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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
June-2001 Jurisprudence                 

  • A.M. No. P-00-1446 June 6, 2001 - PATERNO R. PLANTILLA v. RODRIGO G. BALIWAG

  • A.M. No. P-91-642 June 6, 2001 - SOLEDAD LAURO v. EFREN LAURO

  • G.R. No. 92328 June 6, 2001 - DAP MINING ASSO. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 100579 June 6, 2001 - LEANDRO P. GARCIA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113918 June 6, 2001 - MARCELINA G. TRINIDAD, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 121272 June 6, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. REYDERICK LAGO

  • G.R. No. 122353 June 6, 2001 - EVANGELINE DANAO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129534 & 141169 June 6, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NESTOR MACANDOG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 138949 June 6, 2001 - UNION BANK OF THE PHIL. v. SEC

  • G.R. No. 138971 June 6, 2001 - PEZA v. RUMOLDO R FERNANDEZ

  • G.R. No. 139034 June 6, 2001 - DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHIL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139323 June 6, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CARLO ELLASOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140128 June 6, 2001 - ARNOLD P. MOLLANEDA v. LEONIDA C. UMACOB

  • G.R. No. 140277 June 6, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. GUILLERMO BALDAGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141529 June 6, 2001 - FRANCISCO YAP, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142888 June 6, 2001 - EVELIO P. BARATA v. BENJAMIN ABALOS JR.

  • G.R. No. 143561 June 6, 2001 - JONATHAN D. CARIAGA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 110335 June 18, 2001 - IGNACIO GONZALES, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-01-1615 June 19, 2001 - WINNIE BAJET v. PEDRO M. AREOLA

  • A.M. No. RTJ-01-1633 June 19, 2001 - ANTONIO and ELSA FORTUNA v. MA. NIMFA PENACO-SITACA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 99433 June 19, 2001 - PROJECT BUILDERS, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 114944 June 19, 2001 - MANUEL C. ROXAS, ET AL. v. CONRADO M. VASQUEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 120701 June 19, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JONATHAN CRISANTO

  • G.R. No. 123916 June 19, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LYNTON ASUNCION

  • G.R. No. 130605 June 19, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELIX UGANAP, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132160 June 19, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO DE LEON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132223 June 19, 2001 - BONIFACIA P. VANCIL v. HELEN G. BELMES

  • G.R. No. 134895 June 19, 2001 - STA. LUCIA REALTY and DEV’T., ET AL. v. LETICIA CABRIGAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137164 June 19, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALBERT NUBLA

  • G.R. No. 137752 June 19, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROBERT AYUNGON

  • G.R. Nos. 138298 & 138982 June 19, 2001 - RAOUL B. DEL MAR v. PAGCOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139313 June 19, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FLORANTE LEAL

  • G.R. No. 140690 June 19, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NAZAR U. CHAVEZ

  • G.R. No. 141441 June 19, 2001 - JOSE SUAN v. NLRC, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. 00-10-230-MTCC June 20, 2001 - RE: JULIAN C. OCAMPO III AND RENATO C. SAN JUAN

  • A.M. No. 00-11-521-RTC June 20, 2001 - RE: AWOL OF MS. LILIAN B. BANTOG

  • A.M. No. P-99-1346 June 20, 2001 - RESTITUTO L. CASTRO v. CARLOS BAGUE

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1606 June 20, 2001 - PATRIA MAQUIRAN v. LILIA G. LOPEZ

  • G.R. No. 84831 June 20, 2001 - PACENCIO ABEJARON v. FELIX NABASA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 109666 June 20, 2001 - ROGERIO R. OLAGUER, ET AL. v. EUFEMIO DOMINGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 113564 June 20, 2001 - INOCENCIA YU DINO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 115851 June 20, 2001 - LA JOLLA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 127129 June 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO CABAYA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128617 June 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CESAR BACUS

  • G.R. Nos. 129292-93 June 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARLENGEN DEGALA

  • G.R. No. 130524 June 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RUDY MADIA

  • G.R. No. 131036 June 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DONATO DEL ROSARIO

  • G.R. Nos. 135976-80 June 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CLAUDIO GALENO

  • G.R. No. 138629 June 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RAMON CAMACHO

  • G.R. No. 139430 June 20, 2001 - EDI STAFF BUILDERS INTERNATIONAL v. FERMINA D. MAGSINO

  • G.R. Nos. 139445-46 June 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODRIGO GONZALES

  • G.R. No. 142304 June 20, 2001 - CITY OF MANILA v. OSCAR SERRANO, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-01-1342 June 21, 2001 - BISHOP CRISOSTOMO A. YALUNG, ET AL. v. ENRIQUE M. PASCUA

  • G.R. No. 108558 June 21, 2001 - ANDREA TABUSO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 109197 June 21, 2001 - JAYME C. UY, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 111580 & 114802 June 21, 2001 - SHANGRI-LA INTERNATIONAL HOTEL MNGT. LTD. ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 116200-02 June 21, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ELEUTERIO TAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 131131 June 21, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ABELARDO SALONGA

  • G.R. No. 134138 June 21, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDMUNDO BRIONES AYTALIN

  • G.R. Nos. 135552-53 June 21, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ABEL ABACIA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139542 June 21, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. INOCENCIO GONZALEZ

  • G.R. No. 140206 June 21, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO MATYAONG

  • G.R. No. 142023 June 21, 2001 - SANNY B. GINETE v. SUNRISE MANNING AGENCY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 103068 June 22, 2001 - MEAT PACKING CORP. OF THE PHIL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-96-1110 June 25, 2001 - MANUEL N. MAMBA, ET AL. v. DOMINADOR L. GARCIA

  • G.R. No. 116710 June 25, 2001 - DANILO D. MENDOZA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 117857 June 25, 2001 - LUIS S. WONG v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128126 June 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RAFAEL M. CATAPANG

  • G.R. No. 132051 June 25, 2001 - TALA REALTY SERVICES CORP. v. BANCO FILIPINO SAVINGS AND MORTGAGE BANK

  • G.R. No. 134068 June 25, 2001 - UNION BANK OF THE PHIL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136221 June 25, 2001 - EQUATORIAL REALTY DEVELOPMENT v. MAYFAIR THEATER

  • G.R. No. 136382 June 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FIDEL ALBORIDA

  • G.R. Nos. 138439-41 June 25, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO PANGANIBAN

  • G.R. No. 141141 June 25, 2001 - PAGCOR v. CARLOS P. RILLORAZA

  • G.R. No. 141801 June 25, 2001 - SOLOMON ALVAREZ v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 143428 June 25, 2001 - SANDOVAL SHIPYARDS, ET AL. v. PRISCO PEPITO, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. 99-11-423-RTC June 26, 2001 - RE: Report on the Judicial Audit Conducted in the Regional Trial Court

  • A.M. No. RTJ-99-1461 June 26, 2001 - RICARDO DELA CRUZ v. HERMINIA M. PASCUA

  • A.M. No. RTJ-99-1486 June 26, 2001 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. ISMAEL SANCHEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 110547-50 & 114526-667 June 26, 2001 - JOSE SAYSON v. SANDIGANBAYAN ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 120859 June 26, 2001 - METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY v. FRANCISCO Y. WONG

  • G.R. No. 123542 June 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROGELIO BULOS

  • G.R. Nos. 132848-49 June 26, 2001 - PHILROCK v. CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY ARBITRATION COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 133990 June 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. HECTOR MARIANO

  • G.R. No. 134764 June 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. BENJAMIN FABIA

  • G.R. Nos. 139626-27 June 26, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DOMINGO DELA CRUZ

  • G.R. No. 143204 June 26, 2001 - HYATT TAXI SERVICES INC. v. RUSTOM M. CATINOY

  • G.R. Nos. 147589 & 147613 June 26, 2001 - ANG BAGONG BAYANI-OFW LABOR PARTY, ET AL. v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 130661 June 27, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANILO I. TORRES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135882 June 27, 2001 - LOURDES T. MARQUEZ v. ANIANO A. DESIERTO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140001 June 27, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDUARDO BUENAFLOR

  • A.C. No. 3910 June 28, 2001 - JOSE S. DUCAT v. ARSENIO C. VILLALON, ET AL.

  • A.C. No. 4073 June 28, 2001 - ARACELI SIPIN-NABOR v. BENJAMIN BATERINA

  • A.M. No. P-01-1480 June 28, 2001.

    AMADO S. CAGUIOA v. CRISANTO FLORA

  • A.M. No. P-99-1343 June 28, 2001 - ORLANDO T. MENDOZA v. ROSBERT M. TUQUERO, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1576 June 28, 2001 - SIMPLICIO ALIB v. EMMA C. LABAYEN

  • G.R. No. 105364 June 28, 2001 - PHIL. VETERANS BANK EMPLOYEES UNION-N.U.B.E., ET AL. v. BENJAMIN VEGA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 110813 June 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ERNESTO PARDUA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 110914 June 28, 2001 - ALFREDO CANUTO; JR., ET AL. v. NLRC, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 112453-56 June 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GERARDO LATUPAN

  • G.R. Nos. 112563 & 110647 June 28, 2001 - HEIRS OF KISHINCHAND HIRANAND DIALDAS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 120630 June 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARCELO PALERMO

  • G.R. No. 131954 June 28, 2001 - ASELA B. MONTECILLO, ET AL v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION

  • G.R. Nos. 132026-27 June 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO ABENDAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132362 June 28, 2001 - PIO BARRETTO REALTY DEV’T. CORP. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132837 June 28, 2001 - JO CINEMA CORP., ET AL. v. LOLITA C. ABELLANA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 133605 June 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN BARRIAS

  • G.R. No. 135846 June 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. NOEL ORTEGA

  • G.R. No. 138270 June 28, 2001 - SEA POWER SHIPPING ENTERPRISES INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142314 June 28, 2001 - MC ENGINEERING, ET AL. v. NLRC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143723 June 28, 2001 - LITONJUA GROUP OF CO.’s., ET AL. v. TERESITA VIGAN

  • G.R. No. 144113 June 28, 2001 - EDWEL MAANDAL v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL

  • G.R. No. 144942 June 28, 2001 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE v. LA SUERTE CIGAR.

  • G.R. No. 146062 June 28, 2001 - SANTIAGO ESLABAN v. CLARITA VDA. DE ONORIO

  • A.M. No. 00 4-166-RTC June 29, 2001 - Re: Report on the Judicial Audit

  • A.M. No. 01-4-03-SC June 29, 2001 - HERNANDO PEREZ, ET AL. v. JOSEPH E. ESTRADA, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-00-1380 June 29, 2001 - GLORIA O. DINO v. FRANCISCO DUMUKMAT

  • G.R. No. 110480 June 29, 2001 - BANGKO SILANGAN DEVELOPMENT BANK v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 111860 June 29, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JESUS CLEDORO

  • G.R. No. 116092 June 29, 2001 - SUSANA VDA. DE COCHINGYAN, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 118251 June 29, 2001 - METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY v. REGINO T. VERIDIANO II, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 121597 June 29, 2001 - PHIL. NATIONAL BANK v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 125944 June 29, 2001 - DANILO SOLANGON, ET AL. v. JOSE AVELINO SALAZAR

  • G.R. No. 126396 June 29, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. FELIXBERTO LAO-AS

  • G.R. No. 128705 June 29, 2001 - CONRADO AGUILAR v. COMMERCIAL SAVINGS BANK, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129782 June 29, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BALWINDER SINGH, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 131968 June 29, 2001 - ERNESTO PENGSON, ET AL v. MIGUEL OCAMPO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 132059 June 29, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WENEFREDO DIMSON ASOY

  • G.R. No. 138598 June 29, 2001 - ASSET PRIVATIZATION TRUST v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144542 June 29, 2001 - FRANCISCO DELA PEÑA, ET AL v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

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    G.R. No. 142888   June 6, 2001 - EVELIO P. BARATA v. BENJAMIN ABALOS JR.

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    THIRD DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 142888. June 6, 2001.]

    EVELIO P. BARATA, Petitioner, v. BENJAMIN ABALOS JR. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN AND THE COURT OF APPEALS, Respondents.

    D E C I S I O N


    GONZAGA-REYES, J.:


    Before this Court is a Petition for Review on Certiorari seeking to reverse the Decision 1 dated April 10, 2001 rendered by the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. SP No. 56973 as well as the Order dated July 1, 1999 of the Office of the Ombudsman.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    The antecedents are as follows: Petitioner heads the San Miguel Bukid Homeowners’ Association, Inc. whose members have occupied a certain parcel of land in Mandaluyong City. Sometime in March 1995, the City Government of Mandaluyong initiated the construction of medium size condominiums and row houses for the benefit of qualified members of the said homeowners’ association. To give way to the construction, the members of the said homeowners’ association had to vacate the area which they were occupying as the medium size housing project and row houses were supposed to be completed within 540 days from June 1995. When the period for construction lapsed, petitioner and the members of the homeowners’ association demanded from the previous City Mayor, Benjamin Abalos, Sr., the completion of the said housing project but the same allegedly fell on deaf ears. When herein respondent Benjamin Abalos, Jr. assumed office as Mandaluyong City Mayor, petitioner and his members again made similar demands for the completion of the housing project. Alleging that the demands have been ignored, petitioner filed on May 17, 1999 an administrative complaint against respondent Abalos, Jr. for violation of Section 5 (a) of R.A. 6713 (Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees) for failing to act promptly on letters and requests sent by the public. Respondent Office of the Ombudsman rendered a Decision dated July 21, 1999 dismissing the administrative complaint "for insufficiency of evidence." The Motion for Reconsideration therefrom was likewise denied in the Order of September 10, 1999. The order was received by petitioner on October 15, 1999. On November 4, 1999, petitioner appealed by way of a petition for review on certiorari with this Court in G.R. No. 140272. The Second Division denied the petition in the Resolution of November 24, 1999 in view of A.M. No. 9-2-02-SC 2 and the ruling in the case of Fabian v. Desierto. 3 The resolution was received by petitioner on January 18, 2000.

    On February 1, 2000, petitioner filed a "Petition for Review on Certiorari" with the Court of Appeals which rendered a Decision dated April 10, 2000 dismissing the petition on the ground that the decision exonerating respondent mayor of administrative charge is not appealable and that the petition was filed out of time.

    Hence, the present petition raising the sole ground that:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS COMMITTED GRAVE ABUSE OF DISCRETION AMOUNTING TO LACK OF JURISDICTION IN RULING THAT THE OMBUDSMAN’S DECISION EXONERATING RESPONDENT ABALOS, JR. OF AN ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGE IS NOT APPEALABLE."cralaw virtua1aw library

    Petitioner claims that respondent court erred in ruling that it has no appellate authority to review the decision of the Ombudsman arguing that pursuant to the decision of this Court in Fabian v. Desierto, decisions of the Ombudsman in administrative disciplinary cases should be taken to the Court of Appeals. He insists that the Ombudsman’s decision absolving respondent Abalos of the charge against him is appealable.

    In his Comment and/or Motion to Dismiss, private respondent Abalos, Jr. argues that under Section 7, Rule III of Administrative Order No. 7 (Rules of Procedure of the Office of the Ombudsman), the decision of the Ombudsman is immediately final and unappealable where the respondent is absolved of the charge. Respondent further avers that the petition was nonetheless filed out of time as Section 7, Rule III of Administrative Order No. 7 provides that decisions of the Office of the Ombudsman in administrative cases not falling under those immediately declared final and unappealable become final within ten (10) days unless a motion for reconsideration or a petition for certiorari as prescribed by Section 27, R.A. 6770 (The Ombudsman Act of 1989) shall have been filed. Private respondent is of the view that since the Order dated September 10, 1999 of the Ombudsman denying the motion for reconsideration was received by petitioner on October 15, 1999 and on the assumption that appeal is allowed, petitioner had until October 25, 1999 to file his appeal in accordance with Section 27, R.A. 6770 or at the most, until November 25, 1999, if he availed of the 30-day extension provided under Section 2, Rule 45 of the 1997 Rules on Civil Procedure; however, the petition was filed only on February 2, 2000 (sic).

    In the Comment filed by the Office of the Ombudsman, thru the Office of the Solicitor General, it was averred that the decision of the Ombudsman exonerating respondent Abalos of the administrative charge is final and unappealable. Citing the case of Lapid v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 142261, June 29, 2000), it is of the view that what the Fabian case declared invalid and of no force and effect is Section 27 of R.A. 6770 relating only to the mode of appeal from the Office of the Ombudsman to the Supreme Court, which appeal should now be taken to the Court of Appeals.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    In his Reply, petitioner stresses that the Office of the Ombudsman should not restrict the right of appeal allowed in Section 27 of R.A. 6770 nor limit the power of review of this Court. He contends that whether the decision of the Ombudsman is for conviction or acquittal of the respondent, it should be reviewed by this Court.

    The petition lacks merit.

    Section 27 of R.A. 6770 provides:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "SECTION 27. Effectivity and Finality of Decisions. — (1) All provisionary orders at the Office of the Ombudsman are immediately effective and executory.

    A motion for reconsideration of any order, directive or decision of the Office of the Ombudsman must be filed within five (5) days after receipt of written notice and shall be entertained only on any of the following grounds:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    (1) New evidence has been discovered which materially affects the order, directive or decision;

    (2) Errors of law or irregularities have been committed prejudicial to the interest of the movant. The motion for reconsideration shall be resolved within three (3) days from filing: Provided, That only one motion for reconsideration shall be entertained.

    Findings of fact by the Office of the Ombudsman when supported by substantial evidence are conclusive. Any order, directive or decision imposing the penalty of public censure or reprimand, suspension of not more than one month’s salary shall be final and unappealable.

    In all administrative disciplinary cases, orders, directives or decisions of the Office of the Ombudsman may be appealed to the Supreme Court by filing a petition for certiorari within ten (10) days from receipt of the written notice of the order, directive or decision or denial of the motion for reconsideration in accordance with Rule 45 of the Rules of Court.

    The above rules may be amended or modified by the Office of the Ombudsman as the interest may require."cralaw virtua1aw library

    From the above-quoted provision, it is clear that any order, directive or decision of the Office of the Ombudsman imposing the penalty of public censure, or reprimand, or suspension of not more than one month’s salary shall be final and unappealable. The last paragraph in Section 27 which provides that in all administratively disciplinary cases, orders, directives, or decisions of the Office of the Ombudsman may be appealed to the Supreme Court was rendered invalid and of no effect in the case of Fabian v. Desierto which laid down the rule that said Section 27 cannot validly authorize an appeal to this Court from decisions of the Office of the Ombudsman in administrative disciplinary cases without violating the proscription in Section 30, Article VI of the Constitution against a law which increases the appellate jurisdiction of this Court without its advice and concurrence. Thus, appeals from decisions of the Office of the Ombudsman in administrative disciplinary cases should be brought to the Court of Appeals under the provisions of Rule 43. The only provision affected by the Fabian ruling is the designation of the Court of Appeals as the proper forum and of Rule 43 of the Rules of Court as the proper mode of appeal; all other matters included in said Section 27, including the finality or non-finality of decisions, are-not affected and still stand. 4

    Pursuant to the authority vested in the Office of the Ombudsman to promulgate its rules of procedure, 5 Section 7, Rule III of Administrative Order No. 7 provides:chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "SECTION 7. Finality of decision. — Where the respondent is absolved of the charge, and in case of conviction where the penalty imposed is public censure or reprimand, suspension of not more than one month, or a fine equivalent to one month salary, the decision shall be final and unappealable. In all other cases, the decision shall become final after the expiration of ten (10) days from receipt thereof by the respondent, unless a motion for reconsideration or petition for certiorari shall have been filed by him as prescribed in Section 27 of RA 6770."cralaw virtua1aw library

    The above-quoted provision explicitly provides that where the respondent is absolved of the charge, the decision shall be final and unappealable. Although the phrase" (W)hen the respondent is absolved of the charge" is not one of those instances enumerated in Section 27 of R.A. 6770 wherein the decision shall become final and unappealable, it is implicit in Section 27, and with greater reason, that decisions of the Ombudsman absolving the respondent of the charge, should be final and unappealable. Needless to state, in appropriate cases involving oppressive or arbitrary action, the complainant is not deprived of a legal recourse by certiorari under Rule 65 of the Rules of Court which apply suppletorily to the Rules of Procedures of the Office of the Ombudsman. 6 The same case teaches that the failure to provide for the right of appeal in certain cases from the decision of the Ombudsman is not a denial of due process for the right to appeal is not a natural right nor a part of due process; it is merely a statutory privilege and may be exercised only in the manner and in accordance with the provisions of the law. It should be recalled that the Second Division of this Court in G.R. No. 140272 denied the appeal by way of petition for review on certiorari in its Resolution dated November 24, 1999 precisely in view of the ruling in the Fabian case. Simply put, the correct recourse was to the Court of Appeals and not to this Court.

    This notwithstanding, even on the assumption that appeal is allowed, the same can no longer prosper. As correctly pointed out by private respondent, since the Order dated September 10, 1999 of the Ombudsman denying the motion for reconsideration was received by petitioner on October 15, 1999, petitioner had until October 25, 1999 to appeal in accordance with Section 27, R.A. 6770 or at the most, until November 24, 1999, if he availed of the 30-day extension provided under Section 2, Rule 43 of the 1997 Rules on Civil Procedure. However, the petition was filed with the Court of Appeals only on February 1, 2000, way beyond the reglementary period.

    Finally, petitioner seeks an interpretation of Section 5 (a) of R.A. 6713 (Code of Conduct and Ethical Standard for Public Officials and Employees) arguing that the Court of Appeals did not discuss the said provision and the merit of his petition filed therein. It is noted, however, that the Court of Appeals deemed it no longer necessary to delve into this issue precisely for the reason that even if the Ombudsman decision was appealable, the petition was filed beyond the period as the filing of the petition for review on certiorari with the Supreme Court did not toll the running of the period to file the petition for review with the Court of Appeals. We find no cogent reason to disturb the findings and conclusions of the court below.

    WHEREFORE, the petition for review on certiorari is hereby DENIED for lack of merit.

    SO ORDERED.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    Melo, Vitug, Panganiban and Sandoval-Gutierrez, JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:



    1. Penned by Justice Romeo Callejo, Jr. with Justices Cancio Garcia and Martin Villarama, Jr., concurring.

    2. A.M. No. 99-2-02-SC (February 9, 1999): Dismissal of Special Civil Action and Denial of Appeal Relative to Decision, Final Resolution or Order of the Ombudsman in Administrative Cases — In light of the decision in FABIAN v. OMBUDSMAN (G.R. No. 129742, 16 September 1998), any appeal by way of petition for review from a decision or final resolution or order of the Ombudsman in administrative cases or special civil action relative to such decision, resolution or order filed with the Supreme Court after 15 March 1999 shall no longer be referred to the Court of Appeals, but must be forthwith DENIED or DISMISSED.

    3. 295 SCRA 470 (En Banc).

    4. Lapid v. Court of Appeals, Et Al., G.R. No. 142261, June 29, 2000.

    5. Sections 18, 23 and 27 thereof.

    6. Alba v. Nitorreda, 254 SCRA 753 (En Banc).

    G.R. No. 142888   June 6, 2001 - EVELIO P. BARATA v. BENJAMIN ABALOS JR.


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