Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1950 > October 1950 Decisions > G.R. No. L-2024 October 27, 1950 - ASUNCION SORIANO v. JOSE P. DE LEON, ET AL.

087 Phil 551:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

EN BANC

[G.R. No. L-2024. October 27, 1950.]

In the matter of the intestacy of Felix de Leon, deceased. ASUNCION SORIANO, Petitioner-Appellee, v. JOSE P. DE LEON and CECILIO P. DE LEON, as Joint Administrators of the estate of Felix de Leon, Oppositors-Appellants.

Lorenzo Sumulong and Jose P. Santos, for Appellants.

Vicente J. Francisco, for Appellee.

SYLLABUS


1. LAND REGISTRATION; ANNOTATION OF LIEN; ORDER TO ANNOTATE IN INTESTATE PROCEEDINGS; CASE AT BAR. — When the parties in an intestate proceeding entered into an agreement covering the intestate including all lands in San Miguel, Bulacan, which was submitted by them to and approved by the Court of First Instance of Manila, the order issued by the latter court directing the Register of Deeds of Bulacan to annotate the lien created by the agreement was merely incidental to said agreement. It would be different if a petition to annotate was filed independently of the intestate proceeding. The mere fact that said agreement could have been filed with said register of deeds under section 71 and 72 Act No. 496 is not a valid reason of objecting to the order to annotate.


D E C I S I O N


PARAS, J.:


Felix de Leon died in the City of Manila on November 23, 1940, leaving properties in Manila, Bulacan and Nueva Ecija. He was survived by his wife Asunción Soriano and by his three acknowledged natural children Jose P. de Leon, Cecilio P. de Leon and Albina P. de Leon. Intestate proceedings were instituted in the Court of First Instance of Manila (Special Proceeding No. 58390). On March 23, 1943, an amicable agreement was executed between Asunción Soriano on the one hand and the acknowledged natural children on the other, in which it is stipulated, among other things, that the three acknowledged natural children would deliver to Asunción Soriano certain amounts of palay annually beginning the year 1943 and continuing during the lifetime of Asunción Soriano. The agreement also provides that said obligation constitutes a first lien upon all the rice lands of the estate of Felix de Leon in San Miguel, Bulacan. The agreement was approved by the Court of First Instance of Manila on April 1, 1943.

On October 29, 1946, Asunción Soriano filed a petition praying that the Register of Deeds of Bulacan be directed to annotate, as first lien, at the back of the certificates of title therein enumerated and covering all rice lands in San Miguel, Bulacan, belonging to the estate of Felix de Leon, the obligation to deliver palay above-mentioned. To this petition the three De Leon children filed an opposition alleging that their failure to deliver in full the stipulated amounts of palay for the years 1944, 1945 and 1946 was due to force majeure and that, therefore, there was no cause for the registration of the lien in favor of Asunción Soriano. On November 23, 1946, the Court of First Instance of Manila issued an order directing the Register of Deeds of Bulacan to annotate at the back of certificates of title Nos. 10420, 12134, 19156, 11319, 11816, 10345, 10265, 10699, 11946, 11473, 11658, 11090, 10654, 11634, 11903, 11805, 11806, 10111, 11705, 11989, 10440, 11862, 11597, 11826, 12052, 10109, 10150, 10146 and 10211, the obligation of the De Leon children to deliver palay in accordance with the agreement of March 23, 1943. On December 2, 1946, the latter filed a motion for reconsideration alleging that there was a pending suit in the Court of First Instance of Bulacan for specific performance filed by Asunción Soriano and praying that action on the petition for annotation be suspended until said suit was finally decided. After answer by Asunción Soriano, the Court of First Instance of Manila issued on February 19, 1947, an order denying the motion for reconsideration. On August 20, 1947, the joint administrators, Jose P. de Leon and Cecilio P. de Leon, filed a petition praying that the orders of November 23, 1946, and February 19, 1947, be set aside or at least modified by excluding therefrom the residential lands of Felix de Leon in San Miguel, Bulacan, covered by certificates of title Nos. 10420, 10699, 10654, 10440, 10150 and 10146, it being contended that the agreement of March 23, 1943, provides that the lien should refer only to all rice lands, and that the Court of First Instance of Manila had no jurisdiction to issue said orders because the petition to annotate should have been filed in the original case in which the decree of registration was entered. Asuncion Soriano filed an opposition, to which the joint administrators filed a reply. Asuncion Soriano filed a counter reply, followed by a rejoinder on the part of the joint administrators. On November 25, 1947, the Court of First Instance of Manila issued an order denying the petition of August 20, 1947, filed by the joint administrators. From this order the present appeal has been taken by the joint administrators.

It is argued for the appellants that the Court of First Instance of Manila had no jurisdiction to direct the Register of Deeds of Bulacan to annotate the lien in question, because, under section 112 of Act No. 496, all petitions and motions under the provisions of said Act after the original registration must be filed in the original case in which the decree of registration was entered and, under sections 71 and 72 of said Act, the proper procedure was merely to file and register the document creating the lien, or a certified copy thereof, in the office of the Register of Deeds of Bulacan. The contention is without merit. The agreement of March 23, 1943, covering the estate of the deceased Felix de Leon including all lands located. in San Miguel, Bulacan, was submitted by the parties to and approved by the Court of First Instance of Manila, and the order to annotate, directed to the Register of Deeds of Bulacan, was merely incidental to said agreement. It would be different if the petition to annotate was filed independently of the intestate proceedings. It is true that the appellee, without any judicial directive, could have filed and registered the agreement of March 23, 1943, with the Register of Deeds of Bulacan under sections 71 and 72 of Act 496, but this circumstance is not a valid reason for objecting to the order to annotate.

Appellants also allege that the appellee misrepresented the lands in San Miguel, Bulacan, as being all rice lands, when in fact some are residential. It is noteworthy that the petition filed by appellee on October 29, 1946, particularized the rice lands to be affected by her lien, with their corresponding certificates of title, and the appellants never contended either in their opposition or in their motion for reconsideration of the order of November 23, 1946, that some parcels are residential. In order that fraud may be a ground for annulling a final judgment, it must be extrinsic, which is not so in the case at bar. Hence, as no appeal was taken from the order of November 23, 1946, it had become final and cannot now be reopened so as to allow the appellants to prove that some of the parcels located in San Miguel, Bulacan, are residential.

Wherefore, the appealed order is affirmed and it is so ordered with costs against the appellants.

Moran, C.J., Feria, Pablo, Bengzon, Tuason, Montemayor and Reyes, JJ., concur.




Back to Home | Back to Main


chanrobles.com



ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc. : www.chanroblesprofessionalreview.com
ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com
ChanRobles CPA Review Online

ChanRobles CPALE Review Online : www.chanroblescpareviewonline.com
ChanRobles Special Lecture Series

ChanRobles Special Lecture Series - Memory Man : www.chanroblesbar.com/memoryman





October-1950 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-4027 October 2, 1950 - JEAN L. ARNAULT v. POTENCIANO PECSON

    087 Phil 418

  • G.R. No. L-3027 October 3, 1950 - MARIA L. HERNANDEZ, ET AL. v. HILARION CLAPIS, ET AL.

    087 Phil 437

  • G.R. No. L-2332 October 4, 1950 - JOSE R. CRUZ, ET AL. v. LEONCIO LANSANG

    087 Phil 443

  • G.R. No. L-2533 October 10, 1950 - MARIA PACHECO VDA. DE YULO, ET AL. v. CHUA CHUCO, ET AL.

    087 Phil 448

  • G.R. No. L-2691 October 10, 1950 - MANOCUB SALAZAR v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    087 Phil 456

  • G.R. No. L-3032 October 10, 1950 - VICTORIA HIDALGO VDA. DE CARRERO v. MANUFACTURERS LIFE INSURANCE CO.

    087 Phil 460

  • G.R. No. L-3223 October 10, 1950 - JAMES MCI. HENDERSON v. BIENVENIDO A. TAN, ET AL.

    087 Phil 466

  • G.R. No. L-1724 October 12, 1950 - NIEVES VDA. DE GONZALES MONDRAGON v. ROMAN SANTOS

    087 Phil 471

  • G.R. No. L-2659 October 12, 1950 - MARY MCDONALD BACHRACH v. SOPHIE SEIFERT, ET AL.

    087 Phil 483

  • G.R. No. L-2534 October 13, 1950 - LINO GOROSPE, ET AL. v. LUCIANO MILLAN, ET AL.

    087 Phil 487

  • G.R. No. L-3972 October 13, 1950 - FLOREÑA SALES v. DIRECTOR OF PRISONS

    087 Phil 492

  • G.R. No. L-2027 October 14, 1950 - MANUEL GONZALES v. MANUELA VDA. DE GONZALES, JR., ET AL.

    087 Phil 508

  • G.R. No. L-2213 October 14, 1950 - ESPIRIDION M. BRILLO v. PEDRO BUKLATAN, ET AL.

    087 Phil 519

  • G.R. No. L-2306 October 14, 1950 - PACIENCIA ANTEOJO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    087 Phil 522

  • G.R. No. L-2097 October 16, 1950 - ORIENTAL SAWMILL v. MANUEL TAMBUNTING, ET AL.

    087 Phil 529

  • G.R. No. L-2779 October 18, 1950 - DANIEL SANCHEZ, ET AL. v. HARRY LYONS CONSTRUCTION

    087 Phil 532

  • G.R. No. L-2268 October 20, 1950 - FEDERICO G. SANTIAGO v. BINALBAGAN ESTATE, INC.

    087 Phil 538

  • G.R. No. L-2575 October 23, 1950 - U. S. COMMERCIAL CO. v. MACARIO GUEVARA, ET AL.

    087 Phil 542

  • G.R. No. L-2608 October 23, 1950 - ALFONSO RILI, ET AL. v. CIRIACO CHUNACO, ET AL.

    087 Phil 545

  • G.R. No. L-2712 October 25, 1950 - SATURNINO ESCOVAL, ET AL. v. LORENZO ESCOVAL, ET AL.

    087 Phil 547

  • G.R. No. L-2024 October 27, 1950 - ASUNCION SORIANO v. JOSE P. DE LEON, ET AL.

    087 Phil 551

  • G.R. No. L-2342 October 27, 1950 - SILVERIO Q. CORNEJO v. MANUEL B. CALUPITAN, ET AL.

    087 Phil 555

  • G.R. No. L-2508 October 27, 1950 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MAMERTO ABNER, ET. AL.

    087 Phil 566

  • G.R. No. L-2650 October 27, 1950 - PRIMO EVANGELISTA v. HIPOLITO CASTILLO

    087 Phil 572