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A.M. No. 00-3-50-MTC. July 21, 2003




On account of an anonymous letter1 dated January 3, 2000 received by the Office of the Court Administrator (OCA) complaining against Judge Lauro G. Bernardo (respondent), presiding judge of the Municipal Trial Court (MTC) of Bocaue, Bulacan, about his deplorable attitude and inefficiency in the disposition of cases, the Judicial Audit Team of the OCA conducted on February 8-11, 2000 an audit in the said court.

The report2 dated March 3, 2000 submitted by the audit team showed that 963 cases (847 criminal and 116 civil/other) were pending in the court as of February 8, 2000, the status of which are shown in the following tabulation:











With decisions for promulgation




Submitted for decision




With incidents for resolution




On trial/Set for hearing




Set for pre-trial




For arraignment of accused




Set for preliminary conference




For preliminary investigation




For ex parte reception of evidence




With orders for compliance by parties




Subject of inhibition of Judge Bernardo




Without further action or setting despite the lapse of considerable length of time




With warrants of arrest/summons








In light of the report, and on recommendation of the OCA, this Court, by Resolution of May 2, 2000, directed:

(a) [respondent] (1) to EXPLAIN within ten (10) days from notice, why no administrative sanction should be imposed on him for his failure to decide/resolve within the reglementary period reckoned from February 11, 2000 (last day of audit) the following one hundred and three (103) cases submitted for his decision, to wit: Criminal Cases Nos. 90-333, 92-215, 93-013, 93-208, 93-210, 94-067, 070-94, 94-202, 94-210 to 94-212, 94-218, 94-227, 94-234, 94-282, 94-283, 94-399, 94-403, 94-438, 94-441, 94-461, 94-503, 94-508, 94-553, 94-595, 94-602, 94-652, 94-659, 95-001, 95-002, 95-051, 94-052, 95-170 to 95-172, 95-189, 95-218, 95-431, 95-505, 95-749 to 95-752, 96-268, 96-417 to 96-420, 96-431, 96-437 to 96-440, 96-489, 96-761, 97-258, 97-259, and Civil/other Cases Nos. 94-2294, 95-2357, 96-2513, 96-2541, 96-2602 to 96-2613, 96-2615, 96-2616, 96-2619 to 96-2625, 96-2671, 97-2678, 97-2716, 97-2730, 98-2882, 98-2899, 98-2907, 98-2924, 98-2941, 98-2942, 99-2953, 2960, LRC-P-98-05 and LRC-P-98-06, and the pending motion in Civil Case No. 95-2466; (2) to DECIDE immediately the aforementioned one hundred and three (103) cases and the pending motion in Civil Case No. 95-2466, including the following twenty-three (23) cases submitted for his decision, to wit[:] Criminal Cases Nos. 94-120, 94-174 to 94-179, 95-035, 95-069 to 95-071, 95-092 to 95-096, 95-281, 97-397, 97-640, 97-872, 98-544 and 99-220 and Civil Case No. 96-2497, and the following seven (7) cases with motions for resolution, to wit: Criminal Cases Nos. 99-360, 99-654, 99-678, MM-039 and MM-075 and Civil Cases Nos. 94-2191 and 99-3073, although these cases were still within the period to decide/resolve as of audit, otherwise his salaries will be WITHHELD effective May, 2000, and will be released only upon showing proof that he has rendered his decisions and/or resolutions in the aforestated cases; (3) to EXPLAIN within ten (10) days from notice, why no court sessions are scheduled on Tuesdays, in the afternoon of Mondays and Thursdays, and in the morning of Wednesdays; (4) to immediately TAKE APPROPRIATE ACTION on the following twelve (12) cases which were not further acted on or without further setting, to wit: Criminal Cases Nos. 98-803, 99-693, MM-024, MM-033 and MM-034, and Civil Cases Nos. 98-2922, 99-2964, 99-3074, 99-3075, 99-3076, 99-3077 and 99-3081, and on the following eleven (11) criminal cases in accordance with Administrative Circular No. 7-A-92 dated June 21, 1993, re: Guidelines in the Archiving of Cases, to wit: Criminal Cases Nos. 99-246, 99-339, 99-259, 99-269, 99-336, 99-367, 99-368, 99-369, 99-380, 99-421 and 99-428; (5) to AVOID unnecessary delay in the issuance of writs of execution of final judgments; (6) to REFRAIN from conducting lengthy preliminary investigation of cases cognizable by his court; and (7) to SUBMIT within fifteen (15) days from notice corresponding reports of his compliance with the preceding directives; and

(b) Clerk of Court Ma. Fe O. Dimagiba, same court, (1) to INFORM this Court, through the Office of the Court Administrator, within five (5) days from notice, whether or not the joint decision in Criminal Cases Nos. 95-179 and 95-180 [has] been promulgated as scheduled on February 21, 2000; and (2) to CAUSE the proper accomplishment of certificates of arraignment of the accused in criminal cases and the attachment thereof to the corresponding records of cases.3cräläwvirtualibräry

Complying with paragraph (b) of the above directiveresolution of this Court, the MTC of Bocaue Clerk of Court Ma. Fe O. Dimagiba, by 1st Indorsement4 dated May 30, 2000, informed that the joint decision in Criminal Case Nos. 95-179 and 95-180, which was scheduled for promulgation on February 21, 2000, was reset to February 28, 2000 in view of the absence of Public Prosecutor Frederick F. Malapit; was again reset to April 10, 2000 in the absence of proof of service of the subpoena and notice sent to the accused and her counsel;5 and was finally ordered entered into the docket of the court on April 10, 2000 in view of the absence of the accused and her counsel despite due notice.6cräläwvirtualibräry

For his part, respondent filed on August 7, 2000 a motion for extension of time7 to submit his explanation and comment on the matters subject of this Courts May 2, 2000 Resolution. To the motion respondent attached a status report8 of the cases mentioned in the resolution and his alleged written request for further extension of time to resolve/decide the pending cases audited as of February 2000 which was included in his Certificate of Service [for February, March and April 2000] and for which [he] is still awaiting approval. By resolution9 of July 3, 2000, this Court granted the motion for extension.

On August 1, 2000, respondent filed a motion for additional extension of time10 to comply with this Courts May 2, 2000 Resolution. To the motion he attached his Certificate of Service for June 2000 wherein he claimed that a request was made x x x for extension of time to render decision on the cases therein listed.

By Resolution11 of August 21, 2000, this Court granted the second motion for extension, with warning that no further extension would be allowed.

On October 30, 2000, respondent again filed a motion for last and ultimate extension of time12 to comply with the May 2, 2000 Resolution which was, by Resolution13 of November 22, 2000, granted with warning that it would definitely be the last extension.

Respondent finally filed on February 1, 2001 an undated Manifestation of Compliance14 to the May 2, 2000 Resolution wherein he stated that the 103 cases enumerated in paragraph (a) (1) thereof have been decided except for Civil Case Nos. 97-2716, 98-2882, 98-2942 and 98-2953,15 and that he had already decided the 23 cases submitted for decision and resolved the 7 cases with motion for resolution mentioned in paragraph (a) (2) of the same resolution.16 As to the 23 cases mentioned in paragraph (a) (4) of the resolution, he stated that appropriate action had already been taken and the therein listed 11 cases had been archived in accordance with Administrative Circular No. 7-A-92 (Guidelines in the Archiving of Cases).17cräläwvirtualibräry

Complying with paragraph (a) (3) of still the same resolution, respondent explained that no court sessions were held on Tuesdays, Monday afternoons, Wednesday and Thursday mornings because with respect to criminal cases, no prosecutor is available on said days and time,18 and with respect to civil cases, only one day sufficed for hearing them.19 Respondent hastened to add, however, that when the court is not in session, he conducts preliminary examination of witnesses for purposes of issuing warrants of arrest and preliminary investigation of cases cognizable by the Regional Trial Court; solemnizes marriages; and resolves pending motions and writes decisions of cases.20 Further, respondent informed that in compliance with this Courts Resolution, he has avoided delays in the issuance of writs of execution on final judgments and refrained from conducting lengthy preliminary investigations/examinations.21cräläwvirtualibräry

By Memorandum22 of May 4, 2001, the OCA recommended that respondent be:

x x x


(a-1) SUBMIT within ten (10) days from notice copies of the decisions promulgated/rendered in the following cases: Criminal Cases Nos. 95-001, 95-002, 95-051, 95-052, 95-431 and 95-505 and Civil Cases Nos. 97-2678, 95-092 to 096, 97-640, 97-782 and the resolutions in Criminal Nos. 99-360, 99-654, 99-678, MM-039, MM-075 and Civil Cases Nos. 94-219 and 99-3073, and

(b-1) INFORM this Court through the Office of the Court Administrator within ten (10) days from notice, the actual dates when the decisions in the following cases were promulgated/rendered: Criminal cases Nos. 94-202, 94-282, 94-283, 94-339, 94-403, 94-461, 94-553, 94-595, 96-431, 96-489, 96-761 and 97-258 to 259; and Civil Cases Nos. 95-2357, 97-2730, 98-2907, 98-2941, 94-120, 95-035, 97-397 and 98-544.

(b) ADVISED that he should file a formal request for extension of time for approval of the Court and not just indicate in his Certificate of Service said request; and

(2) the 1st Indorsement dated 30 May 2000 of Clerk of Court Ma. Fe Dimagiba be considered satisfactory compliance with the resolution dated 2 May 2000. (Emphasis and underscoring supplied)

which this Court approved by Resolution dated July 11, 2001.

On August 27, 2001, respondent submitted another undated Manifestation of Compliance23 to this Courts July 11, 2001 Resolution to which he attached duplicate original/photocopies of his decisions in the cases mentioned therein except for Criminal Case Nos. 95-092 to 95-096 which he claimed24 to be still pending trial but were erroneously included as having been decided.25 He also stated that beginning October 2001, a formal request for additional time to render/promulgate decisions would be filed for approval by this Court.26cräläwvirtualibräry

By Memorandum27 of April 3, 2002, the OCA recommended that the matter be re-docketed as a regular administrative matter which recommendation this Court finds well-taken.

Rule 3.05 of the Code of Judicial Conduct enjoins a judge to dispose of the courts business promptly and decide cases within the required periods. The Constitution in fact mandates that lower courts should resolve cases within 3 months, clearly intended to prevent delay in the administration of justice which erodes the faith and confidence of our people in the judiciary, lowers its standards, and brings it into disrepute.28cräläwvirtualibräry

Respondent did not indicate in his undated Manifestation of Compliance when he decided a total of 115 cases. Unquestionably though, they were decided beyond the reglementary period. Why he did not comply with the reglementary period of 90 days to render a decision, he did not also explain.29cräläwvirtualibräry

When judges are unable to render a decision within the required period, they are not without remedy. It is not uncommon for this Court, upon proper application and in meritorious cases, especially when difficult questions of law or complex issues are involved, to grant judges of lower courts additional time to decide beyond the 90-day period.30 In respondents case however, he never requested for additional time to decide the cases submitted for decision. As correctly observed by the OCA, the only instance that he attempted to seek approval for additional time was when he submitted certificates of service after the conduct of the audit.31cräläwvirtualibräry

This Court notes that as found by the OCA and reflected in the record on hand, the following reasons aggravated the delay of respondent in the disposition of cases:

1. Sessions are held only three days a week;

2. Administrative Circular No. 7-A-92 dated June 21, 1993 was not faithfully complied with;

3. Cases cognizable by the court still go through the preliminary investigation process; and

4. Failure to properly observe the following circulars:

a) Administrative Circular No. 1 dated January 28, 1998, reiterated in Administrative Circular 10-94 dated June 29, 1994 regarding effective docket control; and

b) Circular No. 13 dated July 1, 1987, reiterated in Administrative Circular No. 3-99 dated January 15, 1999 regarding the guidelines to insure the speedy disposition of cases.

Respondents delayed disposition of a big number of cases reflects the cramming done by him in rendering of decisions, which should not be the manner in which judges should render decisions. For decision-making entails a thorough study of the evidence presented and the applicable laws for each case.

The administrative complaint against respondent arose in 2000. Hence, Rule 140 of the Revised Rules of Court, before it was amended by A.M. No. 01-8-10-SC, which took effect on October 1, 2001, applies, for the amendment cannot apply retroactively.32 Section 10 of said Rule 140 provides for the following:

Section 10. Sanctions.

x x x

B. If the respondent is found culpable of having committed a less serious charge, any of the following sanctions shall be imposed:

1. Suspension from office without salary and other benefits for one (1) to two (2) months and twenty-nine days; or

2. A fine not less than P10,000 but not more than P19,999.

x x x

WHEREFORE, Judge Lauro G. Bernardo is adjudged administratively liable for undue delay in rendering decisions and is hereby FINED in the amount of P19,000.00, with a STERN WARNING that a repetition of the same or similar acts in the future shall be dealt with more severely. Let a copy of this decision be filed in the records of Judge Bernardo.


Puno, (Chairman), Panganiban, and Corona, JJ., concur.

Sandoval-Gutierrez, J., on official leave.


1 Rollo at 14.

2 Id. at 7-12.

3 Id. at 16-17.

4 Id. at 22.

5 Ibid.

6 Ibid.

7 Id. at 18-19.

8 Id. at 20-22.

9 Id. at 48.

10 Id. at 50-52.

11 Id. at 62.

12 Id. at 63-64.

13 Id. at 71.

14 Id. at 75-79.

15 Id. at 75-76.

16 Id. at 77.

17 Id. at 78.

18 Id. at 77.

19 Ibid.

20 Ibid.

21 Id. at 78.

22 Id. at 81-88.

23 Id. at 91-93

24 Vide footnote on page 13 of April 3, 2002 OCA Memorandum.

25 Rollo at 91.

26 Id. at 93.

27 Id. at 318-336.

28 Re: Inventory of Cases In RTC Br. 55, Alaminos, Pangasinan, 262 SCRA 555 (1996).

29 Rollo at 331.

30 Lambino v. De Vera, 275 SCRA 60 (1997)

31 Rollo at 334.


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