person arrested a bond for good behavior or to keep the peace, or for the further appearance of such person before a court of competent jurisdiction. But no such bond shall be accepted unless it be executed by the person in whose behalf it is made with sufficient surety or sureties to be approved by said court.
Sec. 80. Procedure in municipal court in prosecution for violations of law and ordinances. — In a prosecution for the violation of any ordinance, the first process shall be a summon; except that a warrant for the arrest of the offender may be issued in the first instance upon the affidavit of any person that such ordinance has been violated, and that the person making the complaint has reasonable grounds to believe that the party charged is guilty thereof, which warrant shall conclude: "Against the ordinances of the city in such cases made and provided." All proceedings and prosecutions for offenses against the laws of the Philippines shall conform to the rules relating to process, pleadings, practice, and procedure for the judiciary of the Philippines, and such rules shall govern the municipal court and its officers in all cases insofar as the same may be applicable.
Sec. 81. Costs, fees, fines and forfeitures in municipal court. — There shall be taxed against and collected from the defendant, in case of his conviction in the municipal court, such costs and fees as may be prescribed by law in criminal cases in justice of the peace courts. All costs, fees, fines, and forfeitures shall be collected by the clerk of court, who shall keep a docket of those imposed and of those collected, and shall pay collections of the same to the city treasurer, for the benefit of the city, on the next business day after the same are collected, and take receipts therefor. The municipal judge shall examine said docket each day, compare the same with the amount receipted for by the city treasurer and satisfy himself that all such costs, fees, fines, and forfeitures have been duly accounted for.
Sec. 82. No person sentenced by municipal court to be confined without commitment. — No person shall be confined in prison by sentence of the municipal court until the warden or officer in charge of the prison shall receive a written commitment showing the offense for which the prisoner was tried, the date of the trial, the exact terms of the judgment or sentence, and the date of the order of the commitment. The clerk shall, under seal of the court, issue such a commitment in each case of sentence to imprisonment.
Sec. 83. Procedure on appeal from municipal court
to Court of First Instance. — An appeal shall lie to the Court of First
Instance in all cases where fine or imprisonment, or both, is imposed
by the municipal court. The party desiring to appeal shall, before six
o'clock post meridian of the fifteenth day after the rendition and
entry of the judgment by the municipal court, file with the clerk of
court a written statement that he appeals to the Court of First
Instance. The filing of such statement shall perfect the appeal. The
judge of the court from whose decision appeal is taken shall, within
five days after the appeal is taken, transmit to the clerk of the Court
of First Instance a certified copy of the record of proceedings and all
the original papers and processes in the case. A perfected appeal shall
operate to vacate the judgment of the municipal court, and the action,
when duly entered in the Court of First Instance, shall stand for trial
de novo upon its merits as though the same had never been tried.
Pending an appeal, the defendant shall remain in custody unless
released in the discretion of the judge of the municipal court or of
the judge of the Court of First Instance, upon sufficient bail in
accordance with the procedure in force, to await the judgment of the
Bureaus Performing Municipal Duties
Sec. 84. General Auditing Office — City auditor. — The city auditor, under the supervision of the Auditor General, shall receive and audit all accounts of the city, in accordance with the provisions of law relating to government accounts and accounting. He shall be appointed by the Auditor General and shall receive a salary of three thousand six hundred pesos per annum, one-half of which shall be paid by the city government and the other half by the National Government.
Sec. 85. The Division of Purchase and Supply. — The purchasing agent shall purchase and supply in accordance with law all supplies, equipment, materials, and property of every kind, except real estate for the use of the city and its departments and offices. But contracts for completed work of any kind for the use of the city, or any of its department or offices, involving both labor and materials, when the materials are furnished by the contractor, shall not be deemed to be within the purview of this section.
Sec. 86. The Bureau of the Public Schools. — The
Director of the Bureau of Public Schools shall exercise the same
jurisdiction and power in the city as elsewhere in the Philippines and
the Division Superintendent of Schools for the Province of Misamis
Oriental shall be ex-officio superintendent of city schools of Gingoog
and shall have all the powers and duties in respect to the schools of
the city as are vested in division superintendents in respect to
schools of their divisions.
Sec. 87. Reports to the Mayor concerning schools —
Construction and custody of school buildings — The Division
Superintendent of Schools shall make a quarterly report of the
condition of the schools and schools buildings of the City of Gingoog
to the Mayor, and such recommendations as seem to him wise in respect
to the number of teachers, their salaries, new buildings to be erected
or all other similar matters, together with the amount of city revenues
which should be expended in paying teachers, and improving the schools
or school buildings of the City.
Sec. 88. Change of government. — The city government provided for in this Charter shall be organized on such a date as may be fixed by the President of the Philippines: Provided, That the incumbent Mayor and vice-mayor of the Municipality of Gingoog shall continue to hold office and the present composition of the municipal board shall likewise continue until the City Mayor, vice-mayor and councilors provided for in this Act shall have been elected in the next regular election for provincial and municipal officials and shall have qualified.
Sec. 89. Representative district. — Until otherwise provided by law, the City of Gingoog shall continue as part of the representative district of the Province of Misamis Oriental.
Sec. 90. Participation of city voters in elections for provincial officials. — The qualified voters of the City of Gingoog shall be qualified and be entitled to vote in the election of the provincial officials.
Sec. 91. Action pending appointment of certain officials. — Pending the appointment of the city auditor, the city health officer and the chief of the fire department, the provincial auditor of Misamis Oriental, the district health officer of the same province and the chief of police of the City of Gingoog shall act as, and perform the duties of, city auditor, city health officer and chief of the fire department, respectively, without any additional compensation.
Sec. 92. This Act shall take effect upon its
Approved: June 18, 1960