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THE 1987 CONSTITUTION
OF THE
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
 

ARTICLE XIII

HUMAN RIGHTS

Section 17. (1) There is hereby created an independent office called the Commission on Human Rights.

(2) The Commission shall be composed of a Chairman and four Members who must be natural-born citizens of the Philippines and a majority of whom shall be members of the Bar. The term of office and other qualifications and disabilities of the Members of the Commission shall be provided by law.cralaw

(3) Until this Commission is constituted, the existing Presidential Committee on Human Rights shall continue to exercise its present functions and powers.cralaw

(4) The approved annual appropriations of the Commission shall be automatically and regularly released.cralaw

Section 18. The Commission on Human Rights shall have the following powers and functions:chanrobles virtual law library

(1) Investigate, on its own or on complaint by any party, all forms of human rights violations involving civil and political rights;

(2) Adopt its operational guidelines and rules of procedure, and cite for contempt for violations thereof in accordance with the Rules of Court;

(3) Provide appropriate legal measures for the protection of human rights of all persons within the Philippines, as well as Filipinos residing abroad, and provide for preventive measures and legal aid services to the under-privileged whose human rights have been violated or need protection;

(4) Exercise visitorial powers over jails, prisons, or detention facilities;

(5) Establish a continuing program of research, education, and information to enhance respect for the primacy of human rights;

(6) Recommend to Congress effective measures to promote human rights and to provide for compensation to victims of violations of human rights, or their families;

(7) Monitor the Philippine Government's compliance with international treaty obligations on human rights;

(8) Grant immunity from prosecution to any person whose testimony or whose possession of documents or other evidence is necessary or convenient to determine the truth in any investigation conducted by it or under its authority;

(9) Request the assistance of any department, bureau, office, or agency in the performance of its functions;

(10) Appoint its officers and employees in accordance with law; and cralaw

(11) Perform such other duties and functions as may be provided by law.cralaw

Section 19. The Congress may provide for other cases of violations of human rights that should fall within the authority of the Commission, taking into account its recommendations.


 
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PREAMBLE  
ARTICLE I     National Territory    
ARTICLE II    Declaration of Principles and State Policies    
ARTICLE III   Bill of Rights    
ARTICLE IV   Citizenship    
ARTICLE V    Suffrage  
ARTICLE VI   Legislative Department    
ARTICLE VII   Executive Department    
ARTICLE VIII  Judicial Department     
ARTICLE IX    Constitutional Commissions    
 
A Common Provisions  
B The Civil Service Commission  
C The Commission on Elections  
D The Commission on Audit   
 
ARTICLE X Local Government  chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

General Provisions    
Autonomous Regions  
 
ARTICLE XI  Accountability of Public Officers  
ARTICLE XII National Economy and Patrimony  
ARTICLE XIII  Social Justice and Human Rights    
 
Labor  
Agrarian and Natural Resources Reform  
Urban Land Reform and Housing    
Health  
Women  
Role and Rights of People's Organization  
Human Rights 
 
ARTICLE XIV  Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sports    
Arts and Culture 
Language  
Science and Technology  
Sports  

ARTICLE XV    The Family    
ARTICLE XVI   General Provisions    
ARTICLE XVII  Amendments or Revisions    
ARTICLE XVIII Transitory Provisions    
ORDINANCE    
MEMBERS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION  

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