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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
August-1950 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-2200 August 2, 1950 - RAMON N. BILBAO v. DALMACIO BILBAO, ET AL.

    087 Phil 144

  • G.R. No. L-2837 August 4, 1950 - ROSARIO S. VDA. DE LACSON, ET AL. v. ABELARDO G. DIAZ

    087 Phil 150

  • G.R. No. L-3951 August 7, 1950 - JESUS ALVARADO v. DIRECTOR OF PRISONS

    087 Phil 157

  • G.R. No. L-2397 August 9, 1950 - TOMASA QUIMSON, ET AL. v. FRANCISCO ROSETE

    087 Phil 159

  • G.R. No. L-3236 August 11, 1950 - ALFREDO CASTRO v. JOSE T. SURTIDA, ET AL.

    087 Phil 166

  • G.R. No. L-3395 August 11, 1950 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. FEDERICO MERCADO

    087 Phil 170

  • G.R. No. L-3734 August 14, 1950 - JOSE L. TALENS v. FELIPE GARCIA, ET AL.

    087 Phil 173

  • G.R. No. L-3224 August 15, 1950 - RURAL PROGRESS ADMINISTRATION v. EULOGIO F. DE GUZMAN, ET AL.

    087 Phil 176

  • G.R. No. L-3994 August 16, 1950 - JUANITO B. LLOBRERA v. DIRECTOR OF PRISONS

    087 Phil 179

  • G.R. No. L-3887 August 21, 1950 - FELIPE R. HIPOLITO v. CITY OF MANILA, ET AL.

    087 Phil 180

  • G.R. No. L-2724 August 24, 1950 - JOSE DE LEON, ET AL. v. ASUNCION SORIANO

    087 Phil 193

  • G.R. No. L-3251 August 24, 1950 - FELICIANO JOVER LEDESMA v. BUEN MORALES, ET AL.

    087 Phil 199

  • G.R. No. L-2939 August 29, 1950 - PLACIDO NOCEDA v. MARCOS ESCOBAR

    087 Phil 204

  • G.R. Nos. L-3274, L-3292 & L-3295 August 29, 1950 - HARRY LYONS, ET AL. v. CONRADO V. SANCHEZ

    087 Phil 209

  • G.R. No. L-3661 August 29, 1950 - SANTIAGO ICE PLANT & CO., INC. v. RAFAEL LAHOZ

    087 Phil 221

  • G.R. No. 49180 August 29, 1950 - RUFINO BUENO v. DOMINADOR B. AMBROSIO, ET AL.

    087 Phil 225

  • G.R. No. L-2671 August 30, 1950 - ANICETA IBURAN v. MAGDALENO LABES

    087 Phil 234

  • G.R. No. L-3280 August 30, 1950 - FRANCISCO LLENADO, ET AL. v. MARIA HILVANO

    087 Phil 239

  • G.R. No. L-3942 August 30, 1950 - VICTOR B. SESE v. AGUSTIN P. MONTESA, ET AL.

    087 Phil 245

  • G.R. No. L-1669 August 31, 1950 - PAZ LOPEZ DE CONSTANTINO v. ASIA LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

    087 Phil 248

  • G.R. No. L-1931 August 31, 1950 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CHUA HUY, ET AL.

    087 Phil 258

  • G.R. No. L-2042 August 31, 1950 - AURORA PANER v. NICASIO YATCO

    087 Phil 271

  • G.R. No. L-2202 August 31, 1950 - SIMEON MANDAC v. EUSTAQUIO GUMARAD, ET AL.

    087 Phil 278

  • G.R. Nos. L-3045 & L-3046 August 31, 1950 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANASTACIO PAZ

    087 Phil 282

  • G.R. No. L-3881 August 31, 1950 - EDUARDO DE LOS SANTOS v. GIL R. MALLARE

    087 Phil 288

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    G.R. No. L-3994   August 16, 1950 - JUANITO B. LLOBRERA v. DIRECTOR OF PRISONS<br /><br />087 Phil 179

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. L-3994. August 16, 1950.]

    JUANITO LLOBRERA Y BAYLON, Petitioner, v. THE DIRECTOR OF PRISONS, Respondent.

    The petitioner, in his own behalf.

    First Assistant Solicitor General Roberto A. Gianzon and Solicitor Juan T. Alano, for Respondent.

    SYLLABUS


    1. HABITUAL DELINQUENCY LAW; IT DOES NOT APPLY TO CRIME FOR DISTURBANCE OR SCANDAL IN PUBLIC PLACES. — The habitual delinquency law (art. 62, Revised Penal Code, as amended by Republic Act No. 18) applies only to the crimes of "serious or less physical injuries, robo, hurto, estafa or falsificacion," and not the crimes described in article 155 of the Revised Penal Code.


    D E C I S I O N


    REYES, J.:


    This is a petition for habeas corpus.

    It appears that petitioner was charged in the Municipal Court of Dagupan with a violation of article 155, paragraph 4, of the Revised Penal Code, which imposes the penalty of arresto mayor or a fine not more than P200 upon any person "who, while intoxicated or otherwise, shall cause any disturbance or scandal in public places." Pleading guilty to the complaint, petitioner was sentenced to one month’s imprisonment for the specific crime charged, and to an additional penalty of 2 years, 4 months and 1 day of prision correccional under the habitual delinquency law, on account of his two previous convictions for the same offense. Petitioner has already served the one month’s imprisonment; but having been committed to the New Bilibid Prisons in Muntinglupa for the service of the additional penalty imposed upon him as a habitual delinquent, he now petitions for his liberty on the ground that this additional penalty is null and void, since the habitual delinquency law (article 62, Revised Penal Code, as amended by Republic Act No. 18) applies only to the crimes of "serious or less serious physical injuries, robo, hurto, estafa, or falsificacion," and not to the crimes described in article 155 of the Revised Penal Code.

    The Solicitor General, in his return, recommends approval of the petition on the ground relied upon by the petitioner as well as on the following ground:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "That the additional penalty of 2 years, 4 months and 1 day of prision correccional imposed by the Municipal Court of Dagupan City to the petitioner, is a punishment in excess of the power of said court to impose and is therefore void (Cruz v. Director of Prisons, 17 Phil., 269, 272) because the additional penalty for habitual delinquency must be taken into account in determining the jurisdiction of the court (People v. Costosa, 40 Off. Gaz., [7th Supp., No. 11], p. 157)."cralaw virtua1aw library

    It being obvious that the additional penalty imposed upon petitioner is void for the reasons above stated, the petition for habeas corpus must be as it is hereby granted, and petitioner ordered released from custody unless lawfully held for some other reasons.

    Moran, C.J., Ozaeta, Pablo, Bengzon, Tuason and Montemayor, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. L-3994   August 16, 1950 - JUANITO B. LLOBRERA v. DIRECTOR OF PRISONS<br /><br />087 Phil 179


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