SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

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Endnotes:

1 Rollo, pp. 132-133.

2 Vol. I, Records, p. 149.

3 TSN, August 24, 1994, pp. 12, 39-40.

4 TSN, July 27, 1993, pp. 8-9.

5 Rollo, p. 196. See also TSN, October 14, 1994, pp.3-4.

6 TSN, June 29, 1993, p. 3; TSN, July 21, 1994, pp. 8-9; TSN, September 6, 1994, pp. 4-5. TSN, October 14, 1994, pp.8-9.

7 TSN, September 7, 1994, pp. 12, 24; TSN, September 13, 1994, pp. 3-4, TSN, October 14, 1994, pp. 9-15.

8 TSN, May 4, 1994, pp. 7, 14-16; TSN, July 27, 1993, pp. 12-13; TSN, April 19, 1994, pp. 8-9; TSN, July 21, 1994, p. 41.

9 TSN, July 14, 1994, p. 47.

10 Vol. III, Records, p. 1.

11 TSN, June 17, 1993, p. 30.

12 TSN, June 17, 1993, pp. 22-43.

13 TSN, March 23, 1994, pp. 4-7. TSN, May 3, 1994, pp. 4-6.

14 Exhibit P, Crim. Case No. CBU-30350, Vol. I, Records, p. 409.

15 Exhibit G, Crim. Case No. CBU-30350, Vol. I, Records, pp. 404-405; TSN, July 2, 1993, A.M., pp. 10-14.

16 TSN, July 8, 1993, pp. 3-16.

17 TSN, July 14, 1994, pp. 47-49; TSN, July 21, 1994, pp. 17-18.

18 TSN, August 24, 1993, pp. 23-35.

19 TSN, August 24, 1993, pp. 12-17, 41.

20 TSN, August 24, 1993, p. 15.

21 Exhibit X, Crim. Case No. CBU-30350, Vol. I, Records, p. 434.

22 TSN, August 24, 1993, pp. 17-21.

23 TSN, September 6, 1994, pp. 6-19; TSN, September 7, 1994, pp. 15-20.

24 TSN, November 8, 1994, pp. 11-15; TSN, November 17, 1994, pp. 4-8.

25 TSN, June 17, 1993, pp. 9, 11

26 People v. Salas, G.R. No. 115192, 327 SCRA 319, 328 (2000) citing People v. Lopez, G.R. No. 131151, 313 SCRA 114 (1999), People v. De La Cruz, G.R. No. 111704, 304 SCRA 702 (1999).

27 People v. Mumar, G.R. No. 123155, 333 SCRA 221, 231 (2000) citing People v. De Guzman, G.R. No. 116730, 250 SCRA 118 (1995).

28 Rollo, p. 164.

29 TSN, November 8, 1994, p. 12.

30 Rollo, pp. 165-166.

31 TSN, July 2, 1993, pp. 6-7.

32 Solis, Pedro P., Legal Medicine, (1987 ed.) p. 359.

33 TSN, July 2, 1993, p. 9.

34 TSN, November 17, 1994, pp. 6-12.

35 Rollo, pp. 168-169.

36 Id. at 168.

37 Id. at 22, 169.

38 Moreno, Phil. Law Dictionary (1988 ed.) p. 348.

39 Ibid.

40 McGuire v. State, 239 Ala 315, 194 So 185 (1940); Cantu v. State, 141 Tex. Crim. 99, 135 SW 2d 705 (1940), cert. den. 312 US 689, 85 L Ed. 1126, 61 S. Ct. 617 (1941); Burchett v. State, 35 Ohio App. 463, 172 NE 555 (1930).

41 Rollo, pp. 121-122.

42 TSN, July 2, 1993, pp. 2-4; TSN, September 17, 1993, pp. 38-39.

43 McKenna v. People, 124 Colo. 112, 235 P2d. 301 (1951).

44 Roberts v. State, 164 So. 2d 817 (1964).

45 People v. San Gabriel, G.R. No. 110103, 235 SCRA 80, 86 (1994).

46 People v. Andres, G.R. No. 122735, 296 SCRA 318, 338 (1998).

47 People v. Lozada, G.R. No. 130589, 334 SCRA 602, 622 (2000) citing People v. Padlan, G.R. No. 111263, 290 SCRA 388 (1998).

48 People v. Orcula, Sr., et al., G.R. No. 132350, 335 SCRA 129, 142 (2000) citing People v. Villaran, G.R. No. 119058, 269 SCRA 630 (1997), People v. Nemeria, G.R. No. 96288, 242 SCRA 448 (1995).

49 People v. Briones, G.R. No. 97610, 219 SCRA 134, 145 (1993), citing People v. Laureta, Jr., G.R. No. L-31245, 159 SCRA 256 (1988).

50 Rollo, pp. 119-120.

51 People v. Salas, G.R. No. 115192, supra at 328-329, citing People v. Olivarez, Jr., G.R. No. 77865, 299 SCRA 635 (1998).

52 People v. Labuguen, G.R. No. 127849, 337 SCRA 488, 497 (2000) citing People v. Andal, G.R. No. 124933, 279 SCRA 474 (1997).

53 TSN, July 14, 1994, pp. 8-10, 16-20; TSN, July 6, 1994, pp. 4-9.

54 People v. Saragina, G.R. No. 128281, 332 SCRA 219, 239 (2000) citing People v. Platilla, G.R. No. 126123, 304 SCRA 339 (1999).

55 People v. Fuertes, G.R. Nos. 95891-92, 326 SCRA 382, 408-409 (2000) citing People v. Villablanca, et al., G.R. No. 89662, 316 SCRA 382, 408-409 (2000).

56 People v. Arizala, G.R. No. 130708, 317 SCRA 244, 257 (1999).

57 People v. Solayao, G.R. No. 119220, 262 SCRA 255, 261 (1996); People v. Ramos, G.R. Nos. 101804-07, 222 SCRA 557 (1992).

58 People v. Catan, G.R. No. 92928, 205 SCRA 235, 242 (1992); People v. Malmstedt, G.R. No. 91107, 198 SCRA 401 (1991).

59 Hizon v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 119619, 265 SCRA 517, 527-528 (1996); Roldan, Jr. v. Arca, G.R. No. L-25434, 65 SCRA 336 (1975).

60 Mustang Lumber v. Court of Appeals, G.R. Nos. 104988, 106424, 123784, 257 SCRA 430 (1996); People v. Balingan, G.R. No. 105834, 241 SCRA 277 (1995).

61 People v. Musa, G.R. No. 96177, 217 SCRA 597, 610 (1993).

62 Malacat v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 123595, 283 SCRA 159, 174-175 (1997).

63 Rule 113, Sec. 5. Arrest without warrant; when lawful. A peace officer or a private person may, without a warrant, arrest a person:

x x x

(b) When an offense has in fact just been committed, and he has personal knowledge of facts indicating that the person to be arrested has committed it;

x x x

64 Rule 113, Sec. 5. Arrest without warrant; when lawful. A peace officer or a private person may, without a warrant, arrest a person:

(a) When, in his presence, the person to be arrested has committed, is actually committing, or is attempting to commit an offense;

x x x

65 Gonzales v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 95523, 277 SCRA 518, 525 (1997), citing People v. Lualhati, G.R. Nos. 105289-90, 234 SCRA 325 (1994).

66 TSN, July 14, 1993, pp. 14-17; Exhibit B, Criminal Case No. CBU-33664, Vol. III, Records, p. 59.

67 Mallari v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 110569, 265 SCRA 456, 465 (1996), People v. Solayao, G.R. No. 119220, 262 SCRA 255 (1996).

68 Rollo, pp. 122-123.

69 People v. De Gracia, G.R. Nos. 102009-10, 233 SCRA 716, 725 (1994), citing People v. Cruz, L-76728, 165 SCRA 135 (1988), People v. Fajardo, et al., L-18257, 123 Phil. 1348 (1966).

70 People v. Carillo., G.R. No. 129528, 333 SCRA 338, 352 (2000).

[71] People v. Alagon and Rafael, G.R. Nos. 126536-37, 325 SCRA 297, 308 (2000).

72 Molina supersedes earlier rulings of this Court in People v. Tobias, G.R. No. 114185, 267 SCRA 229 (1997); People v. Quijada, G.R. Nos. 115008-09, 259 SCRA 191 (1996); People v. Somooc, G.R. No. 100921, 244 SCRA 731 (1995); People v. Fernandez, G.R. No. 113474, 239 SCRA 174 (1994); People v. Deunida, G.R. Nos. 105199-200, 231 SCRA 520 (1994); People v. Jumamoy, G.R. No. 101584, 221 SCRA 333 (1993); People v. Caling, G.R. No. 94784, 208 SCRA 821 (1992); People v. Tiozon, G.R. No. 89823, 198 SCRA 368 (1991); and People v. Tac-an, G.R. Nos. 76338-39, 182 SCRA 601 (1990) that one who kills another with the use of an unlicensed firearm commits two separate offenses of either homicide or murder under the Revised Penal Code and aggravated illegal possession of firearm, under the second paragraph of Section 1 of P.D. No. 1866.

73 People v. Samolde, G.R. No. 128551, 336 SCRA 632, 654 (2000), citing People v. Suelto, G.R. No. 126097, 325 SCRA 41 (2000).

74 ART. 2230. In criminal offenses, exemplary damages as a part of the civil liability may be imposed when the crime was committed with one or more aggravating circumstances. Such damages are separate and distinct from fines and shall be paid to the offended party.

75 Civil Code, ART. 2208. In the absence of stipulation, attorneys fees and expenses of litigation, other than judicial costs, cannot be recovered, except:

(1) When exemplary damages are awarded;

x x x




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