Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1984 > May 1984 Decisions > G.R. No. 54553 May 29, 1984 - RONQUILLO PERATER, ET AL. v. EULALIO ROSETE, ET AL.:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

SECOND DIVISION

[G.R. No. 54553. May 29, 1984.]

RONQUILLO PERATER, NESTOR YEBRA, RODOLFO GALAGNARA, ANASTACIO MAURO, EDGAR LINGONDAN, ANASTACIO ENGLATERA, CRISENTE SIMPAO, CESAR GALOPE, PETER ROA, ALVARO CAHARIAN, ALVARO ICHON, CARLOS PUSON, FELIX MICABELLO, BENEDICTO YBAÑEZ, ROSARIO ACER, and Spouse TORIBIO ZAMBAAN, PRUDENCIO REBLINCA, ENRIQUE BONZO, ANTONIO GALENZOGA, JOSE GALENZOGA and JACINTO BONIEL, Petitioners, v. JUDGE EULALIO ROSETE, Court of First Instance of Misamis Oriental, TINIO OVERLAND, INC., RODOLFO YGSI and PROVINCIAL SHERIFF of Misamis Oriental and/or his Deputy, Respondents.

Bartolome F. Jatico, for Petitioners.

Salcedo, Salcedo & Salcedo Law Office for respondent Tinio Overland, Inc.

Guerrero A. Adaja for respondents Rodolfo and Felisa Ygsi.


SYLLABUS


1. REMEDIAL LAW; JUDGMENT; EXECUTION; WRIT OF POSSESSION ISSUED AGAINST PERSONS NOT PARTIES TO CASE, VOID; CASE AT BAR. — The writ of possession and order of demolition directed at the petitioners who are not parties to Civil Case No. 4166 are void. The petitioners should be heard first before they are ejected. Civil Case No. 4166 did not deal with the issue of possession but ownership of the land (See Gatchalian v. Arlegui, L-35651 and Tang Tee v. Arlegui, L-41360, February 17, 1977, 75 SCRA 234; Asuncion v. Plan, G.R. No. 52359, February 24, 1981, 103 SCRA 181; Olego v. Rebueno, L-39350, October 29, 1975, 67 SCRA 446; Del Rosario v. Court of Industrial Relations, G.R. No. 60819, January 28, 1983, 120 SCRA 422).


D E C I S I O N


AQUINO, J.:


The issue in this case is whether the petitioners, as actual possessors of the land, may be ejected by the winning parties in a case where the petitioners were not parties, where the defeated parties were petitioners’ alleged lessors or vendors and where the judgment did not touch upon the possession of the land.chanrobles virtual lawlibrary

Rodolfo Ygsi and his wife were the registered owners since April 26, 1972 of a portion, with an area of 17,109 square meters, of Lot No. 3716, located at Barrio Macabalan, now Vicmar, Puntod, Cagayan de Oro City as shown in OCT No, 0-530 (p. 39, Rollo). That portion is now known as Lot No. 18481 (p. 57, Rollo).

A part of Lot No. 18481, which part has an area of 7,676 square meters, was sold by the Ygsi spouses to Tinio Overland, Inc. By reason of that sale TCT No. T-15665 was issued to Tinio Overland for Lot No. 18481-A, while TCT No. T-14880 was issued to the Ygsi spouses for the remainder of the lot or Lot No. 18481-B (pp. 39-40, 61, Rollo).

On April 18, 1973, Cenona, Cornelio, Francisca, Uldarico, Casiano, Venancia, Prisca, Avelino and Pureza, all surnamed Yaba, filed Civil Case No. 4166 in the Court of First Instance of Misamis Oriental to annul, on the ground of fraud, the titles issued to the Ygsi spouses and Tinio Overland.

The lower court in its decision of November 29, 1974 dismissed the complaint and ordered the Yaba plaintiffs to pay solidarily the sums of P3,200 and P3,000 to Ygsi and Tinio Overland, respectively, as attorney’s fees and litigation expenses (pp. 54-55, Rollo).

The possession of the land was not passed upon in that decision which was affirmed by the Court of Appeals (Yaba v. Ygsi, CA-G.R. No. 57826-R, March 23, 1979, pp. 56-64, Rollo).

After the record was returned to the lower court, or on February 4, 1980, Tinio Overland filed a motion praying that writs of execution and possession be issued, ordering the sheriff to place it "in possession of the property litigated in his name" (sic) (pp. 65-66, Rollo).

The motion was granted. On March 10, 1980, writs of execution and possession were issued, commanding the sheriff to levy upon the properties of the Yaba plaintiffs to satisfy the judgments for P3,200 and P3,000 in favor of Ygsi and Tinio Overland, respectively, and to require the plaintiffs to vacate Lot Nos. 18481-B and 18481-A covered by TCT Nos. T-14880 and T-15665 and to place the Ygsi spouses and Tinio Overland in possession thereof (p. 68 and 69, Rollo).chanrobles virtual lawlibrary

The sheriff in his return dated April 26, 1980 indicated that Tinio Overland and the Ygsi spouses were placed in possession of their respective lots (p. 71, Rollo). But he also named thirty-three couples and individuals (aside from the Yaba plaintiffs), many of whom are now petitioners herein, who were occupying the two lots (pp. 71-73, Rollo).

On May 16, 1980, Ygsi and Tinio Overland filed a motion for demolition of petitioners’ houses. Respondent judge gave them thirty days from notice to vacate the land or demolish their houses; otherwise, the sheriff would undertake the demolition at their expense.

The petitioners moved for the lifting of the order of demolition on the grounds that they were not parties in Civil Case No. 4166, they were lawful possessors and builders in good faith, and they would be deprived of their property without due process of law. The motion was denied in the order of August 5, 1980. The petitioners came to this Court on August 19, 1980.

We hold that the writ of possession and order of demolition directed at the petitioners are void. The petitioners should be heard first before they are ejected. Civil Case No. 4166 did not deal with the issue of possession. (See Gatchalian v. Arlegui, L-35615 and Tang Tee v. Arlegui, L-41360, February 17, 1977, 75 SCRA 234; Asuncion v. Plan, G.R. No. 52359, February 24, 1981, 103 SCRA 181; Olego v. Rebueno, L-39350, October 29, 1975, 67 SCRA 446; Del Rosario v. Court of Agrarian Relations, G.R. No. 60819, January 28, 1983, 120 SCRA 422).chanrobles lawlibrary : rednad

"Judgments for ownership; Possession not necessarily included. -Ownership is different from possession. A person may be declared owner but he may not be entitled to possession. The possession may be in the hands of another either as a lessee or a tenant. A person may have improvements thereon of which he may not be deprived without due hearing. He may have other valid defenses to resist surrender of possession. We, therefore, hold that a judgment for ownership does not necessarily include possession as a necessary incident." (Syllabus, Jabon v. Alo, 91 Phil. 750).

"Judgment; When delivery of possession may not be ordered. — G sued T and E to annul a deed of sale of land made by E to T.E had previously sold same land to G. T argued that the sale to G was void. Complaint was dismissed and judgment became final. Later, T asked for execution and delivery of property to him. Held: Delivery may not be ordered on execution because judgment did not provide for transfer of possession." (Syllabus, Talens v. Garcia, 87 Phil. 173).

However, in the interest of expeditious justice and fundamental fairness or due process, as a proceeding supplementary to execution, and to obviate unnecessary expenses, Ygsi and Tinio Overland may file in the same Civil Case No. 4166 a motion for the ejectment of all the occupants of Lots Nos. 18481-A and 18481-B (they should have been impleaded in that case), setting forth their names. The motion should be served by the sheriff in the same manner as a complaint.chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

The petitioners may be summoned through their lawyer, Bartolome F. Jatico. Other families, mentioned by respondents’ lawyer in his motion of March 28, 1964, should be summoned. The occupants should answer the motion. They should plead their defenses and claims. The trial court should resolve the motion as may be warranted under the law and the environmental facts.

WHEREFORE, the writ of possession and order of demolition, insofar as the petitioners are concerned, are annulled and set aside. The case is remanded to the lower court for further proceedings. No costs.

SO ORDERED.

Makasiar, Guerrero, Abad Santos and Escolin, JJ., concur.

Concepcion, Jr., J., took no part.




Back to Home | Back to Main


chanrobles.com



ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc. : www.chanroblesprofessionalreview.com
ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com
ChanRobles CPA Review Online

ChanRobles CPALE Review Online : www.chanroblescpareviewonline.com
ChanRobles Special Lecture Series

ChanRobles Special Lecture Series - Memory Man : www.chanroblesbar.com/memoryman





May-1984 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-39557 May 3, 1984 - ROMULO A. SALES v. ISMAEL MATHAY, SR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-45862-64 May 11, 1984 - WENCESLAO GREGORIO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-45870 May 11, 1984 - MARGARET MAXEY, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.xx

  • G.R. Nos. 51549-51 May 11, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROGELIO ERVAS

  • G.R. No. 59762 May 11, 1984 - FILOMENO CATORCE v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-38141 May 16, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANKISIO ARO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 50350 May 15, 1984 - ROSA MARIA CRUZ, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 51513 May 15, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELICIANO GOROSPE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-31653 May 18, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RENATO P. ORTILLA

  • G.R. No. L-32865 May 18, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO BENARABA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-27636 May 19, 1984 - PEDRO A. BERNAS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 56385 May 19, 1984 - RENATO U. REYES v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 59760 May 19, 1984 - BENIGNO C. GASCON v. EMPLOYEES’ COMPENSATION COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 60544 May 19, 1984 - ARSENIO FLORENDO, JR., ET AL. v. PERPETUA D. COLOMA, ET AL.

  • A.C. No. 1432 May 21, 1984 - GEORGE MARTIN, ET AL. v. JUAN MORENO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-38736 May 21, 1984 - FELIPE G. TAC-AN v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 44810-12 May 21, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARMANDO P. SEDA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-47118 May 21, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUAN LAGANZON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 60471 May 21, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. REYNALDO TAYAPAD

  • G.R. No. 62270 May 21, 1984 - CRISPIN MALABANAN, ET AL. v. ANASTACIO D. RAMENTO, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 63796-97 May 21, 1984 - LA CHEMISE LACOSTE, S. A. v. OSCAR C. FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 64112 May 21, 1984 - NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY v. OTILIO ABAYA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-27342 May 24, 1984 - CO BUN CHUN v. OVERSEAS BANK OF MANILA

  • G.R. No. 57617 May 24, 1984 - FORTUNE HOMES, INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-40436 May 25, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARTURO TALARO

  • G.R. No. 62871 May 25, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELICITO TAWAT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-30771 May 28, 1984 - LIAM LAW v. OLYMPIC SAWMILL CO., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-34241 May 28, 1984 - RICARDO P. PRESBITERO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-37945 May 28, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ADRIANO CAÑETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 53915 May 28, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANTE MORENO

  • G.R. No. 58172 May 28, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO N. GARDON

  • G.R. No. 61487 May 28, 1984 - KHOSROW MINUCHEHR v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 65377 May 28, 1984 - MOLAVE MOTOR SALES, INC. v. CRISPIN C. LARON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 66327 May 28, 1984 - JOSE CRUZ v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 51291 May 29, 1984 - FRANCISCO CUIZON, ET AL. v. JOSE R. RAMOLETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 51578 May 29, 1984 - NEW FRONTIER MINES, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 54553 May 29, 1984 - RONQUILLO PERATER, ET AL. v. EULALIO ROSETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 56483 May 29, 1984 - SOSTENES CAMPILLO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 54919 May 30, 1984 - POLLY CAYETANO v. TOMAS T. LEONIDAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-30485 May 31, 1984 - BENJAMIN H. AQUINO v. HERMINIO C. MARIANO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-35465 May 31, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. KARUNSIANG GUIAPAR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. L-39999 May 31, 1984 - ROY PADILLA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 63451 May 31, 1984 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ERNESTO ESPIRITU