Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2016 > February 2016 Decisions > G.R. No. 199683, February 10, 2016 - ARLENE T. SAMONTE, VLADIMIR P. SAMONTE, MA. AUREA S. ELEPANO, Petitioners, v. LA SALLE GREENHILLS, INC., BRO. BERNARD S. OCA, Respondents.:




G.R. No. 199683, February 10, 2016 - ARLENE T. SAMONTE, VLADIMIR P. SAMONTE, MA. AUREA S. ELEPANO, Petitioners, v. LA SALLE GREENHILLS, INC., BRO. BERNARD S. OCA, Respondents.

PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

THIRD DIVISION

G.R. No. 199683, February 10, 2016

ARLENE T. SAMONTE, VLADIMIR P. SAMONTE, MA. AUREA S. ELEPANO, Petitioners, v. LA SALLE GREENHILLS, INC., BRO. BERNARD S. OCA, Respondents.

D E C I S I O N

PEREZ, J.:

As each and all of the various and varied classes of employees in the gamut of the labor force, from non-professionals to professionals, are afforded full protection of law and security of tenure as enshrined in the Constitution, the entitlement is determined on the basis of the nature of the work, qualifications of the employee, and other relevant circumstances.

Assailed in this petition for review on certiorari is the Decision1 of the Court of Appeals in C.A. G.R. SP No. 110391. affirming the Decision of the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC) in NLRC CA No. 044835-052 finding that petitioners Arlene T. Samonte, Vladimir P. Samonte and Ma. Aurea S. Elepano were fixed-term employees of respondent La Salle Greenhills, Inc. (LSGI). The NLRC (First Division) ruling is a modification of the ruling of the Labor Arbiter that petitioners were independent contractors of respondent LSGI.3

The facts are not in dispute.

From 1989, and for fifteen (15) years thereafter, LSGI contracted the services of medical professionals, specifically pediatricians, dentists and a physician, to comprise its Health Service Team (HST).

Petitioners, along with other members of the HST signed uniform one-page Contracts of Retainer for the period of a specific academic calendar beginning in June of a certain year (1989 and the succeeding 15 years) and terminating in March of the following year when the school year ends. The Contracts of Retainer succinctly read, to wit:

C O N T R A C T O F R E T A I N E R

Name of Retainer _________________________________________
Address_________________________________________________
Community Tax Cert. No.__________________________________
 Issued at_______________ on ____________________________
Taxpayer Identification No. (TIN)_________________
Department Assigned to________ HRD-CENTRO Operation___________
Project/Undertaking (Description and Duration)
____________ Health Services__________________
Job Task (Description and Duration)
School [physician] from June 1, [x x x] to March 31, [x x x]
Rate__________________

Conditions:

1. This retainer is only temporary in character and, as above specified, shall be solely and exclusively limited to the project/undertaking and/ or to the job/task assigned to the retainer within the said project/undertaking;

2. This retainer shall, without need of any notice to the retainer, automatically cease on the aforespecified expiration date/s of the said project/undertaking and/or the said job/task; provided, that this retainer shall likewise be deemed terminated if the said project/undertaking and/or fob/task shall be completed on a date/s priot to their aforespecified expiration date/s;

3. The foregoing notwithstanding, at any time prior to said expiration or completion date/s, La Salle Greenhills, Inc. may upon prior written notice to the retainer, terminate this contract should the retainer fail in any way to perform his assigned job/task to the satisfaction of La Salle Greenhills, Inc. or for any other just cause.

HERMAN G. ROCHESTER                              _____________________
Head Administrator                                                       Retainer

BELEN T. MASILUNGAN                                  _____________________
Personnel Officer                                                      Date Signed

Signed in the Presence of:

DANTE M. FERRER                                               BRO. BERNARD S. OCA
FRD Head Administrator                                             President4

After fifteen consecutive years of renewal each academic year, where the last Contract of Retainer was for the school year of 2003-2004 i.e., June 1, 2003 to March 31, 2004, LSGI Head Administrator, Herman Rochester, on that last day of the school year, informed the Medical Service Team, including herein petitioners, that their contracts will no longer be renewed for the following school year by reason of LSGI's decision to hire two (2) full-time doctors and dentists. One of the physicians from the same Health Service Team was hired by LSGI as a full-time doctor.

When petitioners', along with their medical colleagues', requests for

payment of their separation pay were denied, they filed a complaint for illegal dismissal with prayer for separation pay, damages and attorney's fees before the NLRC. They included the President of LSGI, Bro. Bernard S. Oca, as respondent.

In their Position Paper, petitioners alleged that they were regular employees who could only be dismissed for just and authorized causes, who, up to the time of their termination, regularly received the following amounts:

1. Monthly salary for the ten-month period of a given school year:

Name
Monthly Salary
a) Jennifer A. Ramirez
Php 20,682.73
b) Brandon D. Ericta
28,603.62
c) [Petitioner] Arlene T. Samonte
20,682.73
d) [Petitioner] Vladimir P. Samonte
20,682.73
e) Alma S. Resurrecion
12,700.83
f) Ma. Socorro A. Salazar
21,117.00
g) [Petitioner] Ma. Aurea S. Elepano
8,429.43

2. Annual 13th Month Pay equivalent to their one month salary;

3. Automatic yearly increase to their monthly salary, the rate of which is discretionary to LSGFs Executive Administrator based on a comparative rate to the across the board increase of the regular school employees which increase was subsequently reflected in their [HST'S] monthly salaries for the following school year;

4. Since 1996, as a result of the HST's request for a performance bonus, the team was likewise evaluated for a year-end performance rating by HRD- CENTRO Head Administrator, the Assistant Principal, the Health Services Team Leader and the designated Physician's Coordinator, complainant Jennifer Ramirez.

To further bolster their claim of regular employment, complainants pointed out the following in their Position Paper:

In the course of their employment, each of the complainants served an average of nine hours a week. But beyond their duty hours, they were on call for any medical exigencies of the La Sallian community. Furthermore, over the years, additional tasks were assigned to the complainants and were required to suffer the following services/activites:

a) To attend staff meetings and to participate in the formulation/adoption of policies and programs designed to enhance the School services to its constituents and to upgrade the School's standards. Complainants' involvement in Staff Meetings of the Health Services Unit of respondent school was a regular activity associated with personnel who are regular employees of an institution;

b) To participate in various gatherings and activities sponsored by the respondent school such as the Kabihasnan (the bi-annual school fair), symposiums, seminars, orientation programs, workshops, lectures, etc., including purely political activities such as the NAMFREL quick count, of which the respondent school is a staunch supporter;

c) Participation of the complainants in Medical/Dental Missions in the name of respondent school;

d) Formulation of the Health Services Unit Manual;

e) Participation in the collation of evaluation of services rendered by the Health Services Unit, as required for the continuing PAASCU (Philippine Association of Accredited Schools Colleges & Universities) accreditation of the School;

f) Participation in the yearly evaluation of complainants, which is a

function of regular employees in the HRD-CENTRO Operations, of the HRD-CENTRO Head Administrator;

g) Designation of certain complainants, particularly Dr. Jennifer A. Ramirez, as member of panel of investigation to inquire into an alleged misdemeanor of a regular employee of respondent school; and

h) Regular inspection of the canteen concessionaire and the toilet facilities of the school premises to insure its high standards of sanitation.

Complainants were likewise included among so-called members of the "LA SALLIAN FAMILY: Builder of a Culture of Peace," under the heading "Health Services Team" of the La Salle Green Hills High School Student Handbook 2003-2004. Such public presentation of the complainants as members of the "LA SALLIAN FAMILY" leaves no doubt about the intent of respondent school to project complainants as part of its professional staff.5ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

On the other hand, in their Position Paper,6 LSGI denied that complainants were regular employees, asserting that complainants were independent contractors who were retained by LSGI by reason of their medical skills and expertise to provide ancillary medical and dental services to both its students and faculty, consistent with the following circumstances:

1. Complainants were professional physicians and dentists on retainer basis, paid on monthly retainer fees, not regular salaries;

2. LSGI had no power to impose disciplinary measures upon complainants including dismissal from employment;

3. LSGI had no power of control over how complainants actually performed their professional services.

In the main, LSGI invoked the case of Sonza v. ABS-CBN7 to justify its stance that complainants were independent contractors and not regular employees citing, thus:

SONZA contends that ABS-CBN exercised control over the means and methods of his work.

SONZA's argument is misplaced. ABS-CBN engaged SONZA's services specifically to co-host the "Mel & Jay" programs. ABS-CBN did not assign any other work to SONZA. To perform his work, SONZA only needed his skills and talent. How SONZA delivered his lines, appeared on television, and sounded on radio were outside ABS-CBN's control. SONZA did not have to render 8 hours of work per day. The Agreement required SONZA to attend only rehearsals and tapings of the shows, as well as pre and post-production staff meetings. ABS-CBN could not dictate the contents of SONZA's script. However, the Agreement prohibited SONZA from criticising in his shows ABS-CBN or its interests. The clear implication is that SONZA had a free hand on what to say or discuss in his shows provided he did not attack ABS-CBN or its interests.

As previously adverted, the Labor Arbiter dismissed petitioners' (and their colleagues') complaint and ruled that complainants, as propounded by LSGI, were independent contractors under retainership contracts and never became regular employees of LSGI. The Labor Arbiter based its over-all finding of the absence of control by LSGI over complainants on the following points:

1. The professional services provided by complainants, including herein petitioners, cannot be considered as necessary to LSGI's business of providing primary and secondary education to its students.

2. The pay slips of complainants are not salaries but professional fees less taxes withheld for the medical services they provided;

3. Issuance of identification cards to, and the requirement to log the time-in and time-out of, complainants are not indicia of LSGI's power of control over them but were only imposed for security reasons and in compliance with the agreed clinic schedules of complainants at LSGI premises.

4. In contrast to regular employees of LSGI, complainants: (a) were not required to attend or participate in school-sponsored activities and (b) did not enjoy benefits such as educational subsidy for their dependents.

5. On this score alone, complainants' respective clinic schedule at LSGI for two (2) to three (3) days a week for three (3) hours a day, for a maximum of nine (9) hours a week, was not commensurate to the required number of hours work rendered by a regular employee in a given week of at least 40 hours a week or 8 hours a day for five (5) days. In addition, the appointed clinic schedule was based on the preference of complainants.

Curiously, despite the finding that complainants were independent contractors and not regular employees, the Labor Arbiter, on the ground of compassionate social justice, awarded complainants separation pay at the rate of one-half month salary for every year of service:

Separately, both parties, complainants, including herein petitioners, and respondents appealed to the NLRC.

At the outset, the NLRC disagreed with the Labor Arbiter's ruling that complainants were independent contractors based on the latter's opinion that the services rendered by complainants are not considered necessary to LSGI's operation as an educational institution. The NLRC noted that Presidential Decree No. 856, otherwise known as the Sanitation Code of the Philippines, requires that private educational institutions comply with the sanitary laws. Nonetheless, the NLRC found that complainants were fixed-period employees whose terms of employment were subject to agreement for a specific duration. In all, the NLRC ruled that the Contracts of Retainer between complainants and LSGI are valid fixed-term employment contracts where complainants as medical professionals understood the terms thereof when they agreed to such continuously for more than ten (10) years. Consequently, the valid termination of their retainership contracts at the end of the period stated therein, did not entitle complainants to reinstatement, nor, to payment of separation pay.

At this point, only herein petitioners, filed a petition for certiorari under Rule 65 of the Rules of Court before the Court of Appeals alleging that grave abuse of discretion attended the ruling of the NLRC that they were not regular employees and thus not entitled to the twin remedies of reinstatement to work with payment of full backwages or separation pay with backwages.

In dismissing the petition for certiorari, the appellate court ruled that the NLRC did not commit an error of jurisdiction which is correctible by a writ of certiorari. The Court of Appeals found that the NLRC's ruling was based on the Contracts of Retainer signed by petitioners who, as professionals, supposedly ought to have known the import of the contracts they voluntarily signed, i.e. (a) temporary in character; (b) automatically ceasing on the specified expiration date, or (c) likewise deemed terminated if job/task shall be completed on a date prior to specified expiration date.

The Court of Appeals ruled against petitioners' claim of regular employment, thus:

Moreover, this Court is not persuaded by petitioners' averments that they are regular employees simply because they received benefits such as overtime pay, allowances, Christmas bonuses and the like; or because they were subjected to administrative rules such as those that regulate their time and hours of work, or subjected to LSGFs disciplinary rules and regulations; or simply because they were treated as part of LSGFs professional staff. It must be emphasised that LSGI, being the employer, has the inherent right to regulate all aspects of employment of every employee whether regular, probationary, contractual or fixed-term. Besides, petitioners were hired for specific tasks and under fixed terms and conditions and it is LSGI's prerogative to monitor their performance to see if they are doing their tasks according to the terms and conditions of their contract and to give them incentives for good performance.8

Hence, this petition for review on certiorari raising the following issues for resolution of the Court:

  1. WHETHER OR NOT THE COURT OF APPEALS ERRED IN RULING THAT PETITIONERS WERE FIXED-PERIOD EMPLOYEES AND NOT REGULAR EMPLOYEES OF LSGI.

  2. WHETHER OR NOT THE COURT OF APPEALS ERRED IN NOT HAVING RULED THAT PETITIONERS WERE ILLEGALLY DISMISSED FROM WORK.

  3. WHETHER OR NOT THE COURT OF APPEALS ERRED IN NOT HAVING RULED THAT PETITIONERS ARE ENTITLED TO REINSTATEMENT, BACKWA'GES AND OTHER MONETARY BENEFITS PROVIDED BY LAW, MORAL AND EXEMPLARY DAMAGES, AS WELL AS ATTORNEY'S FEES.

  4. WHETHER OR NOT THE COURT OF APPEALS ERRED IN NOT HAVING RULED THAT RESPONDENTS ARE SOLIDARILY LIABLE AS THEY ACTED IN BAD FAITH AND WITH MALICE IN DEALING WITH THE PETITIONERS.9

The pivotal issue for resolution is whether the Court of Appeals correctly ruled that the NLRC did not commit grave abuse of discretion in ruling that petitioners were not regular employees who may only be dismissed for just and authorized causes.

Our inquiry and disposition will delve into the kind of employment relationship between the parties, such employment relationship having been as much as admitted by LSGI and then ruled upon categorically by the NLRC and the appellate court which both held that petitioners were fixed-term employees and not independent contractors.

Article 280 of the Labor Code classifies employees into regular, project, seasonal, and casual:

Art. 280. Regular and casual employment. The provisions of written agreement to the contrary notwithstanding and regardless of the oral agreement of the parties, an employment shall be deemed to be regular where the employee has been engaged to perform activities which are usually necessary or desirable in the usual business or trade of the employer, except where the employment has been fixed for a specific project or undertaking the completion or termination of which has been determined at the time of the engagement of the employee or where the . work or service to be performed is seasonal in nature and the employment is for the duration of the season.

An employment shall be deemed to be casual if it is not covered by the preceding paragraph: Provided, That any employee who has rendered at least one year of service, whether such service is continuous or broken, shall be considered a regular employee with respect to the activity in which he is employed and his employment shall continue while such activity exists.


The provision classifies regular employees into two kinds (1) those "engaged to perform activities which are usually necessary or desirable in the usual business or trade of the employer"; and (2) casual employees who have "rendered at least one year of service, whether such service is continuous or broken."

The NLRC correctly identified the existence of an employer-employee relationship between petitioners and LSGI and not a bilateral independent contractor relationship. On more than one occasion, we recognised certain workers to be independent contractors: individuals with unique skills and talents that set them apart from ordinary employees.10 We found them to be independent contractors because of these unique skills and talents and the lack of control over the means and methods in the performance of their work. In some instances, doctors and other medical professional may fall into this independent contractor category, legitimately providing medical professional services. However, as has been declared by the-NLRC and the appellate court, petitioners herein are not independent contractors.

We need to examine next the ruling of the NLRC and the Court of Appeals that petitioners were fixed-term employees.

To factually support such conclusion, the NLRC solely relied on the case of Brent v. Zamor11 and perfunctorily noted that petitioners, professional doctors and dentists, continuously signed the contracts for more than ten (10) years. Such was heedless of our prescription that the ruling in Brent be strictly construed, applying only to cases where it appears that the employer and employee are on equal footing. Observably, nowhere in the two and half page ratiocination of the NLRC was there reference to the standard that "it [should] satisfactorily appear that the employer and employee dealt with each other on more or less equal terms with no moral dominance whatever being exercised by the former on the latter."

From Brent, which remains as the exception rather than the rule in the determination of the nature of employment, we are schooled that there are employment contracts where a "fixed term is an essential and natural appurtenance" such as overseas employment contracts and officers in educational institutions. We learned thus:

[T]he decisive determinant in the term employment contract should not be the activities that the employee is called upon to perform, but the day certain agreed upon by the parties for the commencement and termination of their employment relationship, a day certain being understood to be "that which must necessarily come, although it may not be known when.

xxx

Accordingly, and since the entire purpose behind the development of legislation culminating in the present Article 280 of the Labor Code clearly appears to have been, as already observed, to prevent circumvention of the employee's right to be secure in his tenure, the clause in said article indiscriminately and completely ruling out all written or oral agreements conflicting with the concept of regular employment as defined therein should be construed to refer to the substantive evil that the Code itself has singled out: agreements entered into precisely to circumvent security of tenure. It should have no application to instances where a fixed period of employment was agreed upon knowingly and voluntarily by the parties, without any force, duress or improper pressure being brought to bear upon the employee and absent any other circumstances vitiating his consent, or where it satisfactorily appears that the employer and employee dealt with each other on more or less equal terms with no moral dominance whatever being exercised by the former over the latter.

Tersely put, a fixed-term employment is allowable under the Labor Code only if the term was voluntarily and knowingly entered into by the parties who must have dealt with each other on equal terms not one exercising moral dominance over the other.

Indeed, Price, et. al. v. Innodata Corp., teaches us, from the wording of Article 280 of the Labor Code, that the nomenclature of contracts, especially employment contracts, does not define the employment status of a person: Such is defined and prescribed by law and not by what the parties say it should be. Equally important to consider is that a contract of employment is impressed with public interest such that labor contracts must yield to the common good. Thus, provisions of applicable statutes are deemed written into the contract, and the parties are not at liberty to insulate themselves and their relationships from the impact of labor laws and regulations by simply contracting with each other.

Further, a fixed-term contract is an employment contract, the repeated renewals of which make for a regular employment. In Fuji Network Television v. Espiritu,12 wenoted that Fuji's argument that Espiritu was an independent contractor under a fixed-term contract is contradictory where employees under fixed-term contracts cannot be independent contractors because in fixed-term contracts, an employer-employee relationship exists. Significantly, we ruled therein that Espiritu's contract indicating a fixed term did not automatically mean that she could never be a regular employee which is precisely what Article 280 of the Labor Code sought to avoid. The repeated renewal of Espiritu's contract coupled with the nature of work performed pointed to the regular nature of her employment despite contrary claims of Fuji and the nomenclature of the contract. Citing Dumpit-Murillo v. Court of Appeals13 and Philips Semiconductors, Inc. v. Fadriquela,14 we declared in Fuji that the repeated engagement under contract of hire is indicative of the necessity and desirability of the [employee's] work in respondent's business and where employee's contract has been continuously extended or renewed to the same position, with the same duties and remained in the employ without any interruption, then such employee is a regular employee.

In the case at bar, the Court of Appeals disregarded the repeated renewals of the Contracts of Retainer of petitioners spanning a decade and a half. The Court of Appeals ruled that petitioners never became regular employees:

[T]his Court is not persuaded by petitioners' averments that they are regular employees simply because they received benefits such as overtime pay, allowances, Christmas bonuses and the like; or because they were subjected to administrative rules such as those that regulate their time and hours of work, or subjected to LSGl's disciplinary rules and regulations; or simply because they were treated as part of LSGLs professional staff. It must be emphasised that LSG1, as the employer, has the inherent right to regulate all aspects of employment of every employee whether regular, probationary, contractual or fixed-term. Besides, petitioners were hired for specific tasks and under fixed terms and conditions and it is LSGl's prerogative to monitor their performance to see if they are doing their tasks according to the terms and conditions of their contract and to give them incentives for good performance.15ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

We completely disagree with the Court of Appeals.

The uniform one-page Contracts of Retainer signed by petitioners were prepared by LSGI alone. Petitioners, medical professionals as they were, were still not on equal footing with LSGI as they obviously did not want to lose their jobs that they had stayed in for fifteen (15) years. There is no specificity in the contracts regarding terms and conditions of employment that would indicate that petitioners and LSGI were on equal footing in negotiating it. Notably, without specifying what are the tasks assigned to petitioners, LSGI "may upon prior written notice to the retainer, terminate [the] contract should the retainer fail in any way to perform his assigned job/task to the satisfaction of La Salle Greenhills, Inc. or for any other just cause."16

While vague in its sparseness, the Contract of Retainer very clearly spelled out that LSGI had the power of control over petitioners.

Time and again we have held that the power of control refers to the existence of the power and not necessarily to the actual exercise thereof, nor is it essential for the employer to actually supervise the performance of duties of the employee.17 It is enough that the employer has the right to wield that power.

In all, given the following: (1) repeated renewal of petitioners' contract for fifteen years, interrupted only by the close of the school year; (2) the necessity of the work performed by petitioners as school physicians and dentists; and (3) the existence of LSGI's power of control over the means and method pursued by petitioners in the performance of their job, we rule that petitioners attained regular employment, entitled to security of tenure who could only be dismissed for just and authorized causes. Consequently, petitioners were illegally dismissed and are entitled to the twin remedies of payment of separation pay and full back wages. We order separation pay in lieu of reinstatement given the time that has lapsed, twelve years, in the litigation of this case.

We clarify, however, that our ruling herein is only confined to the three (3) petitioners who had filed this appeal by certiorari under Rule 45 of theRules of Court, and prior thereto, the petition for certiorari under Rule 65 thereof before the Court of Appeals. The Decision of the NLRC covering other complainants in NLRC CA No. 044835-05 has already become final and executory as to them.

Not being trier of facts, we remand this case to the NLRC for the determination of separation pay and full back wages from the time petitioners were precluded from returning to work the school year 2004 and compensation for work performed in that period.chanrobleslaw

WHEREFORE, the petition is GRANTED. The Decision of the Court of Appeals in CA G.R. SP No. 110391 is REVERSED AND SET ASIDE. The Decisions of the NLRC in NLRC CA No. 044835-05 and NLRC CASE No. 00-0607081-04 are ANNULLED AND SET ASIDE.  The Complaint of petitioners Arlene T. Samonte, Vladimir P. Samonte, Ma. Carmen Aurea S. Elepano against La Salle Greenhills, Inc. for illegal dismissal is GRANTED. We REMAND this case to the NLRC for the computation of the three (3) petitioners' separation pay and full back wages.

No pronouncement as to costs.

SO ORDERED.cralawlawlibrary

Velasco, (Chairperson), Peralta, Reyes and Jardeleza, JJ., concur.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

Endnotes:


1 Penned by Associate Justice Rosalinda Asuncion-Vicente with Justices Romeo F. Barza, Edward D. Sorongon concurring, rollo, pp. 57-69.

2 Id. at 104-109.

3 Id. at 244-258.

4 CA rollo, pp. 234-240.

5 Id. at 195-209.

6 Id. at 210-229.

7 G.R. No. 138051, June 10, 2004.

8Rollo, p. 66.

9 Id. at 21.

10Orozco v. Court of Appeals et al, 584 Phil. 35 [2008; Seblante et al. v. Court of Appeals, 671 Phil. 213 (2011); Bernarle v. Philippine Basketball Association, 673 Phil. 384 (2011); Sonza, v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 138051, June 10, 2004.

11 260 Phil. 747 (1990).

12 G.R. Nos. 204944-45, December 3, 2014.

13 551 Phil. 725 (2007).

14 471 Phil. 355 (2004).

15Rollo, p. 66

16 Id. at 65.

17Corporal Sr. v. National Labor Relations Commission, 395 Phil. 980 (2000).



Back to Home | Back to Main


chanrobles.com



ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc. : www.chanroblesprofessionalreview.com
ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com
ChanRobles CPA Review Online

ChanRobles CPALE Review Online : www.chanroblescpareviewonline.com
ChanRobles Special Lecture Series

ChanRobles Special Lecture Series - Memory Man : www.chanroblesbar.com/memoryman





February-2016 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 212878, February 01, 2016 - MARLOW NAVIGATION PHILS., INC., MARLOW NAVIGATION CO., LTD., W. BOCKSTLEGEL REEDEREI (GERMANY), ORLANDO D. ALIDIO AND ANTONIO GALVEZ, JR., Petitioners, v. WILFREDO L. CABATAY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213910, February 03, 2016 - VINSON* D. YOUNG A.K.A. BENZON ONG AND BENNY YOUNG A.K.A. BENNY ONG, Petitioners, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, AS REPRESENTED BY THE OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR GENERAL, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198994, February 03, 2016 - IRIS MORALES, Petitioners, v. ANA MARIA OLONDRIZ, ALFONSO JUAN OLONDRIZ, JR., ALEJANDRO MORENO OLONDRIZ, ISABEL ROSA OLONDRIZ AND FRANCISCO JAVIER MARIA OLONDRIZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 181186, February 03, 2016 - SIGUION REYNA MONTECILLO AND ONGSIAKO LAW OFFICES, Petitioners, v. HON. NORMA CHIONLO-SIA, IN HER CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF BRANCH 56 OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF LUCENA CITY, AND THE TESTATE ESTATE OF DECEASED SUSANO RODRIGUEZ, REPRESENTED BY THE SPECIAL ADMINISTRATRIX, Respondents.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-13-2361 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 13-4144-RTJ], February 02, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. PRESIDING JUDGE JOSEPH CEDRICK O. RUIZ, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 61, MAKATI CITY, Respondent.

  • OCA I.P.I. No. 13-4148-P, February 10, 2016 - SPS. JOSE AND MELINDA CAILIPAN, Complainants, v. LORENZO O. CASTAŅEDA, SHERIFF IV, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 96, QUEZON CITY, Respondents

  • G.R. No. 205814, February 15, 2016 - SPOUSES ALFREDO TEAŅO* AND VERONICA TEAŅO, Petitioners, v. THE MUNICIPALITY OF NAVOTAS, REPRESENTED BY MAYOR TOBIAS REYNALD M. TIANGCO, AND MUNICIPAL TREASURER MANUEL T. ENRIQUEZ, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 195145, February 10, 2016 - MANILA ELECTRIC COMPANY, Petitioner, v. SPOUSES SULPICIO AND PATRICIA RAMOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 192075, February 10, 2016 - ROBERTO PALO Y DE GULA, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194548, February 10, 2016 - JUANA VDA. DE ROJALES, SUBSTITUTED BY HER HEIRS, REPRESENTED BY CELERINA ROJALES-SEVILLA, Petitioner, v. MARCELINO DIME, SUBSTITUTED BY HIS HEIRS, REPRESENTED BY BONIFACIA MANIBAY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 218396, February 10, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. NESTOR ROXAS Y CASTRO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 208343, February 03, 2016 - SPOUSES CEFERINO C. LAUS AND MONINA P. LAUS, AND SPOUSES ANTONIO O. KOH AND ELISA T. KOH, Petitioners, v. OPTIMUM SECURITY SERVICES, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199194, February 10, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. JOSE B. SAREŅOGON, JR., Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 7618, February 02, 2016 - SPOUSES JONATHAN AND ESTER LOPEZ, Complainants, v. ATTY. SINAMAR E. LIMOS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199371, February 03, 2016 - PETRON LPG DEALERS ASSOCIATION AND TOTAL GAZ LPG DEALERS ASSOCIATION, Petitioners, v. NENA C. ANG, ALISON C. SY, NELSON C. ANG, RENATO C. ANG, AND/OR OCCUPANTS OF NATIONAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208451, February 03, 2016 - MANILA MEMORIAL PARK CEMETERY, INC., Petitioner, v. EZARD D. LLUZ, NORMAN CORRAL, ERWIN FUGABAN, VALDIMAR BALISI, EMILIO FABON, JOHN MARK APLICADOR, MICHAEL CURIOSO, JUNLIN ESPARES, GAVINO FARINAS, AND WARD TRADING AND SERVICES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190846, February 03, 2016 - TOMAS P. TAN, JR., Petitioner, v. JOSE G. HOSANA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 204970, February 01, 2016 - SPOUSES CLAUDIO AND CARMENCITA TRAYVILLA, Petitioners, v. BERNARDO SEJAS AND JUVY PAGLINAWAN, REPRESENTED BY JESSIE PAGLINAWAN, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 205764, February 03, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. LEE QUIJANO ENAD, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 196651, February 03, 2016 - UWE MATHAEUS, Petitioner, v. SPOUSES ERIC AND GENEVIEVE MEDEQUISO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 207355, February 03, 2016 - JENNIFER A. AGUSTIN-SE AND ROHERMIA J. JAMSANI-RODRIGUEZ, Petitioners, v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, REPRESENTED BY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY PAQUITO N. OCHOA, JR., ORLANDO C. CASIMIRO, OVERALL DEPUTY OMBUDSMAN, OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, AND JOHN I.C. TURALBA, ACTING DEPUTY SPECIAL PROSECUTOR, OFFICE OF THE SPECIAL PROSECUTOR, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209212, February 10, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plintiff and Appellee, v. ROMEL SAPITULA Y PACULAN, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 191185, February 01, 2016 - GUILBEMER FRANCO, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • A.M. OCA IPI No. 09-3210-RTJ, February 03, 2016 - JUVY P. CIOCON-REER, ANGELINA P. CIOCON, MARIVIT P. CIOCON-HERNANDEZ, AND REMBERTO C. KARAAN, SR., Complainants, v. JUDGE ANTONIO C. LUBAO, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 22, GENERAL SANTOS CITY, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 7594, February 09, 2016 - ADELPHA E. MALABED, Complainant, v. ATTY. MELJOHN B. DE LA PEŅA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 207535, February 10, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RICARDO LAGBO A.K.A RICARDO LABONG Y MENDOZA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 201073, February 10, 2016 - PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC. Petitioner, v. PAL EMPLOYEES SAVINGS & LOAN ASSOCIATION, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 180402, February 10, 2016 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. PILIPINAS SHELL PETROLEUM CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208021, February 03, 2016 - OSCAR S. VILLARTA, Petitioner, v. GAUDIOSO TALAVERA, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 193748, February 03, 2016 - MERVIC REALTY, INC. AND VICCY REALTY, INC., Petitioners, v. CHINA BANKING CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 181789, February 03, 2016 - GMA NETWORK, INC., Petitioner, v. NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION, CENTRAL CATV, INC., PHILIPPINE HOME CABLE HOLDINGS, INC., AND PILIPINO CABLE CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 202978, February 01, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. VICTOR P. PADIT, Accused-Appellant.

  • A.C. No. 9807, February 02, 2016 - ERLINDA SISTUAL, FLORDELISA S. LEYSA, LEONISA S. ESPABO AND ARLAN C. SISTUAL, Complainants, v. ATTY. ELIORDO OGENA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 180642, February 03, 2016 - NUEVA ECIJA I ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE INCORPORATED (NEECO I), Petitioner, v. ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194134, February 01, 2016 - JOSE ROMULO L. FRANCISCO, Petitioner, v. LOYOLA PLANS CONSOLIDATED INC., JESUSA CONCEPCION AND GERARDO B. MONZON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 187417, February 24, 2016 - CHRISTINE JOY CAPIN-CADIZ, Petitioner, v. BRENT HOSPITAL AND COLLEGES, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 170192, February 10, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. MARISSA BAYKER, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 202187, February 10, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. ELISEO D. VILLAMOR, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 210542, February 24, 2016 - ROSALINA CARODAN, Petitioner, v. CHINA BANKING CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215014, February 29, 2016 - REBECCA FULLIDO, Petitioner, v. GINO GRILLI, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215107, February 24, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY THE TOLL REGULATORY BOARD, Petitioner, v. C.C. UNSON COMPANY, INC., Respondent.

  • A.M. No. P-15-3300 (Formerly OCA I.P.I. No.12-4011-P), February 10, 2016 - JOSEPHINE E. LAM, Complainant, v. NILA M. GARCIA, JUNIOR PROCESS SERVER, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT, SIATON, NEGROS ORIENTAL, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3423 [Formerly A.M. No. 13-9-89-MTCC], February 16, 2016 - RE: CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION IRREGULARITY (IMPERSONATION) OF MS. ELENA T. VALDEROSO, CASH CLERK II, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT IN CITIES, ANTIPOLO CITY.

  • G.R. No. 210233, February 15, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. THE COURT OF APPEALS, SPOUSES RODOLFO SY AND BELEN SY, LOLITA SY, AND SPOUSES TEODORICO AND LEAH ADARNA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 206256, February 24, 2016 - ALBERT C. AUSTRIA, Petitioner, v. CRYSTAL SHIPPING, INC., AND/OR LARVIK SHIPPING A/S, AND EMILY MYLA A. CRISOSTOMO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 202695, February 29, 2016 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. GJM PHILIPPINES MANUFACTURING, INC., Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 5325, February 09, 2016 - NEMESIO FLORAN AND CARIDAD FLORAN, Complainants, v. ATTY. ROY PRULE EDIZA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 201927, February 17, 2016 - VICENTE D. CABANTING AND LALAINE V. CABANTING, Petitioners, v. BPI FAMILY SAVINGS BANK, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 184332, February 17, 2016 - ANNA TENG, Petitioner, v. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (SEC) AND TING PING LAY, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 198434, February 29, 2016 - HEIRS OF LEANDRO NATIVIDAD AND JULIANA V. NATIVIDAD, Petitioners, v. JUANA MAURICIO-NATIVIDAD, AND SPOUSES JEAN NATIVIDAD CRUZ AND JERRY CRUZ, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 182629, February 24, 2016 - MERCEDES N. ABELLA, MA. THERESA A. BALLESTEROS AND MARIANITO N. ABELLA, Petitioners, v. HEIRS OF FRANCISCA C. SAN JUAN namely: GLICERIA SAN JUAN CAPISTRANO, BENIGNA SAN JUAN VASQUEZ, EVARISTO SAN JUAN, NIEVES SAN JUAN LUSTRE AND MATILDE SAN JUAN QUILONIO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 207389, February 17, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. FEDERICO DE LA CRUZ Y SANTOS, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 216566, February 17, 2016 - MAGELLAN AEROSPACE CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. PHILIPPINE AIR FORCE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 175760, February 17, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. SOGOD DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199537, February 10, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. ANDREA TAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 179287, February 01, 2016 - PCI JIMMY M. FORTALEZA AND SPO2 FREDDIE A. NATIVIDAD, Petitioners, v. HON. RAUL M. GONZALEZ IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE SECRETARY OF JUSTICE AND ELIZABETH N. OROLA VDA. DE SALABAS, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 182090 - ELIZABETH N. OROLA VDA. DE SALABAS, Petitioner, v. HON. EDUARDO R. ERMITA, HON. MANUEL B. GAITE, P/INSP. CLARENCE DONGAIL, P/INSP. JONATHAN LORILLA,1 PO3 ALLEN WINSTON HULLEZA AND PO2 BERNARDO CIMATU, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206758, February 17, 2016 - MARICEL S. NONAY, Petitioner, v. BAHIA SHIPPING SERVICES, INC., FRED OLSEN LINES AND CYNTHIA MENDOZA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 195026, February 22, 2016 - CENTRAL MINDANAO UNIVERSITY, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, DR. MARIA LUISA R. SOLIVEN, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 174462, February 10, 2016 - PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS TELECOMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION (POTC), PHILIPPINE COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE CORPORATION (PHILCOMSAT), Petitioners, v. SANDIGANBAYAN (3rd DIVISION), REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES REPRESENTED BY PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON GOOD GOVERNMENT (PCGG), Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 199683, February 10, 2016 - ARLENE T. SAMONTE, VLADIMIR P. SAMONTE, MA. AUREA S. ELEPANO, Petitioners, v. LA SALLE GREENHILLS, INC., BRO. BERNARD S. OCA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 183486, February 24, 2016 - THE HONGKONG & SHANGHAI BANKING CORPORATION, LIMITED, Petitioner, v. NATIONAL STEEL CORPORATION AND CITYTRUST BANKING CORPORATION (NOW BANK OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS), Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 194960, February 03, 2016 - PRO BUILDERS, INC., Petitioner, v. TG UNIVERSAL BUSINESS VENTURES, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203678, February 17, 2016 - CONCORDE CONDOMINIUM, INC., BY ITSELF AND COMPRISING THE UNIT OWNERS OF CONCORDE CONDOMINIUM BUILDING, Petitioner, v. AUGUSTO H. BACULIO; NEW PPI CORPORATION; ASIAN SECURITY AND INVESTIGATION AGENCY AND ITS SECURITY GUARDS; ENGR. NELSON B. MORALES, IN HIS CAPACITY AS BUILDING OFFICIAL OF THE MAKATI CITY ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT; SUPT. RICARDO C. PERDIGON, IN HIS CAPACITY AS CITY FIRE MARSHAL OF THE MAKATI CITY FIRE STATION; F/C SUPT. SANTIAGO E. LAGUNA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS REGIONAL DIRECTOR OF THE BUREAU OF FIRE PROTECTION-NCR, AND ANY AND ALL PERSONS ACTING WITH OR UNDER THEM, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 174481, February 10, 2016 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CRISTY DIMAANO Y TIPDAS, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 218867, February 17, 2016 - SPOUSES EDMOND LEE AND HELEN HUANG, Petitioners, v. LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 190534, February 10, 2016 - C.F. SHARP CREW MANAGEMENT, INC., RONALD AUSTRIA, AND ABU DHABI NATIONAL TANKER CO., Petitioners, v. LEGAL HEIRS OF THE LATE GODOFREDO REPISO, REPRESENTED BY HIS WIFE LUZVIMINDA REPISO, Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 10945 (Formerly CBD 09-2507), February 23, 2016 - ANGELITO RAMISCAL AND MERCEDES ORZAME, Complainants, v. ATTY. EDGAR S. ORRO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208406, February 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. ALLAN RODRIGUEZ Y GRAJO, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 177382, February 17, 2016 - VIVA SHIPPING LINES, INC., Petitioner, v. KEPPEL PHILIPPINES MINING, INC., METROPOLITAN BANK & TRUST COMPANY, PILIPINAS SHELL PETROLEUM CORPORATION, CITY OF BATANGAS, CITY OF LUCENA, PROVINCE OF QUEZON, ALEJANDRO OLIT, NIDA MONTILLA, PIO HERNANDEZ, EUGENIO BACULO, AND HARLAN BACALTOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 203322, February 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. REMAN SARIEGO, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 186102, February 24, 2016 - NATIONAL TRANSMISSION CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. HEIRS OF TEODULO EBESA, NAMELY: PORFERIA L. EBESA, EFREN EBESA, DANTE EBESA AND CYNTHIA EBESA, AND ATTY. FORTUNATO VELOSO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 192233, February 17, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff and Appellee, v. SPO1 CATALINO GONZALES, JR., Accused-Appellant.

  • A.M. No. P-15-3393 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 13-4055-P], February 23, 2016 - SEGUNDINA P. NOCES-DE LEON AND LEONOR P. ALAVE, Petitioners, v. TERENCIO G. FLORENDO, SHERIFF IV, BRANCH 21, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, VIGAN CITY, ILOCOS SUR, Respondent.

  • IPI No. 15-35-SB-J, February 23, 2016 - RE: VERIFIED COMPLAINT DATED JULY 13, 2015 OF ALFONSO V. UMALI, JR., Complainant, v. HON. JOSE R. HERNANDEZ, ASSOCIATE JUSTICE, SANDIGANBAYAN, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. P-15-3361 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 10-3381-P], February 23, 2016 - ATTY. JOHN V. AQUINO, Petitioner, v. ELENA S. ALCASID, CLERK III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, OLONGAPO CITY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 185603, February 10, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. LOCAL SUPERIOR OF THE INSTITUTE OF THE SISTERS OF THE SACRED HEART OF JESUS OF RAGUSA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208404, February 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. VICENTE LUGNASIN AND DEVINCIO GUERRERO, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 183529, February 24, 2016 - OFELIA C. CAUNAN, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND THE SANDIGANBAYAN, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 207816, February 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RAUL YAMON TUANDO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 171041, February 10, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. MOLDEX REALTY, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 188720, February 23, 2016 - QUEZON CITY PTCA FEDERATION, INC., Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, REPRESENTED BY SECRETARY JESLI A. LAPUS, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 8037, February 17, 2016 - RE: DECISION DATED AUGUST 19, 2008, 3RD DIVISION, COURT OF APPEALS IN CA-G.R. SP NO. 79904 [HON. DIONISIO DONATO T. GARCIANO, ET AL. V. HON. PATERNO G. TIAMSON, ETC., ET AL.], Petitioner, v. ATTY. JOSE DE G. FERRER, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220481, February 17, 2016 - VICTOR S. LIMLINGAN AND EMMANUEL A. LEYCO, Petitioners, v. ASIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT, INC., Respondent.; G.R. No. 220503 - ASIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT, INC., Petitioner, v. VICTOR S. LIMLINGAN AND EMMANUEL A. LEYCO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208976, February 22, 2016 - THE HONORABLE OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, Petitioner, v. LEOVIGILDO DELOS REYES, JR., Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10605, February 17, 2016 - BIENVENIDO T. CANLAPAN, Complainant, v. ATTY. WILLIAM B. BALAYO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 209180, February 24, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. REGHIS M. ROMERO II AND OLIVIA LAGMAN ROMERO, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 209253 - OLIVIA LAGMAN ROMERO, Petitioner, v. REGHIS M. ROMERO II, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208948, February 24, 2016 - JOSE B. LURIZ, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 173921, February 24, 2016 - PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, v. ISAGANI DAWAL, LORNA CONCEPCION, AND BONIFACIO SINOBAGO, Respondents.; G.R. No. 173952 - ISAGANI DAWAL, LORNA CONCEPCION, AND BONIFACIO SINOBAGO, Petitioners, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., AVELINO L. ZAPANTA, AND CESAR B. LAMBERTE, Respondents.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3419 [Formerly OCAIPI No. 11-3648-P], February 23, 2016 - AUGUSTO V. SANTOS, Complainant, v. SHERIFF IV ANTONIO V. LEAŅO, JR., SHERIFF III BENJIE E. LACSINA, SHERIFF III ALVIN S. PINEDA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 184288, February 16, 2016 - ERIC N. ESTRELLADO AND JOSSIE M. BORJA, Petitioners, v. KARINA CONSTANTINO DAVID, THE CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, HIPOLITO R. GABORNI AND ROBERTO S. SE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 175210, February 01, 2016 - MARIO JOSE E. SERENO, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE ASSOCIATION OF PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC. (APMP), Petitioner, v. COMMITTEE ON TRADE AND RELATED MATTERS (CTRM) OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (NEDA), COMPOSED OF THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE NEDA SECRETARIAT, THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, THE SECRETARIES OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY, FINANCE, FOREIGN AFFAIRS, AGRICULTURE, ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES, BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT, TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION, LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, AGRARIAN REFORM, THE GOVERNOR OF THE BANGKO SENTRAL NG PILIPINAS AND THE CHAIRMAN OF THE TARIFF COMMISSION, AND BRENDA R. MENDOZA IN HER CAPACITY AS DIRECTOR OF THE TRADE, INDUSTRY & UTILITIES STAFF, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 170631, February 10, 2016 - CARAVAN TRAVEL AND TOURS INTERNATIONAL, INC., Petitioner, v. ERMILINDA R. ABEJAR, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 8667, February 03, 2016 - INOCENCIO I. BALISTOY, Petitioner, v. ATTY. FLORENCIO A. BRON, Respondent.

  • IPI No. 14-222-CA-J, February 23, 2016 - RE: COMPLAINT OF ATTY. MARIANO R. PEFIANCO AGAINST JUSTICES MARIA ELISA SEMPIO DIY, RAMON PAUL L. HERNANDO, AND CARMELITA SALANDANAN-MANAHAN, OF THE COURT OF APPEALS CEBU.

  • G.R. No. 193176, February 24, 2016 - PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON GOOD GOVERNMENT, Petitioner, v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, RENATO D. TAYAG, ISMAEL M. REINOSO, GENEROSO TANSECO, MANUEL MORALES, RUBEN B. ANCHETA, GERONIMO Z. VELASCO, TROADIO T. QUIAZON, JR., FERNANDO MARAMAG, EDGARDO TORDESILLAS, ARTURO R. TANCO, JR., GERARDO SICAT, PANFILO O. DOMINGO, POTENCIANO ILUSORIO, MANUEL B. SYQUIO, RAFAEL M. ATAYDE, HONORIO POBLADOR, JR., GEORGE T. SCHOLEY,1 TIRSO ANTIPORDA, JR., CARLOS L. INDUCTIVO, AND TEODORO VALENCIA, Respondents.