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Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2005 > June 2005 Decisions > G.R. No. 138553 - ENRIQUE \ TOTOY\' RIVERA Y DE GUZMAN v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES:




G.R. No. 138553 - ENRIQUE \ TOTOY\' RIVERA Y DE GUZMAN v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

THIRD DIVISION

[G.R. NO. 138553 : June 30, 2005]

ENRIQUE "TOTOY" RIVERA Y DE GUZMAN, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

D E C I S I O N

GARCIA, J.:

Assailed and sought to be set aside in this Petition for Review on Certiorari are the October 16, 1998 decision1 and April 5, 1999 resolution2 of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CR No. 17284, which respectively affirmed in toto an earlier decision of the Regional Trial Court of La Trinidad, Benguet convicting herein petitioner Enrique "Totoy" Rivera of the crime of direct assault, and denied petitioner's motion for reconsideration.

On May 6, 1993, in the Regional Trial Court at La Trinidad, Benguet an information3 for direct assault was filed against petitioner, allegedly committed, as follows:

That on or about the 20th day of March, 1993, at Tomay, Shilan, Municipality of La Trinidad, Province of Benguet, Philippines, and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, did then and there wilfully, unlawfully and feloniously attack, employ force and seriously resist one Lt. EDWARD M. LEYGO, knowing him to be a policeman, by then and there challenging the latter to a fistfight and thereafter grappling and hitting the said policeman on his face, thus injuring him in the process while the latter was actually engaged in the performance of his official duties.

Contrary to law.

On arraignment, petitioner entered a plea of "Not Guilty." Thereafter, trial ensued.

To prove its case, the prosecution presented in evidence the testimonies of the victim himself, Lt. Edward Leygo, and the two alleged eyewitnesses to the incident, SPO1 Jose Bangcado and Brenda Dup-et. For its part, the defense presented the petitioner himself and one Alfredo Castro.

As summarized by the trial court and adopted by the Court of Appeals in the decision herein assailed, the People's version4 is, as follows:

On March 20, 1993 at around 8:00 o'clock in the evening, Police Inspector Edward M. Leygo, Deputy Chief of Police for Operation and Patrol of the La Trinidad Police Station, La Trinidad, Benguet and SPO1 Joseph Basquial were conducting routinary patrol on board a police car somewhere in Shilan, La Trinidad, Benguet when they came upon a truck unloading sacks of chicken dung at the stall of accused Enrique "Totoy" Rivera which was located along the Halsema Highway at Shilan, La Trinidad, Benguet. Inspector Leygo advised the driver to stop unloading the manure as it violates La Trinidad Municipal Ordinance No. I-91 (Exhibit "C") which prohibits, among others, the loading and unloading of chicken manure along the sidewalks or road shoulders or within 15 meters from the center of the Halsema Highway located at La Trinidad, Benguet. The driver complied with the police directive. The policemen then escorted the truck back to Poblacion, La Trinidad, Benguet and proceeded to the police headquarters.

Not long after, SPOI Jose Bangcado and SPOI Rivera Dayap, members of the La Trinidad Police under Inspector Leygo were conducting patrol aboard a police car somewhere at Km. 6, La Trinidad, Benguet when they observed a truck loaded with chicken dung proceeding towards Shilan, La Trinidad, Benguet. Having in mind the instructions of La Trinidad Mayor Edna C. Tabanda and their Commanding Officer Inspector Leygo to Implement Ordinance No. I-91, the two policemen followed and stopped the truck at Cruz, La Trinidad, Benguet. Immediately they called Inspector Leygo on the radio and informed him that they stopped a truck carrying chicken dung. Inspector Leygo ordered them to restrain the truck, as he would be proceeding to the area.

Knowing that the truck being restrained by the two policemen was the same truck which they had escorted earlier from Shilan, La Trinidad, Benguet, Inspector Leygo felt ignored and insulted. He immediately called SPO4 Justino Tiwtiwa, SPO1 Baldwin Ngolab and SPO1 Joseph Basquial and the group sped to Cruz, La Trinidad, Benguet.

Meanwhile, back at Cruz, La Trinidad, Benguet, the accused arrived before the group of Inspector Leygo did and ordered the driver not to obey the policemen but instead obey him, as he (accused) was the boss. The truck driver followed the accused's order and drove the truck towards Shilan, La Trinidad, Benguet with the accused following closely behind in his vehicle.

Inspector Leygo and his group arrived in time to see the truck pulling away and so they gave chase. The police were able to overtake and stop the truck at Dengsi, Tomay, La Trinidad, Benguet. Inspector Leygo confronted the truck driver and asked him why he still insisted on proceeding to Shilan to unload chicken manure despite the fact that he was ordered to go back earlier in the evening. The truck driver stated that he was just following the orders of the accused. Immediately, Inspector Leygo turned around to see the accused who had at that time alighted from his vehicle behind the truck. Inspector Leygo asked the accused why he insisted on defying the ban on the unloading and loading of chicken manure. Instead of answering however, the accused pointed a finger on the policeman and uttered words like "Babalian kita ng buto" (I ll break your bones). "Ilalampaso kita" (I ll scrub you). "Pulis lang kayo" (you are only policemen) and other unsavory and insulting words. Inspector Leygo who was a little bit angry warned the accused to stop uttering further insulting words and cautioned him to take it easy and then informed him that he was being arrested for violation of the chicken dung ordinance. The accused removed his jacket, placed it inside the vehicle, assumed a fighting stance and challenged the policeman. Inspector Leygo then approached the accused and warned him anew that he was being arrested. The accused responded by punching Inspector Leygo on his face, particularly on his lip. The two then grappled as Inspector Leygo tried to hold the accused. Finally, with the help of Policemen Dayap and Bongcado, the accused was subdued. The accused was then pushed into one of the police cars but he resisted until Alfredo Castro, one of the chicken dung dealers in the area, boarded the police car to accompany him.

The accused was brought to the police headquarters where Inspector Leygo immediately called Mayor Tabanda who arrived at about 10:00 o'clock that same evening. She confronted the two protagonists and at the same time admonished the accused for violating Ordinance No. I-91. Mayor Tabanda then accompanied the accused and Inspector Leygo to the Benguet General Hospital where both were examined by Dr. Antonio T. Carino. In the medico-legal certificate (Exhibit "A") of Inspector Leygo, his injury described as "contusion with 0.5 laceration, upper lip, left side" with healing period from 5 to 7 days. Subsequently, this present case was filed against the accused.

Reproduced from the same decision of the appellate court, the defense's version5 runs:

At about 8:00 o'clock in the evening of March 20, 1993, while the accused was at the Trading Post at Km. 5, La Trinidad, Benguet, the driver reported to him that he was prevented by the police from unloading chicken manure at Shilan, La Trinidad, Benguet. The accused reminded the driver that he should have brought the chicken manure to Acop, Tublay, Benguet where dealers sell it when prevented from unloading within the municipality of La Trinidad, Benguet. As it would be more expensive to return the chicken dung to Batangas where it came from, the accused told the driver to bring the chicken dung to Acop, Tublay, Benguet. The driver expressed his fear that the police might stop him along the way and so the accused ordered the driver to proceed and gave him the assurance that he (accused) would follow later.

The truck then proceeded as instructed and the accused following after a short while. Arriving at Cruz, La Trinidad, Benguet, the accused noticed that the truck was stopped at the side of the road while a police vehicle and three policemen were across the road. Thinking that the policemen were there trying to extort money from the driver, the accused told the truck driver to proceed. The truck driver complied and the accused tailed along.

When the truck and the accused reached Dengsi, Tomay, La Trinidad, Benguet, he heard a police siren from behind. Immediately, a police vehicle overtook the truck, another police vehicle was running along side the accused's vehicle and a third police vehicle was right behind them. Thus, the truck and the accused had no recourse but to stop.

Inspector Leygo alighted from one of the police vehicles and angrily uttered so many words at the accused. The policeman then held the collar of accused's jacket and forced the latter to get out of his vehicle while shouting "Ang tigas ng ulo mo. Sige, bumunot ka." (You are very stubborn. Go ahead, draw your gun.) The accused explained that he had no gun to draw while removing his jacket and raising his hands to show that there was no gun on his body. Inspector Leygo then held the left hand of the accused and tried to put handcuffs on him. The accused tried to resist, pleading that he had no fault and at the same time asking what infraction of law he committed. Inspector Leygo answered by uttering insulting words and pointing his left forefinger on the accused's face while his right hand was poking a gun on the accused. The accused noticed that the policeman smelled of liquor.

A crowd started to gather around the scene. Sensing that the onlookers were on his side, the accused stated that he was going to get his camera inside his vehicle. As he was opening the door, Inspector Leygo suddenly slapped and boxed him in the stomach causing the accused to feel dizzy. This assault weakened him and so he did not resist when the police pushed him inside the police vehicle. Inspector Leygo then ordered his men to bring the accused to the police headquarters. The accused recognized Alfredo Castro among the onlookers and because he (accused) knew him to be one of the chicken dung dealers, asked him (Castro) to accompany him to the police headquarters for fear that something might happen.

At the police station, the accused suggested that Inspector Leygo should undergo medical examination to determine if the policeman was positive of alcoholic breath. The accused, however, was examined ahead and was issued a medical certificate (Exhibit "4") which described his injury as "erythema, lip left side face" and "contusion-midepigastric area". The healing period is from 3 to 5 days. With him sustaining this injury, the accused now wonders why this charge was filed against him.

After weighing the parties' respective versions of the incident, the trial court found that of the People more credible. Accordingly, in its decision of April 22, 1994,6 it convicted petitioner of the crime of direct assault and sentenced him, thus:

WHEREFORE, the guilt of the accused having been proven beyond reasonable doubt, the Court hereby renders judgment finding the accused Enrique "Totoy" Rivera GUILTY and sentences him to suffer an indeterminate penalty of Four (4) Months and One (1) Day of arresto mayor as MINIMUM to One (1) Year, One (1) Month and Eleven (11) Days of prision correccional as MAXIMUM. He is likewise ordered to pay a fine of FIVE HUNDRED PESOS (P500.00) and to pay the costs.

SO ORDERED.

With his motion for reconsideration having been denied by the trial court, petitioner then went on appeal to the Court of Appeals whereat his recourse was docketed as CA-G.R. CR No. 17284.

As stated at the outset hereof, the appellate court, in its decision7 of October 16, 1998, affirmed in toto that of the trial court, to wit:

WHEREFORE, premises considered the decision appealed from is hereby affirmed in toto.

SO ORDERED,

and denied petitioner's motion for reconsideration in its resolution of April 5, 1999.8

Hence, this Petition for Review on Certiorari, submitting for our consideration the principal issue of whether or not the Court of Appeals erred in affirming the judgment of conviction rendered by the trial court.

We AFFIRM.

Direct assault, a crime against public order, may be committed in two ways: first, by any person or persons who, without a public uprising, shall employ force or intimidation for the attainment of any of the purposes enumerated in defining the crimes of rebellion and sedition; and second, by any person or persons who, without a public uprising, shall attack, employ force, or seriously intimidate or resist any person in authority or any of his agents, while engaged in the performance of official duties, or on occasion of such performance.9

Unquestionably, petitioner's case falls under the second mode, which is the more common form of assault and is aggravated when: (a) the assault is committed with a weapon; or (b) when the offender is a public officer or employee; or (c) when the offender lays hand upon a person in authority.10

In this recourse, petitioner argues that the appellate court, like the trial court, erred in finding the testimony of complainant Lt. Leygo as clear and convincing. In an attempt to impugn the latter's credibility, petitioner contends that Lt. Leygo was mumbling while giving his testimony, adding that the latter failed to identify which of his (petitioner) hands was used and the precise distance between them when he punched the police lieutenant.

Admittedly, the record shows that the trial judge had to call Lt. Leygo's attention for testifying in such a low voice while on the witness box. Evidently, however, this did not prevent the trial court into believing his testimony and from according it full faith and credit. As it is, the witness was able to narrate and communicate the events that transpired. Both the trial court and the Court of Appeals found the witness to have clearly and adequately recounted how the incident happened, and we find no valid reason to discredit the truth and veracity of his narration. We quote:

Q Now, you said that Mr. Rivera faced you, when he faced you after he removed his jacket what did you do?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A He positioned himself in a fighting stance, sir.

Q What do you mean "in the fighting stance"?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A He raised his fist. (Witness raised his hands with his clenched fist in front of him).

Q How about you, what did you do when Mr. Rivera did that?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A I informed him that I am arresting him.

Q How far were you when he faced you at first?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A At first before I went near him is about 6 feet, sir.

Q Now, you said you approached him, is that correct?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A Yes, sir.

Q What did you do when you approached him?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A I told him that I am arresting him, sir.

Q And what was his response?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A He punched me at my face, sir.

Q You said he punched you, with what hand did Mr. Rivera punch you?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A I think it is his left hand, sir.11

Nor is Lt. Leygo's credibility any less diminished by the circumstance that he failed to categorically identify which of petitioner's hands was used in punching him, and the exact distance between them at that time. In all likelihood, this police officer was not expecting a physical attack by the petitioner as he was just confronting the latter about the prohibited unloading of chicken dung when petitioner laid hand on him. Under this scenario, any person, like Lt. Leygo, cannot be expected to remember every single detail of the incident with perfect recall.12 For sure, far from adversely affecting Lt. Leygo's credibility, his failure to recall every minute detail of what transpired even fortifies it. We have thus held that the failure of a witness to recall each and every detail of an occurrence may even serve to strengthen rather than weaken his credibility because it erases any suspicion of a coached or rehearsed testimony.13 What is vital in Lt. Leygo's testimony is the fact that petitioner punched him on his face, about which he was steadfast and unflinching.

In any event, this Court has said time and again that the assessment of the credibility of witnesses and their testimonies is best undertaken by the trial court, what with reality that it has the opportunity to observe the witnesses first-hand and to note their demeanor, conduct, and attitude while testifying. Its findings on such matters, absent, as here, of any arbitrariness or oversight of facts or circumstances of weight and substance, are final and conclusive upon this Court and will not to be disturbed on appeal.14

Petitioner also asserts that the testimonies of prosecution witnesses SPO1 Jose Bangcado and Brenda Dup-et did not corroborate Lt. Leygo's testimony. For, while SPO1 Bangcado merely testified during direct examination that petitioner punched Lt. Leygo, this witness failed to reiterate said testimony during cross-examination. As regards prosecution witness Brenda Dup-et, petitioner alleged that this witness never testified that petitioner boxed Lt. Leygo.

The imputed shortcomings in the testimonies of said two (2) prosecution witnesses are not of their own making. A witness is supposed to confine his answers only to questions propounded of him. Here, the defense counsel focused his line of questioning on what the two protagonists were doing immediately prior to the punching incident, and the answer correctly received by counsel was that both petitioner and Leygo were pushing each other. There is no showing that counsel asked the witness as to what happened after the pushing incident, as what the public prosecutor did of SPO1 Bangcado during the latter's direct examination, to wit:

PROS. BOTENGAN:

Q And what happened when they faced each other?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A Totoy Rivera was shouting at Lt. Leygo, sir.

Q What was he shouting?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A "Bakit ninyo ako tinutugis, hindi ako criminal. Magbabayad kayo rito. Hindi ninyo ako kaya, pulis lang kayo." And some other words but I cannot remember them all, sir.

Q What else, if any, did he say?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

COURT:

He said he cannot remember the other words.

WITNESS:

There is one thing more, sir. "Ilalampaso kita. Babalian kita ng buto." And others, sir.

PROS. BOTENGAN:

Q To whom was Mr. Rivera saying this?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A To Lt. Leygo, sir.

Q What was Mr. Rivera doing when he said these?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A He was pointing to the face of Lt. Leygo and they are becoming closer and closer with each other, sir.

Q At that time, what was Lt. Leygo doing?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A What I saw was they were pushing to one another and after that Totoy Rivera boxed Lt. Leygo, sir.

Q You said they were pushing one another, what part of their body were they holding?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A At the breast, sir.

Q So each one was holding each other's breast, is that what you mean?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A Yes, sir.

Q How long did they push each other?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A Seven to ten seconds, sir.

Q And was Lt. Leygo saying anything?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A He was trying to arrest Totoy Rivera, sir.

Q You said that he was trying to arrest Totoy Rivera, did you hear him if he says anything?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A He was convincing Totoy Rivera to go to the Municipal Hall, sir.

Q You said Totoy Rivera boxed Lt. Leygo, what part of the body of Lt. Leygo was hit?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A His face, sir.

Q What part of his face?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A Here, sir. (Witness referring to his lower lip. Witness is holding his lower lip).

Q What happened when Lt. Leygo was hit?chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

A He ordered us to arrest Totoy Rivera, so were able to subdue Totoy Rivera and placed him in the car, sir.15

But even assuming, in gratia argumente, that Lt. Leygo's testimony was not corroborated by the two (2) other prosecution witnesses during their cross-examinations, still the day cannot be saved for the petitioner. Well-settled is the rule in this jurisdiction that the testimony of a single witness, if straightforward and categorical, is sufficient to convict. After all, witnesses are weighed, not numbered, and evidence are assessed in terms of quality, not quantity. It is not uncommon, then, to reach a conclusion of guilt on the basis of the testimony of a lone witness. Corroborative evidence is deemed necessary only when there are reasons to warrant the suspicion that the witness falsified the truth or that his observations had been inaccurate.16 Unfortunately for the petitioner, the trial court found nothing to indicate that Lt. Leygo falsified the truth or that his observations had been inaccurate.

Petitioner theorizes that he could not have hit Lt. Leygo, what with the circumstance that his co-policemen were present at the scene of the incident, and he finds it unusual that none of them retaliated if he really hit Lt. Leygo.

We are not persuaded. The evidence on record clearly bears out that it was Lt. Leygo who was attacked by petitioner, not the other way around, as petitioner would want us to believe. Both the witnesses for the prosecution and the defense are one in saying that it was only petitioner who was in confrontation with Lt. Leygo. Evidently, petitioner's anger started to burst when the truck driver reported to him that Lt. Leygo prohibited the unloading of the chicken dung and ordered him to return, such that when the same delivery truck was again intercepted by Lt. Leygo's group, petitioner's anger was too much for him to contain. We quote with approval what the trial court has said in its decision:

The accused, however, denies that he ever laid hands on the cop. But the bigger question is, how then did the policeman sustain his injuries? It is highly improbable, if not absurd, for the policeman to inflict it on himself. It is also very unlikely that his co-policemen would punch him just to make it appear that the accused did it. The accused admits of being at the place. He admits having been confronted by the policeman but he denies that he ever lifted a finger against the policeman. Yet all the witnesses both for the prosecution and the defense are in accord in saying that it was only the accused who was in confrontation with the policeman. The only logical conclusion that can be derived from this is that it is indeed the accused who punched the policeman. Evidence to be believed must not only proceed from the mouth of the credible witness but it must be credible in itself. No better test has yet been found to measure the value of the testimony of a witness than its conformity to the knowledge and common experience of mankind (People v. Maspil, Jr., 186 SCRA 751).ςηαñrοblεš νιr†υαl lαω lιbrαrÿ

That the other police officers did not retaliate is no basis for us to share petitioner's submission that Lt. Leygo was the aggressor. In the nature of things, they naturally reacted the way they should, i.e. placed petitioner under arrest when ordered by Lt. Leygo.

Petitioner next contends that Lt. Leygo was not in the performance of his official duties as a police officer and as Deputy Chief of Police for Operation and Patrol at the time he was attacked.

Again, We disagree.

It is a matter of record that at the time of the assault, Lt. Leygo was engaged in the actual performance of his official duties. He was wearing the designated police uniform and was on board a police car conducting a routinary patrol when he first came upon the truck unloading chicken manure. Because the unloading of chicken dung was a violation of La Trinidad Municipal Ordinance No. 1-91, the lieutenant ordered the truck driver to return from where he came, but petitioner, in defiance of such lawful order, commanded the truck driver to return to Shilan, the place where the truck was first intercepted, and on being informed that the same truck had returned, the lieutenant had every reason to assume it did return for the purpose of unloading its cargo of chicken dung, thus stopped it from doing so.

Under the circumstances, it simply defies reason to argue that Lt. Leygo was not in the performance of his lawful duties as a police officer when the assault upon him was perpetrated by the petitioner.

Nor are we impressed by petitioner's submission that the prosecution's failure to present the doctor, who examined Lt. Leygo, proved disastrous to the People's case, arguing that the alleged injury of Lt. Leygo cannot be proved without the testimony of the attending physician.

That Dr. Antonio T. Carino did not testify on the medical certificate he issued is of no moment. If ever, the medical certificate is only corroborative in character and is not an indispensable element of the crime of direct assault filed against petitioner. The unequivocal piece of evidence against petitioner is no less Lt. Leygo's credible and consistent testimony that he was punched on his face by the petitioner.

Lastly, petitioner puts the Court of Appeals to task for sustaining the trial court's observation that he exuded an aura of arrogance and defiance of authorities.

We have consistently ruled that the trial court judge is in the best of position to see and observe the demeanor, actuation and countenance of a witness, matters which are not normally expressed in the transcripts of his testimony. We see no reason, therefore, to disturb the following observations of the trial court in its decision:

The demeanor of the accused on the witness stand also shows that he is the kind who is impatient with authority. His manner of answering questions bespeaks of one who has trouble abiding with authority. He portrayed a very aggressive manner and his answers were always on the defensive as if he had every right in this world to do and say whatever he wanted to. Over all, he exuded an aura of arrogance and defiance of authority.

In closing, let it be noted that the attention of this Court has not been called to of any ulterior or improper motive on the part of the prosecution witnesses to falsely testify against petitioner. Absence such a motive, the presumption is that they were not so moved, and their testimonies are entitled to full faith and credit.17

WHEREFORE, the petition is hereby DENIED, and the assailed decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals AFFIRMED in toto.

Costs against petitioner.

SO ORDERED.

Panganiban, (Chairman), Sandoval-Gutierrez, Corona, and Carpio-Morales, JJ., concur.

Endnotes:


1 Penned by Associate Justice Rodrigo V. Cosico and concurred in by Associate Justices Artemon D. Luna (ret.) and Delilah Vidallon-Magtolis; Rollo, pp. 42-53.

2 Rollo, p. 55.

3 Original Record, pp. 4-5.

4 Rollo, pp. 43-45.

5 Rollo, pp. 46-47.

6 Rollo, p. 40.

7 Rollo, pp. 42-53.

8 Rollo, p. 55.

9 Article 148 of the Revised Penal Code.

10 People v. Abalos, 328 Phil. 24 [1996], citing Aquino, R. C., The Revised Penal Code, Vol. II, 1987 ed., p. 146.

11 TSN, September 9, 1993, p. 12.

12 People v. Tejero, G.R. No. 135050, 19 April 2002, 381 SCRA 382.

13 Tapdasan, Jr. v. People, G.R. No. 141344, 21 Nov. 2002, 392 SCRA 335, citing People v. Garigadi, 317 SCRA 399.

14 People v. Ciron, 429 Phil. 106 [2002].

15 TSN dated September 9, 1993, pp. 32-33.

16 People v. Manalad, G.R. No. 128593, 387 SCRA 263 [2002], citing People v. Cabote, G.R. No. 136143, 369 SCRA 65 [2001].

17 People v. Zuniega, G.R. No. 126117, 352 SCRA 403 [2001].




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  • G.R. No. 144755 - SPOUSES ELISEO F. ESTARES, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 145561 - HONDA PHILS., INC. v. SAMAHAN NG MALAYANG MANGGAGAWA SA HONDA

  • G.R. No. 146137 - HAYDEE C. CASIMIRO v. FILIPINO T. TANDOG

  • G.R. No. 146197 - SECURITY BANK CORPORATION v. INDIANA AEROSPACE UNIVERSITY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146234 - TOLENTINO MENDOZA, ET AL. v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 147530 - PABLO B. CASIMINA v. HON. EMILIO B. LEGASPI, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 147043 - NBI - MICROSOFT CORPORATION, ET AL. v. JUDY C. HWANG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148174 - BONIFACIO CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT CORPORATION v. THE HON. ESTELA PERLAS-BERNABE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148220 - ROSENDO HERRERA v. ROSENDO ALBA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148372 - CLARION PRINTING HOUSE, INC., ET AL. v. THE HONORABLE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149281 - NEW CITY BUILDERS, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149636 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE v. BANK OF COMMERCE

  • G.R. No. 149011 - SAN MIGUEL CORPORATION v. PROSPERO A. ABALLA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149974 - PHILIPPINE INDUSTRIAL SECURITY AGENCY CORPORATION v. PERCIVAL AGUINALDO

  • G.R. No. 150304 - QUEZON CITY GOVERNMENT, ET AL. v. FULGENCIO DACARA

  • G.R. No. 150591 - NORTHWEST TOURISM CORP. v. FORMER SPECIAL THIRD DIVISION OF THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 150755 - RENE GANILA, ET AL. v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 150994 - RELIANCE SURETY & INSURANCE CO., INC. v. HON. ANDRES R. AMANTE, JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 150869 - LEONARDO M. ANDRES, ET AL. v. JUSTICE SECRETARY SERAFIN R. CUEVAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 151037 - SAN MIGUEL CORPORATION. v. TROY FRANCIS L. MONASTERIO

  • G. R. No. 151242 - PROTON PILIPINAS CORPORATION, ET AL. v. BANQUE NATIONALE DE PARIS

  • G.R. No. 151325 - D' ARMOURED SECURITY AND INVESTIGATION AGENCY, INC. v. ARNULFO ORPIA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 151342 - CELSO VERDE v. VICTOR E. MACAPAGAL, ET AL.

  • G. R. No. 151849 - G & M (PHILS.) INC., v. WILLIE BATOMALAQUE

  • G.R. No. 152123 - ALADDIN TRANSIT CORPORATION v. THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 151876 - SUSAN GO, ET AL. v. FERNANDO L. DIMAGIBA

  • G.R. No. 152199 - LUIS S. MISTERIO, ET AL. v. CEBU STATE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152336 - MTM GARMENT MFG., INC., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152410 - COMPUTER INNOVATIONS CENTER, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152550 - BORJA ESTATE, ET AL. v. SPOUSES ROTILLO BALLAD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152609 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE v. AMERICAN EXPRESS INTERNATIONAL, INC. (PHILIPPINE BRANCH)

  • G.R. No. 153033 - DEL MONTE PHILIPPINES., INC, v. NAPOLEON N. ARAGONES

  • G.R. No. 153267 - CHINA BANKING CORPORATION v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 153514 - SPOUSES LAZARO M. ZULUETA, ET AL. v. JOSE WONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 153942 - SAMEER OVERSEAS PLACEMENT AGENCY, INC. v. NOE LEVANTINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 154026 - SPOUSES CERILO AND FRANCISCA PASNGADAN v. SPOUSES VICTOR AND SANGSANGIYO NGAMILOT

  • G.R. No. 154188 - MONDRAGON LEISURE AND RESORTS CORPORATION v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 154472 - ALEXANDER R. LOPEZ, ET AL. v. METROPOLITAN WATERWORKS AND SEWERAGE SYSTEM

  • G.R. No. 154973 - THE PRESIDENT OF PHILIPPINE DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION v. HON. WILFREDO D. REYES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 155102 - PHILIPPINE AMERICAN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY v. LIZA T. ONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 154994 - JOCELYN PABLO-GUALBERTO v. CRISANTO RAFAELITO GUALBERTO V.

  • G.R. No. 155432 - CRISPINA UNIDA, ET AL. v. HEIRS OF AMBROSIO URBAN

  • G.R. No. 155690 - CAPITOL MEDICAL CENTER, INC. v. HON. CRESENCIANO B. TRAJANO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 156098 - HOLY CROSS OF DAVAO COLLEGE, INC. v. HOLY CROSS OF DAVAO FACULTY UNION - KAMAPI

  • G.R. No. 156589 - DYNAMIC SIGNMAKER OUTDOOR ADVERTISING SERVICES, INC., ET AL. v. FRANCISCO POTONGAN

  • G.R. No. 156841 - GF EQUITY, INC. v. ARTURO VALENZONA

  • G.R. No. 156893 - COCA-COLA BOTTLERS PHILS., INC., ET AL. v. GOMERSENDO P. DANIEL

  • G.R. No. 157010 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK v. FLORENCE O. CABANSAG

  • G.R. No. 157098 - NORKIS FREE AND INDEPENDENT WORKERS UNION v. NORKIS TRADING COMPANY, INC.

  • G.R. No. 157214 - PHILIPPINE GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS, INC. v. RICARDO DE VERA

  • G.R. No. 157320 - KABANKALAN CATHOLIC COLLEGE v. KABANKALAN CATHOLIC COLLEGE UNION-PACIWU-TUCP

  • G.R. No. 157603 - NEECO II v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 157757 - ELSIE T. LAVADOR v. J MARKETING CORPORATION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 157801 - PRIMETOWN PROPERTY GROUP, INC. v. HON. LYNDON D. JUNTILLA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 157950 - LIBRADA D. TAPISPISAN v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158064 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. HU RUEY CHUN

  • G.R. No. 158148 - CRISANTA JIMENEZ v. JOSE JIMENEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158245 - MIGUELITO B. LIMACO, ET AL. v. SHONAN GAKUEN CHILDREN'S HOUSE PHILIPPINES, INC.

  • G.R. No. 158275 - DOMINGO ROCO v. HON. EDWARD B. CONTRERAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158455 - SHERWILL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION v. SITIO STO. NI O RESIDENTS ASSOCIATION, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158563 - AIR TRANSPORTATION OFFICE, ET AL. v. APOLONIO GOPUCO, JR.

  • G.R. No. 158646 - HEIRS OF JESUS M. MASCU ANA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158753 - MINDORO LUMBER AND HARDWARE v. EDUARDO D. BACAY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 159190 - CAYETANO A. TEJANO, JR. v. THE HON. OMBUDSMAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 159139 - INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOUNDATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 159469 - ZALDY G. ABELLA, ET AL. v. PHILIPPINE LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE COMPANY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 159700 - ROHBERT A. AMBROS v. THE COMMISSION ON AUDIT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 160404 - ROGELIO L. TOLENTINO v. PHILIPPINE LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE COMPANY, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 160479 - SPOUSES GODOFREDO V. ARQUIZA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 160753 - JIMMY L. BARNES v. HON. MA. LUISA C. QUIJANO PADILLA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 160798 - JUANITO A. GARCIA, ET AL. v. PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC.

  • G.R. No. 160976 - SPOUSES ERNESTO ZARATE, ET AL. v. MAYBANK PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 161295 - JESSIE G. CHING v. WILLIAM M. SALINAS, JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 161397 and 161426 - DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES v. FELIPE P. ARCILLA, JR.

  • G.R. No. 161656 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, ET AL. v. VICENTE G. LIM

  • G.R. No. 161693 - MANOLO P. SAMSON v. HON. VICTORIANO B. CABANOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 161943 - RUBEN ROMERO v. EDISON N. NATIVIDAD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 162084 - APRIL MARTINEZ, ET AL. v. RODOLFO G. MARTINEZ

  • G.R. No. 162571 - ARNEL L. AGUSTIN v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 162780 - SOFRONIO AMBAYEC, ET AL. v. THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 163351 - ANTONIO V. NUEVA ESPA A v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 163858 - UNITED LABORATORIES, INC. v. ERNESTO ISIP, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 163934 - SWIRE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, INC. v. HYUNDAI CORPORATION

  • G.R. No. 163996 - JUAN G. RIVERA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 164268 - ARTEMIO T. TORRES, JR. v. SPS. DRS. EDGARDO AGUINALDO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 165420 - CONCEPCION R. AINZA v. SPOUSES ANTONIO PADUA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 165586 - CORNELIO C. CRUZ v. COCA-COLA BOTTLERS, PHILS., INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 165677 - EDILWASIF T. BADDIRI v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 165691 - ROBERT Z. BARBERS v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 165821 - HEIRS OF AGAPITO T. OLARTE, ET AL. v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 165973 - LACSON HERMANAS, INC. v. HEIRS OF CENON IGNACIO.

  • G.R. No. 165835 - MAJOR GENERAL CARLOS F. GARCIA v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166013 - INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL MANILA v. SPOUSES PEDRITO AND CARMENCITA ANI ON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166229 - MS. BAIRANSALAM LAUT LUCMAN v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • Cojuangco Jr v. Palma : AC 2474 : June 30, 2005 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Resolution

  • A.C. No. 4562 - DANIEL MORTERA, ET AL. v. ATTY. RENATO B. PAGATPATAN

  • A.C. No. 2474 - EDUARDO M. COJUANGCO, JR. v. ATTY. LEO J. PALMA

  • A.C. No. 5580 - SAN JOSE HOMEOWNERS ASSOCIATION INC. v. ATTY. ROBERTO B. ROMANILLOS

  • A.C. No. 5712 - FRANCISCO LORENZANA v. ATTY. CESAR G. FAJARDO

  • A.C. No. 6192 - HEIRS OF THE LATE HERMAN REY ROMERO, ET AL. v. ATTY. VENANCIO REYES JR.

  • A.C. No. 6590 - JESUS M. FERRER v. ATTY. JOSE ALLAN M. TEBELIN

  • A.C. No. 6649 - MARINA C. GONZALES v. ATTY. CALIXTO B. RAMOS

  • Request of Mr Cuadra : AM 01-12-629-RTC : June 15, 2005 : J. Tinga : En Banc : Decision

  • Re: Criminal Case No MC-02-5637 against Peralta : AM 02-8-198-MeTC : June 8, 2005 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Report of Mr Itliong : AM 03-11-29-SC : June 8, 2005 : J. Azcuna : En Banc : Decision

  • Complaint of Mr Arrienda : AM 03-11-30-SC : June 9, 2005 : J. Corona : En Banc : Resolution

  • A.M. No. 03-11-29-SC - RE: REPORT OF MR. DOMINADOR P. ITLIONG

  • A.M. No. 03-11-30-SC - COMPLAINT OF MR. AURELIO INDENCIA ARRIENDA AGAINST JUSTICES REYNATO S. PUNO, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. 05-5-125-MCTC - RE: LETTER OF MR. JONATHAN S. PECHERA

  • Concerned Employee v. Valentin : AM 2005-01-SC : June 8, 2005 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : En Banc : Decision

  • Report On The On-The-Spot Judicial Audit conducted in MCTC Teresa-Baras Rizal : AM MTJ-02-1397 : June 28, 2005 : J. Quisumbing : First Division : Resolution

  • Loss of Court Exhibits at MTC-Dasmarias Cavite : AM MTJ-03-1491 : June 8, 2005 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Almonte v. Bien : AM MTJ-04-1532 : June 27, 2005 : J. Garcia : Third Division : Resolution

  • Tan v. Estoconing : AM MTJ-04-1554 and A.M. No. MTJ-04-1562 : June 29, 2005 : J. Austria-Martinez : En Banc : Decision

  • A.M. No. MTJ-02-1397 - REPORT ON THE ON-THE-SPOT JUDICIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED IN THE MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURT, TERESA-BARAS, RIZAL

  • A.M. No. MTJ-03-1491 - LOSS OF COURT EXHIBITS AT MTC-DASMARI AS, CAVITE

  • A.M. No. MTJ-04-1532 - THELMA ALMONTE v. JUDGE FRED A. BIEN

  • Pagulayan-Torres v. Gomez : AM P-03-1716 : June 9, 2005 : J. Panganiban : Third Division : Decision

  • A.M. No. MTJ-04-1554 and A.M. No. MTJ-04-1562 - DR. WILSON B. TAN v. JUDGE ANTONIO T. ESTOCONING

  • Re: Conviction of Fortus : AM P-04-1808 : June 27, 2005 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Dela Torre-Yadao v. Cabanatan : AM P-05-1953 and A.M. No. P-05-1954 : June 8, 2005 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Gotgotao v. Millora : AM P-05-2005 : June 8, 2005 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Resolution

  • Vilos v. Bato : AM P-05-2007 : June 8, 2005 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Sps Tagaloguin v. Hingco Jr : AM P-05-2008 : June 21, 2005 : J. Panganiban : Third Division : Decision

  • Anonymous Complaint Against Pershing T. Yared : AM P-05-2015 : June 28, 2005 : J. Callejo, Sr. : Second Division : Decision

  • Lopez v. Ramos : AM P-05-2017 : June 29, 2005 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Resolution

  • Cervantes v. Cardeo : AM P-05-2021 : June 30, 2005 : J. Chico-Nazario : Second Division : Decision

  • Concerned Taxpayer v. Doblada Jr : AM P-99-1342 : June 8, 2005 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • A. M. No. P-03-1716 - ATTY. CORAZON C. PAGULAYAN-TORRES v. CARLOTA V. GOMEZ

  • A.M. No. P-04-1808 - RE: CONVICTION OF IMELDA B. FORTUS, CLERK III, RTC BRANCH 40, CALAPAN CITY, FOR THE CRIME OF VIOLATION OF BP 22

  • A.M. No. P-05-1953 and A.M. No. P-05-1954 - JUDGE MA. THERESA L. DELA TORRE-YADAO v. MARILOU A. CABANATAN

  • A.M. No. P-05-2007 - SENEN VILOS v. EXPEDITO B. BATO

  • A.M. No. P-05-2008 - SPOUSES PRESCILO AND GOMERSINDA TAGALOGUIN v. CONRADO V. HINGCO, JR.

  • A.M. No. P-05-2015 - ANONYMOUS COMPLAINT AGAINST PERSHING T. YARED

  • A.M. No. P-05-2017 - MILAGROS A. LOPEZ v. NICOLAS C. RAMOS

  • A.M. No. P-05-2021 - JUDGE ALDEN CERVANTES v. EDWIN CARDE O

  • Vicente v. Majaducon : AM RTJ-02-1698 : June 23, 2005 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • A.M. No. P-99-1342 - CONCERNED TAXPAYER v. NORBERTO V. DOBLADA, JR.

  • Castillo v. Alonzo-Legasto : AM RTJ-03-1804 : June 23, 2005 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Resolution

  • Icao Jr v. Ramas : AM RTJ-04-1827 : June 30, 2005 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Mabutas v. Perello : AM RTJ-03-1817 and A.M. No. RTJ-04-1820 : June 8, 2005 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Ortiz v. Jaculbe Jr : AM RTJ-04-1833 : June 28, 2005 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • Visitacion v. Libre : AM RTJ-05-1918 : June 8, 2005 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Resolution

  • Dantes v. Caguioa : AM RTJ-05-1919 : June 27, 2005 : J. Carpio-Morales : Third Division : Decision

  • A.M. No. RTJ-02-1698 - DANTE VICENTE v. JUDGE JOSE S. MAJADUCON

  • A.M. No. RTJ-03-1804 - ATTY. JOSE M. CASTILLO, v. JUDGE ROSE MARIE ALONZO-LEGASTO

  • A.M. No. RTJ-04-1827 - ATTY. FRIOLO R. ICAO, JR. v. HON. REINERO B. RAMAS

  • A.M. No. RTJ-03-1817 and A.M. No. RTJ-04-1820 - P.SR. SUPT. ORLANDO M. MABUTAS v. JUDGE NORMA C. PERELLO

  • A.M. No. RTJ-04-1833 - ALEXANDER B. ORTIZ v. JUDGE IBARRA B. JACULBE, JR.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-05-1918 - MARILOU PUNONGBAYAN VISITACION v. JUDGE MAXIMINO MAGNO LIBRE

  • A.M. No. RTJ-05-1919 - NESTOR F. DANTES v. JUDGE RAMON S. CAGUIOA

  • A.M. No. 2005-01-SC - CONCERNED EMPLOYEE v. ROBERTO VALENTIN