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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
April-1939 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 43850 April 3, 1939 - JOSE C. BUCOY v. JOHN R. MCFIE, ET AL.

    067 Phil 126

  • G.R. No. 45080 April 3, 1939 - FLORENCIA DUQUILLO v. PAZ BAYOT

    067 Phil 131

  • G.R. No. 45112 April 3, 1939 - APOLONIA GOMEZ v. LEVY HERMANOS, INC.

    067 Phil 134

  • G.R. No. 45144 April 3, 1939 - M. E. GREY v. INSULAR LUMBER COMPANY

    067 Phil 139

  • G.R. No. 45696 April 3, 1939 - PLACIDA PASCASIO, ET AL. v. BENITO GUIDO

    067 Phil 143

  • G.R. No. 45159 April 4, 1939 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. EMILIO MA. DE MORETA

    067 Phil 146

  • G.R. Nos. 46231-46235 April 4, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PAULO B. GONZALEZ

    067 Phil 147

  • G.R. No. 46239 April 4, 1939 - SAN JUAN DE DIOS HOSPITAL v. ROSENDO MARCOS, ET AL.

    067 Phil 150

  • G.R. No. 46247 April 4, 1939 - SAN JUAN DE DIOS HOSPITAL v. MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF SAN RAFAEL, ET AL.

    067 Phil 158

  • G.R. No. 45177 April 5, 1939 - JOSE MARTINEZ v. SANTOS B. PAMPOLINA

    067 Phil 167

  • G.R. No. 45193 April 6, 1939 - EMILIE ELMIRA RENEE BOUDARD, ET AL. v. STEWART EDDIE TAIT

    067 Phil 170

  • G.R. No. 46510 April 5, 1939 - ORIENT PROTECTIVE ASSURANCE ASSOCIATION v. ANTONIO RAMOS

    067 Phil 176

  • G.R. No. 45517 April 5, 1939 - TARCILA L. TRINIDAD v. ORIENT PROTECTIVE ASSURANCE ASSOCIATION

    067 Phil 181

  • G.R. No. 45738 April 6, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MAXIMIANO CELORICO

    067 Phil 185

  • G.R. No. 45748 April 6, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCO VERA REYES

    067 Phil 187

  • G.R. No. 45955 April 5, 1939 - TEODORICA R. VIUDA DE JOSE v. JULIO VELOSO BARRUECO

    067 Phil 191

  • G.R. No. 46144 April 6, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO CINCO, ET AL.

    067 Phil 196

  • G.R. No. 46409 April 5, 1939 - INSULAR MOTORS INCORPORATED v. CITY OF MANILA, ET AL.

    067 Phil 201

  • G.R. No. 46478 April 6, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GO UG, ET AL.

    067 Phil 202

  • G.R. No. 43822 April 10, 1939 - PHILIPPINE TRUST CO. v. HONGKONG & SHANCHAI BANKING CORPORATION

    067 Phil 204

  • G.R. No. 45152 April 10, 1939 - HILARIA SIKAT v. JOHN CANSON

    067 Phil 207

  • G.R. No. 45170 April 10, 1939 - ARSENIO DE VERA, ET AL. v. CLEOTILDE GALAURAN

    067 Phil 213

  • G.R. No. 45171 April 10, 1939 - EUGENIO VERAGUTH, ET AL. v. ROSARIO MONTILLA, ET AL.

    067 Phil 215

  • G.R. No. 45192 April 10, 1939 - IN RE: VICENTE J. FRANCISCO

    067 Phil 222

  • G.R. No. 45200 April 10, 1939 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. APOLONIA S. ZAPANTA, ET AL.

    067 Phil 232

  • G.R. No. 45246 April 10, 1939 - CARLOS N. FRANCISCO v. PARSONS HARDWARE CO.

    067 Phil 234

  • G.R. No. 45273 April 10, 1939 - LUNETA MOTOR CO. v. FEDERICO ABAD

    067 Phil 236

  • G.R. No. 45295 April 10, 1939 - RUFO ARCENAS v. INOCENCIO DEL ROSARIO, ET AL.

    067 Phil 238

  • G.R. No. 45302 April 10, 1939 - GERVASIA ENCARNACION, ET AL. v. PROVINCIAL SHERIFF OF RIZAL, ET AL.

    067 Phil 245

  • G.R. No. 45337 April 10, 1939 - MANILA MOTOR CO. v. ANICETO MARAÑA

    067 Phil 247

  • G.R. No. 45381 April 10, 1939 - FELIX BENEDICTO v. PERFECTO ESPINO

    067 Phil 249

  • G.R. No. 45898 April 10, 1939 - JOVITA JOVEN v. MARCELO T. BONCAN, ET AL.

    067 Phil 252

  • G.R. No. 46530 April 10, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CATALINO RABAO

    067 Phil 255

  • G.R. No. 45123 April 12, 1939 - AGRIPINO INFANTE v. MARCOS DULAY

    067 Phil 259

  • G.R. No. 45165 April 12, 1939 - GREGORIA JIMENEZ v. GEROMIMO JIMENEZ

    067 Phil 263

  • G.R. No. 45277 April 12, 1939 - TORIBIO TEODORO v. JUAN POSADAS

    067 Phil 267

  • G.R. No. 45306 April 12, 1939 - JOSUE SONCUYA v. LA URBANA

    067 Phil 271

  • G.R. No. 45365 April 12, 1939 - FULTON IRON WORKS CO. v. SIDNEY C. SCHWARZKOPF

    067 Phil 274

  • G.R. No. 45375 April 12, 1939 - COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHIL. v. GLORIA BALDELLO

    067 Phil 277

  • G.R. No. 45454 April 12, 1939 - EULALIO GARCIA v. SINFOROSA C. DAVID, ET AL.

    067 Phil 279

  • G.R. No. 45515 April 12, 1939 - TOLARAM MENGHRA v. BULCHAND ARACHAND, ET AL.

    067 Phil 286

  • G.R. No. 45742 April 12, 1939 - TIBURCIO MAMUYAC v. PEDRO ABENA

    067 Phil 289

  • G.R. No. 45752 April 12, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUAN PERALTA, ET AL.

    067 Phil 293

  • G.R. No. 45821 April 12, 1939 - SOCONY-VACUUM CORPORATION v. LEON C. MIRAFLORES

    067 Phil 304

  • G.R. No. 45899 April 12, 1939 - RAYMUNDO VARGAS v. NIEVES TANCIOCO,, ET AL.

    067 Phil 308

  • G.R. No. 45405 April 13, 1939 - IN RE: ANTONIO FRANCO

    067 Phil 312

  • G.R. No. 45529 April 13, 1939 - VENANCIO QUEBLAR v. LEONARDO GARDUÑO

    067 Phil 316

  • G.R. No. 46428 April 13, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. IRINEO TUMLOS

    067 Phil 320

  • G.R. No. 45253 April 14, 1939 - FIDELITY AND SURETY COMPANY OF THE PHIL. v. ISABELO G. SANCHEZ, ET AL.

    067 Phil 323

  • G.R. No. 45310 April 14, 1939 - MARCOS J. ROTEA v. FRANCISCA DELUPIO

    067 Phil 330

  • G.R. No. 45400 April 14, 1939 - MARCIANA LUNASCO v. VETERANS ADMINISTRATION

    067 Phil 333

  • G.R. No. 45536 April 14, 1939 - PEDRO AMANTE v. SERAFIN P. HILADO

    067 Phil 338

  • G.R. No. 45601 April 14, 1939 - TAVERA-LUNA v. MARIANO NABLE

    067 Phil 340

  • G.R. No. 45687 April 14, 1939 - CARIDAD ESTATE OF CAVITE, INC. v. VICENTE AVILA

    067 Phil 345

  • G.R. No. 45931 April 14, 1939 - URBANO SERRANO v. VICENTE DE LA CRUZ

    067 Phil 348

  • G.R. No. 45340 April 15, 1939 - MARCELA BALLESTEROS v. VETERANS ADMINISTRATION

    067 Phil 351

  • G.R. No. 45430 April 15, 1939 - TERESA GARCIA v. LUISA GARCIA, ET AL.

    067 Phil 353

  • G.R. No. 45643 April 16, 1939 - RAYMUNDO CORDERO v. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LAGUNA, Respondents.

    067 Phil 358

  • G.R. No. 45576 April 19, 1939 - MAXIMIANO FUENTES v. JUSTICE OF THE PEACE OF PILA, LAGUNA, ET AL.

    067 Phil 364

  • G.R. No. 45248 April 18, 1939 - VICENTE REYES VILLAVICENCIO v. SANTIAGO QUINIO

    067 Phil 367

  • G.R. No. 45418 April 18, 1939 - AMBROSIO RAMOS, ET AL. v. H. A. GIBBON, ET AL.

    067 Phil 371

  • G.R. No. 45701 April 18, 1939 - TIRSO GARCIA v. TY CAMCO SOBRINO

    067 Phil 384

  • G.R. No. 45721 April 18, 1939 - MELCHOR LAMPREA v. DIRECTOR OF LANDS, ET AL.

    067 Phil 388

  • G.R. No. 45803 April 18, 1939 - VICENTA C. VDA. DE GUIDOTE v. BANK OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS

    067 Phil 391

  • G.R. No. 45923 Abril 18, 1939 - CHOA FUN v. EL SECRETARIO DEL TRABAJO

    067 Phil 394

  • G.R. No. 46015 April 18, 1939 - LIBERATO JIMENEZ v. INES DE CASTRO, ET AL.

    067 Phil 398

  • G.R. No. 46043 April 18, 1939 - TERESA LANDRITO, ET AL. v. RICARDO GONZALEZ, ET AL.

    067 Phil 401

  • G.R. No. 46134 April 18, 1939 - NICOLASA DE GUZMAN v. ANGELA LIMCOLIOC

    067 Phil 404

  • G.R. No. 46317 April 18, 1939 - JUSTO QUIMING v. MARIANO L. DE LA ROSA

    067 Phil 406

  • G.R. No. 45290 April 19, 1939 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. PAULA MERCADO

    067 Phil 409

  • G.R. No. 45126 April 19, 1939 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. ALBINO PANUNCIO

    067 Phil 414

  • G.R. No. 45166 April 19, 1939 - LEON C. VIARDO v. GALICANO GUTIERREZ

    067 Phil 416

  • G.R. No. 45190 April 19, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO APAREJADO, ET AL.

    067 Phil 418

  • G.R. No. 45531 April 19, 1939 - FRED OMNAS, ET AL. v. PABLO S. RIVERA

    067 Phil 419

  • G.R. No. 46002 April 19, 1939 - SALVACION RIOSA v. STILIANOPULOS, INC.

    067 Phil 422

  • G.R. No. 45715 April 20, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. REMIGIO OLIVERIA

    067 Phil 427

  • G.R. No. 45934 April 20, 1939 - FORTUNATO DIAZ v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    067 Phil 432

  • G.R. No. 45980 April 20, 1939 - MARIA MARTINEZ v. YEK TONG LIN FIRE & MARINE INSURANCE CO.

    067 Phil 436

  • G.R. No. 45493 April 21, 1939 - GERARDO GARCIA v. ANGEL SUAREZ

    067 Phil 441

  • G.R. No. 45595 April 21, 1939 - JUAN POSADAS, ET AL. v. GO HAP, ET AL.

    067 Phil 446

  • G.R. No. 46046 April 21, 1939 - PROCOPIO GAQUIT v. DOROTEO CONUI

    067 Phil 449

  • G.R. No. 46570 April 21, 1939 - JOSE D. VILLENA v. SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR

    067 Phil 451

  • G.R. No. 45449 April 22, 1939 - TOMAS S. OCEJO v. CONSUL GENERAL OF SPAIN

    067 Phil 475

  • G.R. No. 46330 April 22, 1939 - IRENEO ABAD SANTOS, ET AL. v. PROVINCE OF TARLAC, ET AL.

    067 Phil 480

  • G.R. No. 45413 April 24, 1939 - LA YEBANA, CO., INC. v. JULIO L. VALENZUELA, ET AL.

    067 Phil 482

  • G.R. No. 45666 April 24, 1939 - ALFREDO VALENZUELA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    067 Phil 490

  • G.R. No. 45978 April 24, 1939 - MIGUELA ELEAZAR v. EUSEBIO ELEAZAR

    067 Phil 497

  • G.R. No. 46029 April 24, 1939 - NATIONAL LOAN AND INVESTMENT BOARD v. LUIS MENESES

    067 Phil 498

  • G.R. No. 45369 April 25, 1939 - ISABELA SUGAR CO., INC. v. ALFFREDO L. YATCO

    067 Phil 500

  • G.R. No. 45544 April 25, 1939 - COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REVENUE v. LORENZO ECHARRI

    067 Phil 502

  • G.R. No. 45624 April 25, 1939 - GEORGE LITTON v. HILL & CERON, ET AL.

    067 Phil 509

  • G.R. No. 45739 April 26, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SOTERO PEJI BAUTISTA

    067 Phil 518

  • G.R. No. 45755 April 25, 1939 - ASUNCION ABAD v. AMANDO AQUINO

    067 Phil 526

  • G.R. No. 45964 April 26, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RESTITURO FALLER

    067 Phil 529

  • G.R. No. 46035 April 25, 1939 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, ET AL.

    067 Phil 531

  • G.R. No. 46260 April 26, 1939 - PABLO TAMAYO v. FRANCISCO E. JOSE, ET AL.

    067 Phil 536

  • G.R. No. 46356 April 25, 1939 - FRUCTUOSA VELASCO VDA. DE TALAVERA v. CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION FOR WOMEN

    067 Phil 538

  • G.R. No. 45403 April 26, 1939 - NATIONAL CITY BANK OF NEW YORK v. NEW YORK TONG LIN & MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY

    067 Phil 544

  • G.R. No. 45519 April 26, 1939 - RUFINA SALAO, ET AL. v. TEOFILO C. SANTOS, ET AL.

    067 Phil 547

  • G.R. No. 45521 April 26, 1939 - JOSE MORENO, ET AL. v. BONIFACIO SAN MATEO, ET AL.

    067 Phil 551

  • G.R. No. 45598 April 26, 1939 - TAN PHO v. HASSAMAL DALAMAL

    067 Phil 555

  • G.R. No. 45614 April 26, 1939 - NORBERTO FORDAN v. ANTONIO LUZON

    067 Phil 559

  • G.R. No. 45662 April 26, 1939 - ENRIQUE CLEMENTE v. DIONISIO GALVAN

    067 Phil 565

  • G.R. No. 46366 April 26, 1939 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK v. PARDO Y ROBLES HERMANOS, ET AI. .

    067 Phil 570

  • G.R. No. 46492 April 26, 1939 - RAMON SOTELO v. ARSENIO P. DIZON, ET AL.

    067 Phil 573

  • G.R. No. 45173 April 27, 1939 - RED LINE TRANSPORTATION CO., INC. v. BACHRACH MOTOR COMPANY, INC.

    067 Phil 577

  • G.R. No. 45359 April 27, 1939 - JACINTO M. DEL SAZ OROZCO, ET AL. v. SALVADOR ARANETA

    067 Phil 591

  • G.R. No. 45506 April 27, 1939 - FORTUNATO MANZANERO v. REMEDIOS BONGON

    067 Phil 595

  • G.R. No. 45508 April 27, 1939 - SEGUNDA DEVEZA v. ERIBERTO BALMEO, ET AL.

    067 Phil 603

  • G.R. No. 45534 April 27, 1939 - JOSEFA RIZAL MERCADO, ET AL. v. ALFREDO HIDALGO REAL

    067 Phil 608

  • G.R. No. 45694 April 27, 1939 - FRANCISCO YATCO v. EL HOGAR FILIPINO

    067 Phil 610

  • G.R. No. 45724 April 27, 1939 - IGNACIO DE GUZMAN, ET AL. v. TEODORO IBEA, ET AL.

    067 Phil 633

  • G.R. No. 45741 April 27, 1939 - F. Y A. GARCIA DIEGO v. GLORIA DE ANTONIO, ET AL.

    067 Phil 637

  • G.R. No. 45185 April 28, 1939 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. SALUD ALDEGUER VIUDA DE ROMERO SALAS

    067 Phil 643

  • G.R. No. 45464 April 28, 1939 - JOSUE SONCUYA v. CARMEN DE LUNA

    067 Phil 646

  • G.R. No. 45625 April 28, 1939 - MARGARITA VILLANUEVA v. JUAN SANTOS

    067 Phil 648

  • G.R. No. 45761 April 28, 1939 - JULIA DEL ROSARIO, ET AL. v. ANTONIO DEL ROSARIO, ET AL.

    067 Phil 652

  • G.R. No. 45266 April 29, 1939 - SIMEON RAEL v. PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT OF RIZAL

    067 Phil 654

  • G.R. No. 45410 April 29, 1939 - MACONDRAY & CO., INC. v. JOSE BERNABE

    067 Phil 658

  • G.R. No. 45412 April 29, 1939 - COSME CARLOS, ET AL. v. COSME CARLOS

    067 Phil 662

  • G.R. No. 45425 April 29, 1939 - JOSE GATCHALIAN v. COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REVENUE

    067 Phil 666

  • G.R. No. 45479 April 29, 1939 - FELIX ATACADOR v. HILARION SILAYAN

    067 Phil 674

  • G.R. No. 45597 April 29, 1939 - MACARIA PASCUAL v. LORENZA RAMIREZ, ET AL.

    067 Phil 678

  • G.R. No. 45965 April 29, 1939 - AMPARO GONZALEZ, ET AL. v. PRIMITIVO TRINIDAD, ET AL.

    067 Phil 682

  • G.R. No. 46003 April 29, 1939 - SIXTO DE LA COSTA, ET AL. v. BONIFACIO CLEOFAS

    067 Phil 686

  • G.R. No. 46026 April 29, 1939 - JESUSA PORTILLO-RIVERA v. STRACHAN, MACMURRAY & CO., LTD.

    067 Phil 694

  • G.R. No. 46604 April 29, 1939 - FRANCISCO MORFE, ET AL. v. JUSTICE OF THE PEACE OF CALOOCAN, ET AL.

    067 Phil 696

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 45171   April 10, 1939 - EUGENIO VERAGUTH, ET AL. v. ROSARIO MONTILLA, ET AL. <br /><br />067 Phil 215

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. 45171. April 10, 1939.]

    In the matter of the intestate of the deceased Manuel Abello. EUGENIO VERAGUTH and BONIFACIA MONTILLA, Petitioners-Appellees, v. ROSARIO MONTILLA, ET AL., Oppositors-Appellants.

    Hugo P. Rodriguez for Appellants.

    Jose B. Gamboa for Appellees.

    SYLLABUS


    1. EXECUTORS AND ADMINISTRATORS; EXTRAJUDICIAL DISTRIBUTION OF PROPERTIES OF A DECEASED IS NO BAR TO APPOINTMENT OF ADMINISTRATOR. — The fact that the properties of the deceased M. A. have been extrajudicially distributed among the heirs, was not a bar to the appointment of an administrator, this being necessary to have someone to represent legally his intestacy in the civil case wherein the deceased was one of the defendants.

    2. ID.; CONTINGENT CLAIM. — The appellants having admitted the existence of the complaint against the deceased M. A., who was one of the defendants, for damages and the recovery of the value of certain shares, said complaint is unquestionably a contingent claim in contemplation of sections 74G and 747 of the Code of Civil Procedure.


    D E C I S I O N


    CONCEPCION, J.:


    This appeal raises the question of whether or not, after the extrajudicial partition of the properties of a deceased person, an administrator thereof may be appointed to represent the intestacy in a civil case wherein said deceased was one of the defendants, for damages and the possession of certain properties of a corporation, the shareholders of which are those who have applied for the administration of the properties of said deceased.

    The court, after proper proceedings and upon petition by Eugenio Veraguth and Bonifacia Montilla, appointed as administratrix of the properties of the deceased Manuel Abello his widow Rosario Montilla by order of February 19, 1935. Said widow, together with her children, all heirs of the deceased Manuel Abello, filed on the 26th of March of the same year, a motion to reconsider the said order. The motion of reconsideration was heard on the 30th of March and the court ordered the petitioners to file a written answer, which the latter did, filing at the same time an amended petition. On July 12, 1935, the heirs of the deceased Manuel Abello filed their opposition to the amended petition of April 1, 1935, and on the 24th of August of the same year they submitted a memorandum in support of their opposition to the amended petition. On September 20th, the court admitted the amended petition, but the petitioners Eugenio Veraguth and Bonifacia Montilla withdrew the same "because they learned from the opposition of the heirs of the deceased Manuel Abello, dated August 23, 1935, that the said deceased is not only jointly but also severally liable in the sum of P300,000 for the inequitable and illegal increase, partition and possession of the shares of the Isabela Sugar Company, Inc., and is severally liable for the value of the 90 shares of the same corporation issued without payment, that the plaintiffs are principal stockholders and that the board of directors of the said corporation refuses to bring the corresponding action."cralaw virtua1aw library

    The heirs of the deceased Manuel Abello submitted on October 2, 1935, their opposition to the appointment of the administrator, in which is found the following paragraph:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "In a case pending before this court ’Eugenio Veraguth and Bonifacia Montilla v. Isabela Sugar Co., Inc., Et Al., Civil Case No. 5862’, wherein the deceased Manuel Abello was one of the defendants, the relief sought therein by the plaintiffs against the deceased does not bring any direct benefit to the defendants but to the defendant corporation Isabela Sugar Co., Inc., the latter being the supposed creditor pursuant to the complaint in said civil case No. 5862, wherefore, it is the only one authorized to commence the intestacy of the deceased if this were otherwise proper. The prayer of the complaint in the said case, with respect to the alleged claim against the deceased Manuel Abello, reads:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "‘That Emilio Montilla, Manuel Abello, Agustin Montilla (father), Rosario Montilla, Fernando Basa, Francisco Boyero, Waldo Garcia, Juan Isasi and Magdaleno Peña, be likewise ordered, jointly and severally, to pay the aforesaid corporation, of which the plaintiffs are the shareholders, the sum of three hundred thousand pesos (P300,000), Philippine currency, by way of damages for having increased the capital of the corporation through false statements contrary to law and for having caused the inequitable and illegal partition of the shares.

    "‘That the defendants Gil Montilla, Agustin Montilla (son), Emilio Montilla and Manuel Abello, be ordered to pay, jointly and severally, the aforesaid corporation, of which the plaintiffs are the shareholders, the par value of the ninety (90) shares or P10 each, which were issued to various persons without pay.’

    "That the supposed claim of the applicants in civil case No. 5862 is by way of indemnity for damages."cralaw virtua1aw library

    After the petitioners have filed their answers to the opposition of the heirs of the deceased Manuel Abello, dated October 2, 1935, the court issued the appealed order of October 12th, denying the motion for reconsideration and ordering the proposed administratrix Rosario Montilla to qualify as such w thin ten days. From this order the heirs of the deceased Manuel Abello have appealed and in their brief have made the following assignment of alleged errors

    "First error. — The lower court erred in acting upon and going forward with the hearing of the petition for intestacy without giving ample opportunity to the heirs of the deceased Manuel Abello to be heard upon the said petition.

    "Second error. — The lower court erred in considering as a legal ground, for the opening of the administration of the properties of the deceased Manuel Abello, the necessity that the deceased should have a representative in another civil case pending in the same Court of First Instance of Accidental Negros wherein the appellees are plaintiffs and the deceased, in life, was one of the defendants, notwithstanding the fact that the said properties have been extrajudicially distributed by and among the heirs in accordance with law.

    "Third error. — The lower court erred in acting upon the petition for intestacy and in permitting the opening of the administration of the properties of the deceased Manuel Abello which have been extrajudicially distributed among the heirs according to law, the petitioners (appellees) not being creditors of said deceased and no pending indebtedness or obligation having been discovered affecting the inheritance.

    "Fourth error. — The lower court erred in not dismissing this intestate proceeding."cralaw virtua1aw library

    A sufficient refutation of the first assignment of error is the fact that the petition filed by Eugenio Veraguth and Bonifacia Montilla, asking for the appointment of an administrator of the properties of the deceased Manuel Abello was published in a local newspaper El Tiempo, which is a notice to all the world that such petition was filed, wherefore, the widow and heirs of Manuel Abello had ample opportunity to be heard on said petition. If they did not appear to oppose the same, this is a question which they alone can explain but the truth is that after the issuance of the order appointing the widow of the deceased as administratrix of his properties, the said widow and her children put in a motion of reconsideration and other motions wherein they opposed the appointment of an administrator, motions adverted to in the statement of facts set out in this decision. Consequently. the alleged error that no ample opportunity was given to the heirs of the decreased Manuel Abello to be heard upon said petition is absolutely without basis.

    As to the second and third errors, the fact that the properties of the deceased Manuel Abello have been extrajudically distributed among the heirs was a not a bar to the appointment of an administrator, this being necessary to have someone to represent legally is intestacy in the civil case wherein the deceased was one of the defendants.

    It is argued that those who applied for the administration of the properties of the deceased Manuel Abello, namely, the appellees, were not creditors of the said deceased, and that no pending debt or obligation has been discovered affecting the inheritance. This is refuted by certain allegations found in the opposition of the heirs themselves, dated October 2, 1935, in which they mention the pending case in the Court of First Instance of Occidental Negros, entitled Eugenio Veraguth and Bonifacia Montilla v. Isabela Sugar Company, Inc., Et Al., wherein the deceased Manuel Abello was one of the defendants and wherein it was asked that judgment be rendered against the defendants (among them Manuel Abello), ordering them to pay, jointly and solidarily, the corporation Isabela Sugar Co., Inc., the sum of P300,000 by way of damages, and likewise to pay, jointly and severally, the same corporation, of which the plaintiffs are shareholders, the par value of the 90 shares, that is, P10 each share.

    The argument that the petitioners-appellees are not creditors of the deceased Manuel Abello but of the corporation Isabela Sugar Co., Inc., is devoid of merit because the action for damages was filed by the shareholders of the Isabela Sugar Co., Inc., upon the refusal of its board of directors to bring the action, and the petitioners Eugenio Veraguth and Bonifacia Montilla are among the stockholders.

    Moreover, the appellants having admitted, as above stated, the existence of the complaint against the deceased Manuel Abello, who was one of the defendants, for damages and the recovery of the value of certain shares, said complaint is unquestionably a contingent claim in contemplation of sections 746 and 747 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

    ". . . The word ’contingent,’ as used in the original English in the Code of Civil Procedure, conveys the idea of ultimate uncertainty as to the happening of the event upon which liability will arise; and it is not the precise equivalent of the Spanish word ’eventual’ by which it is commonly translated. The idea involved in the word ’eventual’ may be satisfied with the idea of that which is uncertain only in respect to the element of time. A thing that is certain to happen at some time or other will eventually come to pass although the exact time may be uncertain; to be contingent its happening must be wholly uncertain until the event which fixes liability occurs." (E. Gaskell & Co. v. Tan Sit, 43 Phil., 810, 813.)

    The appellants contend that whatever be the nature of the debt or obligation, this should be alleged and established by sufficient evidence; it being necessary to prove likewise that said debt or obligation may affect the estate of the deceased, before the appointment of an administrator may be granted. The appellants having admitted the existence of the complaint for damages and the recovery of shares in the Court of First Instance of Occidental Negros, as above stated, the appellees had nothing more to prove because the debt or claim itself against the deceased Abello is not to be established in these proceedings but in the civil case pending in the Court of First Instance of Occidental Negros.

    Finally, if the appointment of an administrator be not necessary, because upon the death of Abello the action pending in the Court of First Instance of Occidental Negros did not survive him, or because the complaint in that case should be dismissed in order that the corresponding claim could be presented before the commissioners on claims (sections 700 and 703, Code of Civil Procedure), these are questions which have no place and need not be resolved in these proceedings but in the aforesaid civil case pending in the Court of First Instance of Occidental Negros, where a resolution can be issued dismissing said case or ordering that further proceedings therein be taken.

    The appellees have contended in their brief that the appeal was taken after the statutory period, alleging that the appellants should have appealed from the order appointing the widow of Abello as administratrix and not from the order denying the motion for reconsideration filed by the widow and heirs of Abello. There is no point in this contention as they could not appeal from the aforesaid order before they were heard on the case.

    The appealed order is affirmed, with the costs to the appellants. So ordered.

    Avanceña, C.J., Villa-Real, Imperial, Diaz, Laurel and Moran, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. 45171   April 10, 1939 - EUGENIO VERAGUTH, ET AL. v. ROSARIO MONTILLA, ET AL. <br /><br />067 Phil 215


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