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BAR REVIEWER ON LABOR LAW 2014 (2nd) Edition - By Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan

 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
June-2010 Jurisprudence                 

  • [G.R. No. 186312 : June 29, 2010] SPOUSES DANTE CRUZ AND LEONORA CRUZ, PETITIONERS, VS. SUN HOLIDAYS, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 189600 : June 29, 2010] MILAGROS E. AMORES, PETITIONER, VS. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL AND EMMANUEL JOEL J. VILLANUEVA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 185906 : June 29, 2010] LOURDES AZARCON,[1] PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND MARCOSA GONZALES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 186527 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ROY PAMPILLONA Y REBADULLA, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 185269 : June 29, 2010] ELSA S. MALIG-ON, PETITIONER, VS. EQUITABLE GENERAL SERVICES, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 185840 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. PEDRO BASADA Y DEL MONTE, RICARDO BASADA Y QUIMADA, CRISANTO BASADA Y QUIMADA, AND REYNALDO BASADA Y QUIMADA, APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 183479 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. JERRY R. PEPINO AND DAISY M. BALAAN, APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 180639 : June 29, 2010] LEPANTO CONSOLIDATED MINING COMPANY, PETITIONER, VS. HON. MAURICIO B. AMBANLOC, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE PROVINCIAL TREASURER OF BENGUET, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 183374 : June 29, 2010] MARSMAN DRYSDALE LAND, INC.,PETITIONER, VS. PHILIPPINE GEOANALYTICS, INC. AND GOTESCO PROPERTIES, INC., RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 183376] GOTESCO PROPERTIES, INC., PETITIONER, VS. MARSMAN DRYSDALE LAND, INC. AND PHILIPPINE GEOANALYTICS, INC., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 182353 : June 29, 2010] ST. JOSEPH'S COLLEGE, SR. JOSEPHINI AMBATALI, SFIC, AND ROSALINDA TABUGO, PETITIONERS, VS. JAYSON MIRANDA, REPRESENTED BY HIS FATHER, RODOLFO S. MIRANDA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 179549 : June 29, 2010] LIRIO A. DEANON, REPRESENTED BY ATTORNEY-IN-FACT JOCELYN D. ASOR, PETITIONER, VS. MARFELINA C. MAG-ABO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 178575 : June 29, 2010] JULIAN FERNANDEZ, PETITIONER, VS. RUFINO D. FULGUERAS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 167622 : June 29, 2010] GREGORIO V. TONGKO, PETITIONER, VS. THE MANUFACTURERS LIFE INSURANCE CO. (PHILS.), INC. AND RENATO A. VERGEL DE DIOS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. P-05-2014 : June 29, 2010] JUDGE ORLANDO D. BELTRAN, COMPLAINANT, VS. VILMA C. PAGULAYAN, INTERPRETER III, RTC, BRANCH 2, TUGUEGARAO CITY, CAGAYAN, RESPONDENT.

  • 1] Rollo, pp. 1-2. [2] Id at 28-31. [3] Id at 7-8. [4] Id at 9-10. [5] Id at 15. [6] Id at 16. [7] Id at 61. [8] Id at 52-58. [9] Id at 59-60. [10] Id at 17. [11] Id at 18. [12] Id at 64-69. [13] Id at 67-68. [14] Id at 63. [15] Mendoza v. Deciembre, A.C. No. 5338, February 23, 2009, 580 SCRA 26, 36; Yap-Paras v. Paras, A.C. No. 4947, February 14, 2005, 451 SCRA 194, 202. [16] Narag v. Narag, A.C. No. 3405, June 29, 1998, 291 SCRA 451, 464. [17] Arnobit v. Arnobit, A.C. No. 1481, October 17, 2008, 569 SCRA 247, 254. [18] Supra note 8. [19] Id at 57. [20] Guevarra v. Eala, A.C. No. 7136, August 1, 2007, 529 SCRA 1. [21] Rollo, p. 68.

  • [G.R. No. 181112 : June 29, 2010] INTERORIENT MARITIME ENTERPRISES, INC., INTERORIENT ENTERPRISES, INC., AND LIBERIA AND DOROTHEA SHIPPING CO., LTD., PETITIONERS, VS. LEONORA S. REMO, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. P-08-2535 (Formerly A.M. OCA IPI No. 04-2022-P and A.M. No. 04-434-RTC) : June 23, 2010] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, COMPLAINANT, VS. FLORENCIO M. REYES,[1]OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, AND RENE DE GUZMAN, CLERK, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 31, GUIMBA, NUEVA ECIJA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-08-2145 : June 18, 2010] JUDGE MONA LISA T. TABORA, PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, SAN FERNANDO CITY, LA UNION, BRANCH 26,COMPLAINANT, VS. (RET.) JUDGE ANTONIO A. CARBONELL, FORMER PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, SAN FERNANDO CITY, LA UNION, BRANCH 27, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. P-07-2410 : June 18, 2010] MARIE DINAH TOLENTINO-FUENTES, COMPLAINANT, VS. MICHAEL PATRICK A. GALINDEZ, PROCESS SERVER, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, PROMULGATED: BRANCH 33, DAVAO CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. P-08-2549 : June 18, 2010] ANONYMOUS, COMPLAINANT, VS. EMMA BALDONADO CURAMEN, COURT INTERPRETER I, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, RIZAL, NUEVA ECIJA, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. P-09-2632 : June 18, 2010] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, COMPLAINANT, VS. CRISTITA L. CAYA, RECORDS OFFICER I, AND RHODORA A. RANTAEL, CASHIER I, BOTH FROM THE OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT, MANDALUYONG CITY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. P-09-2632 : June 18, 2010] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, COMPLAINANT, VS. CRISTITA L. CAYA, RECORDS OFFICER I, AND RHODORA A. RANTAEL, CASHIER I, BOTH FROM THE OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT, MANDALUYONG CITY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 183053 : June 15, 2010] IN THE MATTER OF THE INTESTATE ESTATE OF CRISTINA AGUINALDO-SUNTAY; EMILIO A.M. SUNTAY III, PETITIONER, VS. ISABEL COJUANGCO-SUNTAY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 188331 : June 16, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. RYAN LALONGISIP Y DELOS ANGELES, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 172971 : June 16, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. SITTI DOMADO, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. Nos. 167583-84 : June 16, 2010] ARTISTICA CERAMICA, INC., CERALINDA, INC., CYBER CERAMICS, INC. AND MILLENNIUM, INC., PETITIONERS, VS. CIUDAD DEL CARMEN HOMEOWNER'S ASSOCIATION, INC. AND BUKLURAN PUROK II RESIDENTS ASSOCIATION, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 166819 : June 16, 2010] SPOUSES OSCAR ARCENAS[1] AND DOLORES ARCENAS, PETITIONER, VS. QUEEN CITY DEVELOPMENT BANK AND COURT OF APPEALS (NINETEENTH DIVISION), RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 169523 : June 16, 2010] LIMA LAND, INC., LEANDRO JAVIER, SYLVIA DUQUE, AND PREMY ANN BELOY, PETITIONER VS. MARLYN CUEVAS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 185388 : June 16, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. RODRIGO AWID ALIAS "NONOY" AND MADUM GANIH ALIAS "COMMANDER MISTAH" AND ALSO KNOWN AS "MIS," ACCUSED. MADUM GANIH ALIAS PROMULGATED: "COMMANDER MISTAH" AND ALSO KNOWN AS "MIS," APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 166108 : June 16, 2010] SPOUSES TEOFILO CARPIO AND TEODORA CARPIO, PETITIONERS, VS. ANA SEBASTIAN, VICENTA PALAO, SANTOS ESTRELLA, AND VICENTA ESTRELLA, REPRESENTED BY HER GUARDIAN AD LITEM VICENTE PALAO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 178762 : June 16, 2010] LUZVIMINDA A. ANG, PETITIONER, VS. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 178523 : June 16, 2010] MAKATI SPORTS CLUB, INC., PETITIONER, VS. CECILE H. CHENG, MC FOODS, INC., AND RAMON SABARRE, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 170369 : June 16, 2010] KOREAN AIR CO., LTD. AND SUK KYOO KIM, PETITIONERS, VS. ADELINA A.S. YUSON, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 174632 : June 16, 2010] FELICIDAD T. MARTIN, MELISSA M. ISIDRO, GRACE M. DAVID, CAROLINE M. GARCIA, VICTORIA M. ROLDAN, AND BENJAMIN T. MARTIN, JR., PETITIONERS, VS. DBS BANK PHILIPPINES, INC. (FORMERLY KNOWN AS BANK OF SOUTHEAST ASIA) NOW MERGED WITH AND INTO BPI FAMILY BANK, RESPONDENT. [G.R. No. 174804] DBS BANK PHILIPPINES, INC. (FORMERLY KNOWN AS BANK OF SOUTHEAST ASIA) NOW MERGED WITH AND INTO BPI FAMILY BANK), PETITIONER, VS. FELICIDAD T. MARTIN, MELISSA M. ISIDRO, GRACE M. DAVID, CAROLINE M. GARCIA, VICTORIA M. ROLDAN, AND BENJAMIN T. MARTIN, JR. RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 188611 : June 16, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. BELEN MARIACOS, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 182507 : June 18, 2010] PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, PETITIONER, VS. THE INTESTATE ESTATE OF FRANCISCO DE GUZMAN, REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS: ROSALIA, ELEUTERIO, JOE, ERNESTO, HARRISON, ALL SURNAMED DE GUZMAN; AND GINA DE GUZMAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 164443 : June 18, 2010] ERIBERTO S. MASANGKAY, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169135 : June 18, 2010] JOSE DELOS REYES, PETITIONER, VS. JOSEPHINE ANNE B. RAMNANI, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 171327 : June 18, 2010] ESTRELLA VELASCO, PETITIONER, VS. TRANSIT AUTOMOTIVE SUPPLY, INC. AND ANTONIO DE DIOS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 179801 : June 18, 2010] BANK OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS AND BPI FAMILY BANK, PETITIONERS, VS. HONORABLE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION (FIRST DIVISION) AND MA. ROSARIO N. ARAMBULO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 183409 : June 18, 2010] CHAMBER OF REAL ESTATE AND BUILDERS ASSOCIATIONS, INC. (CREBA), PETITIONER, VS. THE SECRETARY OF AGRARIAN REFORM, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 171201 : June 18, 2010] SPOUSES BENEDICT AND MARICEL DY TECKLO, PETITIONERS,VS. RURAL BANK OF PAMPLONA, INC. REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT/MANAGER, JUAN LAS, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.C. No. 5736 : June 18, 2010] RURAL BANK OF CALAPE, INC. (RBCI) BOHOL, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. JAMES BENEDICT FLORIDO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 190681 : June 21, 2010] DR. EDILBERTO ESTAMPA, JR., PETITIONER, VS. LEONARDO-DE CASTRO, CITY GOVERNMENT OF DAVAO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 167678 : June 22, 2010] SOUTHEASTERN SHIPPING, SOUTHEASTERN SHIPPING GROUP, LTD., PETITIONERS, VS. FEDERICO U. NAVARRA, JR., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 180564 : June 22, 2010] JESUS P. DISINI, PETITIONER, VS. THE HONORABLE SANDIGANBAYAN, THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, AS REPRESENTED BY THE PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON GOOD GOVERNMENT (PCGG), RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 175349 : June 22, 2010] OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN (VISAYAS), PETITIONER, VS. RODOLFO ZALDARRIAGA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. Nos. 179431-32 : June 22, 2010] LUIS K. LOKIN, JR., AS THE SECOND NOMINEE OF CITIZENS BATTLE AGAINST CORRUPTION (CIBAC), PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 180443] LUIS K. LOKIN, JR., PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS (COMELEC), EMMANUEL JOEL J. VILLANUEVA, CINCHONA C. GONZALES AND ARMI JANE R. BORJE, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 180711 : June 22, 2010] RUDOLFO I. BELUSO, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND GABRIELA WOMEN'S PARTY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 183517 : June 22, 2010] PHILIPPINE INTERNATIONAL TRADING CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 182498 : June 22, 2010] GEN. AVELINO I. RAZON, JR., CHIEF, PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE (PNP); POLICE CHIEF SUPERINTENDENT RAUL CASTAׁEDA, CHIEF, CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION AND DETECTION GROUP (CIDG); POLICE SENIOR SUPERINTENDENT LEONARDO A. ESPINA, CHIEF, POLICE ANTI-CRIME AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE; AND GEN. JOEL R. GOLTIAO, REGIONAL DIRECTOR OF ARMM, PNP, PETITIONERS, VS. MARY JEAN B. TAGITIS, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY ATTY. FELIPE P. ARCILLA, JR., ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 183711 : June 22, 2010] EDITA T. BURGOS, PETITIONER, VS. PRESIDENT GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, GEN. HERMOGENES ESPERON, JR., LT. GEN. ROMEO P. TOLENTINO, MAJ. GEN. JUANITO GOMEZ, MAJ. GEN. DELFIN BANGIT, LT. COL. NOEL CLEMENT, LT. COL. MELQUIADES FELICIANO, AND DIRECTOR GENERAL OSCAR CALDERON, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 183712] EDITA T. BURGOS, PETITIONER, VS. PRESIDENT GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, GEN. HERMOGENES ESPERON, JR., LT. GEN. ROMEO P. TOLENTINO, MAJ. GEN. JUANITO GOMEZ, LT. COL. MELQUIADES FELICIANO, AND LT. COL. NOEL CLEMENT, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 183713] EDITA T. BURGOS, PETITIONER, VS. CHIEF OF STAFF OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES; GEN. HERMOGENES ESPERON, JR.; COMMANDING GENERAL OF THE PHILIPPINE ARMY, LT. GEN. ALEXANDER YANO; AND CHIEF OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE, DIRECTOR GENERAL AVELINO RAZON, JR., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 187231 : June 22, 2010] MINERVA GOMEZ-CASTILLO PETITIONER, VS. COMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND STRIKE B. REVILLA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 160841 : June 23, 2010] LEY CONSTRUCTION & DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, LC BUILDERS & DEVELOPERS, INC., METRO CONTAINER CORPORATION, MANUEL T. LEY, AND JANET C. LEY, PETITIONERS, VS. PHILIPPINE COMMERCIAL & INTERNATIONAL BANK, EX-OFFICIO SHERIFF OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF VALENZUELA, METRO MANILA, AND CLERK OF COURT AND EX- OFFICIO SHERIFF OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF PASIG, METRO MANILA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 172820 : June 23, 2010] DULCE PAMINTUAN, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 178411 : June 23, 2010] OFFICE OF THE CITY MAYOR OF PARAƑAQUE CITY, OFFICE OF THE CITY ADMINISTRATOR OF PARAƑAQUE CITY, OFFICE OF THE CITY ENGINEER OF PARAƑAQUE CITY, OFFICE OF THE CITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR, OFFICE OF THE BARANGAY CAPTAIN AND SANGGUNIANG PAMBARANGAY OF BARANGAY VITALEZ, PARAƑAQUE CITY, TERESITA A. GATCHALIAN, ENRICO R. ESGUERRA, ERNESTO T. PRACALE, JR., MANUEL M. ARGOTE, CONRADO M. CANLAS, JOSEPHINE S. DAUIGOY, ALLAN L. GONZALES, ESTER C. ASEHAN, MANUEL A. FUENTES, AND MYRNA P. ROSALES, PETITIONERS, VS. MARIO D. EBIO AND HIS CHILDREN/HEIRS NAMELY, ARTURO V. EBIO, EDUARDO V. EBIO, RENATO V. EBIO, LOURDES E. MAGTANGOB, MILA V. EBIO, AND ARNEL V. EBIO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 181274 : June 23, 2010] PHILIPPINE ECONOMIC ZONE AUTHORITY, REPRESENTED HEREIN BY DIRECTOR GENERAL LILIA B. DE LIMA, PETITIONER, VS. JOSEPH JUDE CARANTES, ROSE CARANTES, AND ALL THE OTHER HEIRS OF MAXIMINO CARANTES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 186128 : June 23, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. SUSAN LATOSA Y CHICO, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 176278 : June 25, 2010] ALAN F. PAGUIA, PETITIONER, VS. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, SECRETARY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, AND HON. HILARIO DAVIDE, JR., IN HIS CAPACITY AS PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE PHILIPPINES TO THE PROMULGATED: UNITED NATIONS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 162175 : June 28, 2010] MIGUEL J. OSSORIO PENSION FOUNDATION, INCORPORATED, PETITIONER, VS. COURT OF APPEALS AND COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 171872 : June 28, 2010] FAUSTO R. PREYSLER, JR., PETITIONER, VS. MANILA SOUTHCOAST DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 185209 : June 28, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. RENE BARON Y TANGAROCAN, APPELLANT. REY VILLATIMA AND ALIAS "DEDONG" BARGO, ACCUSED.

  • [A.M. No. 09-2-74-RTC : June 28, 2010] REQUEST OF JUDGE NINO[1] A. BATINGANA, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 6, MATI CITY, DAVAO ORIENTAL, FOR EXTENSION OF TIME TO DECIDE CIVIL CASE NO. 2049.

  • [G.R. No. 187730 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. RODOLFO GALLO Y GADOT, ACCUSED-APPELLANT, FIDES PACARDO Y JUNGCO AND PILAR MANTA Y DUNGO, ACCUSED.

  • [G.R. No. 187972 : June 29, 2010] PHILIPPINE AMUSEMENT AND GAMING CORPORATION (PAGCOR), REPRESENTED BY ATTY. CARLOS R. BAUTISTA, JR., PETITIONER, VS. FONTANA DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 168062 : June 29, 2010] VICTORIAS MILLING CO., INC., PETITIONER, VS. COURT OF APPEALS AND INTERNATIONAL PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 164791 : June 29, 2010] SELWYN F. LAO AND EDGAR MANANSALA, PETITIONERS, SPECIAL PLANS, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 166134 : June 29, 2010] ANGELES CITY, PETITIONER, VS. ANGELES CITY ELECTRIC CORPORATION AND REGIONAL TRIAL COURT BRANCH 57, ANGELES CITY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 167942 : June 29, 2010] ASIAN CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. CATHAY PACIFIC STEEL CORPORATION, (CAPASCO), RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 174039 : June 29, 2010] NELLY BAUTISTA, PETITIONER, VS. SERAPH MANAGEMENT GROUP, INC. RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 176841 : June 29, 2010] ANTHONY ORDUƑA, DENNIS ORDUƑA, AND ANTONITA ORDUƑA, PETITIONERS, VS. EDUARDO J. FUENTEBELLA, MARCOS S. CID, BENJAMIN F. CID, BERNARD G. BANTA, AND ARMANDO GABRIEL, JR., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 177511 : June 29, 2010] LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. FORTUNE SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATION, INC., REPRESENTED BY PHILIPPINE DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 179710 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ALDRIN BERDADERO Y ARMAMENTO, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 186539 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. MITSUEL L. ELARCOSA AND JERRY B. ORIAS, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 188976 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. JAKAR MAPAN LE Y SUBA AND RODEL DEL CASTILLO Y SACRUZ, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 188601 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. JO HNNY BAUTISTA Y BAUTISTA AND JERRY MORALES Y URSAL, ACCUSED. JOHNNY BAUTISTA Y BAUTISTA, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 190616 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. PASTOR LLANAS, JR. Y BELCHES, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 188610 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. ALBERT SANCHEZ Y GALERA, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 188320 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. HONORIO TIBON Y DEISO, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 186289 : June 29, 2010] ORIENTAL SHIPMANAGEMENT CO., INC., PETITIONER, VS. ROMY B. BASTOL, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 186289 : June 29, 2010] ORIENTAL SHIPMANAGEMENT CO., INC., PETITIONER, VS. ROMY B. BASTOL, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 188124 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. JONEL FALABRICA SERENAS AND JOEL LORICA LABAD, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 180505 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. MARIO MIGUEL Y BERNABE, AND AMALIA DIZON Y REGACHELO, DEFENDANT-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 182497 : June 29, 2010] NURHIDA JUHURI AMPATUAN, PETITIONER, VS. JUDGE VIRGILIO V. MACARAIG, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, MANILA, BRANCH 37, DIRECTOR GENERAL AVELINO RAZON, JR., DIRECTOR GEARY BARIAS, PSSUPT. CO YEE M. CO, JR. AND POLICE CHIEF INSPECTOR AGAPITO QUIMSON, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 183616 : June 29, 2010] JULIETA PANOLINO, PETITIONER, VS. JOSEPHINE L. TAJALA, RESPONDENT.[1]

  • [G.R. No. 181532 : June 29, 2010] LUIS M. RIVERA, PETITIONER, VS. PARENTS-TEACHERS COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION-FLORENCIO UROT MEMORIAL NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL, ESTER YASE, ALLMEMBERS OF THE BOARD, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 184595 : June 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. SAPIA ANDONGAN Y SANDIGANG, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 188233 : June 29, 2010] QUERUBIN L. ALBA AND RIZALINDA D. DE GUZMAN, PETITIONERS, VS. ROBERT L. YUPANGCO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 164435 : June 29, 2010] VICTORIA S. JARILLO, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 167239 : May 05, 2010] HICOBLINO M. CATLY (DECEASED), SUBSTITUTED BY HIS WIFE, LOURDES A. CATLY, PETITIONER, VS. WILLIAM NAVARRO, ISAGANI NAVARRO, BELEN DOLLETON, FLORENTINO ARCIAGA, BARTOLOME PATUGA, DIONISIO IGNACIO, BERNARDINO ARGANA, AND ERLINDA ARGANA-DELA CRUZ, AND AYALA LAND, INC., RESPONDENTS.

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    [G.R. No. 164435 : June 29, 2010]   VICTORIA S. JARILLO, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

     
    SPECIAL THIRD DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 164435 : June 29, 2010]

    VICTORIA S. JARILLO, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

    R E S O L U T I O N


    PERALTA, J.:

    This resolves petitioner's Motion for Reconsideration[1] dated November 11, 2009 and respondent's Comment[2] thereto dated March 5, 2010.

    In the Decision dated September 29, 2009, the Court affirmed petitioner's conviction for bigamy. Petitioner is moving for reconsideration of the Decision, arguing that since petitioner's marriages were entered into before the effectivity of the Family Code, then the applicable law is Section 29 of the Marriage Law (Act 3613), instead of Article 40 of the Family Code, which requires a final judgment declaring the previous marriage void before a person may contract a subsequent marriage.

    Petitioner's argument lacks merit.

    As far back as 1995, in Atienza v. Brillantes, Jr.,[3] the Court already made the declaration that Article 40, which is a rule of procedure, should be applied retroactively because Article 256 of the Family Code itself provides that said "Code shall have retroactive effect insofar as it does not prejudice or impair vested or acquired rights." The Court went on to explain, thus:

    The fact that procedural statutes may somehow affect the litigants' rights may not preclude their retroactive application to pending actions. The retroactive application of procedural laws is not violative of any right of a person who may feel that he is adversely affected. The reason is that as a general rule, no vested right may attach to, nor arise from, procedural laws.[4]

    In Marbella-Bobis v. Bobis,[5] the Court pointed out the danger of not enforcing the provisions of Article 40 of the Family Code, to wit:

    In the case at bar, respondent's clear intent is to obtain a judicial declaration of nullity of his first marriage and thereafter to invoke that very same judgment to prevent his prosecution for bigamy. He cannot have his cake and eat it too. Otherwise, all that an adventurous bigamist has to do is disregard Article 40 of the Family Code, contract a subsequent marriage and escape a bigamy charge by simply claiming that the first marriage is void and that the subsequent marriage is equally void for lack of a prior judicial declaration of nullity of the first. A party may even enter into a marriage aware of the absence of a requisite - usually the marriage license - and thereafter contract a subsequent marriage without obtaining a declaration of nullity of the first on the assumption that the first marriage is void. Such scenario would render nugatory the provision on bigamy.  x x x [6]

    The foregoing scenario is what petitioner seeks to obtain in her case, and this, the Court shall never sanction.  Clearly, therefore, petitioner's asseveration, that Article 40 of the Family Code should not be applied to her case, cannot be upheld.

    IN VIEW OF THE FOREGOING, the Motion for Reconsideration dated November 11, 2009 is DENIED with FINALITY.

    SO ORDERED.

    Velasco, Jr., (Chairperson), Nachura, Leonardo-De Castro, and Villarama, JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:


    [1] Rollo, pp. 255-268.

    [2] Id. at 276-280.

    [3] A.M. No. MTJ-92-706, March 29, 1995, 243 SCRA 32.

    [4] Id. at 35. (Emphasis supplied; citations omitted.)

    [5] 391 Phil. 648 (2000).

    [6] Id. at 654.

    [G.R. No. 164435 : June 29, 2010]   VICTORIA S. JARILLO, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.




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