SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

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Endnotes:


1 Original Record (OR) Vol. I, 147-163; Rollo, 22-38. Per Judge Antonio L. Descallar.

2 OR Vol. 1, 1; Rollo, 5.

3 OR Vol. I, 26.

4 TSN, 6 January 1994, 6-28, 38.

5 Ibid., 35-37;TSN, 3 February 1994, 3-5.

6 TSN, 6 January 1994, 29-35.

7 TSN, 3 February 1994, 7-14.

8 The transcript of stenographic notes reports her exact statement as Nagbago ako dahil wala ng tumutulong sa akin. TSN, 3 February 1994, 13.

9 TSN, 10 February 1994, 59-61.

10 TSN, 24 February 1994, 7-33.

11 TSN, 24 February 1994, 33-34; TSN, 3 March 1994, 10-12, 20-27, 29-31.

12 TSN, 14 April 1994, 8-34; TSN, 21 April 1994, 6-7.

13 TSN, 21 April 1994, 8-21.

14 Exh. L.

15 TSN, 12 May 1994, 5-8.

16 TSN, 14 May 1994, et seq.

17 TSN, 23 August 1994, 5-36.

18 TSN, 8 September 1994, 4-14.

19 Decision, 10-11; OR Vol. I, 156-157; Rollo, 31-32.

20 MARIO made it clear that Adelfa Nacional did not witness this cara y cruz incident, hence MARIO and Joaquin were involved in at least three altercations: one reported by Adelfa, another witnessed by Bienvenida, and another one due to a game of cara y cruz.

21 TSN, 17 March 1995, 17-19; TSN, 21 April 1995, 10-12; 25 April 1995, 8-30.

22 Supra note 1.

23 169 SCRA 760 [1989].

24 OR Vol. I, 165-170.

25 Id., 178.

26 Decision, 14-15; OR Vol. I, 160-161; Rollo, 35-36.

27 TSN, 10 February 1994, 17.

28 TSN, 6 January 1994, 20-21.

29 People v. Quijada, 259 SCRA 191, 214 [1996]; People v. Balamban, 264 SCRA 619, 631 [1996].

30 TSN, 23 August 1994, 35.

31 TSN, 24 February 1995, 28.

32 TSN, 14 July 1994, 27-28.

33 RULES OF COURT, Rule 129, secs. 1-2.

34 VII VICENTE J. FRANCISCO, EVIDENCE (PART II) 41-42 (1973 ed.).

35 People v. Evardo, 216 SCRA 159, 169 [1992]; People v. Cortes, 226 SCRA 91, 100 [1993]; People v. Taeda, 266 SCRA 34, 40 [1997]; People v. Andal, 279 SCRA 474, 491-492 [1997]. Self-defense has been likened to alibi because both are easily concocted, and because of this ease, the burden of proving the defense is on the accused. (People v. Labinia, 115 SCRA 223, 231 [1982]; People v. Marciales, 166 SCRA 436, 442 [1988]). See also the concurring opinion of Justice Street in United States v. Olais, 36 Phil. 828, 830[1917], for a brief explanation on the burden of the prosecution and the defense as regards alibi.

36 TSN, 10 February 1994, 14-15.

37 TSN, 6 Janaury 1994, 8.

38 People v. Excija, 258 SCRA 424, 439 [1996]; People v. Quijada, 259 SCRA 191, 212-213 [1996]; People v. Villegas, 262 SCRA 314, 322 [1996]; People v. Bayani, 262 SCRA 660, 678-679 [1996].

39 People v. Lorenzo, 240 SCRA 624, 635 [1995]; People v. Malunes, 247 SCRA 317, 324 [1995].

40 People v. Enciso, 223 SCRA 675,686 [1993]; People v. Viente, 225 SCRA 361, 368-369 [1993]; People v. Silvestre, 244 SCRA 479, 490 [1995]; People v. De Leon, 248 SCRA 609, 622-623 [1995].

41 REVISED PENAL CODE, Art. 14(16). See also People v. Landicho, 258 SCRA 1, 28 [1996]; People v. Tobias, 267 SCRA 229, 255-256 [1997].

42 TSN, 3 February 1994, 11-15.

43 93 Phil. 472 [1953].

44 See Heirs of Raymundo Castro v. Bustos, 27 SCRA 327, 334-335 [1969].

45 De la Paz v. Intermediate Appellate Court, 154 SCRA 65, 76 [1987]; Scott Consultants & Resource Development Corp. v. Court of Appeals, 242 SCRA 393, 404-405 [1995]. In Fabre v. Court of Appeals, 259 SCRA 426 [1996], although the decisions of the trial court and the Court of Appeals did not sufficiently indicate the factual and legal basis for the award of damages, the same was nevertheless supported by evidence in the records of the case; id., 437.

46 Villa Rey Transit, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, 31 SCRA 511, 517-518 [1970]; Davila v. Philippine Air Lines, 49 SCRA 497, 504-505 [1973]; MD Transit, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, 90 SCRA 542, 545 [1979].




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