Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1909 > January 1909 Decisions > G.R. No. 4813 January 23, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. POTENCIANO SIAMSICO

012 Phil 571:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

EN BANC

[G.R. No. 4813. January 23, 1909. ]

THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. POTENCIANO SIAMSICO, Defendant-Appellant.

Jose Ma. Rosado, for Appellant.

Attorney-General Villamor, for Appellee.

SYLLABUS


1. THEFT; PENALTY. — A penalty, immediately superior to that which would ordinarily be imposed on one convicted of the crime of theft under the provisions of articles 518 and 520 of the Penal Code, should be imposed where it appears that, at the time when the crime was committed, the convict was a domestic servant of the person whose property was stolen.


D E C I S I O N


CARSON, J. :


The guilt of the accused of the crime of which he was convicted in the trial court is conclusively established beyond a reasonable doubt, and we find no error in the proceedings prejudicial to the rights of the accused.

Counsel for appellant contends that the sentence imposed is in excess of that provided by law for the crime of theft, of which the accused was convicted. It appears that the convict was a domestic servant in the house of the owner of the stolen property at the time when the crime was committed, hence, under the provisions of article 520 of the Penal Code, it was the duty of the court to impose a penalty immediately superior to that prescribed for the commission of the offense in the absence of such circumstance.

The crime committed is defined and penalized in section 3, article 518, taken together with section 2 of article 520, of the Penal Code. The value of the stolen property being in excess of 250 pesetas, but not exceeding 1,250 pesetas, the penalty prescribed in article 518 for this offense is that of arresto major in its medium degree to presidio correccional in its minimum degree. The penalty immediately superior thereto, which is prescribed in article 520 where theft is committed by a domestic servant, is that of presidio correccional in its medium degree to presidio mayor in its minimum degree, and there being no aggravating or extenuating circumstances, this penalty should be imposed in its medium degree, that is to say, from four years, two months, and one day to six years of presidio correccional.

The judgment of conviction and the sentence of the trial court imposing four years, two months, and one day of presidio correccional upon the accused, should be and are hereby affirmed, with the costs of this instance against the Appellant.

Arellano, C.J., Torres, Mapa, Johnson, Willard and Tracey, JJ., concur.




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