SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

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Endnotes:

1 Annex A of Petition in G.R. No. 146342, Rollo, pp. 35-83.

2 Section 10, Article X of the Constitution provides: No province, city, municipality, or barangay may be created, divided, merged, abolished, or its boundary substantially altered, except in accordance with the criteria established in the local government code and subject to approval by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite in the political units directly affected.

3 Annex E (Certificate of Canvass of Votes and Proclamation), ibid, p. 109.

4 Annex D (Statement of Votes) of Petition, ibid., p. 108.

5 Resolution dated September 25, 2001.

6 Abbas v. Commission on Elections, 179 SCRA 287 (1989), citing Yu Cong Eng v. Trinidad, 47 Phil. 387 (1925); Salas v. Jarencio, 46 SCRA 734 (1972); Morfe v. Mutuc, 22 SCRA 424 (1968); Peralta v. COMELEC, 82 SCRA 30 (1978).

7 Garcia v. Executive Secretary, 204 SCRA 516 (1991).

8 Philippine Judges Association v. Prado, 227 SCRA 703 (1993).

9 Lacson v. Executive Secretary, 301 SCRA 298 (1999).

10 Alvarez v. Guingona, Jr., 252 SCRA 695 (1996).

11 Philippine Judges Association v. Prado, supra, p. 706.

12 63 Phil. 139 (1936), cited in Garcia v. Executive Secretary, supra.

13 Section 1, Article VII of the Constitution.

14 Garcia v. Executive Secretary, supra, p. 523.

15 Tatad v. The Secretary of the Department of Energy, 281 SCRA 330 (1997).

16 Lim v. Pacquing, 240 SCRA 649 (1995).

17 Lidasan v. COMELEC, 21 SCRA 496 (1967).

18 Tobias v. Abalos, 239 SCRA 106 (1994) and Sumulong v. COMELEC, 73 Phil. 288 (1941).

19 146 SCRA 446 (1986).

20 Section 3 (m), Rule 131 of the Revised Rules of Court provides: Disputable presumptions.- The following presumptions are satisfactory if uncontradicted, but may be contradicted and overcome by other evidence:

x x x

(m) That official duty has been regularly performed;

x x x.




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