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BAR REVIEWER ON LABOR LAW 2014 (2nd) Edition - By Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan

 

 
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March-2010 Jurisprudence                 

  • [A.M. No. P-05-2064 (Formerly A.M. OCA IPI No. 05-7-449-RTC) : March 02, 2010] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, PETITIONER, VS. CLERK OF COURT JOCELYN G. CABALLERO, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, KIDAPAWAN CITY, NORTH COTABATO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 185644 : March 02, 2010] HEIRS OF ESTELITA BURGOS-LIPAT, NAMELY: ALAN B. LIPAT AND ALFREDO B. LIPAT, JR., PETITIONERS, VS. HEIRS OF EUGENIO D. TRINIDAD, NAMELY: ASUNCION R. TRINIDAD, VICTOR R. TRINIDAD, IMACULADA T. ALFONSO, CELESTINA T. NAGUIAT, FERNANDO R. TRINIDAD, MICHAEL R. TRINIDAD AND JOSEFINA T. NAGUIAT, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 182720 : March 02, 2010] G.G. SPORTSWEAR MFG. CORP., PETITIONER, VS. WORLD CLASS PROPERTIES, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 180866 : March 02, 2010] LEPANTO CERAMICS, INC., PETITIONER, VS. LEPANTO CERAMICS EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 176518 : March 02, 2010] THE PARENTS-TEACHERS ASSOCIATION (PTA) OF ST. MATHEW CHRISTIAN ACADEMY, GREGORIO INALVEZ, JR., ROWENA LAYUG, MALOU MALVAR, MARILOU BARAQUIO, GARY SINLAO, LUZVIMINDA OCAMPO,MARIFE FERNANDEZ, FERNANDO VICTORIO, ERNESTO AGANON AND RIZALINO MANGLICMOT, REPRESENTED BY THEIR ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, GREGORIO INALVEZ, JR., PETITIONERS, VS. THE METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST CO., RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. 10-1-13-SC : March 02, 2010] RE: SUBPOENA DUCES TECUM DATED JANUARY 11, 2010 OF ACTING DIRECTOR ALEU A. AMANTE, PIAB-C, OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN

  • [G.R. No. 34021 : March 03, 2010] RICARDO PARDO Y PUJOL, PLAINTIFF AND APPELLANT, VS. THE MUNICIPALITY OF GUINOBATAN, DEFENDANT AND APPELLEE.

  • [G.R. Nos. 175045-46 : March 03, 2010] ENGR. RICARDO L. SANTILLANO, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 187743 : March 03, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ROLANDO BAUTISTA IROY, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 186441 : March 03, 2010] SALVADOR FLORDELIZ Y ABENOJAR, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 185843 : March 03, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. RONIE DE GUZMAN, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 184805 : March 03, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. VICTORIO PAGKALINAWAN, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 179169 : March 03, 2010] LEONIS NAVIGATION CO., INC. AND WORLD MARINE PANAMA, S.A., PETITIONERS, VS. CATALINO U. VILLAMATER AND/OR THE HEIRS OF THE LATE CATALINO U. VILLAMATER, REPRESENTED HEREIN BY SONIA MAYUYU VILLAMATER; AND NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 173181 : March 03, 2010] HUTAMA-RSEA/SUPERMAX PHILS., J.V., PETITIONER, VS. KCD BUILDERS CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT CELSO C. DIOKNO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 172690 : March 03, 2010] HEIRS OF JOSE LIM, REPRESENTED BY ELENITO LIM, PETITIONERS, VS. JULIET VILLA LIM, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169504 : March 03, 2010] COFFEE PARTNERS, INC., PETITIONER, VS. SAN FRANCISCO COFFEE & ROASTERY, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 148225 : March 03, 2010] CARMEN DEL PRADO, PETITIONER, VS. SPOUSES ANTONIO L. CABALLERO AND LEONARDA CABALLERO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 168266 : March 05, 2010] CARGILL, INC., PETITIONER, VS. INTRA STRATA ASSURANCE CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 181913 : March 05, 2010] DANIEL P. JAVELLANA, JR., PETITIONER, VS. ALBINO BELEN, RESPONDENT. [G.R. No. 182158] ALBINO BELEN, PETITIONER, VS. DANIEL P. JAVELLANA, JR. AND JAVELLANA FARMS, INC., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 169202 : March 05, 2010] MARIA VIRGINIA V. REMO, PETITIONER, VS. THE HONORABLE SECRETARY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 190078 : March 05, 2010] SPOUSES NORMAN K. CERTEZA, JR. AND MA. ROSANILA V. CERTEZA, AND AMADA P. VILLAMAYOR AND HERMINIO VILLAMAYOR, JR., PETITIONERS, VS. PHILIPPINE SAVINGS BANK, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 188900 : March 05, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. FERNANDO HABANA Y ORANTE, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 186359 : March 05, 2010] JESUS O. TYPOCO, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS; THE NEW MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CANVASSERS OF LABO, CAMARINES NORTE, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRMAN, ATTY. RAFFY OLANO; THE NEW PROVINCIAL BOARD OF CANVASSERS OF CAMARINES NORTE, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRMAN, ATTY. ALLEN FRANCIS B. ABAYA; AND EDGARDO A. TALLADO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 182434 : March 05, 2010] SULTAN YAHYA "JERRY" M. TOMAWIS, PETITIONER, VS. HON. RASAD G. BALINDONG, AMNA A. PUMBAYA, JALILAH A. MANGOMPIA, AND RAMLA A. MUSOR, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 180595 : March 05, 2010] ARTHUR DEL ROSARIO AND ALEXANDER DEL ROSARIO, PETITIONERS, VS. HELLENOR D. DONATO, JR. AND RAFAEL V. GONZAGA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 179792 : March 05, 2010] LNS INTERNATIONAL MANPOWER SERVICES, PETITIONER, VS. ARMANDO C. PADUA, JR., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 178274 : March 05, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. AURELIO MATUNHAY, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 169958 : March 05, 2010] DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE SECRETARY RAUL M. GONZALEZ, BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION COMMISSIONER AND BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS CHAIRMAN ALIPIO F. FERNANDEZ, JR., AND IMMIGRATION ASSOCIATE COMMISSIONERS AND BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS MEMBERS ARTHEL B. CARONONGAN, TEODORO B. DELARMENTE, JOSE D.L. CABOCHAN, AND FRANKLIN Z. LITTUA, PETITIONERS, VS. MICHAEL ALFIO PENNISI, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 168726 : March 05, 2010] PIO DELOS REYES (DECEASED), REPRESENTED BY HEIRS FIDEL DELOS REYES, MAURO DELOS REYES AND IRENE BONGCO (DECEASED), REPRESENTED BY SURVIVING SPOUSE RODOLFO BONGCO, PETITIONERS, VS. HONORABLE WALDO Q. FLORES, IN HIS CAPACITY AS SENIOR DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, HONORABLE RENE C. VILLA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LAND REFORM (FORMERLY DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM), THE PROVINCIAL AGRARIAN REFORM OFFICER (PARO) OF DINALUPIHAN BATAAN, THE MUNICIPAL AGRARIAN REFORM OFFICER (MARO) OF HERMOSA AND ORANI, BATAAN, AND FORTUNATO QUIAMBAO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 158627 : March 05, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. MARITESS MARTINEZ Y DULAY, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 160756 : March 09, 2010] CHAMBER OF REAL ESTATE AND BUILDERS' ASSOCIATIONS, INC., PETITIONER, VS. THE HON. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY ALBERTO ROMULO, THE HON. ACTING SECRETARY OF FINANCE JUANITA D. AMATONG, AND THE HON. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE GUILLERMO PARAYNO, JR., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 190382 : March 09, 2010] JOSEPH BERNARDEZ, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND AVELINO TOLEAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 190067 : March 09, 2010] REPRESENTATIVE ALVIN S. SANDOVAL (LONE DISTRICT OF NAVOTAS-MALABON), PETITIONER, VS. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL, JOSEPHINE VERONIQUE R. LACSON-NOEL, AND HON. SPEAKER PROSPERO NOGRALES,RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 189279 : March 09, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. NELSON PALMA Y HANGAD, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 184600 : March 09, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ANACITO DIMANAWA, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 183453 : March 09, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. DANILO PACULBA, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 182460 : March 09, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. JESSIE VILLEGAS MURCIA, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 182403 : March 09, 2010] ATTY. RESTITUTO G. CUDIAMAT, ERLINDA P. CUDIAMAT[1] AND CORAZON D. CUDIAMAT, PETITIONERS, VS. BATANGAS SAVINGS AND LOAN BANK, INC., AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS, NASUGBU, BATANGAS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 181851 : March 09, 2010] CAPT. WILFREDO G. ROQUERO, PETITIONER, VS. THE CHANCELLOR OF UP-MANILA; THE ADMINISTRATIVE DISCIPLINARY TRIBUNAL (ADT) OF UP-MANILA; ATTY. ZALDY B. DOCENA; EDEN PERDIDO; ISABELLA LARA, IN THEIR CAPACITIES AS CHAIRMAN AND MEMBERS OF THE ADT; AND IMELDA O. ABUTAL, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 181483 : March 09, 2010] BLAZER CAR MARKETING, INC., AND FREDDIE CHUA, PETITIONERS, VS. SPOUSES TOMAS T. BULAUAN AND ANALYN A. BRIONES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 157594 : March 09, 2010] TOSHIBA INFORMATION EQUIPMENT (PHILS.), INC., PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 154270 : March 09, 2010] TEOFISTO OÑO, PRECY O. NAMBATAC, VICTORIA O. MANUGAS AND POLOR O. CONSOLACION, PETITIONERS, VS. VICENTE N. LIM, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 154094 : March 09, 2010] DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, REPRESENTED BY SECRETARY HERNANI A. BRAGANZA, PETITIONER, VS. PABLO BERENGUER, BELINDA BERENGUER, CARLO BERENGUER, ROSARIO BERENGUER-LANDERS, AND REMEDIOS BERENGUER-LINTAG, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G. R. No. 142549 : March 09, 2010] FIDELA R. ANGELES, PETITIONER, VS. THE SECRETARY OF JUSTICE, THE ADMINISTRATOR, LAND REGISTRATION AUTHORITY, THE REGISTER OF DEEDS OF QUEZON CITY, AND SENATOR TEOFISTO T. GUINGONA, JR., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 126890 : March 09, 2010] UNITED PLANTERS SUGAR MILLING CO., INC. (UPSUMCO), PETITIONER, VS. THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK (PNB) AND ASSET PRIVATIZATION TRUST (APT), AS TRUSTEE OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. P-09-2686 (Formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 06-2441-P) : March 10, 2010] PRISCILLA L. HERNANDO, COMPLAINANT, VS. JULIANA Y. BENGSON, LEGAL RESEARCHER, RTC, BRANCH 104, QUEZON CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 184058 : March 10, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. MELISSA CHUA, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 183250 : March 10, 2010] WILLIAM UY CONSTRUCTION CORP. AND/OR TERESITA UY AND WILLIAM UY, PETITIONERS, VS. JORGE R. TRINIDAD, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 176123 : March 10, 2010] JOSE CABARAL TIU, PETITIONER, VS. FIRST PLYWOOD CORPORATION, RESPONDENT. [G.R. No. 185265] JOSE CABARAL TIU, PETITIONER, VS. TIMBER EXPORTS, INC., ANGEL DOMINGO, COUNTRY BANKERS INSURANCE CORPORATION, PERFECTO MONDARTE, JR. AND CESAR DACAL, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 166730 : March 10, 2010] SPOUSES FERNANDO TORRES AND IRMA TORRES, PETITIONERS, VS. AMPARO MEDINA AND THE EX-OFFICIO SHERIFF OF THE RTC OF QUEZON CITY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 165273 : March 10, 2010] LEAH PALMA, PETITIONER, VS. HON. DANILO P. GALVEZ, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF ILOILO CITY, BRANCH 24; AND PSYCHE ELENA AGUDO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 164493 : March 10, 2010] JOCELYN M. SUAZO, PETITIONER, VS. ANGELITO SUAZO AND REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G. R. No. 159117 : March 10, 2010] HON. HECTOR B. BARILLO, ACTING PRESIDING JUDGE, MTC GUIHULNGAN, NEGROS ORIENTAL, PETITIONER, VS. HON. RALPH LANTION, HON. MEHOL K. SADAIN AND HON. FLORENTINO A. TUASON, JR., THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE SECOND DIVISION, COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, MANILA; AND WALTER J. ARAGONES, RESPONDENTS. [A.M. No. MTJ-10-1752 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 03-1353-MTJ)] WALTER J. ARAGONES, COMPLAINANT, VS. HON. HECTOR B. BARILLO, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, GUIHULNGAN, NEGROS ORIENTAL, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. 05-10-20-SC : March 10, 2010] IN RE: EXEMPTION OF THE NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION FROM PAYMENT OF FILING/ DOCKET FEES

  • [G.R. No. 149552 : March 10, 2010] GENERAL MILLING CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. ERNESTO CASIO, ROLANDO IGOT, MARIO FAMADOR, NELSON LIM, FELICISIMO BOOC, PROCOPIO OBREGON, JR., AND ANTONIO ANINIPOK, RESPONDENTS, AND VIRGILIO PINO, PAULINO CABREROS, MA. LUNA P. JUMAOAS, DOMINADOR BOOC, FIDEL VALLE, BARTOLOME AUMAN, REMEGIO CABANTAN, LORETO GONZAGA, EDILBERTO MENDOZA AND ANTONIO PANILAG, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 163532 : March 12, 2010] YOKOHAMA TIRE PHILIPPINES, INC., PETITIONER, VS. YOKOHAMA EMPLOYEES UNION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 172623 : March 13, 2010] COMMISSION ON APPOINTMENTS, REPRESENTED HEREIN BY ITS SECRETARY HON. ARTURO L. TIU, PETITIONER, VS. CELSO M. PALER,[1] RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169493 : March 14, 2010] STA. CLARA SHIPPING CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. EUGENIA T. SAN PABLO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R No. 188078 : March 15, 2010] VICTORINO B. ALDABA, CARLO JOLETTE S. FAJARDO, JULIO G. MORADA, AND MINERVA ALDABA MORADA, PETITIONERS, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 181430 : March 09, 2010] FELIPE RONQUILLO Y GUILLERMO AND GILBERT TORRES Y NATALIA, PETITIONERS, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 179230 : March 09, 2010] EUGENE L. LIM, PETITIONER, VS. BPI AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT BANK, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 172144 : March 09, 2010] PEZA BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND LILIA B. DE LIMA, PETITIONERS, VS. GLORIA J. MERCADO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. Nos. 170339, 170398-403 : March 09, 2010] ROLANDO E. SISON, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 168203 : March 09, 2010] NATIONAL ELECTRIFICATION ADMINISTRATION, PETITIONER, VS. VAL L. VILLANUEVA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 160972 : March 09, 2010] LEIGHTON CONTRACTORS PHILIPPINES, INC., PETITIONER, VS. CNP INDUSTRIES, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 160545 : March 09, 2010] PRISMA CONSTRUCTION & DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND ROGELIO S. PANTALEON, PETITIONERS, VS. ARTHUR F. MENCHAVEZ, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 160506 : March 09, 2010] JOEB M. ALIVIADO, ARTHUR CORPUZ, ERIC ALIVIADO, MONCHITO AMPELOQUIO, ABRAHAM BASMAYOR, JONATHAN MATEO, LORENZO PLATON, JOSE FERNANDO GUTIERREZ, ESTANISLAO BUENAVENTURA, LOPE SALONGA, FRANZ DAVID, NESTOR IGNACIO, JULIO REY, RUBEN MARQUEZ, JR., MAXIMINO PASCUAL, ERNESTO CALANAO, ROLANDO ROMASANTA, RHUEL AGOO, BONIFACIO ORTEGA, ARSENIO SORIANO, JR., ARNEL ENDAYA, ROBERTO ENRIQUEZ, NESTOR BAQUILA, EDGARDO QUIAMBAO, SANTOS BACALSO, SAMSON BASCO, ALADINO GREGORO, JR., EDWIN GARCIA, ARMANDO VILLAR, EMIL TAWAT, MARIO P. LIONGSON, CRESENTE J. GARCIA, FERNANDO MACABENTE, MELECIO CASAPAO, REYNALDO JACABAN, FERDINAND SALVO, ALSTANDO MONTOS, RAINER N. SALVADOR, RAMIL REYES, PEDRO G. ROY, LEONARDO P. TALLEDO, ENRIQUE F. TALLEDO, WILLIE ORTIZ, ERNESTO SOYOSA, ROMEO VASQUEZ, JOEL BILLONES, ALLAN BALTAZAR, NOLI GABUYO, EMMANUEL E. LABAN, RAMIR E. PIAT, RAUL DULAY, TADEO DURAN, JOSEPH BANICO, ALBERT LEYNES, ANTONIO DACUNA, RENATO DELA CRUZ, ROMEO VIERNES, JR., ELAIS BASEO, WILFREDO TORRES, MELCHOR CARDANO, MARIANO NARANIAN, JOHN SUMERGIDO, ROBERTO ROSALES, GERRY C. GATPO, GERMAN N. GUEVARRA, GILBERT Y. MIRANDA, RODOLFO C. TOLEDO, ARNOLD D. LASTONA, PHILIP M. LOZA, MARIO N. CULDAYON, ORLANDO P. JIMENEZ, FRED P. JIMENEZ, RESTITUTO C. PAMINTUAN, JR., ROLANDO J. DE ANDRES, ARTUZ BUSTENERA, ROBERTO B. CRUZ, ROSEDY O. YORDAN, DENNIS DACASIN, ALEJANDRINO ABATON, AND ORLANDO S. BALANGUE, PETITIONERS, VS. PROCTER & GAMBLE PHILS., INC., AND PROMM-GEM INC., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 186228 : March 15, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. ANTONIO LAUGA Y PINA ALIAS TERIO, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 184722 : March 15, 2010] ALEX C. COOTAUCO, PETITIONER, VS. MMS PHIL. MARITIME SERVICES, INC., MS. MARY C. MAQUILAN AND/OR MMS CO. LTD., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 183678 : March 15, 2010] RENE VENTENILLA PUSE, PETITIONER, VS. LIGAYA DELOS SANTOS-PUSE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 183612 : March 15, 2010] POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. GOLDEN HORIZON REALTY CORPORATION, RESPONDENT. [G.R. No. 184260] NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, PETITIONER, VS. GOLDEN HORIZON REALTY CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 183357 : March 15, 2010] HONORIO BERNARDO, PETITIONER, VS. HEIRS OF EUSEBIO VILLEGAS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 182061 : March 15, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. FERDINAND T. BALUNTONG, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 181071 : March 15, 2010] LADISLAO ESPINOSA, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 181040 : March 15, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. RAYMOND FABIAN Y NICOLAS AND ALLAN MACALONG Y BUCCAT, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [A.M. No. 2008-20-SC : March 15, 2010] RE: COMPLAINT OF MRS. CORAZON S. SALVADOR AGAINST SPOUSES NOEL AND AMELIA SERAFICO

  • [A.C. No. 4973 : March 15, 2010] SPOUSES MANUEL C. RAFOLS, JR. AND LOLITA B. RAFOLS, COMPLAINANTS, VS. ATTY. RICARDO G. BARRIOS, JR., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 173510 : March 15, 2010] ERPASCUAL DIEGA Y PAJARES, PETITIONER, VS. COURT OF APPEALS, RESPONDENT. [G.R. No. 174099] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ERPASCUAL DIEGA Y PAJARES, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 171092 : March 15, 2010] EDNA DIAGO LHUILLIER, PETITIONER, VS. BRITISH AIRWAYS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169548 : March 15, 2010] TITAN CONSTRUCTION CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. MANUEL A. DAVID, SR. AND MARTHA S. DAVID, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 167750 : March 15, 2010] BANK OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS, PETITIONER, VS. REYNALD R. SUAREZ, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 164785 : March 15, 2010] ELISEO F. SORIANO, PETITIONER, VS. MA. CONSOLIZA P. LAGUARDIA, IN HER CAPACITY AS CHAIRPERSON OF THE MOVIE AND TELEVISION REVIEW AND CLASSIFICATION BOARD, MOVIE AND TELEVISION REVIEW AND CLASSIFICATION BOARD, JESSIE L. GALAPON, ANABEL M. DELA CRUZ, MANUEL M. HERNANDEZ, JOSE L. LOPEZ, CRISANTO SORIANO, BERNABE S. YARIA, JR., MICHAEL M. SANDOVAL, AND ROLDAN A. GAVINO, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. No. 165636] ELISEO F. SORIANO, PETITIONER, VS. MOVIE AND TELEVISION REVIEW AND CLASSIFICATION BOARD, ZOSIMO G. ALEGRE, JACKIE AQUINO-GAVINO, NOEL R. DEL PRADO, EMMANUEL BORLAZA, JOSE E. ROMERO IV, AND FLORIMONDO C. ROUS, IN THEIR CAPACITY AS MEMBERS OF THE HEARING AND ADJUDICATION COMMITTEE OF THE MTRCB, JESSIE L. GALAPON, ANABEL M. DELA CRUZ, MANUEL M. HERNANDEZ, JOSE L. LOPEZ, CRISANTO SORIANO, BERNABE S. YARIA, JR., MICHAEL M. SANDOVAL, AND ROLDAN A. GAVINO, IN THEIR CAPACITY AS COMPLAINANTS BEFORE THE MTRCB, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 173854 : March 15, 2010] COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, PETITIONER, VS. FAR EAST BANK & TRUST COMPANY (NOW BANK OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS), RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 164016 : March 15, 2010] RENO FOODS, INC., AND/OR VICENTE KHU, PETITIONERS, VS. NAGKAKAISANG LAKAS NG MANGGAGAWA (NLM) - KATIPUNAN ON BEHALF OF ITS MEMBER, NENITA CAPOR, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.C. No. 6273 : March 15, 2010] ATTY. ILUMINADA M. VAFLOR-FABROA, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. OSCAR PAGUINTO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 161137 : March 15, 2010] LYDIA L. ROA, PETITIONER, VS. HEIRS OF SANTIAGO EBORA: JOSEFA EBORA PACARDO, PACITA EBORA PACARDO, BARTOLOME EBORA, RAYMUNDA EBORA, BERNARDINO DEJULO EBORA, MERCEDES EBORA PABUSLAN, ALEJANDRO EBORA, SABINA EBORA GALASINO AND POLICARPIO EBORA, WILSON GAW (CHIN CHIONG), SAMUEL SONNIE LIM, ALFONSO GOKING, ELEAZAR ED. ESPINO, D'ORO LAND REALTY AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY, CONSTANCIO S. MANZANO, PRESCO C. KWONG AND ORO CAM ENTERPRISES, INC., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G. R. No. 42181 : March 15, 2010] PEDRO V. MANZA ET AL., PETITIONERS, VS. EDUARDO GUTIERREZ DAVID, JUDGE OF FIRST INSTANCE OF TAYABAS, ET AL., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 189122 : March 17, 2010] JOSE ANTONIO LEVISTE, PETITIONER, VS. THE COURT OF APPEALS AND PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 188706 : March 17, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. OSCAR M. DOCUMENTO, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 185195 : March 17, 2010] VIOLETA BAHILIDAD, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 176717 : March 17, 2010] EVANGELINE C. COBARRUBIAS, PETITIONER, VS. SAINT LOUIS UNIVERSITY, INC., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 157009 : March 17, 2010] SULPICIO LINES, INC., PETITIONER, VS. DOMINGO E. CURSO, LUCIA E. CURSO, MELECIO E. CURSO, SEGUNDO E. CURSO, VIRGILIO E. CURSO, DIOSDADA E. CURSO, AND CECILIA E. CURSO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G. R. No. 191002 : March 17, 2010] ARTURO M. DE CASTRO, PETITIONER, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL (JBC) AND PRESIDENT GLORIA MACAPAGAL - ARROYO, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. No. 191032 ] JAIME N. SORIANO, PETITIONER, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL (JBC), RESPONDENT. [G.R. No. 191057] PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION ASSOCIATION (PHILCONSA), PETITIONER, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL (JBC), RESPONDENT. [A.M. No. 10-2-5-SC] IN RE APPLICABILITY OF SECTION 15, ARTICLE VII OF THE CONSTITUTION TO APPOINTMENTS TO THE JUDICIARY, ESTELITO P. MENDOZA, PETITIONER, [G.R. No. 191149] JOHN G. PERALTA, PETITIONER, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL (JBC). RESPONDENT. PETER IRVING CORVERA; CHRISTIAN ROBERT S. LIM; ALFONSO V. TAN, JR.; NATIONAL UNION OF PEOPLE'S LAWYERS; MARLOU B. UBANO; INTEGRATED BAR OF THE PHILIPPINES-DAVAO DEL SUR CHAPTER, REPRESENTED BY ITS IMMEDIATE PAST PRESIDENT, ATTY. ISRAELITO P. TORREON, AND THE LATTER IN HIS OWN PERSONAL CAPACITY AS A MEMBER OF THE PHILIPPINE BAR; MITCHELL JOHN L. BOISER; BAGONG ALYANSANG BAYAN (BAYAN) CHAIRMAN DR. CAROLINA P. ARAULLO; BAYAN SECRETARY GENERAL RENATO M. REYES, JR.; CONFEDERATION FOR UNITY, RECOGNITION AND ADVANCEMENT OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES (COURAGE) CHAIRMAN FERDINAND GAITE; KALIPUNAN NG DAMAYANG MAHIHIRAP (KADAMAY) SECRETARY GENERAL GLORIA ARELLANO; ALYANSA NG NAGKAKAISANG KABATAAN NG SAMBAYANAN PARA SA KAUNLARAN (ANAKBAYAN) CHAIRMAN KEN LEONARD RAMOS; TAYO ANG PAG-ASA CONVENOR ALVIN PETERS; LEAGUE OF FILIPINO STUDENTS (LFS) CHAIRMAN JAMES MARK TERRY LACUANAN RIDON; NATIONAL UNION OF STUDENTS OF THE PHILIPPINES (NUSP) CHAIRMAN EINSTEIN RECEDES; COLLEGE EDITORS GUILD OF THE PHILIPPINES (CEGP) CHAIRMAN VIJAE ALQUISOLA; AND STUDENT CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT OF THE PHILIPPINES (SCMP) CHAIRMAN MA. CRISTINA ANGELA GUEVARRA; WALDEN F. BELLO AND LORETTA ANN P. ROSALES; WOMEN TRIAL LAWYERS ORGANIZATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY YOLANDA QUISUMBING- JAVELLANA; BELLEZA ALOJADO DEMAISIP; TERESITA GANDIONCO-OLEDAN; MA. VERENA KASILAG-VILLANUEVA; MARILYN STA. ROMANA; LEONILA DE JESUS; AND GUINEVERE DE LEON. INTERVENORS. [G.R. No. 191342] ATTY. AMADOR Z. TOLENTINO, JR., (IBP GOVERNOR-SOUTHERN LUZON), AND ATTY. ROLAND B. INTING (IBP GOVERNOR-EASTERN VISAYAS), PETITIONERS, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL (JBC), RESPONDENT. [G.R. No. 191420] PHILIPPINE BAR ASSOCIATION, INC., PETITIONER, VS. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL AND HER EXCELLENCY GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 162079 : March 18, 2010] YKR CORPORATION AND HEIRS OF LUIS A. YULO, PETITIONERS, VS. SANDIGANBAYAN AND REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 35763 : March 18, 2010] THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS, PLAINTIFF AND APPELLEE, VS. CANUTO TUZON, DEFENDANT AND APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 169900 : March 18, 2010] MARIO SIOCHI, PETITIONER, VS. ALFREDO GOZON, WINIFRED GOZON, GIL TABIJE, INTER-DIMENSIONAL REALTY, INC., AND ELVIRA GOZON, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 169977] INTER-DIMENSIONAL REALTY, INC., PETITIONER, VS. MARIO SIOCHI, ELVIRA GOZON, ALFREDO GOZON, AND WINIFRED GOZON, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 185277 : March 18, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. RODOLFO GALLO, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 181866 : March 18, 2010] EMMANUEL S. HUGO, LOURENTE V. CRUZ, DIOSDADO S. DOLORES, RAMON B. DE LOS REYES, ORLANDO B. FLORES, ROGELIO R. MARTIN, JOSE ROBERTO A. PAMINTUAN, MELVIN R. GOMEZ, REYNALDO P. SOLISA, EMMANUEL A. PALADO, JR., ANSELMO V. TALAGTAG, JR., ANTHONY C. RONQUILLO, ARTHUR G. CONCEPCION, ORLANDO MALAYBA, LEANDRO C. PAGURAYAN III, MARVIN L. GABRIEL, FERNANDO V. DIAZ, ALFREDO CHAN, JUAN G. OBIAS, JR., EMIL P. BELCHEZ, RODELIO H. LASTIMA, AND AUGUSTO LAGOS, PETITIONERS, VS. LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT AUTHORITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 178989 : March 18, 2010] EAGLE RIDGE GOLF & COUNTRY CLUB, PETITIONER, VS. COURT OF APPEALS AND EAGLE RIDGE EMPLOYEES UNION (EREU), RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 169975 : March 18, 2010] PAN PACIFIC SERVICE CONTRACTORS, INC. AND RICARDO F. DEL ROSARIO, PETITIONERS, VS. EQUITABLE PCI BANK (FORMERLY THE PHILIPPINE COMMERCIAL INTERNATIONAL BANK), RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169726 : March 18, 2010] DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT, REPRESENTED BY. SEC. EMILIA T. BONCODIN, PETITIONER, VS. OLIVIA D. LEONES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169336 : March 18, 2010] SPOUSES MELCHOR AND SATURNINA ALDE, PETITIONERS, VS. RONALD B. BERNAL, OLYMPIA B. BERNAL, JUANITO B. BERNAL, AND MYRNA D. BERNAL, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 181258 : March 18, 2010] BEN-HUR NEPOMUCENO, PETITIONER, VS. ARHBENCEL ANN LOPEZ, REPRESENTED BY HER MOTHER ARACELI LOPEZ, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 153266 : March 18, 2010] VICTORIA C. GUTIERREZ, JOEL R. PEREZ, ARACELI L. YAMBOT, CORAZON F. SORIANO, LORNA P. TAMOR, ROMEO S. CONSIGNADO, DIVINA R. SULIT, ESTRELITA F. IRESARE, ROSALINDA L. ALPAY, AUREA L. ILAGAN AND ALL THE OTHER CONCERNED EMPLOYEES OF THE OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR GENERAL, PETITIONERS, VS. DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT, HONORABLE SECRETARY EMILIA T. BONCODIN AND DIRECTOR LUZ M. CANTOR, RESPONDENTS, UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES, AMADO EUROPA, MERCEDITA REYES, CONCHITA ABARCAR, LUCIO ABERIN, BIENVENIDO BIONG, SOLOMON CELIZ, WILFREDO CORNEL, TOMAS FORIO, ROGELIO JUNTERIAL, JAIME PERALTA, PILAR RILLAS, WILFREDO SAGUN, JESUS SUGUITAN, LUIS TORRES, JOSE VERSOZA AND ALL THE OTHER CONCERNED INCUMBENT AND RETIRED EMPLOYEES OF THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM V. SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM CONSUELO A. TAGARO, REYNALDO S. CALLANO, AIDA A. MARTINEZ, PRISCILLA P. COSTES, RICELI C. MENDOZA, ARISTON CALVO, SAMSON L. MOLAO, MANUEL SABUTAN, VILMA GONZALES, RUTH C. MAPANAO, NELSON M. BELGIRA, JESUS ANTONIO G. DERIJE V. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MINDANAO CONFEDERATION OF INDEPENDENT UNIONS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR (CIU) ESTHER I. ABADIANO AND OTHER FORTY ONE THOUSAND INDIVIDUAL TEACHERS INTERVENORS ELPIDIO F. FERRER, MARIKINA CITY FEDERATION OF PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS, INC., REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT ELPIDIO F. FERRER, AND ALL OTHER INDIVIDUAL PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS IN CENTRAL LUZON, NORTHERN LUZON, SOUTHERN TAGALOG, NATIONAL CENTRAL REGION, CARR AND MINDANAO REPRESENTED BY THEIR RESPECTIVE ATTORNEYS-IN-FACT, ATTORNEYS DANTE ILAYA AND VIRGINIA SUAREZ-PINLAC AND ACTION AND SOLIDARITY FOR THE EMPOWERMENT OF TEACHERS (ASSERT), REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT AMABLE TUIBEIO, ET AL. HARRIS M. SINOLINDING, KALANTONGAN P. AKIL, DAUNDI B. BAKONG, TERESITA C. DE GUZMAN, QUEENIE A. HABIBUN, JOSE T. MAUN, VIVIENLE P. MARAGGUN, SAAVEDRA M. MANTIKAYAN, GIJIT C. PARON, IRWIN R. QUINAIN, DATUMANONG O. TAGITICAN AND HYDIE P. WONG, AND ALL OTHER CONCERNED EMPLOYEES OF THE COTABATO FOUNDATION COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (CFCST) V. COTABATO FOUNDATION COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AND DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT FRANCISCA C. CASTRO, DARIO C. VARGAS, MA. DEBBIE M. RESMA, RAMON P. CASIL, TERESITA C. BUSADRE, CRISTINA V. MANALO, SAUL SAN RAMON, ALEXIS R. REBURIANO, ROSALITO D. ROSA, DR. FERNANDO C. JAVIER, DR. ROSEMARIE M. YAGUIE, DR. GIL T. MAGBANUA, AND ALL OTHER CONCERNED PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS OF QUEZON CITY V. DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT WILMA Q. NOBLEZA, ELEANOR M. CASTRO, JOSE B. BUSTILLO, JR., ABELARDO E. DE GUZMAN, EDWIN F. FABRIQUIER, ET AL. V. DBM SECRETARY ROMULO NERI AND DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT EVA VALDEZ FERIA, WILHELMINA BALDO, ROSE MARIE L. YCASA, GLORIA G. IGNACIO AND HJI. AKMAD A. ALSAD AND OTHER TWELVE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED INDIVIDUAL TEACHERS BUREAU OF PLANT INDUSTRY EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION, MARY ANN GUERRERO, ET AL.. INTERVENORS. [G.R. NO. 159007] ESTRELLITA C. AMPONIN, JUDITH A. CUDAL, ROMEO A. PAGALAN, MARISSA F. PARIÑAS, AND RAYMOND F. FLORES, ET AL., PETITIONERS, VS. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, GUILERMO N. CARAGUE, IN HIS CAPACITY AS CHAIRMAN, RAUL C. FLORES, IN HIS CAPACITY AS COMMISSIONER, COMMISSION ON AUDIT, AND EMMANUEL M. DALMAN, IN HIS CAPACITY AS COMMISSIONER, COMMISSION ON AUDIT, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 159029] AUGUSTO R. NIEVES, BONIFACIO H. ATIVO, TARCELA P. DETERA, NILDA G. CIELO, ANTHONY M. BRAVO, MARIA LOURDES G. BARROZO, ANTONIO E. FUENTES, ALFREDO D. DONOR, RICO B. NAVA, SR., DOLORES C. HUIDEM AND ALL THE OTHER CONCERNED EMPLOYEES OF THE SORSOGON STATE COLLEGE, PETITIONERS, VS. DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT AND HONORABLE SECRETARY EMILIA T. BONCODIN, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 170084] KAPISANAN NG MGA MANGGAGAWA SA BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS (KMB), EVELYN C. TIDON, RIPOL O. ABALOS, BEATRIZ L. HUBILLA, MA. CHERYL J. TAJONERA, LOLITA DE HERNANDEZ, FLORA M. MABAMBA, DELILAH G. BASSIG AND ALL CONCERNED INCUMBENT AND RETIRED EMPLOYEES OF THE BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, PETITIONERS, VS. DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT AND HONORABLE SECRETARY ROMULO NERI***, RESPONDENTS. G.R. NO. 172713 NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY, PETITIONER, VS. EPIFANIO P. RECANA, MERCEDES AMURAO, ERASMO APOSTOL, FLORENDO ASUNCION, FIORELLO JOSEFINA BALTAZAR, ET AL., RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 173119] INSURANCE COMMISSION OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES, REPRESENTED BY INSURANCE COMMISSION EMPLOYEES WELFARE ASSOCIATION (ICEWA), ET AL., PETITIONERS, VS. DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT AND/OR HONORABLE SECRETARY ROLANDO G. ANDAYA, JR.,. RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 176477] FIBER INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION (FIDAEA), REMEDIOS V.J. ABGONA, CELERINA T. HILARIO, QUIRINO U. SANTOS, GRACE AURORA F. PASTORES, RHISA V. PEGENIA, ET AL., PETITIONERS, VS. DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT AND/OR HONORABLE SECRETARY ROLANDO G. ANDAYA, JR.***, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 177990] BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION (BAIEA), LORY C. BANGALISAN, EDGARDO VINCULADO, LORENZO J. ABARCA, ROLANDO M. VASQUEZ, ALFREDO B. DUCUSIN, ET AL., PETITIONERS, VS. DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT AND/OR HONORABLE SECRETARY ROLANDO G. ANDAYA, JR.***, RESPONDENTS. [A.M. NO. 06-4-02-SB] RE: REQUEST OF SANDIGANBAYAN FOR AUTHORITY TO USE THEIR SAVINGS TO PAY THEIR COLA DIFFERENTIAL FROM JULY 1, 1989 TO MARCH 16, 1999,

  • [A.M. No. P-07-2355 (formerly A.M. OCA IPI No. 01-7-208- MTCC) : March 19, 2010] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. MARY ANN PADUGANAN-PENARANDA, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT IN CITIES (MTCC), CAGAYAN DE ORO, MISAMIS ORIENTAL; AND MS. JOCELYN MEDIANTE, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. P-08-2559 (FORMERLY OCA IPI NO. 08-2940-P) : March 19, 2010] RYAN S. PLAZA, CLERK OF COURT, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, ARGAO, CEBU, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. MARCELINA R. AMAMIO, CLERK OF COURT, GENOVEVA R. VASQUEZ, LEGAL RESEARCHER AND FLORAMAY PATALINGHUG, COURT STENOGRAPHER, ALL OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 26, ARGAO, CEBU, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 181247 : March 19, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. RICHARD NAPALIT Y DE GUZMAN, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 172873 : March 19, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ROLDAN MORALES Y MIDARASA, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 172357 : March 19, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. MARCELO BUSTAMANTE Y ZAPANTA, NEIL BALUYOT Y TABISORA, RICHARD DELOS TRINO Y SARCILLA, HERMINIO JOSE Y MONSON, EDWIN SORIANO Y DELA CRUZ AND ELMER SALVADOR Y JAVALE, APPELLANTS.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-10-2226 (Formerly A.M. No. 10-1-24-RTC) : March 22, 2010] RE: CASES SUBMITTED FOR DECISION BEFORE HON. MELITON G. EMUSLAN, FORMER JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 47, URDANETA CITY, PANGASINAN.

  • [A.M. No. P-08-2458 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 08-2755-P) : March 22, 2010] CRISOSTOMO M. PLOPINIO, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. LIZA ZABALA-CARIÑO, CLERK OF COURT, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 29, LIBMANAN, CAMARINES SUR, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. P-04-1819 (Formerly A.M. No. 04-6-133-MTC) : March 22, 2010] OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, COMPLAINANT, VS. MACARIO C. VILLANUEVA, CLERK OF COURT, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, BONGABON, NUEVA ECIJA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 186180 : March 22, 2010] MAGSAYSAY MARITIME CORPORATION AND/OR CRUISE SHIPS CATERING AND SERVICES INTERNATIONAL N.V., PETITIONERS, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION (SECOND DIVISION) AND ROMMEL B. CEDOL, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 174835 : March 22, 2010] ANITA REYES-MESUGAS, PETITIONER, VS. ALEJANDRO AQUINO REYES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 175380 : March 22, 2010] GREGORIO ESPINOZA, IN HIS OWN PERSONAL CAPACITY AND AS SURVIVING SPOUSE, AND JO ANNE G. ESPINOZA, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY THEIR ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, BEN SANGIL, PETITIONERS, VS. UNITED OVERSEAS BANK PHILS. (FORMERLY WESTMONT BANK), RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 174420 : March 22, 2010] MIGUELA SANTUYO, CORAZON ZACARIAS, EUGENIA CINCO, ELIZABETH PERALES, SUSANA BELEDIANO, RUFINA TABINAS, LETICIA L. DELA ROSA, NENITA LINESES, EDITHA DELA RAMA, MARIBEL M. OLIVAR, LOEVEL MALAPAD, FLORENDA M. GONZALO, ELEANOR O. BUEN, EULALIA ABAGAO, LORECA MOCORRO, DIANA MAGDUA, LUZ RAGAY, LYDIA MONTE, CORNELIA BALTAZAR AND DAISY MANGANTE, PETITIONERS, VS. REMERCO GARMENTS MANUFACTURING, INC. AND/OR VICTORIA REYES.[1] RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 168289 : March 22, 2010] THE MUNICIPALITY OF HAGONOY, BULACAN, REPRESENTED BY THE HON. FELIX V. OPLE, MUNICIPAL MAYOR, AND FELIX V. OPLE, IN HIS PERSONAL CAPACITY, PETITIONERS, VS. HON. SIMEON P. DUMDUM, JR., IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE PRESIDING JUDGE OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 7, CEBU CITY; HON. CLERK OF COURT & EX-OFFICIO SHERIFF OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF CEBU CITY; HON. CLERK OF COURT & EX-OFFICIO SHERIFF OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF BULACAN AND HIS DEPUTIES; AND EMILY ROSE GO KO LIM CHAO, DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE NAME AND STYLE KD SURPLUS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 167563 : March 22, 2010] COLLEGE OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, PETITIONER, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION AND ATTY. MARIUS F. CARLOS, PH.D., RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 161074 : March 22, 2010] MANUEL T. DE GUIA, FOR HIMSELF AND AS ATTORNEY-IN-FACT OF FE DAVIS MARAMBA, RENATO DAVIS, FLORDELIZA D. YEH, JOCELYN D. QUEBLATIN AND BETTY DAVIS, PETITIONERS, VS. HON. PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 12, MALOLOS, BULACAN; SPOUSES TEOFILO R. MORTE, ANGELINA C. VILLARICO; SPOUSES RUPERTO AND MILAGROS VILLARICO; AND DEPUTY SHERIFF BENJAMIN C. HAO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 191084 : March 25, 2010] JOSELITO R. MENDOZA, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND ROBERTO M. PAGDANGANAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 169207 : March 25, 2010] WPP MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS, INC., JOHN STEEDMAN, MARK WEBSTER, AND NOMINADA LANSANG, PETITIONERS, VS. JOCELYN M. GALERA, RESPONDENT. [G.R. NO. 169239] JOCELYN M. GALERA, PETITIONER, VS. WPP MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS, INC., JOHN STEEDMAN, MARK WEBSTER, AND NOMINADA LANSANG, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 168959 : March 25, 2010] NAPOLEON MAGNO, PETITIONER, VS. GONZALO FRANCISCO AND REGINA VDA. DE LAZARO, RESPONDENTS. D E C I S I O N

  • [G.R. Nos. 167055-56 : March 25, 2010] PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON GOOD GOVERNMENT, PETITIONER, VS. SILANGAN INVESTORS AND MANAGERS, INC. AND SANDIGANBAYAN, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. NO. 170673] PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON GOOD GOVERNMENT, PETITIONER, VS. POLYGON INVESTORS AND MANAGERS, INCORPORATED AND SANDIGANBAYAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 172960 : March 26, 2010] MACTAN ELECTRIC COMPANY, INC., PETITIONER, VS. NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, MACTAN CEBU INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY AND NATIONAL TRANSMISSION CORPORATION, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. MTJ-07-1663 : March 26, 2010] ROLAND ERNEST MARIE JOSE SPELMANS, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE GAYDIFREDO T. OCAMPO, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, POLOMOLOK, SOUTH COTABATO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 190779 : March 26, 2010] ATTY. REYNANTE B. ORCEO, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 190734 : March 26, 2010] BAI SANDRA S.A. SEMA, PETITIONER, VS. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL AND DIDAGEN P. DILANGALEN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 186498 : March 26, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. RONALDO DE GUZMAN Y DANZIL, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 180523 : March 26, 2010] DOÑA ROSANA REALTY AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SY KA KIENG, PETITIONERS, VS. MOLAVE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION REPRESENTED BY TEOFISTA TINITIGAN, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 180471 : March 26, 2010] ALANGILAN REALTY & DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, REPRESENTED BY ALBERTO ROMULO, AS EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, AND ARTHUR P. AUTEA, AS DEPUTY SECRETARY; AND DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 180384 : March 26, 2010] LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. PRESENT: CORAZON M. VILLEGAS, RESPONDENT. [G.R. NO. 180891] LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. HEIRS OF CATALINO V. NOEL AND PROCULA P. SY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 176006 : March 26, 2010] NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. PINATUBO COMMERCIAL, REPRESENTED BY ALFREDO A. DY, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.C. No. 5768 : March 26, 2010] ATTY. BONIFACIO T. BARANDON, JR., COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. EDWIN Z. FERRER, SR., RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169449 : March 26, 2010] TERESITA G. NARVASA, PETITIONER, VS. BENJAMIN A. SANCHEZ, JR.,[1] RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 158104 : March 26, 2010] ANGELITA DE GUZMAN, PETITIONER, VS. EMILIO A. GONZALEZ III, THEN OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY OMBUDSMAN FOR LUZON, ADORACION A. AGBADA, GRAFT INVESTIGATOR, AND COMMISSION ON AUDIT REGION II CAGAYAN, REPRESENTED BY ERLINDA F. LANGCAY, HON. LEO REYES, PRESIDING JUDGE OF REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF SANCHEZ MIRA, CAGAYAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 160825 : March 26, 2010] VOLTAIRE I. ROVIRA, PETITIONER, VS. HEIRS OF JOSE C. DELESTE, NAMELY JOSEFA L. DELESTE, JOSE RAY L. DELESTE, RAUL HECTOR L. DELESTE AND RUBEN ALEX L. DELESTE, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 159381 : March 26, 2010] DANILO D. ANSALDO, PETITIONER, PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 186019 : March 29, 2010] WHITE DIAMOND TRADING CORPORATION AND/OR JERRY UY AND JESSIE UY, PETITIONERS, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, NORLITO ESCOTO, MARY GRACE PASTORIL AND MARIA MYRNA OMELA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 184809 : March 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. ANTHONY RANTE Y REYES, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

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  • [G.R. No. 183926 : March 29, 2010] GENEROSA ALMEDA LATORRE, PETITIONER, VS. LUIS ESTEBAN LATORRE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 183467 : March 29, 2010] EVELYN BARREDO, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, HON. FRANCISCO F. MACLANO, PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF BUTUAN CITY, BR. 3, AND ATTY. RICARDO GONZALEZ, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 182276 : March 29, 2010] DIONISIO AW A.K.A. TONY GO, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 181831 : March 29, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. RODNIE ALMORFE Y SEDENTE AND RYAN ALMORFE Y ALLESTER, APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 168386 : March 29, 2010] LUCITA A. CANTOJA, PETITIONER, VS. HARRY S. LIM, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 153142 : March 29, 2010] CATALINA BALAIS-MABANAG, ASSISTED BY HER HUSBAND, ELEUTERIO MABANAG, PETITIONER, VS. THE REGISTER OF DEEDS OF QUEZON CITY, CONCEPCION D. ALCARAZ, AND RAMONA PATRICIA ALCARAZ, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 162446 : March 29, 2010] ROMANITA CONCHA, BENITA COSICO, DOMINGO GARCIA, ROMEO DE CASTRO, PEDRO CONCHA, CONSTANTINO CONCHA, ROLANDO NAVARRO, ROSALINDA DE TORRES, CANDIDA DE TORRES, RODELO COSICO, TEODOLFO CAPUNO, ANTONIO DE TORRES, MAXIMA CONCHA, GABRIEL CONCHA, IRINEO CONCHA, AND BRAULIO DE TORRES, PETITIONERS, VS. PAULINO RUBIO, SOFIA RUBIO, AMBROCIA BARLETA, SEGUNDO CRISOSTOMO, MILAGROS GAYAPA, LASARO CONCHA, AND LORENSO NAVARRO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 189078 : March 30, 2010] MAYOR VIRGILIO P. VARIAS, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND JOSE "JOY" D. PENANO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 165951 : March 30, 2010] SOLIDBANK CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION; RODOLFO N. BOMBITA, DANILO J. MEDRANO, DONALD F. MAGLEO, RONALD M. PASIMIO, JOSE R. PACHECO, ALFREDO TAN, JUSTICE Z. DEMERRE, SOFIA G. YAP, NICHOLAS DEL ROSARIO, RAMON R. ABASTA, LUIS S. MASTRILL, REYNALDO E. ALLADO, DANILO NERY, GRACIANO M. DEL ROSARIO, GEALDINO M. PARAM, LUCINA D. DE CASTRO, GLORIA MARAYAG, ROLANDO A. ARIÑO, BEDELL F. FERRANCULO, MA. BELLA A. PERALTA, DIONILO M. MARFIL, TERESITA E. ANGELES, ZENAIDA Q. CAÑETE, CHERRY KRISTIN C. BAUTISTA, CECILIA S. ABELLA, MARIE ABIGAIL TONGSON, MADEMIOSETTE PRINSIPE, RICARDO APOLINAR, BENJAMIN O. CASTAÑEDA, JR., LUIS DEL MORAL, JR., JOSE G. RICAFORTE, JR., PATRICIA LEE, ENRIQUE T. CASTELLVI, RENATO P. MALLARI, ESTRELLA LOPEZ, MOISES ANGELES, ROLANDO CUNDANGAN, CONRADO GALANG, CLARO I. NEPOMUCENO, FLORESITA GOCE, ALBERTO CABALLERO, LEONARDO SANGA, WINIFREDO MARTINEZ, MA. VICTORIA LABORTE, ROBERTO F. MADRID, EVELYN S. SERVIETO, MILAGROS MUJER, GIL CABAÑAS, LILIA CUAN, NORMA V. GO, IRMA M. MANAOIS, WILFREDO B. REYES, TESSIE MATEO, RESURECCION SANTOS, BIENVENIDO M. SILANGIL, GODOFREDO F. DE LEON, NORMAN R. REYES, ALFONSO S. MORALES, JR., MERCEDITA I. MAGSUMBOL, ROSARIO G. UMALI, VICENTA LOPEZ, PRISCILLA F. CRUZ, MA. CARMEN A. YAZON, MARIE EMILLE C. DELA CRUZ, DOROTEA YAP, RUCIA T. PO, ROMEO C. ROSARIO, RUBEN A. FELEBRICO, RUBY ROSA M. CARZA, ROBERTO S. DE GUZMAN, LEONORA T. COMIA, RAMON L. YU, ERLINDA T. CALUMAG, JANE CUA, FILINO G. MARQUEZ, JAIME C. CHAM, FELOMINO V. LEGARDA, JUANITO B. ARCEO, MANUEL B. MANZANO, ROBERTO T. TUALE, SAMUEL Z. ARCILLA, CLEMENTE N. AGCAMARAN, BENJAMINA D. MONCADA, ILDEFENSO F. TAGAYON, CARMELO INAMAC, MARICEL D. SALIRE, RICARDO M. BONDOC, ROLANDO M. HALLIG, ROMEO C. BONDOC, HENRY F. LEE LEONG, FRANCISCA S. ZABALA, RENE G. ALBANA, EDUARDO T. JUAN, MERLIN L. VILLASIS, EDWIN O. CACHO, NICOLAS S. DIAZ, EDUARDO M. LIMBAGA, JESUS P. TREYES, MAXIMO S. MUÑOZ, JR., MAYNARDO B. DYTUCO, AIDA J. PALAFOX, EVANGELINE S. YANZON, DARIO V. ABOGA, MODESTO V. BALTAZAR, ROBERTO L. MAPA, ISAURO A. ARELLANO, MAXIMO D. SUNER, NOMER A. VIDAL, EDUARDO V. ILAGAN, ROMEO D. MENDOZA, FLORO A. BUSTO, FREDDIE L. UYACO, JOE M. LICAYU, YODEL C. MORALES, ALEXANDER V. CABALLERO, HERMIN A. DOLORITO, EDWARD C. YOUNG, MA. TERESA R. LEGASPI, ELMER F. CIERVA, ROMEO MERCADO, HUMBERTO S. RANCO, CONCEPCION S. YADAO, CARLO C. DELA RIARTE, EDWIN R. ERMITA, RAYMUND NIETES, JENNIFER T. ABESAMIS, ARNULFO ALVARES, LUISITO J. ESTEBAN, CONCHITINA C. MESINA, PING CHAN C. YAO, LARIZA V. LLANES, LEONARDO S. AVELINO, JR., JAIME T. ESMERALDA, EDUARDO S. BUENVENTURA, JOSEFINA M. NIEVES, ERMENILDA P. IGNACIO, MA. VICTORIA G. CAPULONG, TERESA C. ANDRES, EVELYN C. DEL ROSARIO, AND CONSOLACION AUREA M. SAURA, RESPONDENTS.

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  •  




     
     

    [G.R. No. 186019 : March 29, 2010]   WHITE DIAMOND TRADING CORPORATION AND/OR JERRY UY AND JESSIE UY, PETITIONERS, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, NORLITO ESCOTO, MARY GRACE PASTORIL AND MARIA MYRNA OMELA, RESPONDENTS.

     
    SECOND DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 186019 : March 29, 2010]

    WHITE DIAMOND TRADING CORPORATION AND/OR JERRY UY AND JESSIE UY, PETITIONERS, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, NORLITO ESCOTO, MARY GRACE PASTORIL AND MARIA MYRNA OMELA, RESPONDENTS.

    D E C I S I O N


    BRION, J.:

    For resolution is the present Petition for Review on Certiorari[1] filed by petitioners White Diamond Trading Corporation and/or Jerry Uy and Jessie Uy. The petition seeks to nullify the Decision[2] and Resolution[3] of the Court of Appeals (CA), promulgated on October 24, 2008 and January 14, 2009, respectively, in CA-G.R. SP No. 94137.[4]

    THE ANTECEDENTS

    The background and facts are summarized below.

    The petitioner White Diamond Trading Corporation (the company) is engaged in buying and selling second hand motor vehicles; Jerry Uy is its owner and Jessie Uy its President. The company employed Maria Myrna Omela (Omela) in 1999 as assistant secretary, Mary Jane Pastoril (Pastoril) in 2000 as secretary, and Norlito Escoto (Escoto) in 2001 as salesman.

    On February 28, 2004, Escoto consummated the sale of a Toyota Town Ace to Teodoro Abejar Aquino (Aquino) for P200,000.00. Aquino tried but failed to haggle for a lower price. While the purchase price indicated in the original copy of the receipt issued to Aquino was P200,000.00, it was only P190,000.00 in the duplicate copy that remained with the company. The receipt was issued by Omela to Aquino after he gave Omela P200,000.00 in cash, which amount Aquino counted in the presence of Pastoril. Pastoril then took out the deed of sale and handed it to Aquino. The deed showed that the consideration for the sale to be P190,000.00.

    On March 8, 2004, the company terminated the employment of Escoto, Omela and Pastoril. On March 10, 2004, the three employees filed a complaint for illegal dismissal against the company and its two top officers.

    THE COMPULSORY ARBITRATION PROCEEDINGS

    Before the labor arbiter, the dismissed employees described themselves as hardworking with no derogatory record in the course of their employment. They were therefore surprised when their employer terminated their employment without conducting an investigation, on the accusation that they stole company funds. They denied the accusation and alleged that on the day Aquino bought the Toyota Town Ace, he paid the purchase price of P200,000.00 to Omela who issued a receipt for that amount. Aquino then went to Escoto, who was then attending to the release of the vehicle, to ask for an additional discount. Escoto told Aquino that he would bring the matter up to Jessie Uy. Jessie Uy agreed to give the requested discount, but Aquino had already left the premises. Omela then reflected the correct amount of the purchase price in the duplicate receipt. When Escoto contacted Aquino on March 1, 2004, he told him that he (Escoto) had a refund of P10,000.00. Aquino collected the refund on March 8, 2004 and issued a receipt for that amount. By way of intervening development, on insistent questioning by their co-employee Neil Rodriguez (Rodriguez) on February 28, 2004, Escoto disclosed to Rodriguez that they would remit the P10,000.00 discount to Aquino. Rodriguez responded by asking that they keep the money for themselves (Escoto, Rodriguez, Omela, Pastoril and Bernie, another co-employee). Rodriguez even told Escoto that he was in dire need of money because he had been involved in a vehicular accident and had paid the victim a substantial amount as settlement. Escoto informed Rodriguez that the money was with Omela; thereafter, Escoto lent Rodriguez P1,000.00, an amount that Rodriguez had not yet paid. The complainants denied that they altered the phone number and address of Aquino, and argued that the receipt for P10,000.00 that Aquino issued belied the charge that they swindled the company. Based on this story, the complainants posited that their dismissal was without just cause.

    For its part, the company alleged that in connection with the sale of the Toyota Town Ace on February 28, 2004, Rodriguez asked the manager how much the vehicle's selling price was; the manager replied that it was bought for P190,000.00. Rodriguez continued talking and at some point wondered why Pastoril and Omela gave him P1,000.00. At this point, the manager became suspicious and was prompted to look at the records of the sale; he even tried to contact Aquino by telephone, to no avail. The company then sent Rodriguez to Aquino's address on record, but there was no such person in the given address. On March 3, 2004, Rodriguez found out that the complainants had changed Aquino's phone number. The company found the correct information later and, upon contacting Aquino, recovered the original copy of the official receipt issued by Omela. According to Aquino, he paid P200,000.00 in cash to Omela but the duplicate copy indicated P190,000.00. The company further alleged that it summoned Escoto, Omela and Pastoril to shed light on the differing entries of the purchase price in the original and duplicate copies of the receipts. Omela and Pastoril appeared at the investigation conducted on March 6,8 and 9, 2004, but Escoto could not be contacted at his given address. Omela and Pastoril initially denied that an anomaly took place, but later admitted that Escoto had planned and executed it and who had changed Aquino's address and phone number. On March 9, 2004, Omela and Pastoril were issued a memorandum terminating their services.

    Labor Arbiter Ermita T. Abrasaldo-Cuyuca dismissed the complaint for lack of merit in her decision of September 30, 2004.[5] The arbiter found that Escoto, Omela and Pastoril defrauded the company through their concerted action. The labor arbiter found that they made it appear in the company records that Aquino bought the Toyota Town Ace for P190,000.00, but charged Aquino and issued him a receipt for P200,000.00. Except for the claim for service incentive leave, the labor arbiter denied the complainants' money claims for lack of supporting evidence.

    On appeal, the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC) affirmed the labor arbiter's ruling with modification.[6] While the NLRC was convinced that the company had validly dismissed Escoto and Omela for having "effected the discrepancies in sales amount" of the Toyota Town Ace, it found that "no contributory act was shown from Pastoril who, in Aquino's Sinumpaang Salaysay, merely handed him the Deed of Sale." It therefore ruled that Pastoril's dismissal was without just cause. The NLRC also held that the company failed to accord Escoto and Omela the twin-notice requirement, noting that while the company conducted an administrative investigation, the questions posed to the complainants were not reduced to writing. Consequently, the NLRC awarded Escoto and Omela nominal damages of P10,000.00 each. To Pastoril, the NLRC awarded backwages and separation pay of one month's pay for every year of service in lieu of reinstatement, citing the evidently strained relations between him and the company as reason for the separation pay.

    The NLRC denied the company's motion for reconsideration in its Resolution rendered on February 15, 2006,[7] paving the way for the elevation of the case to the CA through a Petition for Certiorari under Rule 65 of the Rules of Court.

    THE CA DECISION

    On October 24, 2008, the CA promulgated its decision[8] dismissing the petition for lack of merit. It found that the NLRC did not commit any grave abuse of discretion in rendering the challenged rulings. The company sought but failed to secure a reconsideration of the CA decision; hence, the present petition.

    THE PETITION

    The petition raises the sole issue of whether the CA erred in affirming the NLRC decision finding that Pastoril had been illegally dismissed and awarding her backwages and separation pay. The company and its principal officers question the appellate court's findings of facts, as well as the conclusions it derived from the facts. Specifically, they dispute the following conclusion of the CA:
    x x x x

    Notably, the record is bereft of any substantial proof that private respondent Pastoril conspired with private respondents Escoto and Omela and covered up the irregularity in the sale of the vehicle. It would be speculative to infer conspiracy on her part, when all that she did was to give the deed of sale to Aquino.[9]

    x x x x

    The company submits that contrary to the findings of the NLRC and the CA, Pastoril took part in the fraudulent transaction. It cites the following statement of Aquino in his Sinumpaang Salaysay in support of its position:

    x x x x

    Na, pinapunta na ako sa opisina para magbayad at doon ay ibinigay ko kay Ms. Myrna Omela ang pera at niresibuhan niya ako ng P200,000.00 habang inilabas naman ni Mary Grace Pastoril ang Deed of Sale at pinapirmahan sa akin sabay ng abot ng gatepass sa akin.[10]

    x x x x
    The company points out that Pastoril, well-aware that the buyer had paid P200,000.00, placed the sum of P190,000.00 in the Deed of Sale. In a subsequent Sinumpaang Salaysay dated December 3, 2005,[11] Aquino deposed as follows:
    x x x x

    Pebrero 28, 2004 pagitan ng alas 9:00 hanggang 10:00 ng umaga, pumunta ako sa WHITE DIAMOND TRADING CORP. sa Valenzuela City, para bumili ng sasakyan. Ang nag-assist po sa akin ay Norlito Escoto o tinatawag nilang Lito.

    Pagkatapos po naming magkasundo ni Lito sa halagang P200,000.00 na halaga ng binibili kong TOYOTA TOWN ACE, agad po niya akong pinapunta sa opisina para magbayad.

    Pumasok ako sa loob ng opisina at sinabing babayaran ko na ang sasakyan sa halagang aming napagkasunduan at binigay ko kay Myrna Omela ang pera na kanyang binilang sa harapan naming ni Grace (Pastoril).

    Pagkatapos pong bilangin ni Myrna ang pera at sinabing eksaktong P200,000.00 dali dali niya naming itong niresibuhan sa ganon din halaga. Agad agad din po pinapirmahan sa akin ni Grace ang deed of sale na siya ang naghanda. Habang si Lito naman ay dali daling pinalabas ang aking biniling sasakyan na hindi na nalinisan.

    Maliit lang din po ang kanilang opisina sa katunayan isa lang itong container van, masikip at magkakatabi ang mga lamesa at upuan kaya imposibleng hindi nila alam ang mga nangyayari.

    Pagkaraan ng mga ilang araw tumawag sila sa akin sa telepono at ako raw ay may discount na P10,000.00 na isasauli daw nila ito sa akin at nakiusap na pag may taong pumunta sa akin at gustong makita ang orihinal na resibo sabihin ko raw na ito ay nawala.

    Marso 6, taon 2004. Sabado ng gabi. May taong pumunta sa aking bahay na nagngangalang Neil Rodriquez na nagpakilalang taga White Diamond, inutusan daw siya ng kanyang manager na mag imbestiga sa bentahan na naganap noong Pebrero 28, 2004. Ipinakita niya sa akin ang duplicate copy na nagsasaad ng pagkakabili ko sa van at ito nga ay P190,000.00 malinis at walang bahid ng bura. Dahil na rin sa ebidensyang ipinakita sa akin ni Neil ako'y kanyang nakumbinse at binigyan ko siya ng kopya ng orihinal na resibo ko.

    Marso 7, taon 2004. Linggo ng umaga, magkakasama silang tatlo nila Lito, Myrna at Grace pumunta sa aming bahay at isinauli ang perang diumano discount ko raw sa pagkabili sa Toyota Town Ace.

    Marso 8, taon 2004. Lunes ng umaga, pumunta ako sa White Diamond sa Valenzuela naabutan ko ang may ari na si Ginang Jessie Uy sa opisina at ang kanyang anak na si Joanne Uy at sinabi ko sa kanila ang mga pangyayari at ang maling ginawa ng kanilang tauhan. Sa kasamaang palad hindi ko nakita ang grupo nila Lito noong umaga na iyon at hindi nga raw ito nagpasukan. Inireklamo ko rin at pinaayos ang pangalan, address at halaga ng pagkabili ng sasakyan at baka kasi magkaproblema ito sa paglipat sa aking pangalan at sila naman nangakong aayusin ito. Ibinigay ko po ang orihinal na resibo na issue ni Myrna Omela na Acknowledgment Receipt No. 626 sa may-ari.

    x x x x
    The company posits that Pastoril's acts amounted to fraud and serious misconduct so that her dismissal was for a just cause under the law.[12] It prays that Pastoril be declared legally dismissed.

    PASTORIL'S COMMENT

    In her Comment filed on December 2, 2009,[13] Pastoril contends that the company allegation that she conspired with Escoto and Omela in the irregularity that attended the sale of the Toyota Town Ace was speculative; the record clearly shows that her participation was limited only to handing the deed of sale to the buyer and nothing more.[14]

    THE COURT'S DECISION

    Procedural Issue

    We first resolve an apparent procedural question involving the propriety of giving due course to a petition that essentially raises questions of fact. While as a rule, factual findings of the CA are binding on the Court,[15] we deem it necessary to exercise our discretionary review authority in this case in view of the conflict in the findings of facts of the labor arbiter, on the one hand, and the NLRC and the CA, on the other.[16]

    The conflict lies in the precise role Pastoril played in the irregularity that attended the company's sale of a used Toyota Town Ace on February 28, 2004. The labor arbiter found substantial evidence showing that Escoto, Omela and Pastoril were legally dismissed due to fraud committed in connection with the sale. The NLRC and the CA saw the case differently, but only with respect to Pastoril. They found that Pastoril had no participation in the commission of the fraud because she merely handed the deed of sale to Aquino, the buyer; in short, she had no knowledge of the discrepancies in the entries of the purchase price in the original receipt given to Aquino, the duplicate copy of the receipt retained by the company, and the deed of sale given to Aquino.

    The Merits of the Case

    The records support the labor arbiter's factual and legal conclusions.

    After a review of the records, we find that Pastoril was as actively involved as Escoto and Omela in the sale of the Toyota Town Ace that resulted in a loss to the company. All three participated in making the company believe that Aquino bought the Toyota Town Ace for P190,000.00 when in fact, Aquino paid P200,000.00 for the vehicle. The company was completely in the dark about the actual purchase price until it learned about the irregularity and commenced an investigation.[17]

    Escoto undisputably closed the sale, while Omela received the purchase price of P200,000.00 from Aquino, Omela then gave Aquino a receipt indicating P200,000.00 as the purchase price, although the duplicate copy of the receipt (left with the company) showed the price of P190,000.00. Pastoril thereafter handed Aquino the deed of sale, likewise indicating P190,000.00 as consideration for the sale.[18] It was this involvement in the sale that the NLRC viewed as a purely mechanical act, with Pastoril completely unaware of the details of the sale, particularly of the actual purchase price.

    We find that the NLRC misappreciated the facts and the CA grossly erred in upholding the labor tribunal's findings. Pastoril's involvement in the questionable transaction was much more than handing over to Aquino his copy of the deed of sale. The payment of the purchase price, the issuance of the receipt and the handing of the deed of sale to Aquino were not separate isolated acts. They occurred in one continuous logical sequence with the players in close proximity with one another. Under these circumstances, to say that Pastoril merely handed over the deed of sale to Aquino without even looking at the document or knowing what it contained, and without knowing what was actually happening, can hardly be believed. The deed of sale did not appear out of thin air; somebody in the company prepared the document. Given the positions of the three dismissed employees in the company and based on the sequence of events, it could only be Pastoril, the secretary, who prepared the deed of sale, not Omela. Had Omela prepared the deed aside from the receipt, then Pastoril's presence and participation would have been a surplusage; Omela could have handed the receipt and the deed to Aquino herself. Significantly, this conclusion finds support in Aquino's Sinumpaang Salaysay in July 2004,[19] as well as a subsequent Sinumpaang Salaysay dated December 3, 2005.[20] For the NLRC to disregard these very vital pieces of evidence constitutes grave abuse of discretion that the CA should have discovered and reflected in its ruling.

    To reiterate, Pastoril was not an innocent participant in the fraudulent sale of the company's Toyota Town Ace. She acted in concert with Escoto and Omela in the transaction that defrauded their employer in the amount of P10,000.00 - the difference in the vehicle's actual price of P200,000.00 paid by the buyer, and the price (P190,000.00) entered in the duplicate purchase receipt and in the deed of sale. Pastoril prepared and issued the deed of sale indicating that the vehicle was sold for P190,000.00, although she knew that the buyer was being charged P200,000.00 for the vehicle. Escoto, Omela and Pastoril helped themselves to the price difference and tried to silence Rodriguez (who got wind of the anomaly)[21] by giving him P1,000.00 and passing the P10,000.00 price difference off as the approved discount Aquino asked for.[22] Under these facts, there was a conspiracy where every participant had made significant contributory acts.[23]

    Despite the above conclusion, we note that the company itself admits that it failed to observe procedural due process in Pastoril's dismissal and, for this reason, it states that the payment of indemnity in the form of nominal damages is warranted.[24] We note further that the NLRC had the same conclusion with respect to Escoto and Omela; hence, the award to them of P10,000.00 each by way of nominal damages. We find a similar award of nominal damages to Pastoril to be warranted. [25]

    WHEREFORE, premises considered, we hereby GRANT the petition. Accordingly, the assailed decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals are hereby SET ASIDE with respect to the ruling on Mary Grace Pastoril whose valid dismissal from employment is hereby confirmed. For the procedural lapses in dismissing Mary Grace Pastoril, the company is hereby ORDERED to pay her nominal damages of P10,000.00. Costs against respondent Mary Grace Pastoril.

    SO ORDERED.

    Carpio, (Chairperson), Del Castillo, Abad, and Perez, JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:


    [1] Rollo, pp. 10-18; Filed pursuant to Rule 45, RULES OF COURT.

    [2] Id. at 26-35; penned by Associate Justice Fernanda Lampas Peralta with Associate Justice Edgardo P. Cruz and Associate Justice Normandie B. Pizarro, concurring.

    [3] Id. at 67.

    [4] White Diamond Trading Corp. and/or Jerry Uy and Jessie Uy v. NLRC, et al.

    [5] Rollo, pp. 37-52; Petition, Annex "B."

    [6] Decision of October 28, 2005; Id. at 53-63; Petition, Annex "C."

    [7] Id. at 65-66; Petition, Annex "D."

    [8] Supra note 2.

    [9] Rollo, p. 31; CA Decision, p. 6, par. 2.

    [10] Id. at 84; Petition, Annex "H," par. 4.

    [11] Id. at 91; CA Decision, Annex "J."

    [12] LABOR CODE, Article 282.

    [13] Rollo, pp. 108-109.

    [14] Id. at 108; Comment, par. 2.

    [15] Lanuza v. Muñoz, 473 Phil 617 (2004).

    [16] Fujitsu Computer Products Corporation of the Philippines v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 188232, March 31, 2005, 454 SCRA 737.

    [17] Rollo, p. 39; Labor Arbiter's Decision, p. 3, par. 1.

    [18] Ibid.

    [19] Supra note 10.

    [20] Supra note 11.

    [21] Rollo, pp. 85-90; Petition, Annex "I" dated June 10, 2004.

    [22] Id. at 41-45; Labor Arbiter's Decision, pp. 5-9.

    [23] Supra note 12.

    [24] Rollo, pp. 17-18; Petition, p. 8, last paragraph.

    [25] Agabon v. NLRC, 485 Phil 248 (2004).

    [G.R. No. 186019 : March 29, 2010]   WHITE DIAMOND TRADING CORPORATION AND/OR JERRY UY AND JESSIE UY, PETITIONERS, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, NORLITO ESCOTO, MARY GRACE PASTORIL AND MARIA MYRNA OMELA, RESPONDENTS.






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