Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1905 > December 1905 Decisions > G.R. No. 2168 December 5, 1905 - UNITED STATES v. BLAS CASAÑAS

005 Phil 377:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

EN BANC

[G.R. No. 2168. December 5, 1905. ]

THE UNITED STATES, Complainant-Appellee, v. BLAS CASAÑAS, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

Francisco Ortigas, for Appellants.

Solicitor-General Araneta, for Appellee.

SYLLABUS


1. CRIMINAL LAW; LIABILITY OF JOINT TORT FEASORS. — Where two or more persons unite in the execution of a criminal offense, whether they act jointly or separately, but where all act for the purpose of consummating the same offense, they are each as liable as though they acted alone. (U.S. v. Maza, 4 Off. Gaz., 15.)


D E C I S I O N


JOHNSON, J. :


The defendant were charged with the crime of rape by the fiscal of the Province of La Laguna and were tried by the Court of First Instance of that province. The defendants Simeon Capunitan, Benito Padua, and Segundo Viernesa were acquitted.

After hearing the evidence admitted in said cause, the court found that Rafael Casañas, Blas Casañas, Anastasio Ligaya, and Eulalio Realon were guilty of the crime of rape, the first as author of said crime and the others as accomplices, with the aggravating circumstance of having committed the crime in the house of the offended Agapita Bedico and in the presence of Juan Padilla, to whom she was betrothed, circumstances that added to the ignominy of the act, and sentenced Rafael Casañas to be imprisoned for a period of seventeen years four months and one day of reclusion temporal, and Blas Casañas, Anastacio Capunitan, and Eulalio Realon to be imprisoned for a period of ten years and one day of prision mayor, with the accessories of the law, and to pay to the offended party an indemnity of 500 pesos, and each to pay one-seventh part of the costs.

From this decision these defendants appealed to this court.

An examination of the evidence adduced during the trial shows clearly that the crime was committed as charged in the complaint, and that the said defendants, Rafael Casañas, Blas Casañas, Anastacio Ligaya, and Eulalio Realon, each assisted directly in the perpetration of said offense.

This court decided in the case of the United States v. Guillermo Maza 1 (4 Off. Gaz., 15) that where to or more persons unite for the execution of a criminal offense whether they act jointly or separately, but all act for the purpose of consummating the same offense, that they are each as liable as though they acted alone.

It is the judgment of this court, therefore, that the sentence of the inferior court be reversed and that Rafael Casañas, Blas Casañas, Anastacio Ligaya, and Eulalio Realon be imprisoned for a period of seventeen years four months and one day of reclusion temporal and to suffer the accessory penalties of article 59 of the Penal Code and all to endow by way of indemnification, Agapita Bedico in the sum of 500 pesos and to support the offspring, if one should result from the crime with which these defendants are charged, and each to pay one-seventh part of the costs of the inferior court and the costs of this court. So ordered.

Arellano, C.J., Torres, Mapa, Carson and Willard, JJ., concur.

Endnotes:



1. Page 346, supra.




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