Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1962 > June 1962 Decisions > G.R. No. L-17495 June 29, 1962 - MADRIGAL SHIPPING CO., INC. v. WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION COMMISSION, ET AL. :




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

EN BANC

[G.R. No. L-17495. June 29, 1962.]

MADRIGAL SHIPPING CO., INC., Petitioner, v. WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION COMMISSION, PRIMITIVA MENCHAVEZ, for herself and in behalf of the minors ROSALIE, LIGAYA, DANILO, CYNTHIA, YOLANDA and CARLITO, all surnamed LORA, Respondents.

Bausa, Ampil & Suarez for Petitioner.

Villavieja & De la Cruz for respondent Workmen’s Compensation Commission.

Felizardo G. Baterbonia for respondent Primitiva Menchavez, Et. Al.


SYLLABUS


1. WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION; REAPPORTIONMENT OF JURISDICTION TO REGIONAL OFFICES UNDER REORGANIZATION PLAN 20-A. . — Reorganization Plan 20-A can validly reapportion the jurisdiction over compensation claims, formerly held by the Workmen’s Compensation alone, to the various regional offices created under said plan (La Mallorca v. Ramos, L- 15476, Sept. 19, 1961; San Miguel Brewery v. Sobremesana, L-18730, Sept. 16, 1961).

2. EXISTENCE OF CONTRACT BETWEEN COMPANY AND UNION; ABSENCE OF INDICIA CHARACTERIZING INDEPENDENT CONTRACTORS UNDER WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION LAW’S; INDIRECT EMPLOYMENT NOT A BAR TO LIABILITY. — The contract between the Company and the Union, whereby the latter engaged to furnish laborers and stevedores when required, and the Company agreed to pay the stevedoring charges directly to the Union for subsequent distribution to the individual laborers, does not constitute the Union as independent contractor that would relieve the Company from liability as employer of the deceased, because the latter was a member not an employee, of the Union and it does not appear that the Union was required to file the contractor’s bond required by Act 3059, or that it had capital of its own invested in the conduct of its hiring activities, which are indicia characterizing independent contractors under the Workmen’s Compensation laws. Under the circumstances, the Company is liable as employer. Indirect employment is no bar to liability for workmen’s compensation.


D E C I S I O N


REYES, J.B.L., J.:


Appeal by Madrigal Shipping Company, Inc., from a decision of the Workmen’s Compensation Commission requiring it to pay P3,694.00 to Primitiva Menchavez, widow, and to her minor children, by way of compensation for the death of Celso Lora, laborer accidentally killed while performing stevedoring work for the appellant Company on board the latter’s vessel "Susana."

The claim for compensation had originally been filed with, and investigated by, Regional Office No. 3 of the Department of Labor, pursuant to Reorganization Plan No. 20-A. Said office having rendered an award in favor of the claimants as next of kin of the deceased, the Company appealed to the Workmen’s Compensation Commission, urging that:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

(a) The Regional Office had no authority to investigate the claim, because Reorganization Plan No. 20-A was invalid and unconstitutional, and

(b) There was no employer-employee relationship between the Company and the deceased, because the company had contracted only with the "Union de Obreros Estivadores de Filipinas" (UOEF), which agreed to furnish stevedores, and assigned the deceased to the task in the course of which he met his end.

The Workmen’s Compensation Commission, en banc, overruled both objections and affirmed the award. The Company then appealed to this Court, insisting on the defenses already mentioned.

We find no merit in the appeal.

With respect to the issue of jurisdiction, this Court has already ruled that Reorganization Plan 20-A can validly reapportion the jurisdiction over compensation claims, formerly held by the Workmen’s Compensation Commission alone, to the various regional offices created under said plan (La Mallorca v. Ramos, L-15476, Sept. 19, 1961; San Miguel Brewery v. Sobremesana, L-18730, Sept. 16, 1961); and we see no reason to alter the doctrine.

On the existence of employer-employee relationship between the appellant Company and the late stevedore Celso Lora, we agree with the Commission that the contract between the Company and the Union, whereby the latter engaged to furnish laborers and stevedores when required, and the Company agreed to pay the stevedoring charges directly to the Union for subsequent distribution to the individual laborers, does not constitute the Union an independent contractor that would relieve the Company from liability as employer of the deceased. In the first place, the deceased was a member of the Union, and not its employee. The Union, as pointed out by the Commission, merely acted as an agent of the Company, relieving the latter of the necessity of dealing with individual laborers. Besides, the Union does not appear to have been required to file the contractor’s bond required by Act 3059, nor does it appear to have capital of its own invested in the conduct of its hiring activities, which are indicia characterizing independent contractors under the Workmen’s Compensation laws (cf. Flores v. La Compañia Maritima, 57 Phil. 905). Not only that, but the Company’s representatives retained control of the operations, as may be seen from the Union’s contract, paragraph 4, that provides:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"Unloading of vessels shall commence immediately upon arrival, unless the employer’s captain or representative directs otherwise; and the loading shall be started as soon as any hatch of the vessel is ready in the sound opinion of the employer’s representative, to receive cargo."cralaw virtua1aw library

Under the circumstances thus disclosed by the record, the Union can not be held to be an independent contractor whose intervention will relieve the appellant Company from liability under the Workmen’s Compensation Law; the latter includes among employers one who "is not the direct employer of laborers employed" in the establishment or place of work owned by him [sec. 39 (a)]. That indirect employment is no bar to liability for workmen’s compensation has been repeatedly held (Flores v. Compañia Maritima, 57 Phil. 905; Asia Steel v. Workmen’s Compensation Commission, L-7636, June 27, 1955; Mansal v. Gocheco Lumber Co., L-8017, April 30, 1955; U.S. Lines v. Associated Watchmen & Security Union, L-12208-11, May 21, 1958).

The decision appealed from is affirmed. Costs against appellant Madrigal Shipping Company, Inc.

Bengzon, C.J., Padilla, Bautista Angelo, Labrador, Concepcion, Barrera, Paredes, Dizon, Regala and Makalintal, JJ., concur.




Back to Home | Back to Main


chanrobles.com



ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc. : www.chanroblesprofessionalreview.com
ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com
ChanRobles CPA Review Online

ChanRobles CPALE Review Online : www.chanroblescpareviewonline.com
ChanRobles Special Lecture Series

ChanRobles Special Lecture Series - Memory Man : www.chanroblesbar.com/memoryman





June-1962 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-15423 June 22, 1962 - NATIONAL FEDERATION OF SUGARCANE PLANTERS, ET AL. v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, ET. AL.

  • G.R. No. L-15242 June 29, 1962 - ROSAURO M. TANINGCO, ET AL. v. REGISTER OF DEEDS OF LAGUNA

  • G.R. No. L-15333 June 29, 1962 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. IMAM SAWAH, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-15346 June 29, 1962 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROGELIO FELISARTA

  • G.R. No. L-15566 June 29, 1962 - BANK OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS v. ANGELA M. VDA. DE BUTTE

  • G.R. No. L-16202 June 29, 1962 - ILOILO DOCK & ENGINEERING CO. v. WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-16537 June 29, 1962 - FRANCISCO C. CALO v. DELFIN G. FUERTES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-16581 June 29, 1962 - DAVAO FAR EASTERN COMMERCIAL COMPANY v. ALBERTO C. MONTEMAYOR

  • G.R. No. L-16961 June 29, 1962 - EMILIO SY, ET AL. v. PATRICIO CENIZA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17137 June 29, 1962 - IN RE: MO YUEN TSI v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-17241 June 29, 1962 - LEONARD M. STOLL, ET AL. v. ATANACIO A. MARDO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17495 June 29, 1962 - MADRIGAL SHIPPING CO., INC. v. WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17723 June 29, 1962 - JOSE S. VILLALOBOS v. MANUEL CATALAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17777 June 29, 1962 - MODESTA N. OCA, ET AL. v. DAMIAN L. JIMENEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17806 June 29, 1962 - ALFONSO ZOBEL, ET AL. v. HERMOGENES CONCEPCION, JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. L-17921-22 June 29, 1962 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DOMINGO TELAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-18027 June 29, 1962 - ALEJANDRO SARMIENTO v. SERAFIN QUEMADO

  • G.R. No. L-18114 June 29, 1962 - JOSE P. VELEZ, ET AL. v. GUSTAVO VICTORIANO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-18179 June 29, 1962 - LANDAWI PARASAN BILAAN, ET AL. v. VICENTE N. CUSI, ETC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-18339 June 29, 1962 - GODOFREDO NAVERA v. PERFECTO QUICHO, ETC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-18585 June 29, 1962 - CESAR DE GUZMAN v. PASTOR L. DE GUZMAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-18738 June 29, 1962 - CLAUDIO S. PRIMO v. FIDEL FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-19550 June 29, 1962 - HARRY S. STONEHILL, ET AL. v. JOSE W. DIOKNO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-14028 June 30, 1962 - NEMESIO AZUCENA v. SEVERINO POTENCIANO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-14429 June 30, 1962 - RAMON MERCADO, ET AL. v. PIO D. LIWANAG

  • G.R. No. L-15472 June 30, 1962 - IN RE: K. KATANCIK v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-15537 June 30, 1962 - J. M. TUASON & CO., INC. v. JOSE RAFOR

  • G.R. No. L-15549 June 30, 1962 - IN RE: ONG TE v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. L-15666 June 30, 1962 - RIO Y COMPANIA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17045 June 30, 1962 - LEONCIO GARCHITORENA, ET AL. v. ROSA DE LOS SANTOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17322 June 30, 1962 - IGNACIO SANTIAGO v. EULOGIA CENIZA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17410 June 30, 1962 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RUPERTO ASI, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17419 June 30, 1962 - MARIA FAMA FLORENTIN v. LAZARO GALERA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17444 June 30, 1962 - MARIA ELLI, ET AL. v. JUAN DITAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17493 June 30, 1962 - ALBERTO E. MALICSI v. ROSALIA A. CARPIZO

  • G.R. No. L-17526 June 30, 1962 - GREGORIO MAGDUSA, ET AL. v. GERUNDIO ALBARAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17573 June 30, 1962 - C. N. HODGES v. CITY OF ILOILO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17624 June 30, 1962 - AQUILINA LARGADO v. LUPO A. MASAGANDA, ETC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17652 June 30, 1962 - IGNACIO GRANDE, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17783 June 30, 1962 - VALDERRAMA LUMBER MANUFACTURERS COMPANY, INC. v. THE ADMINISTRATOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-17803 June 30, 1962 - EMILIO MENDENILLA v. JOSE MANUEL ONANDIA

  • G.R. No. L-18102 June 30, 1962 - TEODORA LOPERA v. SEVERINO E. VICENTE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-18266 June 30, 1962 - FRANCISCO ROSKA, ET AL. v. MODESTA R. RAMOLETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-18431 June 30, 1962 - RUFINO ALARCON, ET AL. v. PILAR SANTOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-18457 June 30, 1962 - GUILLERMO VIACRUCIS, ET AL. v. NUMERIANO G. ESTENZO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-18894 June 30, 1962 - ERNESTO TAJANLANGIT v. MANUEL L. CAZEÑAS