Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1943 > October 1943 Decisions > G.R. No. 49013 October 1, 1943 - BRIGIDA PAZ v. MODESTO CASTILLO, ET AL.

074 Phil 275:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

FIRST DIVISION

[G.R. No. 49013. October 1, 1943.]

BRIGIDA PAZ, Petitioner, v. MODESTO CASTILLO, Judge of the Court of First Instance of Batangas, SIXTO INANDAN, ET AL., Respondents.

Federico A. Blay for Petitioner.

Vicente Reyes Villavicencio for Respondents.

SYLLABUS


HUSBAND AND WIFE; CONJUGAL PROPERTY; WIFE BOUND BY JUDGMENT AGAINST HUSBAND. — Petitioner is relying solely upon the same private instrument of supposed onerous donation (exhibit 2) which had been relied upon by her husband and which the court had rejected. It is patent that the interest she claims in the land in question is conjugal and not paraphernal (see paragraph 2, article 1401, and paragraph 2, article 1396, Civil Code). Therefore, she is bound by the judgment rendered in civil case No. 3661 against her husband, who by law is the manager, with power to dispose, of the conjugal properties.


D E C I S I O N


OZAETA, J.:


In civil case No. 3661 of the Court of First Instance of Batangas instituted by Sixto Inandan and others against Juan Mendoza, Eduardo Mendoza, and Platon Amada for the partition of two parcels of land, judgment was rendered on March 24, 1941, decreeing the partition as prayed for. The court overruled the defense interposed by the defendant Eduardo Mendoza to the effect that the second parcel of land sought to be partitioned belonged to him exclusively because his deceased mother Juana Inandan had ceded it to him by virtue of an onerous donation evidenced by a private document (exhibit 2). The court declared in effect that no such donation had been made and that exhibit 2, supposed to have been thumbmarked by Juana Inandan, was of doubtful authenticity.

On April 25, 1941, Brigida Paz, the wife of Eduardo Mendoza, filed a petition to set aside the judgment of partition, which petition she amended on October 13, 1941, alleging that the second parcel of land above mentioned "belongs exclusively to the herein petitioner Brigida Paz and her husband by virtue of an onerous donation executed by the deceased Juana Inandan during her lifetime sometime on the 20th day of July, 1925, at Rosario, Batangas," and praying that the commissioner of partition be ordered to refrain from including the undivided portion of said parcel of land in the project of partition to be submitted by him. After due hearing said petition of Brigida Paz was denied by the court, and in due time the project of partition was approved.

Brigida Paz, refusing to recognize the validity of the writ of execution and claiming that she, not being a party defendant in the complaint for partition, was not bound by the judgment, likewise refused to yield the possession of the land and the harvest therefrom, notwithstanding repeated orders of the court threatening her with punishment for contempt.

To annul the writ of execution and the subsequent orders of the respondent court and prevent her impending arrest for contempt, Brigida Paz filed the present petition for certiorari and prohibition, without mentioning in her petition that she is the wife of the defendant Eduardo Mendoza in said civil case No. 3661 and pretending that she is a total stranger in said action.

But upon examining the record of said civil case No. 3661, which we ordered brought up here, we find that her pretensions are entirely baseless and that her conduct is really contumacious. She is relying solely upon the same private instrument of supposed onerous donation (exhibit 2) which had been relied upon by her husband and which the court had rejected. It is patent that the interest she claims in the land in question is conjugal and not paraphernal (see paragraph 2, article 1401, and paragraph 2, article 1396, Civil Code). Therefore, she is bound by the judgment rendered in civil case No. 3661 against her husband, who by law is the manager, with power to dispose, of the conjugal properties.

The petition is denied and the writ of preliminary injunction is dissolved, without any finding as to costs because the petitioner is litigating as a pauper.

Yulo, C.J., Moran, Paras, and Bocobo, JJ., concur.




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