Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2010 > February 2010 Decisions > [G.R. No. 188669 : February 16, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ILDEFONSO MENDOZA Y BERIZO, APPELLANT. :




THIRD DIVISION

[G.R. No. 188669 : February 16, 2010]

PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ILDEFONSO MENDOZA Y BERIZO, APPELLANT.

R E S O L U T I O N


NACHURA, J.:

For review is the Decision[1] of the Court of Appeals (CA) in CA-G.R. CR-HC No. 03066, which affirmed the decision[2] of the Regional Trial Court (RTC), Branch 207, Muntinlupa City, finding appellant Ildefonso Mendoza guilty of Statutory Rape under Article 266-A of the Revised Penal Code.

The accused was charged in an Information which reads:

The undersigned Assistant City Prosecutor accuses ILDEFONSO MENDOZA Y BERISO @ "JUN JUN" of the crime of Statutory Rape, under Art. 266-A, Par. 1(d), in relation to Art. 266-B, 1st Paragraph, of the Revised Penal Code, as amended by R.A. 8353, committed as follows:

That on or about the 28th day of May, 2003, in the City of Muntinlupa, Philippines and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, being a man, by means of force, threat or intimidation, did then and there willfully, unlawfully and feloniously have carnal knowledge of the complainant, CMS, an 8-year old girl, by pressing his penis against and into the vagina of the said girl for purposes of penetrating the same for lust, against the latter's will and consent.

Contrary to law.

The factual antecedents as summarized by the CA:

During the trial, the prosecution presented, as witnesses, the private complainant herself, CMS; and eyewitness, Anna Loth Fernandez. As stated in the "Counter-Statement of Facts" in the Appellee's Brief, the thrust of its evidence is as follows:

On May 28, 2003, at about 2:30 in the afternoon, in West 3-B Cabulusan, Muntinlupa City, eight-year-old CMS, the victim, was at home inside their sala and was about to sleep when apellant Ildefonso Mendoza, a friend of her father, removed her shorts and panty, kissed and licked her vagina, and thereafter inserted his penis in her vagina. CMS felt pain and shouted "Aray!" prompting apellant to remove his penis. Thereafter, appellant told CMS not to tell her grandmother about what happened.

Incidentally, eighteen-year-old Anna Loth Fernandez was standing in front of the door of the house of CMS at the time of the incident. Anna Loth noticed a moving blanket inside CMS's house. Curious, she went inside her house, which happened to be adjacent to the victim's house, proceeded to the second floor, then peeped through a hole on the wall, where she saw a blanket covering appellant's lower body. Also, she saw appellant pull CMS's feet, removed the latter's shorts and kissed the latter's vagina. She further saw the victim trying to escape as appellant tried to open the former's legs. At that point, Anna Loth called her cousins, her siblings and Joseph, the victim's brother, to come upstairs to see what was happening. Thereafter, the group went down, talked about what they saw, and then, decided to tell Anna Loth's mother and grandmother of the incident, as they were scared of stopping appellant from what he was doing to the victim.

Only the accused, Ildefonso Mendoza, testified in his defense. His version is succinctly stated in the Appellant's Brief as follows:

EVIDENCE FOR THE DEFENSE

To rebut the evidence of the prosecution, the lone testimony of the accused, Ildefonso Mendoza, was offered in court.

Ildefonso Mendoza was sleeping in the house of Romeo Serrada, where he was then residing, on 28 May 2003 at around 2:30 o'clock p.m. He was then unable to report to work because he was having a fever. He was awakened around 10:00 o'clock in the evening when Alice, the mother of Anna Loth, was running amuck, as there was a snake in their house. On 29 May 2003, around 1:00 p.m. in the morning, he was invited to the Barangay hall by Crispin Almeda. It was then and there that he was informed that he is being charged of raping the victim. He was even kicked while in the Barangay hall. From there, he was brought to the municipal hall, where he was incarcerated

The RTC rendered a decision, giving credence to the version of the prosecution that rape transpired:

WHEREFORE, accused is found guilty beyond reasonable doubt of the crime of statutory rape and is sentenced to suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua. He is ordered to pay the victim Christine Mariel M. Serrada P50,000.00 as civil indemnity, P50,000.00 as moral damages and P25,000.00 as exemplary damages. His preventive imprisonment is credited in his favor.

SO ORDERED.[3]

On appeal, the CA affirmed the RTC:

WHEREFORE, the September 28, 2007 Decision of the Regional Trial Court, Branch 207, Muntinlupa City, in Criminal Case No. 03-391, is AFFIRMED.

SO ORDERED.[4]

Appellant filed a notice of appeal and is now before us insisting on his innocence and beseeching the reversal of the lower courts' finding of guilt.

We abide by the identical conclusion of the lower courts that accused raped CMS.

In the review of rape cases, we are guided by the following principles: (1) an accusation for rape can be made with facility; it is difficult to prove but more difficult for the person accused, though innocent, to disprove; (2) in view of the nature of the crime of rape where only two persons are usually involved, the testimony of the complainant is scrutinized with extreme caution; and (3) the evidence for the prosecution stands or falls on its own merits and cannot be allowed to draw strength from the weakness of the defense.[5] Ultimately, in a prosecution for rape, the complainant's credibility becomes the single most important issue.[6]

A perusal of CMS' testimony leads us to the inevitable conclusion that appellant raped her. As the CA had found, CMS' testimony accurately and vividly details, with the aid of paper dolls, what transpired on that fateful day, to wit:

Q.
What was that something bad that he did to you?
A.
He removed my shorts and panly, ma'am.

Q.
An then, after he removed your shorts and parity, what did he do next?
A.
He kissed my vagina and licked my vagina, ma'am.

Q.
Other than kissing your vagina and licking it, what else did he do?
A.
He inserted his penis to my vigina, ma'am.

x x x x

SSP ALEJO:

Q.
Likewise, you mentioned earlier that he kissed your vagina and then he licked it. Can you show it to us with the use of anatomical drawings what he did to you?

COURT INTERPRETER:

Witness is putting the head of the male paper doll over the vagina of the female paper doll.

SSP ALE JO:

Q.
And you said earlier, he inserted his penis inside your vagina, can you show to this Honorable Court with the use of those anatomical drawings?

COURT INTERPRETER:

Witness placing the male paper doll over the female paper doll.

CMS' testimony is corroborated by Anna Loth's direct testimony that while she was on the second floor of her house, adjacent to CMS' house, she peeped through a hole and noticed a moving blanket which turned out to be covering appellant's lower body. She then saw appellant pull CMS' feet, remove her shorts and kiss her vagina. Anna Loth's testimony consists of the following:

Q.
When you entered your house to verify what's happening to CMS what did you see, if any?
A.
I first went upstairs, there's a hole on the wall and I saw a blanket covering the lower half of Kuya Jun-Jun and I saw him, he was trying to pull with force the feet of Mariel.

Q.
What else did you see, if any?
A.
I saw also he was trying lo remove the shorts of CMS.

Q.
Was he able to remove the shorts of CMS?
A.
Yes, ma'am but CMS was able to wear it.

Q.
What else did you see?
A.
He opened the short pants of CMS then kissed vagina of CMS.

Q.
What else did you see?
A.
He is trying to put CMS in a position.

Q.
What position?

COURT INTERPRETER:

Both were sitting down side by side on the floor and Jun-Jun was trying to open the legs of CMS and CMS was trying to escape.

SSP ALEJO:

Q.
And then what happened when CMS was trying to escape?
A.
Then I called my cousins and my siblings and the brother of CMS, Joseph, and then they went upstairs and then they peeped on the hole.

Q.
What did they see, if any, when they peep[ed through] the hole?
A.
They saw everything that happened.

Q.
What was that that they saw?
A.
Also what I saw that Jun-Jun was kissing the vagina of CMS and then we went down and we talked.

x x x x
Q.
xxx During the cross examination, Madam Witness, you testified that the accused kissed the vagina of the private complainant in this case, what else have you noticed from the place where you were peeping because you also testified that you peeped from a wall, Madam Witness?
A.
The accused touched the vagina of the private complainant, ma'am.

Q.
After witnessing the accused touch the vagina of the private complainant, what else transpired while you were peeing in the wall?
A.
 
I saw him kiss that vagina, ma'am, and I saw him also pulling the legs of CMS.

Q.
And after he pulled the legs of CMS, what else transpired, if any.
A.
I also saw him trying to remove the shorts of CMS, ma'am.

Q.
Was he able to remove the shorts?
A.
Yes ma'am, but CMS pulled it up also.

Q.
And then, what else happened?
A.
I saw that she was being positioned and I already described that during the last hearing, ma'am.

Q.
After that incident what did you do if any? After you saw that incident, what did you do, if any?
A.
I called my cousin and the sibling of CMS, ma'am.

Q.
What did your cousin and the sibling do, if any?
A.
They went upstairs and they witnesses what happened upstairs, ma'am.

Q.
And then?
A.
They also saw what I have seen there, ma'am.[7]

In stark contrast to the foregoing testimonies is appellant's barefaced denial. Appellant simply claims that he could not have raped CMS as, at that time and day, he was nursing a fever and sleeping at the house of a certain Romeo Serrada. He did not even bother to present as witness this person he claims to have stayed with at that time.

We are in full accord with the lower courts' separate rulings on the credibility of CMS. On this issue, the RTC declared:

The Court gives weight to the testimony of the private complainant, a minor, who has never been exposed to the ways of the world and who has not even experienced menstruation. Her cry that she was raped deserves full credence and should not be discarded. The attention of the court has not been called to any dubious reason or improper motive on the part of private complainant and her family that would have impelled them to charge and testify against him. Her testimony which is characterized by clarity, spontaneity and coherence passes the test of judicial scrutiny. The conduct of Anna Loth and private complainant's mother in reporting the incident to the private complainant's grandmother after they discovered its commission is of utmost importance in establishing the truth of the charge. The promptness and spontaneity of the act shown by Anna Loth in looking for the elder brother of the private complainant manifest the natural reaction of persons who have seen a wrong done to fight for justice. Based on their testimonies, the court finds them credible and they are in no way cold-blooded liars.[8]

However, as regards the civil liability of appellant, we increase the appellate court's award of civil indemnity to P75,000.00. We, likewise, increase the grant of moral damages to P75,000.00, without need of proof, and the award of exemplary damages to P30,000.00.

WHEREFORE, the decision of the Regional Trial Court in Criminal Case No. 03-391 and the Decision of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CR-HC No. 03066 are AFFIRMED with MODIFICATION. Appellant Ildefonso Mendoza is SENTENCED to suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua with no eligibility for parole and to pay the victim, CMS, the amounts of P75,000.00 as civil indemnity, P75,000.00 as moral damages, and P30,000.00 as exemplary damages, plus costs.

SO ORDERED.

Corona, (Chairperson), Carpio Morales,* Velasco, Jr., and Peralta, JJ., concur.

Endnotes:


* Additional member in lieu of Associate Justice Jose Catral Mendoza per Raffle dated January 11, 2010.

[1] Penned by Associate Justice Jose Catral Mendoza (now a member of this Court), with Associate Justices Conrado M. Vasquez, Jr. and Ramon M. Bato, Jr., concurring; rollo, pp. 2-15.

[2] Penned by Presiding Judge Phililp A. Aguinaldo; CA rollo, pp. 12-15.

[3] Id. at 15.

[4] Supra note 1, at 15.

[5] People v. Brondial, G.R. No. 135517, October 18, 2000, 343 SCRA 600; People v. Sevilla, G.R. No. 126199, December 8, 1999, 320 SCRA 107; People v. Baygar, G.R. No. 132238, November 17, 1999, 318 SCRA 358; People v. Sta. Ana, G.R. Nos. 115657-59, June 26, 1998, 291 SCRA 188; People v. Auxtero, G.R. No. 118314, April 15, 1998, 289 SCRA 75; People v. Balmoria, G.R. Nos. 120620-21, March 20, 1998, 287 SCRA 687; People v. Barrientos, G.R. No. 119835, January 28, 1998, 285 SCRA 221; People v. Gallo, G.R. No. 124736, January 22, 1998, 284 SCRA 590.

[6] People v. Abellano, G.R. No. 169061, June 8, 2007, 524 SCRA 388.

[7] Rollo, pp. 7-9.

[8] CA rollo, p. 15.



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  • [G.R. No. 164118 : February 09, 2010] SARGASSO CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION (4TH DIVISION) AND GORGONIO MONGCAL, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 188456 : February 10, 2010] H. HARRY L. ROQUE, JR., JOEL R. BUTUYAN, ROMEL R. BAGARES, ALLAN JONES F. LARDIZABAL, GILBERT T. ANDRES, IMMACULADA D. GARCIA, ERLINDA T. MERCADO, FRANCISCO A. ALCUAZ, MA. AZUCENA P. MACEDA, AND ALVIN A. PETERS, PETITIONERS, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, REPRESENTED BY HON. CHAIRMAN JOSE MELO, COMELEC SPECIAL BIDS AND AWARDS COMMITTEE, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRMAN HON. FERDINAND RAFANAN, DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT, REPRESENTED BY HON. ROLANDO ANDAYA, TOTAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT CORPORATION AND SMARTMATIC INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, RESPONDENTS. PETE QUIRINO-QUADRA, PETITIONER-IN-INTERVENTION. SENATE OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, JUAN PONCE ENRILE, MOVANT-INTERVENOR.

  • [G.R. No. 180050 : February 10, 2010] RODOLFO G. NAVARRO, VICTOR F. BERNAL, AND RENE O. MEDINA, PETITIONERS, VS. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY EDUARDO ERMITA, REPRESENTING THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES; SENATE OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY THE SENATE PRESIDENT; HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, REPRESENTED BY THE HOUSE SPEAKER; GOVERNOR ROBERT ACE S. BARBERS, REPRESENTING THE MOTHER PROVINCE OF SURIGAO DEL NORTE; GOVERNOR GERALDINE ECLEO VILLAROMAN, REPRESENTING THE NEW PROVINCE OF DINAGAT ISLANDS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. P-10-2763 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 09-3056-P] : February 10, 2010] RE: IRREGULARITY IN THE USE OF BUNDY CLOCK BY SOPHIA M. CASTRO AND BABYLIN V. TAYAG, SOCIAL WELFARE OFFICERS II,[1]BOTH OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, ANGELES CITY.

  • [A.M. No. 2007-02-SC : February 10, 2010] RE: COMPLAINT OF JUDGE ROWENA NIEVES A. TAN FOR LATE REMITTANCE BY THE SUPREME COURT OF HER TERMINAL LEAVE PAY TO GSIS TO APPLY FOR PAYMENT OF HER SALARY LOAN TO SAID AGENCY.

  • [G.R. No. 189466 : February 11, 2010] DARYL GRACE J. ABAYON, PETITIONER, PRESENT: VS. THE HONORABLE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL, PERFECTO C. LUCABAN, JR., RONYL S. DE LA CRUZ AND AGUSTIN C. DOROGA, RESPONDENTS. [G.R. No. 189506] CONGRESSMAN JOVITO S. PALPARAN, JR., PETITIONER, VS. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL (HRET), DR. REYNALDO LESACA, JR., CRISTINA PALABAY, RENATO M. REYES, JR., ERLINDA CADAPAN, ANTONIO FLORES AND JOSELITO USTAREZ, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. MTJ-03-1462 (formerly OCA IPI No. 02-1515-RTJ) : February 11, 2010] JUDGE DOLORES L. ESPA´┐ŻOL, RTC, BRANCH 90, DASMARI´┐ŻAS, CAVITE, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUDGE LORINDA B. TOLEDO-MUPAS, MTC, DASMARI´┐ŻAS CAVITE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 189078 : February 11, 2010] MAYOR VIRGILIO P. VARIAS, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND JOSE "JOY" D. PE´┐ŻANO, RESPONDENTS. D E C I S I O N

  • [G.R. No. 185226 : February 11, 2010] CORAZON M. GREGORIO, AS ADMINISTRATRIX OF THE ESTATE LITIGATED IN THE CASE BELOW, RAMIRO T. MADARANG, AND THE HEIRS OF CASIMIRO R. MADARANG, JR., NAMELY: ESTRELITA L. MADARANG, CONSUELO P. MADARANG, CASIMIRO MADARANG IV, AND JANE MARGARET MADARANG-CRABTREE, PETITIONERS, VS. ATTY. JOSE R. MADARANG AND VICENTE R. MADARANG, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 187683 : February 11, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. VICTORIANO DELA CRUZ Y LORENZO, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 186640 : February 11, 2010] GEN. ALEXANDER B. YANO, CHIEF OF STAFF, ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES, LT. GEN. VICTOR S. IBRADO, COMMANDING GENERAL, PHILIPPINE ARMY, AND MAJ. GEN. RALPH A. VILLANUEVA, COMMANDER, 7TH INFANTRY DIVISION, PHILIPPINE ARMY, PETITIONERS, VS. CLEOFAS SANCHEZ AND MARCIANA MEDINA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 184740 : February 11, 2010] DENNIS A. B. FUNA, PETITIONER, VS. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY EDUARDO R. ERMITA, OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, SEC. LEANDRO R. MENDOZA, IN HIS OFFICIAL CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS, USEC. MARIA ELENA H. BAUTISTA, IN HER OFFICIAL CAPACITIES AS UNDERSECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS AND AS OFFICER-IN-CHARGE OF THE MARITIME INDUSTRY AUTHORITY (MARINA), RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 184197 : February 11, 2010] RAPID CITY REALTY AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. ORLANDO VILLA AND LOURDES PAEZ-VILLA,[1] RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 181409 : February 11, 2010] INTESTATE ESTATE OF MANOLITA GONZALES VDA. DE CARUNGCONG, REPRESENTED BY MEDIATRIX CARUNGCONG, AS ADMINISTRATRIX, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND WILLIAM SATO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. Nos. 177857-58 : February 11, 2010] PHILIPPINE COCONUT PRODUCERS FEDERATION, INC. (COCOFED), MANUEL V. DEL ROSARIO, DOMINGO P. ESPINA, SALVADOR P. BALLARES, JOSELITO A. MORALEDA, PAZ M. YASON, VICENTE A. CADIZ, CESARIA DE LUNA TITULAR, AND RAYMUNDO C. DE VILLA, PETITIONERS, VS. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT. JOVITO R. SALONGA, WIGBERTO E. TA´┐ŻADA, OSCAR F. SANTOS, ANA THERESIA HONTIVEROS, AND TEOFISTO L. GUINGONA III, OPPOSITORS-INTERVENORS. WIGBERTO E. TA´┐ŻADA, OSCAR F. SANTOS, SURIGAO DEL SUR FEDERATION OF AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES (SUFAC) AND MORO FARMERS ASSOCIATION OF ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR (MOFAZS), REPRESENTED BY ROMEO C. ROYANDOYAN; AND PAMBANSANG KILUSAN NG MGA SAMAHAN NG MAGSASAKA (PAKISAMA), REPRESENTED BY VICENTE FABE, MOVANTS-INTERVENORS.

  • [G.R. No. 172927 : February 11, 2010] RONILO SORREDA, PETITIONER, VS. CAMBRIDGE ELECTRONICS CORPORATION,[1] RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 172279 : February 11, 2010] VALENTIN MOVIDO, SUBSTITUTED BY MARGINITO MOVIDO, PETITIONER, VS. LUIS REYES PASTOR, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169190 : February 11, 2010] CUA LAI CHU, CLARO G. CASTRO, AND JUANITA CASTRO, PETITIONERS, VS. HON. HILARIO L. LAQUI, PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 218, QUEZON CITY AND PHILIPPINE BANK OF COMMUNICATION, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 164731 : February 11, 2010] GOVERNMENT SERVICE, INSURANCE SYSTEM, PETITIONER, VS. ROSALINDA A. BERNADAS, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. 08-2-01-0 : February 11, 2010] RE: PETITION FOR RECOGNITION OF THE EXEMPTION OF THE GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM FROM PAYMENT OF LEGAL FEES. GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM, PETITIONER.

  • [G.R. No. 190156 : February 12, 2010] LEONOR DANGAN-CORRAL, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND ERNESTO ENERO FERNANDEZ, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 180945 : February 12, 2010] PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, AS THE ATTORNEY-IN-FACT OF OPAL PORTFOLIO INVESTMENTS (SPV-AMC), INC., PETITIONER, VS. MERCEDES CORPUZ, REPRESENTED BY HER ATTORNEY-IN-FACT VALENTINA CORPUZ, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. Nos. 174599-609 : February 12, 2010] PACIFICO R. CRUZ, PETITIONER, VS. THE SANDIGANBAYAN (FOURTH DIVISION), OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, OFFICE OF THE SPECIAL PROSECUTOR AND SPECIAL PRESIDENTIAL TASK FORCE 156, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 171774 : February 12, 2010] REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. APOLINARIO CATARROJA, REYNALDO CATARROJA, AND ROSITA CATARROJA-DISTRITO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 168967 : February 12, 2010] CITY OF ILOILO REPRESENTED BY HON. JERRY P. TRE´┐ŻAS, CITY MAYOR, PETITIONER, VS. HON. LOLITA CONTRERAS-BESANA, PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 32, AND ELPIDIO JAVELLANA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 158385 : February 12, 2010] MODESTO PALALI, PETITIONER, VS. JULIET AWISAN, REPRESENTED BY HER ATTORNEY-IN-FACT GREGORIO AWISAN, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 187120 : February 15, 2010] PHILIPPINE JOURNALISTS, INC., PETITIONER, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, LABOR ARBITER FEDRIEL S. PANGANIBAN AND EDUARDO S. RIVERA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 188669 : February 16, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ILDEFONSO MENDOZA Y BERIZO, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 177747 : February 16, 2010] THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. IGNACIO PORAS, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [A.M. No. P-09-2721 (Formerly A.M. No. 09-9-162-MCTC) : February 16, 2010] REPORT ON THE FINANCIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED ON THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS OF THE MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURT, MONDRAGON-SAN ROQUE, NORTHERN SAMAR.

  • [A.M. NO. P-10-2772 (Formerly A.M. OCA I.P.I NO. 07-2615-P) : February 16, 2010] DOMINGO PE´┐ŻA, JR., COMPLAINANT, VS. ACHILLES ANDREW V. REGALADO II, SHERIFF IV, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, NAGA CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 188920 : February 16, 2010] JOSE L. ATIENZA, JR., MATIAS V. DEFENSOR, JR., RODOLFO G. VALENCIA, DANILO E. SUAREZ, SOLOMON R. CHUNGALAO, SALVACION ZALDIVAR-PEREZ, HARLIN CAST-ABAYON, MELVIN G. MACUSI AND ELEAZAR P. QUINTO, PETITIONERS, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, MANUEL A. ROXAS II, FRANKLIN M. DRILON AND J.R. NEREUS O. ACOSTA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 188353 : February 16, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. LEOZAR DELA CRUZ Y BALOBAL, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 185954 : February 16, 2010] OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, PETITIONER, VS. MAXIMO D. SISON, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 182498 : February 16, 2010] GEN. AVELINO I. RAZON, JR., CHIEF, PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE (PNP); POLICE CHIEF SUPERINTENDENT RAUL CASTA´┐ŻEDA, CHIEF, CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION AND DETECTION GROUP (CIDG); POLICE SENIOR SUPERINTENDENT LEONARDO A. ESPINA, CHIEF, POLICE ANTI-CRIME AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE (PACER); AND GEN. JOEL R. GOLTIAO, REGIONAL DIRECTOR OF ARMM, PNP, PETITIONERS, VS. MARY JEAN B. TAGITIS, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY ATTY. FELIPE P. ARCILLA, JR., ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 180356 : February 16, 2010] SOUTH AFRICAN AIRWAYS, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 179702 : February 16, 2010] ROLANDO P. ANCHETA, PETITIONER, VS. DESTINY FINANCIAL PLANS, INC. AND ARSENIO BARTOLOME, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 170864 : February 16, 2010] NELSON LAGAZO, PETITIONER, VS. GERALD B. SORIANO AND GALILEO B. SORIANO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 168644 : February 16, 2010] BSB GROUP, INC., REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, MR. RICARDO BANGAYAN, PETITIONER, VS. SALLY GO A.K.A. SALLY GO-BANGAYAN, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 166869 : February 16, 2010] PHILIPPINE HAWK CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. VIVIAN TAN LEE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 165377 : February 16, 2010] LOLITA REYES DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE NAME AND STYLE, SOLID BROTHERS WEST MARKETING, PETITIONER, VS. CENTURY CANNING CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 156287 : February 16, 2010] FELICITAS M. MACHADO AND MARCELINO P. MACHADO, PETITIONERS, VS. RICARDO L. GATDULA, COMMISSION ON THE SETTLEMENT OF LAND PROBLEMS, AND IRINEO S. PAZ, SHERIFF IV, OFFICE OF THE PROVINCIAL SHERIFF, SAN PEDRO, LAGUNA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 190526 : February 17, 2010] SANDRA Y. ERIGUEL, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND MA. THERESA DUMPIT-MICHELENA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 173289 : February 17, 2010] ELAND PHILIPPINES, INC., PETITIONER, VS. AZUCENA GARCIA, ELINO FAJARDO, AND HEIR OF TIBURCIO MALABANAN NAMED TERESA MALABANAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 169195 : February 17, 2010] FRANCISCO APARIS Y SANTOS, PETITIONER, VS. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 181809 : February 17, 2010] ROSE MARIE D. DOROMAL, PETITIONER, VS. HERNAN G. BIRON AND COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 173165 : February 17, 2010] ATTY. LUCKY M. DAMASEN, PETITIONER, VS. OSCAR G. TUMAMAO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 171231 : February 17, 2010] PNCC SKYWAY TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT AND SECURITY DIVISION WORKERS ORGANIZATION (PSTMSDWO), REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, RENE SORIANO, PETITIONER, VS. PNCC SKYWAY CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. 05-8-463-RTC : February 17, 2010] REQUEST OF JUDGE NI├ĹO A. BATINGANA, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 6, MATI, DAVAO ORIENTAL FOR EXTENSION OF TIME TO DECIDE CIVIL CASES NOS. 2063 AND 1756

  • [G.R. No. 176707 : February 17, 2010] ARLIN B. OBIASCA, [1] PETITIONER, VS. JEANE O. BASALLOTE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 185709 : February 18, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. MICHAEL A. HIPONA, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 183871 : February 18, 2010] LOURDES D. RUBRICO, JEAN RUBRICO APRUEBO, AND MARY JOY RUBRICO CARBONEL, PETITIONERS, VS. GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, GEN. HERMOGENES ESPERON, P/DIR. GEN. AVELINO RAZON, MAJ. DARWIN SY A.K.A. DARWIN REYES, JIMMY SANTANA, RUBEN ALFARO, CAPT. ANGELO CUARESMA, A CERTAIN JONATHAN, P/SUPT. EDGAR B. ROQUERO, ARSENIO C. GOMEZ, AND OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 180123 : February 18, 2010] KULAS IDEAS & CREATIONS, GIL FRANCIS MANINGO AND MA. RACHEL MANINGO, PETITIONERS, VS. JULIET ALCOSEBA AND FLORDELINDA ARAO-ARAO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 174237 : February 18, 2010] TERESITA L. ARAOS, CORAZON L. BALAGBIS, ROBERTO B. BAUTISTA, MARITA S. BELTRAN, RAUL A. CASIANO, HIDELZA B. CASTILLO, ELEONORA CINCO, MAY CATHERINE C. CIRIACO, ERLINDA G. DEL ROSARIO, AMELITA C. DELA TORRE, ALMA R. FAUSTO, ANTONETTE L. FERNANDEZ, CORITA M. GADUANG, VIRGINIA E. GALLARDE, MA. LUZ C. GENEROSO, MA. TERESA C. IGNACIO, EDDIE A. JARA, JOSIE MAGANA, ANTONIO G. MARALIT, NANCIANCINO L. MONREAL, MARIBEL D. ORTIZ, ALAN GENE O. PADILLA, JESUS C. PAJARILLO, MIGUEL E. ROCA JR., EDGAR M. SANDALO, AGNES E. SAN JOSE, EVELYN P. SAAYON, JUDY FRANCES A. SEE, MARIO R. SIBUCAO, CARMEN O. SORIANO, AND ARNOLD A. TOLENTINO, PETITIONERS, VS. HON. LEA REGALA, PRESIDING JUDGE, RTC, BRANCH 226, QUEZON CITY AND SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM (SSS), RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 166579 : February 18, 2010] JORDAN CHAN PAZ, PETITIONER, VS. JEANICE PAVON PAZ, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 174570 : February 20, 2010] ROMER SY TAN, PETITIONER, VS. SY TIONG GUE, FELICIDAD CHAN SY, SY CHIM, SY TIONG SAN, SY YU BUN, SY YU SHIONG, SY YU SAN AND BRYAN SY LIM, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 189698 : February 22, 2010] ELEAZAR P. QUINTO AND GERINO A. TOLENTINO, JR., PETITIONERS, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 184546 : February 22, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. WILSON SUAN Y JOLONGON, APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 177100 : February 22, 2010] BANDILA SHIPPING, INC., MR. REGINALDO A. OBEN, BANDILA SHIPPING, INC. AND FUYOH SHIPPING, INC., PETITIONERS, VS. MARCOS C. ABALOS, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 173915 : February 22, 2010] IRENE SANTE AND REYNALDO SANTE, PETITIONERS, VS. HON. EDILBERTO T. CLARAVALL, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF BRANCH 60, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF BAGUIO CITY, AND VITA N. KALASHIAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. CA-08-45-J (Formerly OCA IPI No. 08-130-CA-J) : February 22, 2010] ATTY. DENNIS V. NI´┐ŻO, COMPLAINANT, VS. JUSTICE NORMANDIE B. PIZARRO, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 169481 : February 22, 2010] REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. HEIRS OF JULIO RAMOS, REPRESENTED BY REYNALDO RAMOS MEDINA, ZENAIDA RAMOS MEDINA, DOLORES RAMOS MEDINA, ROMEO RAMOS AND MEDINA, VIRGIE RAMOS MEDINA, HERMINIA RAMOS MEDINA, CESAR RAMOS MEDINA AND REMEDIOS RAMOS MEDINA, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 182299 : February 22, 2010] WILFREDO M. BARON, BARRY ANTHONY BARON, RAMIL CAYAGO, DOMINADOR GEMINO, ARISTEO PUZON, BERNARD MANGSAT, MARIFE BALLESCA, CYNTHIA JUNATAS, LOURDES RABAGO, JEFFERSON DELA ROSA AND JOMAR M. DELA ROSA, PETITIONERS, VS. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION AND MAGIC SALES, INC. REPRESENTED BY JOSE Y. SY, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 168169 : February 24, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. ALBERTO TABARNERO AND GARY TABARNERO, ACCUSED-APPELLANTS.

  • [G.R. No. 188671 : February 24, 2010] MOZART P. PANLAQUI, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND NARDO M. VELASCO, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 187070 : February 24, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE, VS. ROLANDO TAMAYO Y TENA, ACCUSED-APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 183507 : February 24, 2010] OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN (MINDANAO), PETITIONER, VS. ASTERIA E. CRUZABRA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 183063 : February 24, 2010] REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. CAYETANO L. SERRANO,[1] AND HEIRS OF CATALINO M. ALAAN, REPRESENTED BY PAULITA P. ALAAN, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. Nos. 182382-83 : February 24, 2010] JAIME S. DOMDOM, PETITIONER, VS. HON. THIRD AND FIFTH DIVISIONS OF THE SANDIGANBAYAN, COMMISSION ON AUDIT AND THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.C. No. 8158 : February 24, 2010] ATTY. ELMER C. SOLIDON, COMPLAINANT, VS. ATTY. RAMIL E. MACALALAD, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 148306 : February 24, 2010] TERESITA DE MESA REFORZADO, PETITIONER, VS. SPOUSES NAZARIO C. LOPEZ AND PRECILA LOPEZ, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 175241 : February 24, 2010] INTEGRATED BAR OF THE PHILIPPINES REPRESENTED BY ITS NATIONAL PRESIDENT, JOSE ANSELMO I. CADIZ, H. HARRY L. ROQUE, AND JOEL RUIZ BUTUYAN, PETITIONERS, VS. HONORABLE MANILA MAYOR JOSE "LITO" ATIENZA, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 184398 : February 25, 2010] SILKAIR (SINGAPORE) PTE. LTD., PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 176625 : February 25, 2010] MACTAN-CEBU INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY AND AIR TRANSPORTATION OFFICE, PETITIONERS, VS. BERNARDO L. LOZADA, SR., AND THE HEIRS OF ROSARIO MERCADO, NAMELY, VICENTE LOZADA, MARIO M. LOZADA, MARCIA L. GODINEZ, VIRGINIA L. FLORES, BERNARDO LOZADA, JR., DOLORES GACASAN, SOCORRO CAFARO AND ROSARIO LOZADA, REPRESENTED BY MARCIA LOZADA GODINEZ, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 169467 : February 25, 2010] ALFREDO P. PACIS AND CLEOPATRA D. PACIS, PETITIONERS, VS. JEROME JOVANNE MORALES, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 167139 : February 25, 2010] SUSIE CHAN-TAN, PETITIONER, VS. JESSE C. TAN, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 162218 : February 25, 2010] METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, PETITIONER, VS. EDGARDO D. VIRAY, RESPONDENT.

  • [A.M. No. 07-6-6-SC : February 26, 2010] RE: NON-OBSERVANCE BY ATTY. EDEN T. CANDELARIA, CHIEF OF ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES (OAS), OF EN BANC RESOLUTION A.M. NO. 05-9-29-SC DATED SEPTEMBER 27, 2005 AND EN BANC RULING IN OFFICE OF OMBUDSMAN V. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION (G.R. NO. 159940 DATED FEBRUARY 16, 2005),

  • [G.R. No. 183505 : February 26, 2010] COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, PETITIONER, VS. SM PRIME HOLDINGS, INC. AND FIRST ASIA REALTY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, RESPONDENTS.

  • [G.R. No. 184286 : February 26, 2010] MAYOR JOSE MARQUEZ LISBOA PANLILIO, PETITIONER, VS. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND SAMUEL ARCEO DE JESUS, SR., RESPONDENTS.

  • [A.M. No. 2009-23-SC : February 26, 2010] RE: SMOKING AT THE FIRE EXIT AREA AT THE BACK OF THE PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE

  • [G.R. No. 173472 : February 26, 2010] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPELLEE, VS. ELMER PERALTA Y DE GUZMAN ALIAS "MEMENG", APPELLANT.

  • [G.R. No. 167415 : February 26, 2010] ATTY. MANGONTAWAR M. GUBAT, PETITIONER, VS. NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 165922 : February 26, 2010] BAGUIO MARKET VENDORS MULTI-PURPOSE COOPERATIVE (BAMARVEMPCO), REPRESENTED BY RECTO INSO, OPERATIONS MANAGER, PETITIONER, VS. HON. ILUMINADA CABATO-CORTES, EXECUTIVE JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BAGUIO CITY, RESPONDENT.

  • [G.R. No. 164141 : February 26, 2010] TIGER CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, PETITIONER, VS. REYNALDO ABAY, RODOLFO ARCENAL, ROLANDO ARCENAL, PEDRO BALANA, JESUS DEL AYRE, ARNEL EBALE, ARNEL FRAGA, ANGEL MARA´┐ŻO, METHODEO SOTERIO, MANUEL TAROMA, PIO ZETA, ISAIAS JAMILIANO, ARNALDO RIVERO, NOEL JAMILIANO JOEL ARTITA, DANIEL DECENA, ZENAIDA LAZALA, RONNIE RIVERO, RAMON ABAY, JOSE ABAY, HECTOR ABAY, EDISON ABAIS, DIOGENES ARTITA, FLORENTINO B. ARTITA, ROLANDO ANTONIO, JERRY ARA´┐ŻA, MAXIMENO M. BARRA, ARMANDO BAJAMUNDI, DANIEL BARRION, RENANTE BOALOY, ROLANDO BONOAN, FRANCISCO BAUTISTA, NOEL BENAUAN, EDGARDO BOALOY, REYNALDO BONOAN, DIONISIO BOSQUILLOS, ROGELIO B. COPINO, JR., RONNIE DELOS SANTOS, FELIX DE SILVA, REYNALDO LASALA, LARRY LEVANTINO, DOMINGO LOLINO, ROSALIO LOLINO, PERFECTO MACARIO, ROLANDO MALLANTA, ANASTACIO MARAVILLA, ROSARIO MARBELLA, GILBERTO MATUBIS, RODEL MORILLO, LORENZO PAGLINAWAN, JOSE PANES, RUBEN PANES, MATEO PANTELA, SANTOS SALIRE, GERMAN TALAGTAG, HILARIO TONAMOR, JESUS TAMAYO, JOSE TRANQUILO, EDISON VATERO, AND ROBERTO VERGARA, RESPONDENTS.