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1 Penned by Justice Fermin A. Martin, Jr., and concurred in by Justices Seragin E. Camilon and Alfredo L. Benipayo.

2 Rollo, Annex A, pp. 31-33.

3 Ibid, p. 3.

4 Rollo, Annex B, p. 39.

5 Section 2 (a).

6 Ba Finance Corp. vs. CA, 258 SCRA 102,111 (1996).

7 49 SCRA 392, 396.

8 Infra, pp. 111-112.

9 Ibid.

10 Ibid. p. 112.

11 Docketed as C.A.-G.R. CV No. 36141.

12 Servicewide Specialists, Inc. vs. CA, 251 SCRA 70, p. 75 (1995).

13 BA Finance vs. CA, infra, pp. 113-114.

14 Servicewide Specialists, Inc. vs. CA, infra, pp. 75-76; quoting Imson vs. CA, 239 SCRA 58, 65.

15 Ibid., p. 76, citing Uy vs. CA, 232 SCRA 579; see also Galarosa vs. Valencia, 227 SCRA 728.

16 Section 7, Rule 14. Substituted Service. If, for justifiable causes, the defendant cannot be served within a reasonable time as provided in the preceding section, service may be effected (a) by leaving copies of the summons at the defendant's residence with some person of suitable age and discretion then residing herein, or (b) by leaving the copies at defendant's office or regular place of business with some competent person in charge thereof.

17 Service upon defendant whose identity or whereabouts are unknown. In an action where the defendant is designated as an unknown owner, or the like, or whenever his whereabouts are unknown and cannot be ascertained by diligent inquiry, service, may, be leave of court, be effected upon by him by publication in a newspaper of general circulation and in such places and for such time as the court may order.

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