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THE 1987 CONSTITUTION
OF THE
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
 

ARTICLE XIII

AGRARIAN AND NATURAL RESOURCES REFORM

Section 4. The State shall, by law, undertake an agrarian reform program founded on the right of farmers and regular farmworkers who are landless, to own directly or collectively the lands they till or, in the case of other farmworkers, to receive a just share of the fruits thereof. To this end, the State shall encourage and undertake the just distribution of all agricultural lands, subject to such priorities and reasonable retention limits as the Congress may prescribe, taking into account ecological, developmental, or equity considerations, and subject to the payment of just compensation. In determining retention limits, the State shall respect the right of small landowners. The State shall further provide incentives for voluntary land-sharing.

Section 5. The State shall recognize the right of farmers, farmworkers, and landowners, as well as cooperatives, and other independent farmers' organizations to participate in the planning, organization, and management of the program, and shall provide support to agriculture through appropriate technology and research, and adequate financial, production, marketing, and other support services.cralaw

Section 6. The State shall apply the principles of agrarian reform or stewardship, whenever applicable in accordance with law, in the disposition or utilization of other natural resources, including lands of the public domain under lease or concession suitable to agriculture, subject to prior rights, homestead rights of small settlers, and the rights of indigenous communities to their ancestral lands.cralaw

The State may resettle landless farmers and farmworkers in its own agricultural estates which shall be distributed to them in the manner provided by law.cralaw

Section 7. The State shall protect the rights of subsistence fishermen, especially of local communities, to the preferential use of the communal marine and fishing resources, both inland and offshore. It shall provide support to such fishermen through appropriate technology and research, adequate financial, production, and marketing assistance, and other services. The State shall also protect, develop, and conserve such resources. The protection shall extend to offshore fishing grounds of subsistence fishermen against foreign intrusion. Fishworkers shall receive a just share from their labor in the utilization of marine and fishing resources.cralaw

Section 8. The State shall provide incentives to landowners to invest the proceeds of the agrarian reform program to promote industrialization, employment creation, and privatization of public sector enterprises. Financial instruments used as payment for their lands shall be honored as equity in enterprises of their choice.

 
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PREAMBLE  
ARTICLE I     National Territory    
ARTICLE II    Declaration of Principles and State Policies    
ARTICLE III   Bill of Rights    
ARTICLE IV   Citizenship    
ARTICLE V    Suffrage  
ARTICLE VI   Legislative Department    
ARTICLE VII   Executive Department    
ARTICLE VIII  Judicial Department     
ARTICLE IX    Constitutional Commissions    
 
A Common Provisions  
B The Civil Service Commission  
C The Commission on Elections  
D The Commission on Audit   
 
ARTICLE X Local Government  chanroblesvirtualawlibrary

General Provisions    
Autonomous Regions  
 
ARTICLE XI  Accountability of Public Officers  
ARTICLE XII National Economy and Patrimony  
ARTICLE XIII  Social Justice and Human Rights    
 
Labor  
Agrarian and Natural Resources Reform  
Urban Land Reform and Housing    
Health  
Women  
Role and Rights of People's Organization  
Human Rights 
 
ARTICLE XIV  Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sports    
Arts and Culture 
Language  
Science and Technology  
Sports  

ARTICLE XV    The Family    
ARTICLE XVI   General Provisions    
ARTICLE XVII  Amendments or Revisions    
ARTICLE XVIII Transitory Provisions    
ORDINANCE    
MEMBERS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION  

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