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BAR REVIEWER ON LABOR LAW 2014 (2nd) Edition - By Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan

 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
December-1990 Jurisprudence                 

  • [G.R. No. 32945 : December 3, 1990.] MARIANO T. NASSER, Petitioner, vs. THE COURT OF APPEALS, HON. MALCOLM SARMIENTO, in his capacity as Presiding Judge, Court of First Instance of Pampanga, Branch I, AURORA RIVERA CANLAS, PATERNO R. CANLAS, and TOMAS CENTILLAS, Respondents. [G.R. No. 32946. December 3, 1990.] MARIANO T. NASSER, Petitioner, vs. THE COURT OF APPEALS, PATERNO R. CANLAS, AURORA RIVERA-CANLAS, TOMAS CENTILLAS and THE CHIEF OF POLICE OF SAN ISIDRO, DAVAO ORIENTAL, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 39430 : December 3, 1990.] FRANCISCO MANLAPAZ, DELFIN SANGCAP, DOMINGO SANGCAP, PEDRO CUNANAN, FAUSTO DE LA PENA and HONORATA DE LA PENA, Petitioners, vs. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, HON. JUDGE LORENZO R. MOSQUEDA, HON. JUDGE VIRGILIO CANIVEL, TEODORO RIVERA, PABLO RIVERA, RENATO RIVERA and BONIFACIO RIVERA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 55466 : December 3, 1990.] MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC., Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and WILLIAM H. QUASHA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 78778 : December 3, 1990.] 191 SCRA 814 LEONIDA CORONADO, FELIX BUENO, MELANIA RETIZOS, BERNARDINO BUENASEDA and JOVITA MONTEFALCON, Petitioners, vs. THE COURT OF APPEALS and JUANA BUENO ALBOVIAS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 79560 : December 3, 1990.] 191 SCRA 823 ANDRES E. DITAN, Petitioner, vs. PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATOR, NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ASIAWORLD RECRUITMENT, INC., AND/OR INTRACO SALES CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 80904 : December 3, 1990.] 191 SCRA 830 BALTAZAR, PEDRO, URSULA, and DOMINGO, all surnamed PANTIG, Petitioners, vs. VENANCIO BALTAZAR, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 82115 : December 3, 1990.] 191 SCRA 836 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ROMEO ORTIZ y BALLARES, Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 84884 : December 3, 1990.] EULALIO M. RUIZ and ILUMINADA RUIZ, Petitioners, vs. HON. DOROTEO N. CANEBA, THE CITY SHERIFF OF MANILA AND/OR HIS DEPUTIES, ZENAIDA SANGALANG and ADOLFO CRUZ, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 87264 : December 3, 1990.] MARIANO DINGLASAN and FELICIDAD DINGLASAN, Petitioners, vs. THE HON. MARIA ALICIA M. AUSTRIA, Presiding Judge of Branch 159, Regional Trial Court, Pasig, Metro Manila, National Capital Judicial Region, The GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM, and CONCEPCION T. TINIO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 89545 : December 3, 1990.] SPOUSES ROLANDO DOLORFINO and MONINA FULE, Petitioners, vs. THE HON. COURT OF APPEALS, SEVERO ALCOS and EFIGENIA DE LUNA-ALCOS, Respondents.

  • [UDK No. 9864 : December 3, 1990.] RUFINA VDA. DE TANGUB, Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS, PRESIDING JUDGE of the [CAR] RTC, Branch 4, Iligan City, and SPOUSES DOMINGO and EUGENIA MARTIL, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 58668 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 1 SANTIAGO ESCARTE, JR., ERNESTO VILLANUEVA, FELIXBERTO VILLANUEVA, and LOURDES VILLANUEVA, Petitioners, vs. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES and TEODORO MEDINA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 71929 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 9 ALITALIA, Petitioner, vs. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT and FELIPA E. PABLO, Respondents.

  • 192 SCRA 21 CONSOLACION VILLANUEVA, Petitioner, vs. THE INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, JESUS BERNAS and REMEDIOS Q. BERNAS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 80505 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 28 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. MARIO TANDOY y LIM, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 80791 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 34 PEOPLE'S FINANCING CORP. and ENRIQUE V. ARCENAS, Petitioners, vs. COURT OF APPEALS (Sixteenth Division), GAUDIOSO MANLIGUEZ and PURIFICACION MANLIGUEZ, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 86586 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 42 NATIONAL IRRIGATION ADMINISTRATION, Petitioner, vs. HONORABLE TEODORO P. REGINO, PRESIDING JUDGE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 84, QUEZON CITY and CONSTRUCTION SERVICES OF AUSTRALIA-PHILIPPINES INC., Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 86889 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 51 LUZ FARMS, Petitioner, vs. THE HONORABLE SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 88177 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 84 DOLORES A. PAREDES, Petitioner, vs. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION AND REMEDIOS A. AMOR, Respondents. [G.R. No. 89530 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 84 DOLORES A. PAREDES, Petitioner, vs. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD AND REMEDIOS A. AMOR, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 93054 : December 4, 1990.] 192 SCRA 100 Cordillera Regional Assembly Member ALEXANDER P. ORDILLO, (Banaue), Ifugao Provincial Board Member CORAZON MONTINIG, (Mayoyao), Former Vice-Mayor MARTIN UDAN (Banaue), Municipal Councilors MARTIN GANO, (Lagawe), and TEODORO HEWE, (Hingyon), Barangay Councilman PEDRO W. DULAG (Lamut); Aguinaldo residents SANDY B. CHANGIWAN, and DONATO TIMAGO; Lamut resident REY ANTONIO; Kiangan residents ORLANDO PUGUON, and REYNAND DULDULAO; Lagawe residents TOMAS KIMAYONG, GREGORIO DANGO, GEORGE B. BAYWONG, and VICENTE LUNAG; Hingyon residents PABLO M. DULNUAN and CONSTANCIO GANO; Mayoyao residents PEDRO M. BAOANG, LEONARDO IGADNA, and MAXIMO IGADNA; and Banaue residents PUMA-A CULHI, LATAYON BUTTIG, MIGUEL PUMELBAN, ANDRES ORDILLO, FEDERICO MARIANO, SANDY BINOMNGA, GABRIEL LIMMANG, ROMEO TONGALI, RUBEN BAHATAN, MHOMDY GABRIEL, and NADRES GHAMANG, Petitioners, vs. THE COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS; The Honorable FRANKLIN M. DRILON, Secretary of Justice; Hon. CATALINO MACARAIG, Executive Secretary; The Cabinet Officer for Regional Development; Hon. GUILLERMO CARAGUE, Secretary of Budget and Management; and Hon. ROSALINA S. CAJUCOM, OIC, National Treasurer, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 30616 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 110 EUFRACIO D. ROJAS, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. CONSTANCIO B. MAGLANA, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G.R. No. 36827 : December 10, 1990.] THE DIRECTOR OF FOREST ADMINISTRATION, THE DIRECTOR OF LANDS and THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioners, vs. HON. RAMON C. FERNANDEZ, HERMOGENES CONCEPCION, JR., and EMILIO A. GANCAYCO, ET AL., Respondents. [G.R. No. 56622 : December 10, 1990.] THE DIRECTOR OF LANDS and THE DIRECTOR OF FOREST DEVELOPMENT, Petitioners, vs. COURT OF APPEALS (Ninth Division), GREGORIO A. LEGASPI and VALENTINA CERVANIA, Respondents. [G.R. No. 70076 : December 10, 1990.] REYNALDA ESPEJO, BENITA GARLITOS and ENRIQUETA OXCIANO, Petitioners, vs. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, HON. ANTONIO M. BELEN, as Judge of the Regional Trial Court of Lingayen, Pangasinan Branch XXXVIII and ASTERIO SAURA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 44749 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 141 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. MELVIN GIRON y SANTOS, Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 50661 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 151 RUBEN DELFIN, BENITO DOLOSA, CORNELIO AGUILAR, ANASTACIO GORDOLA, CESAR PANALIGAN, LUIS VIESCA, VICENTE GUADAMOR, JUAN CAGATIN, SIMEON CHICA, REYNALDO CINCO, WILFREDO IPAS, SIMEON TAGAYONA, FLORENCIO SINAMBAN, FERMINIO DIEGO, POLICARPIO DILE, EDDIE DE CASTRO, AQUILINO CABILITASAN, CRISOGONO CANTERO, GUALBERTO REBUSTER, RODOLFO GATCHALIAN, ANGELITO DOMINGO, FERNANDO JOVER, RAFAEL SALCEDO, SIMON DIANA, BENJAMIN GONZALES, JR., BENIGNO ROJA, DEMETRIO SIMEON, JOSE TELAN, HILARIO VILLANUEVA, NICK FRANCISCO, PACIFICO DALIPE, EUPEMIO DALITE, ARTEMIO DE CASTRO, ISABELO RASTICA, ANECITO RASTICA, LAMBERTO NIETO, ESMERALDO TATEL, PASCUAL BATOCTOY, ESMENIO PATRICIO, ARMANDO DE GUZMAN, JESUS MALLARI, JOSE MALLARI, SULPICIO MALLARI, GENEROSO COS, AGAPITO ESPINOSA, VIRGILIO SEVAÑES, RICARDO MANZAN, OSCAR BENSOL, PABLO DIAGSAY, EMILIO DIAGSAY, PAULINO COMETA, MATERO COREA, BENJAMIN LACANARIA, GAUDY TIU, JOVENCIO AGUILAR, ROMULO POSADA, RICARDO POSIC, ALFONSO SALGADO, RICARDO TAGANAP, ARMANDO RAMIREZ, FELIPE RAMIRES, EDELBERTO BERNARDO, PONCIANO MONTILLA, JUAN MONTILLA, IGNACIO PANCHITO, JEORGE SERRAN, VICTOR IGNIS, LUCAS IGAT, BARTOLOME MAGDAEL, AUGUSTO ROSALINAS, RAFAEL SOCITO, JORGE CO, LUCINO WAGAN, CELSO BARADA, WINSTON DIENZO, PAULINO SANCHEZ, ELESEO SANCHES, CONRADO SANCHES, GENEROSO ANTONIO, AGUSTIN LOPEZ, RUDY SOCITO, SEGUNDO SOCITO, JOAQUIN PARAS, DOMINADOR BUTAHON, GERMOGENES GINGCO, HONORIO DETOITO, ELIGIO MENDOZA, RUBEN QUITORIANO, LEON DELA CRUZ, PACITO SALES, ANTONIO CEMANES, IRENEO LUBUGIN, FORTUNATO MATO, ROMEO MERIC, ALBERTO GALLO, MELCHOR SALGADO, SIMEON QUIJANO, ANTONIO CARAAN, CARLITO GUZMAN, ALBERTO SALMON, FELIMON TAN, FERNANDO FAUSTINO, CONRADO DAVID, REYNALDO NOLASCO, ANTONIO NIETO, JAIME CAMACHO, ALBERTO PANGLAO, ROSAURO GANAC, ALFREDO ARCABIO, PEDRO MANASALA, VICENTE BELARMINO, ROMULO SIOCO, SEVERINO ATIENZA, JR., RUFO ABALOS, JESUS POSADA, ALBINO BACARRO, ERNESTO DAJAY, WILFREDO VILLALON, CELESTINO BACARRO, MANUEL TOLENTINO, ERNESTO ANTONIO, OSCAR ABUNDIO, ZOSIMO IJARES, RUBEN ARISTORENAS, GAUDENCIO CASTILLO, DOMINGO DELA TORRE, DANILO RONCADA, RAFEL PUPA, ALFONSO SAPINORO, LUISITO JACRIQUE, MARCELINO BESA, ANSELMO DATELES, ALBERTO PALCULAN, BIENVENIDO FUENSALIDA AND JOSE ORZAL, Petitioners, vs. THE HON. AMADO G. INCIONG in his capacity as Deputy Minister of Labor; NLRC Commissioners DIEGO ATIENZA, CLETO VILLATUYA and GERONIMO QUADRA; ATLANTIC CONTAINER CORPORATION; INLAND INDUSTRIES, INC., LAZARO ARRIOLA, BIENVENIDO KATALBAS, AURORA JEREZA, GOSHI DE YULO AND PAZ YULO AND ROBERTO JACINTO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 55361 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 163 SPOUSES TEOFILO ERCILLO and TERESITA ERCILLO, Petitioners, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and SPOUSES LUTGARDA CIFRA and BENJAMIN CIFRA, SR., represented by their son and attorney-in-fact, BENJAMIN CIFRA, JR., and HON. JOSE P. CASTRO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 55613 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 169 ERNESTO DICHOSO, Petitioner, vs. The HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS and TEODOLFO RAMOS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 56620 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 177 FILIPINAS MILLS, INC., BUENAVENTURA TAN and VIRGINIA DUMLAO-TAN, Petitioners, vs. HON. ABELARDO M. DAYRlT, in his capacity as Presiding Judge of the Court of First Instance of Manila, Branch II, ASSOCIATED CITIZENS BANK and OSCAR V. ATAYDE, in his capacity as the Deputy Sheriff of the CFI-Manila, Branch II, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 69863-65 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 183 LINO BROCKA, BENJAMIN CERVANTES, COSME GARCIA, RODOLFO SANTOS, VALENTINO SALIPSIP, RICARDO VEGA, ERIC MARIANO, JOSE EMMANUEL OYALES, RONNIE MATTA, ALFREDO VIAJE, RUBEN EUGENIO, REYNALDO ORTIZ, ORLANDO ORTIZ, NOEL REYES, EDUARDO IMPERIAL, NESTOR SARMIENTO, FRANCO PALISOC, VIRGILIO DE GUZMAN, ALBERTO REYES, JESSIE PINILI, ROMULO AUGUIS, DOMINADOR RESURRECION III, RONNIE LAYGO, ROSAURO ROQUE, CLARENCE SORIANO, OCTAVO DEPAWA, CARLITO LA TORRE, SEVERNO ILANO, JR., DOMINGO CAJIPE, ALAN ALEGRE, RAMON MARTINEZ, MA. GILDA HERNANDEZ, EDNA P. VILLANUEVA, DOLLY S. CANU, MELQUIADES C. ATIENZA, ELIGIO P. VERA CRUZ, ROGER C. BAGAN, ABUNDIO M. CALISTE, Petitioners, vs. JUAN PONCE ENRILE, MAJ. GENERAL FIDEL V. RAMOS, BRIG. GENERAL PEDRO BALBANERO, COL. ABAD, COL. DAWIS, SERGIO APOSTOL, P/LT, RODOLFO M. GARCIA and JUDGE RICARDO TENSUAN, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 74762 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 191 COMMERCIAL MOTORS CORPORATION, Petitioner, vs. COMMISSIONERS, SECOND DIVISION, NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, and PEDRO UMLAS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 78163 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 199 ANGELINA P. SANTIAGO, Petitioner, vs. The Honorable DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY and HI-CEMENT CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 79962 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 209 LUCIO R. CRUZ, Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS AND CONRADO Q. SALONGA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 80397 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 224 S & A GAISANO INCORPORATED, CANUTO CUPIN, represented by his son Salvador P. Cupin as Attorney-in-Fact; VICENTE CUPIN; EVARISTO CUPIN, represented by his wife Marites R. Cupin as Attorney-in-Fact; RAMON CUPIN; FE CUPIN and BUENAVENTURA CUPIN, both represented by their brother Ramon Cupin as Attorney-in-Fact, Petitioners, vs. HON. VICENTE A. HIDALGO, Executive and Presiding Judge of Regional Trial Court of Butuan City and Agusan del Norte; Branch V, Region X; VICTOR CHAN; ATTY. ARTURO RICAFORTE, in his capacity as Register of Deeds of Butuan City; CITY ENGINEER VICTORIOSO GO, in his capacity as National Building Official of Butuan City, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 82215 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 232 ANTIPAZ PRESCO y PARAS, ANTONIO AMORES y PARAS, and ANSELMA PARAS, Petitioners, vs. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, HON. MARIANO UMALI, Judge of the Regional Trial Court of Cavite, Branch 25, Trece Martires City, HON. EDWINA P. MENDOZA, Judge of the Municipal Trial Court of General Trias, Cavite, MODESTO PARAS, and SIMPLICIO SANCHEZ, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 82374 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 242 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ERNESTO AVILA y MENDOZA AND JOHN DOE, Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 82495 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 246 ALLIED BANKING CORPORATION, Petitioner, vs. HON. SECRETARY SEDFREY ORDOÑEZ (Public Respondent) and ALFREDO CHING (Private Respondent), Respondents.

  • [G.R. Nos. 84132-33 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 257 NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY AND NEW AGRIX, INC., Petitioners, vs. PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, THE EX-OFFICIO SHERIFF and GODOFREDO QUILING, in his capacity as Deputy Sheriff of Calamba, Laguna, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 85531 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 266 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. AMANDO TASARRA and ABELARDO TASARRA, Accused-Appellants.

  • [G.R. No. 89988 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 274 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. LYDIA RAMA, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 91041 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 277 JOSE A. SADDUL, JR., Petitioner, vs. THE HON. COURT OF APPEALS and THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • [A.M. No. P-86-32 : December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 288 ALFREDO LLANES, complainant, vs. GAUDIOSO BORJA, DEPUTY SHERIFF, RTC, BRANCH 19, NAGA CITY, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 31688 : December 17, 1990.] 192 SCRA 296 DIRECTOR OF LANDS, DIRECTOR OF FORESTRY and REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioners, vs. HON. JUAN P. AQUINO, as Judge of the Court of First Instance of Abra, Second Judicial District and ABRA INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 68514 : December 17, 1990.] 192 SCRA 305 TRADERS ROYAL BANK, Petitioner, vs. HON. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT and HON. GREGORIO S. CENDAÑA, in his capacity as DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL MEDIA PRODUCTION CENTER (NMPC), Respondents

  • [G.R. No. 71589 : December 17, 1990.] 192 SCRA 315 CAGAYAN DE ORO COLISEUM, INC., Petitioner, vs. OFFICE OF THE MINISTER OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, represented by Deputy Minister VICENTE LEOGARDO, JR. and ANGEL CHAVES, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 76303 : December 17, 1990.] 192 SCRA 320 DIRECTOR OF LANDS, Petitioner, vs. SPOUSES FRANCISCO K. REDOR and ANGELITA CASTRO, and HON. SALVADOR P. DE GUZMAN, JR., Presiding Judge of the Regional Trial Court, Branch XXVII, Sta. Cruz, Laguna, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 78623 : December 17, 1990.] 192 SCRA 326 DR. OFELIA P. TRISTE, Petitioner, vs. LEYTE STATE COLLEGE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, namely: Hon. Lourdes R. Quisumbing, Secretary of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports and Chairman of the Board and/or Dr. Minda C. Sutaria as the authorized representative; Dr. Purificacion M. Flores, President of the Leyte State College and Vice-Chairman of the Board; Director Venancio Baclagon, National Economic and Development Authority, Regional Office No. VIII and Member of the Board; HON. SEDFREY A. ORDOÑEZ, Secretary of Justice and Chairman of the Review Committee under Executive Order No. 17; and DR. CRES V. CHAN-GONZAGA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 83530 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 342 CRISTITO AUSTRIA y RODIS, Petitioner-Appellant, vs. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES and THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, Respondents-Appellees.

  • [G.R. No. 93867 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 358 SIXTO S. BRILLANTES, JR., Petitioner, vs. HAYDEE B. YORAC, in her capacity as ACTING CHAIRPERSON of the COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, Respondent.

  • [G.R. Nos. 95203-05 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 363 SENATOR ERNESTO MACEDA, Petitioner, vs. ENERGY REGULATORY BOARD (ERB); MARCELO N. FERNANDO, ALEJANDRO B. AFURONG; REX V. TANTIONGCO; and OSCAR E. ALA, in their collective official capacities as Chairman and Members of the Board (ERB), respectively; CATALINO MACARAIG, in his quadruple official capacities as Executive Secretary, Chairman of Philippine National Oil Company; Office of the Energy Affairs, and with MANUEL ESTRELLA, in their respective official capacities as Chairman and President of the Petron Corporation; PILIPINAS SHELL PETROLEUM CORPORATION; with CESAR BUENAVENTURA and REY GAMBOA as chairman and President, respectively; CALTEX PHILIPPINES with FRANCIS ABLAN, President and Chief Executive Officer; and the Presidents of Philippine Petroleum Dealer's Association, Caltex Dealer's Co., Petron Dealer's Asso., Shell Dealer's Asso. of the Phil., Liquefied Petroleum Gas Institute of the Phils., any and all concerned gasoline and petrol dealers or stations; and such other persons, officials, and parties, acting for and on their behalf; or in representation of and/or under their authority, Respondents. [G.R. Nos. 95119-21 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 363 OLIVER O. LOZANO, Petitioner, vs. ENERGY REGULATORY BOARD (ERB), PILIPINAS SHELL PETROLEUM CORPORATION, CALTEX (PHIL.), INC., and PETRON CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 95263 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 374 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. JUVENAL KYAMKO, Accused-Appellant.

  • [A.C. No. 2756 : December 18, 1990.] 192 SCRA 381 PRUDENTIAL BANK, Petitioner, vs. BENJAMIN M. GRECIA, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 44167 : December 19, 1990.] 192 SCRA 388 JULITA FRANCISCO and her husband, HERMENEGILDO TANKENKO, and RESTITUTO FRANCISCO and his wife, FELISA ABEJO, Petitioners, vs. CRISPIN V. BAUTISTA, Judge of the Court of First Instance of Bulacan; FRANCISCA FRANCISCO, MAXIMA FRANCISCO and FRANCISCO FRANCISCO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. Nos. 88710-13 : December 19, 1990.] 192 SCRA 396 UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES (UFE), MANUEL L. SARMIENTO, BENJAMIN M. ALTAREJOS, RODOLFO D. PAGLINAWAN, CARMELITA G. NUQUI, CORAZON Y SAZON, RODRIGO P. LUCAS, RUDOLPH C. ARMAS, EDUARDO A. ABELLA, ANGEL A. CANETE, JUANITO T. CAPILI, ADOLFO S. CASTILLO, JR., PONCIANO A. CARINGAL, ERIBERTO S. LEONARDO, ADELAIDA B. MIRA, EUGENIA C. NUÑEZ, PAZ B. SAN JOSE, VENUSITO S. SOLIS, EMMANUEL S. VILLENA, ALFONSO R. RICAFRENTE, MELANIO C. LANTIN, AMADOR M. MONTOJO, RODOLFO M. MUNSOD, RENATO P. DIAZ, RODRIGO M. URGELLES, CARLOS B. SAN JOSE, EUSTAQUIO E. BUNYI, NELSON P. CENTENO, SOTERO A. GACUTAN, GUILLERMO G. DE BORJA, DIONISIO H. NIPALES, EUGENIO S. SAN PEDRO, MANUEL DELA FUENTE, CARLO MEDINA, CESAR B. PONCE, JORGE B. CASTRO, JR., RICARDO AREVALO, REY M. BEO, FELIX ESGUERRA, REYNALDO ALMENANZA, MELITON C. ROXAS (as represented by his surviving spouse, MA. CORAZON ROXAS), ROMEO A. ARANDELA, ISIDRO A. NATIVIDAD, EMILIANO M. SAYAO, CELSO J. CENIDO, PAUL C. MEJARES, SILVERIO C. PAMPANG, DIONISIO S. CANLOBO, GILBERT C. NOBLE, RODOLFO D. CALONG-CALONG, SR., PEPITO Q. QUITLONG, DIONISIO C. COMPLETO, ANTONIO T. AVELINO, ANGELITO PAYABYAB, ISAIAS A. RIEZA, DEODITO M. BELARMINO, QUEZON G. MATEO, CARLITO PRE, CIPRIANO P. LUPEBA, EFREN P. DINSAY, WILDON C. BARROS, SUSAN A. BERRO, MANUEL A. LAVIN, ROY U. BACONGUIS, JEROME T. FIEL, ANASTACIO G. CABALLERO, JR., ROGELIO E. RAIZ, JOSE T. ISIDTO, ANGELITO M. ANICIETE, RAUL ROBERTO C. NANQUIL, LIZA T. VILLANUEVA, CESAR S. CRUZ, REYNALDO L. CALIGUIA, ERNESTO M. SOLOMON, OSCAR G. AGUINALDO, DIEGO P. OLIVA, JAIME D. NILLAS, ELPIDIO A. HERMOCILLA, DANTE L. ESCOSURA, FEDERICO P. CONTEMPRATO, LAURO C. MAKILING, RENATO O. MINDANAO, RAFAEL C. TURA AND QUINTIN J. PEDRIDO, JR., Petitioners, vs. NESTLÉ PHILIPPINES, INC., NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, HON. EDUARDO G. MAGNO, HON. ZOSIMO T. VASALLO and HON. EVANGELINE S. LUBATON, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 91025 : December 19, 1990.] 192 SCRA 414 UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES, Petitioner, vs. THE HONORABLE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION and NESTLE PHILIPPINES, INC., Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 95478 : December 19, 1990.] 192 SCRA 430 EDUARDO ACOP, ROGER ALMENDAREZ, BIENVENIDO AMBRAY, BENITO ARELLANO, WILLIAM ARMENDARES, HERMINIO ARREZA, TEODORO ARREZA, PEREGRINO BANGUIS, MOISES BARENG, HIPOLITO BONGGOT, RAMON BUCALON, MELITO BUENAVIDES, FELIX CAGONG, LORENZO CALIWATAN, ANGEL CALUMBA, HENRY CARIAGA, GEORGE CASANO, REYNALDO CAPUTOLAN, FELOMENO CHATO, JULIETO CONGSIGNA, REYMUNDO CUADRA, EUFRONIO CUBERO, BIENVENIDO CURAYAG, RUDICASTRO CURAYAG, JOVENCIO DARAY, DAVID DE LEON, NELSON ECHIN, ROLANDO ESCATRON, BERTINO ESPINOLA, CRESENCIO FRANCIS, MATEO FRIAS, RODOLFO FUENTES, BENEDICTO GALLOGO, HERMANO GALOPE, JORGE GALVE, ERNESTO GONABO, VIRGILIO GRUMO, JEMELITO GUBAL, RICARDO GUILLEN, GENEROSO HERNANDEZ, JR., NELSON JABAY, EMILIO JACINTO, EMELIANO JALA, JR., IGNACIO JURALBAR, ALFREDO LOMOLJO, CELESTINO LOMOLJO, EDUARDO LOPEZ, LUCIO LOPIO, SAMUEL LOREDO, NORBERTO LORIA, MARCOS LOSIS, MARIO LUENGAS, NICOLAS MAGHINAY, ROGELIO MATILDO, FLORANTE MIRANDA, ANACLETO MONTON, NARCISO MONTON, ERNESTO OROZCO, CHARLITO ORQUITA, MERLCHOR PANTO, CASIMIRO PEREGRINO, EDUARDO PLAZA, NELSON PLAZA, PAQUITO PLAZA, PEDRO PLAZA, FREDIOMIO QUIÑONES, PEPE RAMIREZ, JOEL REMEDIO, EDUARDO REVELLEZA, GERALDO ROSIL, JR., TEMESTOCLES RUBENAL, REMEGIO SABUSIDO, ROGER SOTES, BELTRANO SULLANO, JAIME SULLANO, ERNIE TACUGDOY, WENIFREDO TOCMO, SR., PAQUITO TRUGILLO, ANIOLITO URBIZTONDO, ROMARICO URIARTE DARIO ORQUIZA, BERTINO VALLEJO, FRANCISCO VEGA, CRESENCIO YPARRAGUIRRE, RUDY YPARUAGUIRRI and EDUARDO SACRAGON, SR., Petitioners, vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, (Fifth Division), SURIGAO DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION (SUDECOR) and RET. GEN. REYNALDO G. DILAN, Vice President for Field Operations & Administration, Respondents.

  • [A.M. No. RTJ-89-380 : December 19, 1990.] 192 SCRA 434 EFREN JAVIER and PEDRO JAVIER, Complainants, vs. JUDGE SALVADOR P. DE GUZMAN, JR., Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 46198 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 445 DOMINGO REYES, Petitioner, vs. THE HONORABLE JUDGE SERAFIN

  • [G.R. No. 53556 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 454 LILIA AGUIRRE, GENATO AGUIRRE and BENITO AGRAVA, Petitioners, vs. THE HONORABLE COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LEYTE, BRANCH III, EDUARDO TAMPIL and LETICIA A. TAMPIL, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 72019 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 459 WORLD MACHINE ENTERPRISES, Petitioner, vs. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT AND J.R. LITHOPLATES, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 81835 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 469 ROMEO J. ORDOÑEZ, Petitioner, vs. THE HON. ALFREDO J. GUSTILO, in his capacity as presiding judge of Regional Trial Court of Cavite, Branch XVI, Cavite City, Municipality of Rosario, Cavite, former Mayor Calixto D. Enriquez of Rosario, Cavite, and Valeriano Espiritu of Mabolo, Bacoor, Cavite, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 82002 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 478 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. FRANCISCO DE GUZMAN y DE DIOS, Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. Nos. 86492-94 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 483 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. LEOPOLDO MONTANTE, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 88114 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 492 PENTAGON SECURITY and INVESTIGATION AGENCY, Petitioner, vs. VICENTE T. JIMENEZ, ET AL., and NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, SECOND DIVISION, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 89618 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 496 HON. RAUL S. MANGLAPUS, in his capacity as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Petitioner, vs. HON. ANDRES E. MATIAS, Judge of the Regional Trial Court of Manila (Branch 45) and GAVINO P. ABAYA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. Nos. 92029-30 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 507 NICANOR G. DE GUZMAN, JR., Petitioner, vs. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, Former Fifth Division, HON. REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, National Capital Judicial Region, Br. 48, Manila, and ENRIQUE KP. TAN, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 93394 : December 20, 1990.] 192 SCRA 514 FNCB FINANCE, Petitioner, vs. NAPOLEON ESTAVILLO, Respondent.

  • [G.R. No. 43659 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 521 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, vs. HON. FELICIDAD CARANDANG VILLALON and FEDERICO DE GUZMAN, Respondents.

  • [G.R. Nos. 48535-36 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 533 KOH TIECK HENG, Petitioner, vs. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES and COURT OF APPEALS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 49454 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 548 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellant, vs. SALVADOR MONTEIRO, Appellee.

  • [G.R. No. 49588 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 554 DIONG BI CHU, alias PATRICK CHANG, CHANG KA HEE and LU LIONG CORPORATION, Petitioners, vs. THE HON. COURT OF APPEALS, HON. GREGORIO G. PINEDA, as Presiding Judge, Court of First Instance of Rizal, Branch XXI; JAIME NAVOA and MILAGROS DE LEOS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 63753-54 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 561 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. GREGORIO BERINGUEL, ARTURO DEVARAS, ARTEMIO TULANG (at large), and RUFINO CAMINONG (at large), accused. GREGORIO BERINGUEL and ARTURO DEVARAS, Accused-Appellants.

  • [G.R. No. 76519 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 575 TIMOTEO POJAS, Petitioner, vs. THE HONORABLE MERCEDES GOZO-DALOLE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT JUDGE, CITY OF TAGBILARAN, IRENEA POJAS, CESARIA LAGROSA and CORNELIA BETINOL, Respondents.

  • [G.R. Nos. 78551-52 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 579 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ROLANDO MARCEDONIO y VILLANUEVA and ANTONIO MARCEDONIO y VILLANUEVA, Accused-Appellants.

  • [G.R. No. 78854 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 588 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. SALVADOR V. LUTAÑEZ alias "Jun Plementero", Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 79526 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 598 NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FREE TRADE UNIONS (NAFTU), Petitioner, vs. MAINIT LUMBER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY WORKERS UNION-UNITED LUMBER AND GENERAL WORKERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. (MALDECOWU-ULGWP), Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 80276 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 604 HYDRO RESOURCES CONTRACTORS CORPORATION, Petitioner, vs. THE COURT OF TAX APPEALS and THE HON. DEPUTY MINISTER OF FINANCE, ALFREDO PIO DE RODA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 83257-58 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 612 OSIAS ACADEMY and MONICA R. DE CASTRO, Petitioners, vs. THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, CONCHITA MERCADO, NECITAS GACIS, EVELYN B. GARAIS, ESTRELLA GATON, EVA L. CAYETANO, TERESA G. BILAZON, SUSAN G. FUELLAS, ELVIRA D. GACIS, LOURDES CORREA, JULIETA A. MANALO, NILA G. GABELO and TEODORO GUANIZO, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 83696 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 621 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. DANTE BARTULAY Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 84918 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 635 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ED FERNANDEZ AVILA, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 87807 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 644 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ISAGANI DESLATE and ROMY FRANCISCO alias "Romeo Francisco", Accused, ISAGANI DESLATE, Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 89407 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 649 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ISABELO SANCHEZ y PANDILI, Accused-Appellant.

  • [G.R. Nos. 89682-83 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 655 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. BENJAMIN HERICO, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 91513 : December 21, 1990.] 192 SCRA 663 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. GERONIMO GOLES, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G.R. No. 43491 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 674 ATTY. TEODORO V. CABILAN & ALEJANDRO A. PARALISAN, Petitioners, vs. HON. JUDGE JOSE R. RAMOLETE & PROVINCIAL/CITY JAIL WARDEN of Cebu City, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 46210 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 680 RICARDO VILLAFLOR, Petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES,** Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 61527 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 691 VICENTE GERARDO, VALENTINA GERARDO, CORNELIO GERARDO, BENJAMIN GERARDO, ANGEL GERARDO, & CONSTANTE GERARDO, Petitioners, vs. HON. FLORENTINO DE LA PEÑA, Presiding Judge, Branch VI, Court of First Instance of Ilocos Norte, TERESA ANTONIO BELZA, VISITACION ANTONIO ADINA, ILUMINADA PASCUA ANTONIO, FELICIDAD BATACAN MATA, POLICARPO BATACAN, BASILIO BATACAN, ISABEL BANGLOY, IRINEO BANGLOY, EDUARDO BANGLOY, DIONICIO BANGLOY, DOMINGA BANGLOY, and ERMINIO BANGLOY, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 70556 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 698 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. MARIO ABLAO, ISAGANI SACOP, LEOPOLDO DE GUZMAN, PEDRO LADIANA, ZENON SAMONTE, ALFREDO DEL MUNDO, BRUNO ABLAO, ISIDORO GALEMA, DANILO MERCADO, RUSTICO LIWANAG, FRANCISCO BALDEMECA, HECTOR SAMONTE and DAVID ABLAO, accused, MARIO ABLAO, ISAGANI SACOP, LEOPOLDO DE GUZMAN, PEDRO LADIANA, ZENON SAMONTE, and ALFREDO DEL MUNDO, Accused-Appellants.

  • [G.R. No. 77668 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 709 SPOUSES EUFRACIO ROJAS AND CONCEPCION ROJAS, Petitioners, vs. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, AND SPOUSES FELIX E. MEDALLA AND DIONISIA PACATAN MEDALLA, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 81039 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 725 INVESTMENT AND UNDERWRITING CORPORATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioners, vs. COMPTRONICS PHILIPPINES, INC. and GENE V. TAMESIS, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 85157 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 735 FRANCISCO JOSE, ANTONIO, ERLINDA, JOVITA, ARACELI, DOLORES, VIRGINIA, MARTA, LEDINIA, and ANITA, all surnamed RAMON JAO, Petitioners, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and LAUREANA C. VDA. DE BAIRAN, as administratrix of the Estate of Pablo Bairan, Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 88336 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 743 REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, vs. THE HONORABLE SANDIGANBAYAN (FIRST DIVISION), Respondents.

  • [G.R. No. 92625 : December 26, 1990.] 192 SCRA 768 JOSE ORDA and IMELDA LOZADA, Petitioners, vs. THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS and GIL GALANG Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 32945 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO T. NASSER v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 39430 December 3, 1990 - FRANCISCO MANLAPAZ, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55466 December 3, 1990 - MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78778 December 3, 1990 - LEONIDA CORONADO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79560 December 3, 1990 - ANDRES E. DITAN v. PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80904 December 3, 1990 - BALTAZAR PANTIG, ET AL. v. VENANCIO BALTAZAR

  • G.R. No. 82115 December 3, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO B. ORTIZ

  • G.R. No. 84884 December 3, 1990 - EULALIO M. RUIZ, ET AL. v. DOROTEO N. CANEBA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 87264 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO DINGLASAN, ET AL. v. MARIA ALICIA M. AUSTRIA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89545 December 3, 1990 - ROLANDO DOLORFINO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • UDK No. 9864 December 3, 1990 - RUFINA VDA. DE TANGUB v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 58668 December 4, 1990 - SANTIAGO ESCARTE, JR., ET AL. v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71929 December 4, 1990 - ALITALIA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74577 December 4, 1990 - CONSOLACION VILLANUEVA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80505 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO L. TANDOY

  • G.R. No. 80791 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE’S FINANCING CORP., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86586 December 4, 1990 - NATIONAL IRRIGATION ADMINISTRATION v. TEODORO P. REGINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86889 December 4, 1990 - LUZ FARMS v. SEC. OF THE DEPT. OF AGRARIAN REFORM

  • G.R. No. 88177 December 4, 1990 - DOLORES A. PAREDES v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93054 December 4, 1990 - ALEXANDER P. ORDILLO, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 30616 December 10, 1990 - EUFRACIO D. ROJAS v. CONSTANCIO B. MAGLANA

  • G.R. No. 36827 December 10, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF FOREST ADMINISTRATION, ET AL. v. RAMON C. FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 44749 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELVIN S. GIRON

  • G.R. No. 50661 December 10, 1990 - RUBEN DELFIN, ET AL. v. AMADO G. INCIONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55361 December 10, 1990 - TEOFILO ERCILLO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55613 December 10, 1990 - ERNESTO DICHOSO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 56620 December 10, 1990 - FILIPINAS MILLS, INC., ET AL. v. ABELARDO M. DAYRlT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 69863-65 December 10, 1990 - LINO BROCKA, ET AL. v. JUAN PONCE ENRILE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74762 December 10, 1990 - COMMERCIAL MOTORS CORPORATION v. COMMISSIONERS, NLRC, SECOND DIVISION

  • G.R. No. 78163 December 10, 1990 - ANGELINA P. SANTIAGO v. DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79962 December 10, 1990 - LUCIO R. CRUZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80397 December 10, 1990 - S & A GAISANO INC., ET AL. v. VICENTE A. HIDALGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82215 December 10, 1990 - ANTIPAZ P. PRESCO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82374 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ERNESTO M. AVILA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82495 December 10, 1990 - ALLIED BANKING CORPORATION v. SEDFREY ORDOÑEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 84132-33 December 10, 1990 - NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, ET AL. v. PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85531 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMANDO TASARRA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89988 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LYDIA RAMA

  • G.R. No. 91041 December 10, 1990 - JOSE A. SADDUL, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-86-32 December 10, 1990 - ALFREDO LLANES v. GAUDIOSO BORJA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 31688 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS, ET AL. v. JUAN P. AQUINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 68514 December 17, 1990 - TRADERS ROYAL BANK v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71589 December 17, 1990 - CAGAYAN DE ORO COLISEUM, INC. v. MINISTER OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76303 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. FRANCISCO K. REDOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78623 December 17, 1990 - OFELIA P. TRISTE v. LEYTE STATE COLLEGE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83530 December 18, 1990 - CRISTITO R. AUSTRIA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93867 December 18, 1990 - SIXTO S. BRILLANTES, JR. v. HAYDEE B. YORAC

  • G.R. Nos. 95203-05 December 18, 1990 - ERNESTO MACEDA v. ENERGY REGULATORY BOARD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95263 December 18, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUVENAL KYAMKO

  • A.C. No. 2756 December 18, 1990 - PRUDENTIAL BANK v. BENJAMIN M. GRECIA

  • G.R. No. 44167 December 19, 1990 - JULITA FRANCISCO, ET AL. v. CRISPIN V. BAUTISTA, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 88710-13 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES, ET AL. v. NESTLE PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 91025 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95478 December 19, 1990 - EDUARDO ACOP, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-89-380 December 19, 1990 - EFREN JAVIER, ET AL. v. SALVADOR P. DE GUZMAN, JR.

  • G.R. No. 46198 December 20, 1990 - DOMINGO REYES v. SERAFIN E. CAMILON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 53556 December 20, 1990 - LILIA AGUIRRE, ET AL. v. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LEYTE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 72019 December 20, 1990 - WORLD MACHINE ENTERPRISES v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81835 December 20, 1990 - ROMEO J. ORDOÑEZ v. ALFREDO J. GUSTILO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82002 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO DE GUZMAN

  • G.R. Nos. 86492-94 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEOPOLDO MONTANTE

  • G.R. No. 88114 December 20, 1990 - PENTAGON SECURITY, ET AL. v. VICENTE T. JIMENEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89618 December 20, 1990 - RAUL S. MANGLAPUS v. ANDRES E. MATIAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 92029-30 December 20, 1990 - NICANOR G. DE GUZMAN, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93394 December 20, 1990 - FNCB FINANCE v. NAPOLEON ESTAVILLO

  • G.R. No. 43659 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELICIDAD CARANDANG VILLALON, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 48535-36 December 21, 1990 - KOH TIECK HENG v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 49454 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR MONTEIRO

  • G.R. No. 49588 December 21, 1990 - DIONG BI CHU, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 63753-54 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GREGORIO BERINGUEL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76519 December 21, 1990 - TIMOTEO POJAS v. MERCEDES GOZO-DALOLE, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 78551-52 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO MARCEDONIO

  • G.R. No. 78854 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR V. LUTAÑEZ

  • G.R. No. 79526 December 21, 1990 - NATIONAL ASSO. OF FREE TRADE UNIONS v. MAINIT LUMBER DEVT. COMPANY WORKERS

  • G.R. No. 80276 December 21, 1990 - HYDRO RESOURCES CONTRACTORS CORPORATION v. COURT OF TAX APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83257-58 December 21, 1990 - OSIAS ACADEMY, ET AL. v. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83696 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANTE BARTULAY

  • G.R. No. 84918 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ED FERNANDEZ AVILA

  • G.R. No. 87807 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAGANI DESLATE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89407 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISABELO P. SANCHEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 89682-83 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN HERICO

  • G.R. No. 91513 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GERONIMO GOLES

  • G.R. No. 43491 December 26, 1990 - TEODORO V. CABILAN, ET AL. v. JOSE R. RAMOLETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 46210 December 26, 1990 - RICARDO VILLAFLOR v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 61527 December 26, 1990 - VICENTE GERARDO, ET AL. v. FLORENTINO DE LA PEÑA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 70556 December 26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO ABLAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 77668 December 26, 1990 - EUFRACIO ROJAS, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81039 December 26, 1990 - INVESTMENT AND UNDERWRITING CORP. OF THE PHIL. v. COMPTRONICS PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85157 December 26, 1990 - FRANCISCO JOSE, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 88336 December 26, 1990 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 92625 December 26, 1990 - JOSE ORDA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 32945 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO T. NASSER v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 39430 December 3, 1990 - FRANCISCO MANLAPAZ, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55466 December 3, 1990 - MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78778 December 3, 1990 - LEONIDA CORONADO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79560 December 3, 1990 - ANDRES E. DITAN v. PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80904 December 3, 1990 - BALTAZAR PANTIG, ET AL. v. VENANCIO BALTAZAR

  • G.R. No. 82115 December 3, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO B. ORTIZ

  • G.R. No. 84884 December 3, 1990 - EULALIO M. RUIZ, ET AL. v. DOROTEO N. CANEBA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 87264 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO DINGLASAN, ET AL. v. MARIA ALICIA M. AUSTRIA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89545 December 3, 1990 - ROLANDO DOLORFINO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • UDK No. 9864 December 3, 1990 - RUFINA VDA. DE TANGUB v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 58668 December 4, 1990 - SANTIAGO ESCARTE, JR., ET AL. v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71929 December 4, 1990 - ALITALIA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74577 December 4, 1990 - CONSOLACION VILLANUEVA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80505 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO L. TANDOY

  • G.R. No. 80791 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE’S FINANCING CORP., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86586 December 4, 1990 - NATIONAL IRRIGATION ADMINISTRATION v. TEODORO P. REGINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86889 December 4, 1990 - LUZ FARMS v. SEC. OF THE DEPT. OF AGRARIAN REFORM

  • G.R. No. 88177 December 4, 1990 - DOLORES A. PAREDES v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93054 December 4, 1990 - ALEXANDER P. ORDILLO, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 30616 December 10, 1990 - EUFRACIO D. ROJAS v. CONSTANCIO B. MAGLANA

  • G.R. No. 36827 December 10, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF FOREST ADMINISTRATION, ET AL. v. RAMON C. FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 44749 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELVIN S. GIRON

  • G.R. No. 50661 December 10, 1990 - RUBEN DELFIN, ET AL. v. AMADO G. INCIONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55361 December 10, 1990 - TEOFILO ERCILLO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55613 December 10, 1990 - ERNESTO DICHOSO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 56620 December 10, 1990 - FILIPINAS MILLS, INC., ET AL. v. ABELARDO M. DAYRlT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 69863-65 December 10, 1990 - LINO BROCKA, ET AL. v. JUAN PONCE ENRILE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74762 December 10, 1990 - COMMERCIAL MOTORS CORPORATION v. COMMISSIONERS, NLRC, SECOND DIVISION

  • G.R. No. 78163 December 10, 1990 - ANGELINA P. SANTIAGO v. DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79962 December 10, 1990 - LUCIO R. CRUZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80397 December 10, 1990 - S & A GAISANO INC., ET AL. v. VICENTE A. HIDALGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82215 December 10, 1990 - ANTIPAZ P. PRESCO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82374 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ERNESTO M. AVILA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82495 December 10, 1990 - ALLIED BANKING CORPORATION v. SEDFREY ORDOÑEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 84132-33 December 10, 1990 - NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, ET AL. v. PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85531 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMANDO TASARRA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89988 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LYDIA RAMA

  • G.R. No. 91041 December 10, 1990 - JOSE A. SADDUL, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-86-32 December 10, 1990 - ALFREDO LLANES v. GAUDIOSO BORJA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 31688 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS, ET AL. v. JUAN P. AQUINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 68514 December 17, 1990 - TRADERS ROYAL BANK v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71589 December 17, 1990 - CAGAYAN DE ORO COLISEUM, INC. v. MINISTER OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76303 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. FRANCISCO K. REDOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78623 December 17, 1990 - OFELIA P. TRISTE v. LEYTE STATE COLLEGE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83530 December 18, 1990 - CRISTITO R. AUSTRIA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93867 December 18, 1990 - SIXTO S. BRILLANTES, JR. v. HAYDEE B. YORAC

  • G.R. Nos. 95203-05 December 18, 1990 - ERNESTO MACEDA v. ENERGY REGULATORY BOARD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95263 December 18, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUVENAL KYAMKO

  • A.C. No. 2756 December 18, 1990 - PRUDENTIAL BANK v. BENJAMIN M. GRECIA

  • G.R. No. 44167 December 19, 1990 - JULITA FRANCISCO, ET AL. v. CRISPIN V. BAUTISTA, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 88710-13 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES, ET AL. v. NESTLE PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 91025 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95478 December 19, 1990 - EDUARDO ACOP, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-89-380 December 19, 1990 - EFREN JAVIER, ET AL. v. SALVADOR P. DE GUZMAN, JR.

  • G.R. No. 46198 December 20, 1990 - DOMINGO REYES v. SERAFIN E. CAMILON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 53556 December 20, 1990 - LILIA AGUIRRE, ET AL. v. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LEYTE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 72019 December 20, 1990 - WORLD MACHINE ENTERPRISES v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81835 December 20, 1990 - ROMEO J. ORDOÑEZ v. ALFREDO J. GUSTILO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82002 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO DE GUZMAN

  • G.R. Nos. 86492-94 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEOPOLDO MONTANTE

  • G.R. No. 88114 December 20, 1990 - PENTAGON SECURITY, ET AL. v. VICENTE T. JIMENEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89618 December 20, 1990 - RAUL S. MANGLAPUS v. ANDRES E. MATIAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 92029-30 December 20, 1990 - NICANOR G. DE GUZMAN, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93394 December 20, 1990 - FNCB FINANCE v. NAPOLEON ESTAVILLO

  • G.R. No. 43659 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELICIDAD CARANDANG VILLALON, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 48535-36 December 21, 1990 - KOH TIECK HENG v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 49454 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR MONTEIRO

  • G.R. No. 49588 December 21, 1990 - DIONG BI CHU, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 63753-54 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GREGORIO BERINGUEL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76519 December 21, 1990 - TIMOTEO POJAS v. MERCEDES GOZO-DALOLE, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 78551-52 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO MARCEDONIO

  • G.R. No. 78854 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR V. LUTAÑEZ

  • G.R. No. 79526 December 21, 1990 - NATIONAL ASSO. OF FREE TRADE UNIONS v. MAINIT LUMBER DEVT. COMPANY WORKERS

  • G.R. No. 80276 December 21, 1990 - HYDRO RESOURCES CONTRACTORS CORPORATION v. COURT OF TAX APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83257-58 December 21, 1990 - OSIAS ACADEMY, ET AL. v. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83696 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANTE BARTULAY

  • G.R. No. 84918 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ED FERNANDEZ AVILA

  • G.R. No. 87807 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAGANI DESLATE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89407 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISABELO P. SANCHEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 89682-83 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN HERICO

  • G.R. No. 91513 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GERONIMO GOLES

  • G.R. No. 43491 December 26, 1990 - TEODORO V. CABILAN, ET AL. v. JOSE R. RAMOLETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 46210 December 26, 1990 - RICARDO VILLAFLOR v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 61527 December 26, 1990 - VICENTE GERARDO, ET AL. v. FLORENTINO DE LA PEÑA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 70556 December 26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO ABLAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 77668 December 26, 1990 - EUFRACIO ROJAS, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81039 December 26, 1990 - INVESTMENT AND UNDERWRITING CORP. OF THE PHIL. v. COMPTRONICS PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85157 December 26, 1990 - FRANCISCO JOSE, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 88336 December 26, 1990 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 92625 December 26, 1990 - JOSE ORDA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 32945 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO T. NASSER v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 39430 December 3, 1990 - FRANCISCO MANLAPAZ, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55466 December 3, 1990 - MANILA SURETY & FIDELITY CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78778 December 3, 1990 - LEONIDA CORONADO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79560 December 3, 1990 - ANDRES E. DITAN v. PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80904 December 3, 1990 - BALTAZAR PANTIG, ET AL. v. VENANCIO BALTAZAR

  • G.R. No. 82115 December 3, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO B. ORTIZ

  • G.R. No. 84884 December 3, 1990 - EULALIO M. RUIZ, ET AL. v. DOROTEO N. CANEBA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 87264 December 3, 1990 - MARIANO DINGLASAN, ET AL. v. MARIA ALICIA M. AUSTRIA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89545 December 3, 1990 - ROLANDO DOLORFINO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • UDK No. 9864 December 3, 1990 - RUFINA VDA. DE TANGUB v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 58668 December 4, 1990 - SANTIAGO ESCARTE, JR., ET AL. v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71929 December 4, 1990 - ALITALIA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74577 December 4, 1990 - CONSOLACION VILLANUEVA v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80505 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO L. TANDOY

  • G.R. No. 80791 December 4, 1990 - PEOPLE’S FINANCING CORP., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86586 December 4, 1990 - NATIONAL IRRIGATION ADMINISTRATION v. TEODORO P. REGINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 86889 December 4, 1990 - LUZ FARMS v. SEC. OF THE DEPT. OF AGRARIAN REFORM

  • G.R. No. 88177 December 4, 1990 - DOLORES A. PAREDES v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93054 December 4, 1990 - ALEXANDER P. ORDILLO, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 30616 December 10, 1990 - EUFRACIO D. ROJAS v. CONSTANCIO B. MAGLANA

  • G.R. No. 36827 December 10, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF FOREST ADMINISTRATION, ET AL. v. RAMON C. FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 44749 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELVIN S. GIRON

  • G.R. No. 50661 December 10, 1990 - RUBEN DELFIN, ET AL. v. AMADO G. INCIONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55361 December 10, 1990 - TEOFILO ERCILLO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 55613 December 10, 1990 - ERNESTO DICHOSO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 56620 December 10, 1990 - FILIPINAS MILLS, INC., ET AL. v. ABELARDO M. DAYRlT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 69863-65 December 10, 1990 - LINO BROCKA, ET AL. v. JUAN PONCE ENRILE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 74762 December 10, 1990 - COMMERCIAL MOTORS CORPORATION v. COMMISSIONERS, NLRC, SECOND DIVISION

  • G.R. No. 78163 December 10, 1990 - ANGELINA P. SANTIAGO v. DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 79962 December 10, 1990 - LUCIO R. CRUZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 80397 December 10, 1990 - S & A GAISANO INC., ET AL. v. VICENTE A. HIDALGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82215 December 10, 1990 - ANTIPAZ P. PRESCO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82374 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ERNESTO M. AVILA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82495 December 10, 1990 - ALLIED BANKING CORPORATION v. SEDFREY ORDOÑEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 84132-33 December 10, 1990 - NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, ET AL. v. PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85531 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMANDO TASARRA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89988 December 10, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LYDIA RAMA

  • G.R. No. 91041 December 10, 1990 - JOSE A. SADDUL, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-86-32 December 10, 1990 - ALFREDO LLANES v. GAUDIOSO BORJA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 31688 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS, ET AL. v. JUAN P. AQUINO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 68514 December 17, 1990 - TRADERS ROYAL BANK v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 71589 December 17, 1990 - CAGAYAN DE ORO COLISEUM, INC. v. MINISTER OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76303 December 17, 1990 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. FRANCISCO K. REDOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 78623 December 17, 1990 - OFELIA P. TRISTE v. LEYTE STATE COLLEGE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83530 December 18, 1990 - CRISTITO R. AUSTRIA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93867 December 18, 1990 - SIXTO S. BRILLANTES, JR. v. HAYDEE B. YORAC

  • G.R. Nos. 95203-05 December 18, 1990 - ERNESTO MACEDA v. ENERGY REGULATORY BOARD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95263 December 18, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUVENAL KYAMKO

  • A.C. No. 2756 December 18, 1990 - PRUDENTIAL BANK v. BENJAMIN M. GRECIA

  • G.R. No. 44167 December 19, 1990 - JULITA FRANCISCO, ET AL. v. CRISPIN V. BAUTISTA, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 88710-13 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES, ET AL. v. NESTLE PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 91025 December 19, 1990 - UNION OF FILIPRO EMPLOYEES v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 95478 December 19, 1990 - EDUARDO ACOP, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-89-380 December 19, 1990 - EFREN JAVIER, ET AL. v. SALVADOR P. DE GUZMAN, JR.

  • G.R. No. 46198 December 20, 1990 - DOMINGO REYES v. SERAFIN E. CAMILON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 53556 December 20, 1990 - LILIA AGUIRRE, ET AL. v. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LEYTE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 72019 December 20, 1990 - WORLD MACHINE ENTERPRISES v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81835 December 20, 1990 - ROMEO J. ORDOÑEZ v. ALFREDO J. GUSTILO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 82002 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO DE GUZMAN

  • G.R. Nos. 86492-94 December 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEOPOLDO MONTANTE

  • G.R. No. 88114 December 20, 1990 - PENTAGON SECURITY, ET AL. v. VICENTE T. JIMENEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89618 December 20, 1990 - RAUL S. MANGLAPUS v. ANDRES E. MATIAS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 92029-30 December 20, 1990 - NICANOR G. DE GUZMAN, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 93394 December 20, 1990 - FNCB FINANCE v. NAPOLEON ESTAVILLO

  • G.R. No. 43659 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELICIDAD CARANDANG VILLALON, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 48535-36 December 21, 1990 - KOH TIECK HENG v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 49454 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR MONTEIRO

  • G.R. No. 49588 December 21, 1990 - DIONG BI CHU, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 63753-54 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GREGORIO BERINGUEL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 76519 December 21, 1990 - TIMOTEO POJAS v. MERCEDES GOZO-DALOLE, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 78551-52 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO MARCEDONIO

  • G.R. No. 78854 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR V. LUTAÑEZ

  • G.R. No. 79526 December 21, 1990 - NATIONAL ASSO. OF FREE TRADE UNIONS v. MAINIT LUMBER DEVT. COMPANY WORKERS

  • G.R. No. 80276 December 21, 1990 - HYDRO RESOURCES CONTRACTORS CORPORATION v. COURT OF TAX APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83257-58 December 21, 1990 - OSIAS ACADEMY, ET AL. v. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 83696 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANTE BARTULAY

  • G.R. No. 84918 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ED FERNANDEZ AVILA

  • G.R. No. 87807 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAGANI DESLATE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 89407 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISABELO P. SANCHEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 89682-83 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN HERICO

  • G.R. No. 91513 December 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GERONIMO GOLES

  • G.R. No. 43491 December 26, 1990 - TEODORO V. CABILAN, ET AL. v. JOSE R. RAMOLETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 46210 December 26, 1990 - RICARDO VILLAFLOR v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 61527 December 26, 1990 - VICENTE GERARDO, ET AL. v. FLORENTINO DE LA PEÑA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 70556 December 26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO ABLAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 77668 December 26, 1990 - EUFRACIO ROJAS, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 81039 December 26, 1990 - INVESTMENT AND UNDERWRITING CORP. OF THE PHIL. v. COMPTRONICS PHILIPPINES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 85157 December 26, 1990 - FRANCISCO JOSE, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 88336 December 26, 1990 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 92625 December 26, 1990 - JOSE ORDA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  •  





     
     

    [G.R. No. 69863-65 :  December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 183 LINO BROCKA, BENJAMIN CERVANTES, COSME GARCIA, RODOLFO SANTOS, VALENTINO SALIPSIP, RICARDO VEGA, ERIC MARIANO, JOSE EMMANUEL OYALES, RONNIE MATTA, ALFREDO VIAJE, RUBEN EUGENIO, REYNALDO ORTIZ, ORLANDO ORTIZ, NOEL REYES, EDUARDO IMPERIAL, NESTOR SARMIENTO, FRANCO PALISOC, VIRGILIO DE GUZMAN, ALBERTO REYES, JESSIE PINILI, ROMULO AUGUIS, DOMINADOR RESURRECION III, RONNIE LAYGO, ROSAURO ROQUE, CLARENCE SORIANO, OCTAVO DEPAWA, CARLITO LA TORRE, SEVERNO ILANO, JR., DOMINGO CAJIPE, ALAN ALEGRE, RAMON MARTINEZ, MA. GILDA HERNANDEZ, EDNA P. VILLANUEVA, DOLLY S. CANU, MELQUIADES C. ATIENZA, ELIGIO P. VERA CRUZ, ROGER C. BAGAN, ABUNDIO M. CALISTE, Petitioners, vs.  JUAN PONCE ENRILE, MAJ. GENERAL FIDEL V. RAMOS, BRIG. GENERAL PEDRO BALBANERO, COL. ABAD, COL. DAWIS, SERGIO APOSTOL, P/LT, RODOLFO M. GARCIA and JUDGE RICARDO TENSUAN, Respondents.

     

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. 69863-65 :  December 10, 1990.]

    192 SCRA 183

    LINO BROCKA, BENJAMIN CERVANTES, COSME GARCIA, RODOLFO SANTOS, VALENTINO SALIPSIP, RICARDO VEGA, ERIC MARIANO, JOSE EMMANUEL OYALES, RONNIE MATTA, ALFREDO VIAJE, RUBEN EUGENIO, REYNALDO ORTIZ, ORLANDO ORTIZ, NOEL REYES, EDUARDO IMPERIAL, NESTOR SARMIENTO, FRANCO PALISOC, VIRGILIO DE GUZMAN, ALBERTO REYES, JESSIE PINILI, ROMULO AUGUIS, DOMINADOR RESURRECION III, RONNIE LAYGO, ROSAURO ROQUE, CLARENCE SORIANO, OCTAVO DEPAWA, CARLITO LA TORRE, SEVERNO ILANO, JR., DOMINGO CAJIPE, ALAN ALEGRE, RAMON MARTINEZ, MA. GILDA HERNANDEZ, EDNA P. VILLANUEVA, DOLLY S. CANU, MELQUIADES C. ATIENZA, ELIGIO P. VERA CRUZ, ROGER C. BAGAN, ABUNDIO M. CALISTE, Petitioners, vs.  JUAN PONCE ENRILE, MAJ. GENERAL FIDEL V. RAMOS, BRIG. GENERAL PEDRO BALBANERO, COL. ABAD, COL. DAWIS, SERGIO APOSTOL, P/LT, RODOLFO M. GARCIA and JUDGE RICARDO TENSUAN, Respondents.

     

    D E C I S I O N

     

    MEDIALDEA, J.:

     

    This petition was originally filed on February 13, 1985 to secure the release of petitioners on habeas corpus and to permanently enjoin the City Fiscal of Quezon City from investigating charges of "Inciting to Sedition" against petitioners Lino Brocka, Benjamin Cervantes, Cosme Garcia and Rodolfo Santos, (hereafter Brocka, et al.). On learning that the corresponding informations for this offense has been filed by the City Fiscal against them on February 11, 1985, a supplemental petition was filed on February 19, 1985 (p. 51, Rollo) to implead the Presiding Judge, 1 and to enjoin the prosecution of Criminal Cases Nos. Q-38023, Q-38024 and Q-38025 (p. 349, Rollo) and the issuance of warrants for their arrests, including their arraignment. Since then President Ferdinand E. Marcos had ordered the provisional release of Brocka, et al., the issue on habeas corpus has become moot and academic (p. 396, Rollo). We shall thus focus on the question of whether or not the prosecution of the criminal cases for Inciting to Sedition may lawfully be enjoined.:-cralaw

    Petitioners were arrested on January 28, 1985 by elements of the Northern Police District following the forcible and violent dispersal of a demonstration held in sympathy with the jeepney strike called by the Alliance of Concerned Transport Organization (ACTO). Thereafter, they were charged with Illegal Assembly in Criminal Cases Nos. 37783, 37787 and 37788 with Branch 108, Regional Trial Court, NCJR, Quezon City. 2

    Except for Brocka, et al. who were charged as leaders of the offense of Illegal Assembly and for whom no bail was recommended, the other petitioners were released on bail of P3,000.00 each. Brocka, et al.'s provisional release was ordered only upon an urgent petition for bail for which daily hearings from February 1-7, 1985 were held.

    However, despite service of the order of release on February 9, 1985, Brocka, et al. remained in detention, respondents having invoked a Preventive Detention Action (PDA) allegedly issued against them on January 28, 1985 (p. 6, Rollo). Neither the original, duplicate original nor certified true copy of the PDA was ever shown to them (p. 367, Rollo).

    Brocka, et al. were subsequently charged on February 11, 1985 with Inciting to Sedition, docketed as Criminal Cases Nos. Q-38023, Q-38024 and Q-38025 (p. 349, Rollo), without prior notice to their counsel (p. 7, Rollo). The original informations filed recommended no bail (p. 349, Rollo). The circumstances surrounding the hasty filing of this second offense are cited by Brocka, et al. (quoting from a separate petition filed on their behalf in G.R. Nos. 69848-50 entitled "Sedfrey A. Ordoñez vs.  Col. Julian Arzaga, et al."), as follows:

    "x  x  x

    "6. The sham' character of the inquest examination concocted by all respondents is starkly bizarre when we consider that as early as 10:30 A.M. today, February 11, 1985, Benjamin Cervantes was able to contact undersigned petitioner by phone informing counsel that said Benjamin Cervantes and the 4 other persons who are the subjects of this petition will be brought before the Quezon City Fiscal at 2:30 for undisclosed reasons: subsequently, another phone call was received by petitioning counsel informing him that the appearance of Benjamin Cervantes et al. was to be at 2:00 P.M. When petitioning counsel arrived in the office of Assistant City Fiscal Arturo Tugonon, the complainants' affidavits had not yet been received by any of the panel of three assistant city fiscals, although the five persons under detention were already in the office of said assistant fiscal as early as 2:00 P.M. It was only at 3:00 when a representative of the military arrived bringing with him alleged statements of complainants against Lino Broka (sic) et al. for alleged inciting to sedition, whereupon undersigned counsel asked respondent Colonel Agapito Abad 'who ordered the detained persons to be brought to the office of Assistant Fiscal Arturo Tugonon since there were no charges on file;' and said Colonel Agapito Abad said aloud: 'I only received a telephone call from Colonel Arzaga about 11:00 A.M. to bring the detained persons today — I am only the custodian.' At 3:15, petitioning counsel inquired from the Records Custodian when the charges against Lino Broka (sic) had been officially received and he was informed that the said charges were never coursed through the Records Office.

    "7. Under the facts narrated above, respondents have conspired to use the strong arm of the law and hatched the nefarious scheme to deprive Lino Broka (sic) et al. the right to bail because the utterances allegedly constituting inciting to sedition under Article 142 of the Revised Penal Code are, except for varying nuances, almost verbatim the same utterances which are the subject of Criminal Cases No. 37783, 37787 and 37788 and for which said detained persons are entitled to be released on bail as a matter of constitutional right. Among the utterances allegedly made by the accused and which the respondents claimed to be violative of Article 142 of the Revised Penal Code are: 'Makiisa sa mga drivers, "Makiisa sa aming layunin, "Digmaang bayan ang sagot sa kahirapan,' Itigil ang pakikialam ng imperyalismo sa Pilipinas,' 'Rollback ng presyo ng langis sa 95 Centavos.' (See Annex B)

    "8. That when petitioning counsel and other members of the defense panel requested that they be given 7 days within which said counsel may confer with their clients — the detained persons named above, the panel of assistant fiscals demanded that said detained persons should sign a 'waiver' of their rights under Article 125 of the Revised Penal Code as a condition for the grant of said request, which is a harassing requirement considering that Lino Broka (sic) et al. were already under the detention, albeit illegally, and they could not have waived the right under Rule 125 which they did not enjoy at the time the ruling was made by the panel of assistant city fiscals." (pp. 4-6, Rollo in G.R. 69848-50).

    They were released provisionally on February 14, 1985, on orders of then President F. E. Marcos. The circumstances of their release are narrated in Our resolution dated January 26, 1985, as quoted in the Solicitor General's Manifestation as follows:

    "G.R. Nos. 69848-50 (Sedfrey A. Ordoñez, Petitioner, vs. Col. Julian Arzaga, et al., Respondents). — Petitioner Sedfrey A. Ordoñez filed this petition for habeas corpus in behalf of Lino Brocka, Benjamin Cervantes, Cosme Garcia, Alexander Luzano, and Rodolfo Santos, who were all detained under a Preventive Detention Action (PDA) issued by then President Ferdinand E. Marcos on January 28, 1985. They were charged in three separate informations of the crime of illegal assembly under Art. 146, paragraph 3 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended by PD 1834. On February 7, 1985, the Honorable Miriam Defensor Santiago, Regional Trial Judge of Quezon City, issued a resolution in the above criminal cases, directing the release of the five accused on bail of P6,000.00 for each of them, and from which resolution the respondent fiscals took no appeal. Immediately thereafter, the accused filed their respective bail bonds. This notwithstanding, they continued to be held in detention by order of the respondent colonels; and on February 11, 1985, these same accused were 'reinvestigated,' this time on charges of 'inciting to sedition' ** under Art. 142 of the Revised Penal Code, following which corresponding cases were filed. The respondents complied with Our resolution requiring them, inter alia, to make a RETURN of the writ of habeas corpus. In their RETURN, it appeared that all the accused had already been released, four of them on February 15, 1985 and one February 8, 1985. The petitioner, nevertheless, argued that the petition has not become moot and academic because the accused continue to be in the custody of the law under an invalid charge of inciting to sedition." (p. 395, Rollo).

    Hence, this petition.

    Brocka, et al. contend that respondents' manifest bad faith and/or harassment are sufficient bases for enjoining their criminal prosecution, aside from the fact that the second offense of inciting to sedition is illegal, since it is premised on one and the same act of attending and participating in the ACTO jeepney strike. They maintain that while there may be a complex crime from a single act (Art. 48, RTC), the law does not allow the splitting of a single act into two offenses and filing two informations therefor, further, that they will be placed in double jeopardy.

    The primary issue here is the legality of enjoining the criminal prosecution of a case, since the two other issues raised by Brocka, et al. are matters of defense against the sedition charge.

    We rule in favor of Brocka, et al. and enjoin their criminal prosecution for the second offense of inciting to sedition.

    Indeed, the general rule is that criminal prosecution may not be restrained or stayed by injunction, preliminary or final. There are however exceptions, among which are:

    "a. To afford adequate protection to the constitutional rights of the accused (Hernandez vs.  Albano, et al., L-19272, January 25, 1967, 19 SCRA 95);

    "b. When necessary for the orderly administration of justice or to avoid oppression or multiplicity of actions (Dimayuga, et al. vs.  Fernandez, 43 Phil. 304; Hernandez vs.  Albano, supra; Fortun vs.  Labang, et al., L-38383, May 27, 1981, 104 SCRA 607);

    "c. When there is a pre-judicial question which is sub judice (De Leon vs.  Mabanag, 70 Phil. 202);

    "d. When the acts of the officer are without or in excess of authority (Planas vs.  Gil, 67 Phil. 62);

    "e. Where the prosecution is under an invalid law, ordinance or regulation (Young vs.  Rafferty, 33 Phil. 556; Yu Cong Eng vs.  Trinidad, 47 Phil. 385, 389);

    "f. When double jeopardy is clearly apparent (Sangalang vs.  People and Avendia, 109 Phil. 1140);

    "g. Where the court has no jurisdiction over the offense (Lopez vs.  City Judge, L-25795, October 29, 1966, 18 SCRA 616);

    "h. Where it is a case of persecution rather than prosecution (Rustia vs.  Ocampo, CA-G.R. No. 4760, March 25, 1960);

    "i. Where the charges are manifestly false and motivated by the lust for vengeance (Recto vs.  Castelo, 18 L.J. [1953], cited in Rañoa vs.  Alvendia, CA-G.R. No. 30720-R, October 8, 1962; Cf, Guingona, et al vs.  City Fiscal, L-60033, April 4, 1984, 128 SCRA 577); and

    "j. When there is clearly no prima facie case against the accused and a motion to quash on that ground has been denied (Salonga vs.  Paño, et al., L-59524, February 18, 1985, 134 SCRA 438).

    "7. Preliminary injunction has been issued by the Supreme Court to prevent the threatened unlawful arrest of petitioners (Rodriguez vs.  Castelo, L-6374, August 1, 1958)." (cited in Regalado, Remedial Law Compendium, p. 188, 1988 Ed.)

    In the petition before Us, Brocka, et al. have cited the circumstances to show that the criminal proceedings had become a case of persecution, having been undertaken by state officials in bad faith.: nad

    Respondents, on the other hand, had invoked a PDA in refusing Brocka, et al.'s release from detention (before their release on orders of then Pres. Marcos). This PDA was, however, issued on January 28, 1985, but was invoked only on February 9, 1985 (upon receipt of the trial court's order of release). Under the guidelines issued, PDAs shall be invoked within 24 hours (in Metro Manila) or 48 hours (outside Metro Manila). (Ilagan v. Enrile, G.R. No. 70748, October 28, 1985, 139 SCRA 349). Noteworthy also is Brocka, et al.'s claim that, despite subpoenas for its production, the prosecution merely presented a purported xerox copy of the invoked PDA (par. 4, Counter-Rejoinder, p. 367, Rollo).

    The foregoing circumstances were not disputed by the Solicitor General's office. In fact they found petitioner's plight "deplorable" (par. 51, Manifestation, p. 396, Rollo).

    The hasty filing of the second offense, premised on a spurious and inoperational PDA, certainly betrays respondent's bad faith and malicious intent to pursue criminal charges against Brocka, et al.

    We have expressed Our view in the Ilagan case that "individuals against whom PDAs have been issued should be furnished with the original, and the duplicate original, and a certified true copy issued by the official having official custody of the PDA, at the time of the apprehension" (supra, p. 369).

    We do not begrudge the zeal that may characterize a public official's prosecution of criminal offenders. We, however, believe that this should not be a license to run roughshod over a citizen's basic constitutional lights, such as due process, or manipulate the law to suit dictatorial tendencies.

    We are impelled to point out a citizen's helplessness against the awesome powers of a dictatorship. Thus, while We agree with the Solicitor General's observation and/or manifestation that Brocka, et al. should have filed a motion to quash the information, We, however, believe that such a course of action would have been a futile move, considering the circumstances then prevailing. Thus, the tenacious invocation of a spurious and inoperational PDA and the sham and hasty preliminary investigation were clear signals that the prosecutors intended to keep Brocka, et al. in detention until the second offense of "Inciting to Sedition" could be facilitated and justified without need of issuing a warrant of arrest anew. As a matter of fact the corresponding informations for this second offense were hastily filed on February 11, 1985, or two days after Brocka, et al.'s release from detention was ordered by the trial judge on February 9, 1985.

    Constitutional rights must be upheld at all costs, for this gesture is the true sign of democracy. These may not be set aside to satisfy perceived illusory visions of national grandeur.: nad

    In the case of J. Salonga v. Cruz Paño, We point out:

    "Infinitely more important than conventional adherence to general rules of criminal procedure is respect for the citizen's right to be free not only from arbitrary arrest and punishment but also from unwarranted and vexatious prosecution . . ." (G.R. No. L-59524, February 18, 1985, 134 SCRA 438-at p. 448).

    We, therefore, rule that where there is manifest bad faith that accompanies the filing of criminal charges, as in the instant case where Brocka, et al. were barred from enjoying provisional release until such time that charges were filed, and where a sham preliminary investigation was hastily conducted, charges that are filed as a result should lawfully be enjoined.

    ACCORDINGLY, the petition is hereby GRANTED. The trial court is PERMANENTLY ENJOINED from proceeding in any manner with the cases subject of the petition. No costs.

    SO ORDERED.

    Fernan C.J., Narvasa, Melencio-Herrera, Gutierrez, Jr., Cruz, Paras, Gancayco, Padilla, Bidin, Sarmiento, Griño-Aquino and Regalado, JJ., concur.

    Feliciano, J., is on leave.

     

    Endnotes

      1. Judge Ricardo Tensuan, Branch 83, RTC, National Capital Judicial Region, Quezon City.

      2. Judge Miriam D. Santiago, Presiding Judge.

    ** Criminal Cases Nos. 38023, 38024 and 38025, subject of the instant cases.

    [G.R. No. 69863-65 :  December 10, 1990.] 192 SCRA 183 LINO BROCKA, BENJAMIN CERVANTES, COSME GARCIA, RODOLFO SANTOS, VALENTINO SALIPSIP, RICARDO VEGA, ERIC MARIANO, JOSE EMMANUEL OYALES, RONNIE MATTA, ALFREDO VIAJE, RUBEN EUGENIO, REYNALDO ORTIZ, ORLANDO ORTIZ, NOEL REYES, EDUARDO IMPERIAL, NESTOR SARMIENTO, FRANCO PALISOC, VIRGILIO DE GUZMAN, ALBERTO REYES, JESSIE PINILI, ROMULO AUGUIS, DOMINADOR RESURRECION III, RONNIE LAYGO, ROSAURO ROQUE, CLARENCE SORIANO, OCTAVO DEPAWA, CARLITO LA TORRE, SEVERNO ILANO, JR., DOMINGO CAJIPE, ALAN ALEGRE, RAMON MARTINEZ, MA. GILDA HERNANDEZ, EDNA P. VILLANUEVA, DOLLY S. CANU, MELQUIADES C. ATIENZA, ELIGIO P. VERA CRUZ, ROGER C. BAGAN, ABUNDIO M. CALISTE, Petitioners, vs.  JUAN PONCE ENRILE, MAJ. GENERAL FIDEL V. RAMOS, BRIG. GENERAL PEDRO BALBANERO, COL. ABAD, COL. DAWIS, SERGIO APOSTOL, P/LT, RODOLFO M. GARCIA and JUDGE RICARDO TENSUAN, Respondents.




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