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THE 1987 CONSTITUTION
OF THE
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
 

ARTICLE X

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUTONOMOUS REGIONS

Section 15. There shall be created autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and in the Cordilleras consisting of provinces, cities, municipalities, and geographical areas sharing common and distinctive historical and cultural heritage, economic and social structures, and other relevant characteristics within the framework of this Constitution and the national sovereignty as well as territorial integrity of the Republic of the Philippines.

Section 16. The President shall exercise general supervision over autonomous regions to ensure that laws are faithfully executed.cralaw

Section 17. All powers, functions, and responsibilities not granted by this Constitution or by law to the autonomous regions shall be vested in the National Government.cralaw

Section 18. The Congress shall enact an organic act for each autonomous region with the assistance and participation of the regional consultative commission composed of representatives appointed by the President from a list of nominees from multi-sectoral bodies. The organic act shall define the basic structure of government for the region consisting of the executive department and legislative assembly, both of which shall be elective and representative of the constituent political units. The organic acts shall likewise provide for special courts with personal, family, and property law jurisdiction consistent with the provisions of this Constitution and national laws.cralaw

The creation of the autonomous region shall be effective when approved by majority of the votes cast by the constituent units in a plebiscite called for the purpose, provided that only provinces, cities, and geographic areas voting favorably in such plebiscite shall be included in the autonomous region.cralaw

Section 19. The first Congress elected under this Constitution shall, within eighteen months from the time of organization of both Houses, pass the organic acts for the autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras.cralaw

Section 20. Within its territorial jurisdiction and subject to the provisions of this Constitution and national laws, the organic act of autonomous regions shall provide for legislative powers over:chanrobles virtual law library

(1) Administrative organization;
(2) Creation of sources of revenues;
(3) Ancestral domain and natural resources;
(4) Personal, family, and property relations;
(5) Regional urban and rural planning development;
(6) Economic, social, and tourism development;
(7) Educational policies;
(8) Preservation and development of the cultural heritage; and
(9) Such other matters as may be authorized by law for the promotion of the general welfare of the people of the region.

Section 21. The preservation of peace and order within the regions shall be the responsibility of the local police agencies which shall be organized, maintained, supervised, and utilized in accordance with applicable laws. The defense and security of the regions shall be the responsibility of the National Government.

 
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PREAMBLE  
ARTICLE I     National Territory    
ARTICLE II    Declaration of Principles and State Policies    
ARTICLE III   Bill of Rights    
ARTICLE IV   Citizenship    
ARTICLE V    Suffrage  
ARTICLE VI   Legislative Department    
ARTICLE VII   Executive Department    
ARTICLE VIII  Judicial Department     
ARTICLE IX    Constitutional Commissions    
 
A Common Provisions  
B The Civil Service Commission  
C The Commission on Elections  
D The Commission on Audit   
 
ARTICLE X Local Government  chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

General Provisions    
Autonomous Regions  
 
ARTICLE XI  Accountability of Public Officers  
ARTICLE XII National Economy and Patrimony  
ARTICLE XIII  Social Justice and Human Rights    
 
Labor  
Agrarian and Natural Resources Reform  
Urban Land Reform and Housing    
Health  
Women  
Role and Rights of People's Organization  
Human Rights 
 
ARTICLE XIV  Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sports    
Arts and Culture 
Language  
Science and Technology  
Sports  

ARTICLE XV    The Family    
ARTICLE XVI   General Provisions    
ARTICLE XVII  Amendments or Revisions    
ARTICLE XVIII Transitory Provisions    
ORDINANCE    
MEMBERS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION  

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