Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1949 > November 1949 Decisions > G.R. No. L-2606 November 19, 1949 - LORENZO SALVADOR v. JOSE B. L. REYES, ET AL.

085 Phil 12:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

FIRST DIVISION

[G.R. No. L-2606. November 19, 1949.]

LORENZO SALVADOR, Petitioner, v. JOSE B. L. REYES, ALEX. REYES, and JOSE GUTIERREZ DAVID, Justices of Court of Appeals, and RAFAEL DINGLASAN, Judge of the Court of First Instance of Manila, Respondents.

Luis Ma. Villaseran for Petitioner.

Solicitor General Felix Bautista Angelo and Solicitor Francisco Carreon for Respondents.

SYLLABUS


1. APPEAL; COURT OF APPEALS; "MOTU PROPRIO" DISMISSAL OF APPEAL IN CRIMINAL CASES FOR FAILURE TO FILE BRIEF; LAW APPLICABLE. — If an appellant in a criminal case fails to file and submit his brief within the period prescribed in section 3 of Rule 120, and the extensions granted him accordingly, the Court of Appeals, in the exercise of its power under section 1 (e) of Rule 52 and section 8 of Rule 120, motu proprio will dismiss the appeal and enter final judgment accordingly.

2. ID.; ID.; ID.; LACK OF NOTICE TO APPELLANT BEFORE DISMISSAL WHEN IS DEEMED CURED. — When the appellant after the receipt of proper notice of the dismissal of his appeal fails to take the necessary steps, either by himself or thru his counsel, to reinstate his appeal within a reasonable period of time, the lack of notice to him before the dismissal of his appeal is deemed cured, because the purpose of such notice is to give the appellant opportunity to state the reason, if any, why the appeal should not be dismissal because of such failure, in order that the Court of Appeals may determine whether or not the reasons, if given, are satisfactory.


D E C I S I O N


TORRES, J.:


Lorenzo Salvador, one of the defendants in criminal case No. 73348 of the Court of First Instance of Manila, was convicted by Judge Rafael Dinglasan, one of the respondents herein, of the crime charged against him. He appealed from said judgment, and the Court of Appeals, on September 30, 1947, duly notified the petitioner to file his brief within the reglementary period. The notice was coursed through his bondsmen, the Central Surety.

On November 15, 1947, Atty. Luis M. Villaseran entered his appearance as counsel for petitioner, and at the same time filed a petition manifesting that on October 20, 1947, his client received from the clerk of the Court of Appeals a notice to file his brief and prayed that counsel be granted an extension of 15 days from November 20, 1947, within which to file the petitioner’s brief.

On December 5, 1947, after the extension prayed for had been granted by the Court of Appeals, counsel asked for a second extension of 15 days within which to file his brief. The Court of Appeals granted him a period of 10 days only, which expired on December 15, 1947.

On December 15, 1947, counsel for petitioner filed a motion for reconsideration praying that he be given an additional period of 5 days, until December 20, 1947, within which to file his brief. The Court of Appeals in its resolution of December 17, 1947, granted said motion.

It appears that, upon the failure of petitioner to file his brief within the extended period granted him, the Court of Appeals, on January 5, 1948, adopted the following resolution:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"It appearing in case CA-G. R. No. 1283-R, People v. Rosendo San Diego Et. Al., that the appellant Lorenzo Salvador failed to file his brief within the extended period which expired on December 20, 1947, the appeal of said appellant is hereby dismissed, without prejudice to the appeal of the other appellant Rosendo San Diego. The Solicitor General is, therefore, required to file the appellee’s brief in said case within thirty days from notice hereof."cralaw virtua1aw library

The record shows that counsel for petitioner received a copy of the above-quoted resolution on January 7, 1948. No motion for reconsideration of said resolution was, however, submitted by counsel for appellant and, on January 23, 1948, pursuant to the Rules of Court, final judgment was entered in the record of the Court of Appeals.

On October 8, 1948, counsel for petitioner received a copy of the decision of the Court of Appeals, with respect to petitioner’s co- appellant, Rosendo San Diego, which affirmed the judgment of the Court of First Instance of Manila in said criminal case No. 73348.

On November 14, 1948, the records of the case were remanded to the lower court.

Since January 7, 1948 — the date of the receipt by counsel for petitioner of the resolution of the Court of Appeals of January 5, 1948, dismissing the appeal of this petitioner — no steps have been taken by petitioner or his counsel looking toward the reinstatement of his appeal.

Now petitioner prays this Court that a writ of preliminary injunction to be issued to restrain respondent Judge Rafael Dinglasan of the Court of First Instance of Manila from promulgating and enforcing the judgment of conviction in said criminal case No. 73348, entitled People of the Philippines v. Rosendo San Diego y Alcaraz, Lorenzo Salvador Et. Al.; and that other respondents Justices of the Court of Appeals, by a writ of mandamus be commanded to allow the petitioner "to file his appeal brief and to have his day in court."cralaw virtua1aw library

In the light of the above, it clearly appears, therefore, that petitioner questions the legality and reasonableness of the resolution of January 5, 1948, whereby the Court of Appeals, through the Justices named respondents herein, dismissed the appeal of said petitioner because of his failure to file his brief notwithstanding the extensions given him.

Section 1(e) of Rule 52 of the Rules of Court says:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"Grounds for dismissal of appeal. — An appeal may be dismissed by the Court of Appeals, on its own motion or on that of the appellee, on the following grounds:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

x       x       x


"(e) Failure of the appellant to serve and file his brief within the time provided by these rules;"

and Rule 120 in sections 3 and 8, likewise provides that:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"SEC. 3. When brief for appellant to be filed. — Within thirty days from the time notice of receipt of the record of appeal is received from the clerk of the appellate court by attorney for the appellant, the latter shall file fifty copies of his brief with the clerk which shall be accompanied by proof of service of five copies thereof upon the appellee."cralaw virtua1aw library

"SEC. 8. Dismissal of appeal for abandonment or failure to prosecute. — The appellate court may, upon motion of the appellee or on its own motion and notice to the appellant, dismiss the appeal if the appellant fails to file his brief within the time prescribed by this rule, except in case the defendant is represented by an attorney de oficio.

"The court may also, upon motion of the appellee or on its own motion, dismiss the appeal if the appellant escapes from prison or confinement or flees to a foreign country during the pendency of the appeal."cralaw virtua1aw library

It must be noted that the above-quoted provisions of sections 3 and 8 of Rule 120 are found in part III of the Rules of Court regarding Criminal Procedure, and the same considered in conjunction with the power of the Court of Appeals, under said section 1 of Rule 52, to dismiss an appeal, clearly state the law in a case where, like the one before us, the appellant in a criminal case has failed to file the necessary brief to prosecute his appeal before the Court of Appeals.

Under the set of facts related herein, it is undeniable that this petitioner, represented by private counsel, notwithstanding the several extensions granted him for the filing of his brief, failed to file and submit his brief within the period prescribed in section 3 of Rule 120, and the extensions granted him accordingly; for which reason, the Court of Appeals, in the exercise of its power under section 1(e) of Rule 52 and section 8 of Rule 120, motu proprio dismissed his appeal, and entered final judgment therein accordingly.

In a similar case entitled, People of the Philippines v. Epifanio Baradi Et. Al. (G. R. No. L-2658, 1 decided by this Court on December 9, 1948, 46 Off. Gaz., 1576) petitioner appealed by certiorari from an order of the Court of Appeals which dismissed his appeal from a judgment of the Court of First Instance of Manila, "because of the failure of the appellant to file his brief on time." This Court applying the above-quoted provisions of section 8 of Rule 120, denied his petition for certiorari on the ground that the Court of Appeals has discretion to dismiss motu proprio an appeal "for failure on the part of the appellant to file his brief on time." But it also stated that the Court of Appeals must have served a notice upon the defendant-appellant of the action to be taken by said court before dismissing motu proprio the appeal. The purpose of such notice is to give the appellant opportunity to state the reason, if any, why the appeal should not be dismissed because of such failure, in order that the Court of Appeals may determine whether or not the reasons, if given, are satisfactory.

In the case under consideration, while it does not appear from the petition that the Court of Appeals had given the appellant, petitioner herein such notice before dismissing his appeal, the omission of such requirement has, in our opinion, been cured by the fact that according to the record, since January 7, 1948, when petitioner received a copy of the resolution of dismissal of his appeal, until October 8, 1948, when he received a copy of the decision of the Court of Appeals which affirmed the judgment of the Court of First Instance of Manila with respect to his co-defendant Rosendo San Diego, he has taken no steps, either by himself or through his counsel, to have his appeal reinstated by the Court of Appeals, and it was only on November 12, 1948, when he filed with this Court his petition for mandamus to compel the Justices of the Court of Appeals who passed the resolution of dismissal of January 5, 1948, to allow him to file his brief in this case.

Such attitude of indifference and inaction shown by petitioner in the premises amount to his abandonment and renunciation of the right granted him by law to prosecute his appeal, and shows that he was spurred into action only when he received a copy of the decision of the Court of Appeals affirming the judgment of conviction rendered by the Court of First Instance of Manila against his co-defendant.

The petition is denied with costs.

Moran, C.J., Ozaeta, Paras, Bengzon, Padilla and Tuason, JJ., concur.

Endnotes:



1. 82 Phil., 297.




Back to Home | Back to Main


chanrobles.com



ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc. : www.chanroblesprofessionalreview.com
ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com
ChanRobles CPA Review Online

ChanRobles CPALE Review Online : www.chanroblescpareviewonline.com
ChanRobles Special Lecture Series

ChanRobles Special Lecture Series - Memory Man : www.chanroblesbar.com/memoryman





November-1949 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-1628 November 9, 1949 - ADRIANO MENDOZA v. FRANCISCA DE GUIA

    084 Phil 873

  • G.R. No. L-2367 November 11, 1949 - FELICIANO AUREUS v. SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE & COMMERCE

    085 Phil 1

  • G.R. Nos. L-1871 & L-1872 November 18, 1949 - ICE & COLD STORAGE INDUSTRIES OF THE PHIL., INC. v. JOSE M. VALERO, ET AL.

    085 Phil 7

  • G.R. No. L-2606 November 19, 1949 - LORENZO SALVADOR v. JOSE B. L. REYES, ET AL.

    085 Phil 12

  • G.R. No. L-3393 November 23, 1949 - GERVASIO ERAÑA v. ERMELO VERGEL DE DIOS

    085 Phil 17

  • G.R. No. L-1822 November 28, 1949 - MARVEL BUILDING CORP. v. PHIL. WAR DAMAGE COM.

    085 Phil 27

  • G.R. No. L-1862 November 28, 1949 - ENGRACIO DE ASIS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL

    085 Phil 33

  • G.R. No. L-1897 November 28, 1949 - JOSE DE BORJA v. DEOGRACIAS V. VILLADOLID

    085 Phil 36

  • G.R. No. L-2512 November 28, 1949 - BRAULIO, ET AL v. QUERUBE MAKALINTAL, ET AL

    085 Phil 40

  • G.R. No. L-1372 November 29, 1949 - ALIPIO VILLONES, ET AL v. MARIANO NABLE, ET AL

    085 Phil 43

  • G.R. No. L-1496 November 29, 1949 - COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHIL. v. CAYETANO DE BORJA

    085 Phil 51

  • G.R. No. L-1538 November 29, 1949 - ENGRACIO DE ASIS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    085 Phil 59

  • G.R. No. L-1580 November 29, 1949 - RAMON MARTINEZ v. JACINTO NOTOR

    085 Phil 62

  • G.R. No. L-2075 November 29, 1949 - MARGARITA AFIALDA v. BASILIO HISOLE, ET AL

    085 Phil 67

  • G.R. No. L-2813 November 29, 1949 - FELIZA ARAGON v. RAFAEL AMPARO, ET AL

    085 Phil 70

  • G.R. No. L-3041 November 29, 1949 - P. M. SILVA v. HIGINIO B. MACADAEG, ET AL

    085 Phil 74