SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

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Endnotes:


1 Per Judge Vicente T. Baz, Jr.

2 Per Justice Portia Alio-Hormachuelos and concurred in by Justices Artemon D. Luna and Ramon A. Barcelona; Rollo, pp. 3-20.

3 Joaquin A. Bernas, The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of The Philippines: A Commentary 409 (1996).

4 R.A. No. 7438, 2(d) provides: Any extrajudicial confession made by a person arrested, detained or under custodial invstigation shall be in writing and signed by such person in the presence of his counsel or in the latters absence, upon a valid waiver, and in the presence of any parents, older brothers and sisters, his spouse, the municipal mayor, the municipal judge, district school supervisor, or priest or minister of the gospel as chosen by him; otherwise, such extrajudicial confession shall be inadmissible as evidence in evidence in any proceeding.

5 People v. Deniega, 251 SCRA 626 (1995); People v. Espanola, 271 SCRA 689 (1997); People v. Cabiles, 284 SCRA 199 (1998).

6 TSN, p. 16, Oct. 27, 1992.

7 See People v. Alberca, 257 SCRA 613 (1996).

8 Appellants Brief, pp. 5-6; CA Rollo, pp. 21-22.

9 People v. Ruelan, 231 SCRA 650 (1994).

10 Exhibit B, Records, p. 4.

11 See People v. Oracoy, 224 SCRA 759 (1993); People v. Bandula, 232 SCRA 566 (1994).

12 TSN, pp. 2-4, Nov. 12, 1991.

13 TSN, pp. 3-4, 6-7, Oct. 22, 1991.

14 4 TSN, pp. 24-27, Oct. 22, 1991.

15 People v. Ruelan, 231 SCRA 650 (1994); People v. Enanoria, 209 SCRA 577 (1992); People v. Estevan, 186 SCRA 34 (1990).

16 People v. De la Cruz, 279 SCRA 245 (1997); People v. Lorenzo, 240 SCRA 624 (1995).

17 TSN, p. 8, Oct. 27, 1992.

18 People v. Fabro, 277 SCRA 19 (1997); People v. Logronio, 214 SCRA 519 (1992).

19 Revised Penal Code, ART. 77.

20 Id., Art. 64(4).

21 People v. Uycoque, 246 SCRA 769 (1995); People v. Dayson, 242 SCRA 124 (1995); People v. Ruzol, 100 Phil. 537 (1956); People v. Jimenez, 99 Phil. 285 (1956).




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