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A.M. No. P-03-1710. August 28, 2003

EDGARDO ANGELES, complainant, vs. BALTAZAR P. EDUARTE, Clerk of Court, Municipal Circuit Trial Court, Bagabag-Diadi, Nueva Vizcaya, respondent.



In a sworn complaint1 dated July 16, 2001 addressed to the Court Administrator, Edgardo Angeles, a resident of Pasay City, charged respondent Baltazar P. Eduarte, Clerk of Court, Municipal Circuit Trial Court, Bagabag-Diadi, Nueva Vizcaya, with neglect of duty.

Complainant alleged that on July 28, 2000, he sent a letter2 to respondent which reads:

Dear Sir:

Requesting for your kind attention as follows:

If, on or before July 15, 1999 prior to his United States of America trip by Atty. Virgil R. Castro, did he give a Letter or Notice of Absence on his court cases under hearing in your office and court as guidelines thereat? Did he have court hearings between September 1,2,3,4,5 and 6, 1999 in MCTC Bagabag? When was the first court hearing attended by Atty. Castro after the July 15, 1999 U.S. trip? Who was his substitute attorney while abroad?

Kindly provide answers of the above inquiries. Reply within ten (10) days from receipt of notice hereof. Keep this in strict confidentiality.

Thank you.

Complainant further alleged that although respondent received his letter on August 8, 2000, per Registry Receipt No. 5838,3 the latter failed to act thereon for more than a year, thereby neglecting his duty. Thus, on August 18, 2000, he wrote the Office of the Court Administrator (OCA) requesting that respondent be directed to answer his letter.4cräläwvirtualibräry

On June 20, 2001, Deputy Court Administrator Jose P. Perez instructed respondent to act on complainants letter and to submit a report on the action taken thereon within ten (10) days from notice. 5cräläwvirtualibräry

In compliance, respondent submitted to DCA Perez his explanation6 and comment7 on the complaint. He admitted he received complainants letter. However, he overlooked and forgot to answer it because it did not specify the cases in which Atty. Virgil R. Castro appeared as counsel on the dates mentioned therein. Meanwhile, he forgot about the letter until he received the directive of DCA Perez. He claimed that he misplaced the letter but he later found it after a diligent search.8 He attached to his explanation the duplicate carbon copies of the notices of hearing (scheduled in September, 1999) of all the cases handled by Atty. Castro, thus:

Notice of Hearing, Civil Case No. 583, dated August 27, 1999 for September 6, 1999;

Order, Civil Case No. 704, dated September 6, 1999;

Order, Civil Case No. 702, dated September 13, 1999;

TSN, Criminal Case No. 4832, dated September 20, 1999; and

Order, Criminal Case No. 4832, of same date.9cräläwvirtualibräry

Upon the recommendation of DCA Perez, we referred the matter to Executive Judge Jose B. Rosales, Regional Trial Court, Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya, for investigation, report and recommendation.

In his Report10 dated October 14, 2002, Executive Judge Rosales found respondent liable for neglect of duty, which is a light offense, and recommended that respondent be reprimanded. Hereunder are his findings:

There is an admission of the respondent that he really failed to send a reply to the letter-query of the complainant. His reasons for such failure did not seem to be valid and forceful and are unacceptable. He reasoned out by claiming that he could not immediately reply because he had to verify the court records before he could answer. This was, in turn, due to the failure of the complainant to specify which cases of Atty. Castro were the object of his query. His varied duties in office caused him to misplace and forget about the letter. He also believed that Angeles was on a fishing expedition.

The respondent need not make the verification himself as there were clerks to whom he could assign such task. The job of verification could be finished at most within two days.

As to his claim that the complainants letter did not specify the cases of Atty. Castro in which Angeles was interested, while this might be true, however, the letter was specific as to the dates of the appearances of the said counsel in which the complainant was interested. He mentioned September 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, 1999. All that the respondent was expected to do was to refer to the calendar of court proceedings for those dates and, on the basis of the listed cases contained in the calendar, he could personally or by one of his clerks refer to the said cases. Then within a short period, he could have answered the complainant.

It must be noted that the MCTC of Bagabag-Diadi conducts only one hearing in a week. This is due to the fact that there are only two first level court judges in the entire province. There was thus so much time for the respondent to ascertain and prepare the reply. He would have been able to comply with Section 5 (a) of the Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees.

On April 10, 2003, DCA Perez submitted his Report,11 adopting the findings and recommendation of the investigating Judge.

Section 5 (a) and (d) of Republic Act No. 6713 (The Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees) provides:

Sec. 5. Duties of Public Officials and Employees. In the performance of their duties, all public officials and employees are under obligation to:

(a) Act promptly on letters and requests. All public officials and employees shall within fifteen (15) working days from receipt thereof, respond to letters, telegrams or other means of communications sent by the public. The reply must contain the action taken on the request.

x x x

(d) Act immediately on the publics personal transactions. All public officials and employees must attend to anyone who wants to avail himself of the services of their offices and must, at all times, act promptly and expeditiously. (Emphasis supplied)

The importance of complying with the above provisions was emphasized in our Administrative Circular No. 08-99 dated July 2, 1999 which states:



It has been observed by, and brought to the attention of, the Chief Justice that in some instances complaints, letters or requests from the public addressed to the officials of the Judiciary are belatedly answered or not answered at all.

All concerned are reminded of paragraphs (a) and (d) of Section 5 of R.A. No. 6713, otherwise known as the Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees, which explicitly mandate as follows:

x x x

The Presiding Justice of the Court of Appeals and the Sandiganbayan, the Court Administrator, the Deputy Court Administrators, the Assistant Court Administrators, the Clerk of Court of the Supreme Court, the Presiding Judge of the Court of Tax Appeals, and all Executive Judges and clerks of court of all other courts shall see to it that this Circular is immediately disseminated and strictly observed.

This Circular shall take effect immediately.

City of Manila, 02 July 1999.


Chief Justice

(Emphasis supplied)

Thus, as a public employee, it is respondents duty to act on the letters and requests of the public within fifteen (15) working days from receipt thereof, and to attend promptly and expeditiously to anyone who wants to avail of the services of his office.

We find unacceptable respondents defense that he did not act on complainants letter because it does not specify the cases in which Atty. Virgil Castro appeared as counsel and the dates he attended court hearings. However, the letter, although poorly written, raises four (4) queries which complainant wanted to know from respondent, thus: (a) Did Atty. Virgil R. Castro, on or before July 15, 1999 prior to his trip to the United States of America, file with the MCTC of Bagabag a notice that he will not appear during court hearings?; (b) Did he appear as counsel during the hearing set on September 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, 1999?; (c) When was the first time he appeared as counsel after his July 15, 1999 US trip?; and (4) Who was his substitute attorney while abroad?

Suffice it to state that respondent could have promptly answered complainants letter, sending him certified copies of available records pertinent to his queries. Respondent is reminded of his sacred duty as an officer of the court to attend to the publics query. As we held in Reyes-Domingo vs. Morales:12cräläwvirtualibräry

A Clerk of Court is an essential and a ranking officer of our judicial system who performs delicate administrative functions vital to the prompt and proper administration of justice. A Clerk of Courts office is the nucleus of activities both adjudicative and administrative, performing among others the functions of keeping the records and seal, issuing processes, entering judgments and orders and giving, upon request, certified copies from the records. (Emphasis supplied)

Time and again, we have emphasized the heavy burden and responsibility which the court officials and employees are mandated to observe, in view of their exalted positions as keepers of the public faith. They are constantly reminded that any impression of impropriety, misdeed or negligence in the performance of official functions must be avoided.13 We will never countenance any conduct, act or omission on the part of all those involved in the administration of justice which would violate the norm of public accountability and diminish the faith of the people in the Judiciary.14cräläwvirtualibräry

Under Section 52(C)(15), Rule IV of the Revised Uniform Rules on Administrative Cases in the Civil Service,15 respondents infraction is classified as a light offense punishable as follows:

15. Failure to attend to anyone who wants to avail of the services of the office, or act promptly and expeditiously on public transactions

1st Offense Reprimand

2nd Offense Suspension 1-30 days

3rd Offense Dismissal

Considering that this is respondents first offense, the penalty of reprimand is warranted.

WHEREFORE, respondent Baltazar B. Eduarte is hereby REPRIMANDED and warned that a repetition of the same or similar offense will be dealt with more severely.


Puno, (Chairman), and Panganiban, JJ., concur.

Corona and Carpio-Morales, JJ., on leave.


1 Rollo at 1-5.

2 Annex A, Complaint, Rollo at 6.

3 Annex B, id. at 7.

4 Annex C, id. at 8.


5 Annex D, id. at 9.

6 Annex E, id. at 10.

7 Rollo at 14-15.

8 Comment, Rollo at 14-15.

9 Annex E, id. at 10.

10 Rollo at 95-100.

11 Id. at 138-142.

12 A.M. No. P-99-1285, October 4, 2000, 342 SCRA 6.

14 Mendoza vs. Mabutas, A.M. No. MTJ-88-142, June 17, 1993, 223 SCRA 411, citing Sy vs. Academia, A.M. No. P-87-72, July 3, 1991, 198 SCRA 705.

15 CSC Memorandum Circular No. 19, Series of 1999.


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