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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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November-1939 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 44260 November 2, 1938 - MONTE DE PIEDAD Y CAJA DE AHORROS DE MANILA v. MARIA PAZ MARCIANA GUIDOTE, ET AL.

    066 Phil 432

  • G.R. No. 46375 November 2, 1938 - GERONIMO SANTIAGO v. HERMENEGILDO ATIENZA, ET AL.

    066 Phil 436

  • G.R. No. 44372 November 3, 1938 - BENITO GARCIA v. COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REVENUE

    066 Phil 441

  • G.R. No. 44493 November 3, 1938 - MARIANO ANGELES v. ELENA SAMIA

    066 Phil 444

  • G.R. No. 46270 November 3, 1938 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CARLOS L. DE LA PEÑA

    066 Phil 451

  • G.R. No. 46085 November 4, 1938 - BULACAN BUS COMPANY, INC. v. FERNANDO ENRIQUEZ

    066 Phil 454

  • G.R. No. 44552 November 7, 1938 - ONG LIONG TIAK v. LUNETA MOTOR COMPANY, ET AL.

    066 Phil 459

  • G.R. No. 44634 November 9, 1938 - BALTAZAR ALUNEN, ET AL. v. TILAN

    066 Phil 463

  • G.R. No. 44778 November 9, 1938 - PROVINCE OF TAYABAS v. SIMEON PEREZ, ET AL.

    066 Phil 467

  • G.R. No. 44802 November 16, 1938 - FRANCISCO SABAS v. FRANCISCO GARMA, ET AL.

    066 Phil 471

  • G.R. No. 44843 November 17, 1938 - CARLOS YOUNG v. FRANCISCO M. BLANCO

    066 Phil 475

  • G.R. No. 44911 November 21, 1938 - ALEJANDRO IBARRA v. SEGUNDO AGUSTIN

    066 Phil 481

  • G.R. No. 44257 November 22, 1938 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. HONGKONG & SHANGHAI BANKING CORPORATION, ET AL.

    066 Phil 483

  • G.R. No. 45792 November 22, 1938 - SWAN, CULBERTSON & FRITZ v. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION, ET AL.

    066 Phil 525

  • G.R. No. 45046 November 23, 1938 - PEOPLES BANK & TRUST CO. v. MANUEL OLONDRIZ, ET AL.

    066 Phil 537

  • G.R. No. 44518 November 23, 1938 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. YU GUICOC LAM

    066 Phil 542

  • G.R. No. 44837 November 23, 1938 - SOCORRO LEDESMA, ET AL. v. CONCHITA MCLACHLIN, ET AL.

    066 Phil 547

  • G.R. No. 44974 November 23, 1938 - W.S. PRICE v. CEFERINO YBANES, ET AL.

    066 Phil 552

  • G.R. No. 45028 November 25, 1938 - MAXIMO ABARY, ET AL. v. FIDELINO AGAWIN

    066 Phil 558

  • G.R. No. 44671 November 26, 1938 - MACONDRAY & CO., INC. v. ANTONIO E. RUIZ, ET AL.

    066 Phil 562

  • G.R. No. 44774 November 26, 1938 - FIDELITY AND SURETY CO. OF THE PHIL. v. ANGEL A. ANSALDO, ET AL.

    066 Phil 566

  • G.R. No. 44834 November 26, 1938 - LA PREVISORA FILIPINA v. FELIX Z. LEDDA

    066 Phil 573

  • G.R. No. 44947 November 26, 1938 - ANTONIO LABRADOR, ET AL. v. EMILIANO DE LOS SANTOS, ET AL.

    066 Phil 579

  • G.R. No. 45040 November 26, 1938 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK v. JULIO TUGAB

    066 Phil 583

  • G.R. No. 45105 November 26, 1938 - MACONDRAY & CO., INC. v. MACARIO JOSE

    066 Phil 590

  • G.R. No. 44602 November 28, 1938 - MARIA CALMA v. ESPERANZA TAÑEDO, ET AL.

    066 Phil 594

  • G.R. No. 44606 November 28, 1938 - VICENTE STO. DOMINGO BERNARDO v. CATALINO BATACLAN

    066 Phil 598

  • G.R. No. 44683 November 28, 1938 - JOAQUIN NAVARRO v. FERNANDO AGUILA, ET AL.

    066 Phil 604

  • G.R. No. 45070 November 28, 1938 - CHIN GUAN v. COMPAÑIA MARITIMA

    066 Phil 608

  • G.R. No. 45260 November 28, 1938 - BARBARA ECHAVARRIA v. ROMAN SARMIENTO, ET AL.

    066 Phil 611

  • G.R. No. 46267 November 28, 1938 - FRANCISCO ZANDUETA v. SIXTO DE LA COSTA

    066 Phil 615

  • G.R. No. 44931 November 29, 1938 - FELIX BILANG v. ERLANGER & GALINGER, INC.

    066 Phil 627

  • G.R. No. 45169 November 29, 1938 - MANILA ELECTRIC COMPANY v. PASAY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY

    066 Phil 630

  • G.R. No. 45344 November 29, 1938 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VICENTE P. ANCHETA, ET AL.

    066 Phil 638

  • G.R. No. 46040 November 29, 1938 - PAMPANGA BUS COMPANY, INC. v. FERNANDO ENRIQUEZ

    066 Phil 645

  • G.R. No. 46133 November 29, 1938 - PLACIDO ROSAL v. DIONISIO FORONDA, ET AL.

    066 Phil 650

  • G.R. No. 46174 November 29, 1938 - PAMPANGA BUS COMPANY, INC. v. FERNANDO ENRIQUEZ

    066 Phil 654

  • G.R. No. 46262 November 29, 1938 - CINE LIGAYA v. ALEJO LABRADOR, ET AL.

    066 Phil 659

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 45260   November 28, 1938 - BARBARA ECHAVARRIA v. ROMAN SARMIENTO, ET AL. <br /><br />066 Phil 611

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. 45260. November 28, 1938.]

    In re Will of Maximo Sarmiento, deceased. BARBARA ECHAVARRIA, Petitioner-Appellant, v. ROMAN SARMIENTO, ET AL., Oppositors-Appellees.

    Pedro Sabido, for Appellant.

    Octavio Maloles and Nicolas Belmonte, for Appellees.

    SYLLABUS


    1. WILLS; PROBATE; INSUFFICIENCY OF ATTENTION CLAUSE OF A WILL WHICH DOES NOT STATE THE NUMBER OF PAGES THEREOF. — One of the mandatory requirements imposed by law is that the number of pages composing a will must be stated in its attestation clause. The purpose of this legal provision is obvious. Like all other legal requirements provided for by the Code, its purpose is to surround the due execution of a will with strong legal guarantees and to insure its authenticity.

    2. ID.; ID.; ID. — It is a fact that since this court promulgated its decision in the case of Gumban v. Gorecho (50 Phil., 30), it has been definitely established that the lack of compliance with the law as to the requirement above-mentioned, as well as to all others imposed by the Code, invalidates a will.


    D E C I S I O N


    CONCEPCION, J.:


    The sole question of law raised in this appeal is whether a will the attestation clause of which does not mention the number of pages composing the will, is valid.

    On August 24, 1935, Maximo Sarmiento executed a document which, on his death, was presented to the Court of First Instance for probate as his will. Said document, which was marked Exhibit A, ends with a clause which literally reads as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "In testimony whereof, I sign at the end and on each of the left margins of this will of mine, which is composed of five pages including this one, in Batangas, Batangas, P. I., this 24th of August, 1935."cralaw virtua1aw library

    After the signature of Maximo Sarmiento is found the following attestation clause:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "ATTESTATION.

    "We who sign hereunder do hereby state and certify that Maximo Sarmiento executed his last will and testament before us, signing in the presence of each and every one of us at the end and on each of the left margins of the same on his own free and spontaneous will; and as witnesses to his said testament, will likewise certify and state that we each sign at the foot of this attestation clause and on each and every one of the left margins of the will in the presence of each other and in that of the testator.

    "In testimony whereof, we sign as above-stated these presents in Batangas, Batangas, this 24th day of August, 1935.

    (Sgd.) "MAXIMO DIMAANO

    (Sgd.) "PERFECTO CONDEZ

    (Sgd.) "GODOFREDO ROSALES"

    By reason of the fact that the clause above-quoted was not drafted in accordance with the provisions of section 618 of the Code of Civil Procedure, as amended by Act No. 2645, the court denied probate of the alleged will of the deceased Maximo Sarmiento. Petitioner and appellant, in her brief, assigns as error of the court in holding that the attestation clause was not executed in accordance with law.

    Section 618 of the Code of Civil Procedure, as amended, provides:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Sec. 618. Requisites of Will. — No will, except as provided in the preceding section, shall be valid to pass any estate, real or personal, nor charge or affect the same, unless is be written in the language or dialect known by the testator and signed by him, or by the testator’s name written by some other person in his presence, and by his express direction, and attested and subscribed by three or more credible witnesses in the presence of the testator and of each other. The testator or the person requested by him to write his name and the instrumental witnesses of the will, shall also sign, as aforesaid, each and every page thereof, on the left margin, and said pages shall be numbered correlatively in letters placed on the upper part of each sheet. The attestation shall state the number of sheets or pages used, upon which the will is written, and the fact that the testator signed the will and every page thereof, or caused some other person to write his name, under his express direction, in the presence of three witnesses, and the latter witnessed and signed the will and all pages thereof in the presence of the testator and of each other."cralaw virtua1aw library

    According to the provisions of the section above-quoted, one of the mandatory requirements imposed by law is that the number of pages composing a will must be stated in its attestation clause. The purpose of this legal provision is obvious. Like all other legal requirements provided for by the Code, its purpose is to surround the due execution of a will with strong legal guarantees and to insure its authenticity. Much had been said before and the attorney for the appellant even now discusses with great ability the question of whether or not the omission in an attestation clause of a statement of the number of pages composing the will renders invalid the last will of a testator. It is a fact that since this court promulgated its decision in the case of Gumban v. Gorecho (50 Phil., 30), it has been definitely established that the lack of compliance with the law as to the requirement above-mentioned, as well as to all others imposed by the Code, invalidates a will. In the decision aforecited the authorities relative to the attestation clause in wills were reviewed, this court saying:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "The right to dispose of property by will is governed entirely by statute. The law of the case is here found in section 618 of the Code of Civil Procedure, as amended by Act No. 2645, and in section 634 of the same Code, as unamended. It is in part provided in section 618, as amended, that ’No will . . . shall be valid . . . unless . . . .’ It is further provided in the same section that ’The attestation shall state the number of sheets or pages used, upon which the will and every page thereof, or caused some other person to write his name, under his express direction, in the presence of three witnesses, and the latter witnessed and signed the will and all pages thereof in the presence of the testator and of each other.’ Codal section 634 provides that ’The will shall be disallowed in either of the following cases: 1. if not executed and attested as in this Act provided.’ The Law not alone carefully makes use of the imperative, but cautiously goes further and makes use of the negative, to enforce legislative intention. It is not within the province of the courts to disregard the legislative purpose so emphatically and clearly expressed."cralaw virtua1aw library

    See also Quinto v. Morata (54 Phil., 481), and Rodriguez v. Alcala (55 Phil., 150), in which the doctrine laid down in the case of Gumban v. Gorecho, aforecited, has been followed and maintained.

    The decision appealed with his affirmed with costs against the appellant. So ordered.

    Avanceña, C.J., Villa-Real, Imperial and Diaz, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. 45260   November 28, 1938 - BARBARA ECHAVARRIA v. ROMAN SARMIENTO, ET AL. <br /><br />066 Phil 611


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