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U.S. Supreme Court

United States ex Rel. Queen v. Alvey, 182 U.S. 456 (1901)

United States ex Rel. Queen v. Alvey

No. 17 Original

Argued February 26, 1901

Decided May 27, 1901

182 U.S. 456


Under the circumstances set forth in its opinion, this Court thinks that the rule respecting appeals to the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia must receive the interpretation here which was given to it by the Court of Appeals.

Upon filing the petition for a mandamus, a rule was issued and served. The respondents have replied thereto. The question presented is the interpretation of a rule of the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia hereinafter set out.

The case of petitioners as presented by their petition is substantially as follows: Marcella Jarboe, a widow, died without issue in the District of Columbia, on the 28th day of March, chanrobles.com-red

Page 182 U. S. 457

1899, aged eighty-eight years. The petitioners were her heirs at law. After her death, a paper writing purporting to be her will, dated February 24, 1892, and two other paper writings purporting to be codicils, dated respectively October 20, 1892, and February 15, 1898, were offered for probate by William Myer Lewin, executor, in the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, holding a special term for Orphans' Court business, as her last will and testament.

The relators filed caveats to the probate of the will, traversing the due execution of the papers as a will, and alleging incapacity, undue influence, and fraud. Upon the issue thus formed, testimony was taken and, at its close, the court instructed the jury to render a verdict for the will and codicils. Exception was duly made, and subsequently, on May 10, 1900, a motion for new trial was made and overruled, and an order was passed admitting the will and codicils to probate and directing letters testamentary to issue. An appeal was allowed to the Court of Appeals of the District, and a bond fixed for costs, not to operate as a supersedeas. The bond was duly approved, and filed May 17, 1900.

On July 2, 1900, the trial justice extended the time for filing the transcript forty days from the expiration of the time then limited. The transcript, however, was not filed within the extended time, and Mr. Justice Cole again extended it to October 15, 1900.

The transcript was filed October 9, 1900, but not until after appellees had given notice of a motion to docket and dismiss under the rule. When the motion came on to be heard, it was abandoned and, by leave of the court, a motion to dismiss was substituted. It was granted October 19, 1900, and the appeal dismissed with costs. This petition was then filed. The rule the interpretation of which is involved is as follows:

"All cases the records or transcripts of which shall be received by the clerk of this court before the last twenty days of the term shall be considered for trial in the course of that term, but such cases shall be placed on the docket in the order of time in which the records or transcripts shall be received, and if received within twenty days of the next succeeding term, either

Page 182 U. S. 458

party shall be entitled to a continuance; but when an appeal is entered in the court below which shall operate as a supersedeas of the judgment, order, or decree appealed from, or when there has been a special order or appeal bond for the stay or supersedeas of the judgment, decree, or order appealed from, in all such cases it shall be the duty of the appellant, within forty days from the time of the appeal entered and perfected in the court below (unless such time for special and sufficient cause be extended by the court below, or the judge thereof by whom the judgment, decree, or order may have been rendered, such time to be definite and fixed) to produce and file with the clerk of this court a transcript of the record of such cause, and if he shall fail to file the transcript within the time limited therefor, the appellee shall be allowed to file a copy or transcript of the record with the clerk of this Court, and the cause shall stand for trial in the like manner as if the transcript had been filed by the appellant in due time, or the said appellee may, on producing a certificate from the clerk of the court below, stating the cause, and that an appeal has been entered, and the date thereof, and that the judgment, decree, or order appealed from is stayed or superseded by bond or otherwise, have the said appeal docketed and dismissed, or, in any and all cases, the appellee may, after the time limited for filing the transcript in this Court by the appellant, and his or her default in respect thereto, upon producing a certificate showing the entry of appeal and the date thereof, have said appeal docketed and dismissed, and in no case shall the appellant be entitled to docket a case and file the record after said appeal shall have been docketed and dismissed under this rule, unless by special order of the court, upon satisfactory reason shown."

The answer of the respondents alleged the promulgation of the rule in pursuance of the act of Congress creating the court, and that, under the same act, on the 29th of September, 1894, the court amended the rules in several respects and promulgated them as amended. The amendment consisted in the insertion of the words "in any and all cases" for the words "in any case," and numbered rule XV. chanrobles.com-red

Page 182 U. S. 459


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