ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™  
Main Index Law Library Philippine Laws, Statutes & Codes Latest Legal Updates Philippine Legal Resources Significant Philippine Legal Resources Worldwide Legal Resources Philippine Supreme Court Decisions United States Jurisprudence
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
Chan Robles Virtual Law Library
 









 

 
UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
August-2001 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 126899 August 2, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELICITO T. BARBOSA

  • G.R. No. 128137 August 2, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO HAMTO

  • G.R. No. 131203 August 2, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GUILLERMO CARIÑO

  • G.R. No. 137473 August 2, 2001 - ESTELITO V. REMOLONA v. CSC

  • G.R. Nos. 141702-03 August 2, 2001 - CATHAY PACIFIC AIRWAYS v. NLRC, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 128816 & 139979-80 August 8, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALFREDO P. CABILTO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 131817 August 8, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANTE L. DOMINGO

  • G.R. Nos. 133791-94 August 8, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CORNELIO SUPNAD

  • G.R. No. 135065 August 8, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENNY CABANGCALA, ET AL.

  • Adm. Case No. 4982 August 9, 2001 - KATRINA JOAQUIN CARIÑO v. ARTURO DE LOS REYES

  • A.M. No. 01-2-47-RTC August 9, 2001 - RE: JUDGE GUILLERMO L. LOJA,

  • A.M. No. MTJ-01-1365 August 9, 2001 - CESINA EBALLA v. ESTRELLITA M. PAAS, ET AL.

  • Adm. Matter No. P-01-1495 August 9, 2001 - ESMERALDO D. VISITACION v. GREDAM P. EDIZA

  • A.M. No. RTJ-99-1506 August 9, 2001 - JOSEFINA MERONTOS Vda. de SAYSON v. OSCAR E. ZERNA

  • A.M. No. P-01-1489 August 9, 2001 - CATALINO BAUTISTA, ET AL. v. AMELITA O. MENDOZA

  • G.R. No. 110740 August 9, 2001 - NDC-GUTHRIE PLANTATIONS, ET AL. v. NLRC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 112485 August 9, 2001 - EMILIA MANZANO v. MIGUEL PEREZ SR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129209 August 9, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JESEMIEL MOSQUERRA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134565 August 9, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. LUDIVINO MIANA, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 138472-73 August 9, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NOEL PADILLA

  • G.R. No. 138964 August 9, 2001 - VICENTE RELLOSA, ET AL. v. GONZALO PELLOSIS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139411 August 9, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AGAPITO TORALBA

  • G.R. No. 139532 August 9, 2001 - REGAL FILMS v. GABRIEL CONCEPCION

  • G.R. No. 139665 August 9, 2001 - MA. VILMA S. LABAD v. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHEASTERN PHIL., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140347 August 9, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO OLITA

  • G.R. No. 142546 August 9, 2001 - ANASTACIO FABELA, ET AL v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142838 August 9, 2001 - ABELARDO B. LICAROS v. ANTONIO P. GATMAITAN

  • G.R. No. 143881 August 9, 2001 - DANILO EVANGELISTA v. PEDRO SISTOZA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143949 August 9, 2001 - ATCI OVERSEAS CORP. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144089 August 9, 2001 - CONCORDE HOTEL v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126480 August 10, 2001 - MARIA TIN v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. 129162 August 10, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILLY FIGURACION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 130998 August 10, 2001 - MARUBENI CORP. ET AL. v. FELIX LIRAG

  • G.R. Nos. 137934 & 137936 August 10, 2001 - BATANGAS LAGUNA TAYABAS BUS COMPANY, ET AL. v. BENJAMIN M. BITANGA. ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143673 August 10, 2001 - CONRADO TUAZON, ET AL. v. ERNESTO GARILAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144708 August 10, 2001 - RAFAEL ALBANO, ET AL v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146724 August 10, 2001 - GIL TAROJA VILLOTA v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136266 August 13, 2001 - EUTIQUIO A. PELIGRINO v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-01-1612 August 14, 2001 - MARCO FRANCISCO SEVILLEJA v. ANTONIO N. LAGGUI

  • A.M. No. P-00-1438 August 14, 2001 - JUNN F. FLORES v. ROGER S. CONANAN

  • G.R. No. 135482 August 14, 2001 - ORLANDO SALVADOR v. ANIANO A. DESIERTO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136192 August 14, 2001 - PRESIDENTIAL AD HOC FACT-FINDING COMMITTEE ON BEHEST LOANS v. ANIANO DESIERTO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141617 August 14, 2001 - ADALIA B. FRANCISCO and MERRYLAND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION v. RITA C. MEJIA

  • G.R. No. 142276 August 14, 2001 - FLORENTINO GO, JR., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142662 August 14, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JERRY FERRER

  • A.C. No. 5486 August 15, 2001 - IN RE: ATTY. DAVID BRIONES.

  • A.M. RTJ No. 89-403 August 15, 2001 - MOLINTO D. PAGAYAO v. FAUSTO H. IMBING

  • A.M. No. 96-9-332-RTC August 15, 2001 - DIRECTOR, PNP NARCOTICS COMMAND v. JAIME N. SALAZAR

  • A.M. No. P-99-1311 August 15, 2001 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. ALBERTO V. GARONG

  • G.R. Nos. 113822-23 August 15, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RAUL L. PABLO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 118492 August 15, 2001 - GREGORIO H. REYES, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 120468 August 15, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LOPE B. LIWANAG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128177 August 15, 2001 - ROMAN SORIANO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129295 August 15, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDWIN MORIAL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129598 August 15, 2001 - PNB MADECOR v. GERARDO C. UY

  • G.R. No. 130360 August 15, 2001 - WILSON ONG CHING KIAN CHUAN v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136834 August 15, 2001 - FELIX SENDON, ET AL. v. FRATERNIDAD O. RUIZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137271 August 15, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. REYNALDO CORRE JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137509 August 15, 2001 - PEVET ADALID FELIZARDO, ET AL v. SIEGFREDO FERNANDEZ

  • G.R. Nos. 137969-71 August 15, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. RAFAEL SALALIMA

  • G.R. No. 139337 August 15, 2001 - MA. CARMINIA C. ROXAS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139420 August 15, 2001 - ROBERTO R. SERRANO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 140900 & 140911 August 15, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODERICK LICAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143340 August 15, 2001 - LILIBETH SUNGA-CHAN, ET AL v. LAMBERTO T. CHUA

  • G.R. No. 144813 August 15, 2001 - GOLD LINE TRANSIT v. LUISA RAMOS

  • G.R. No. 147270 August 15, 2001 - IN RE: PETE C. LAGRAN

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1565 August 16, 2001 - FEDERICO S. BERNARDO v. PATERNO G. TIAMSON

  • G.R. No. 119900 August 16, 2001 - SUNNY MOTORS SALES v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 121897 August 16, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GIL TEMPLA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126200 August 16, 2001 - DEV’T. BANK OF THE PHIL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126926 August 16, 2001 - RAMON P. ARON v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 127543 August 16, 2001 - INTERNATIONAL PIPES, ET AL. v. F. F. CRUZ & CO.

  • G.R. No. 132155 August 16, 2001 - ARAS-ASAN TIMBER CO. v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134292 August 16, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCO MORALES

  • G.R. No. 136365 August 16, 2001 - ENRIQUE R. CAMACHO, ET AL. v. PHIL. NAT’L. BANK, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136780 August 16, 2001 - JEANETTE D. MOLINO v. SECURITY DINERS INTERNATIONAL CORP.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1597 August 20, 2001 - WILSON ANDRES v. ORLANDO D. BELTRAN

  • A.M. No. RTJ-94-1131 August 20, 2001 - MIGUEL ARGEL v. HERMINIA M. PASCUA

  • G.R. No. 110055 August 20, 2001 - ASUNCION SAN JUAN v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 111685 August 20, 2001 - DAVAO LIGHT & POWER CO. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 131866 August 20, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CARLOS DOCTOLERO

  • G.R. No. 132174 August 20, 2001 - GUALBERTO CASTRO v. RICARDO GLORIA

  • G.R. No. 132684 August 20, 2001 - HERNANI N. FABIA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134718 August 20, 2001 - ROMANA INGJUGTIRO v. LEON V. CASALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142401 August 20, 2001 - ANDREW TAN v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137299 August 21, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO NANAS

  • G.R. No. 138869 August 21, 2001 - DAVID SO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140519 August 21, 2001 - PHIL. RETIREMENT AUTHORITY v. THELMA RUPA

  • G.R. No. 130817 August 22, 2001 - PRESIDENTIAL AD HOC FACT-FINDING COMMITTEE ON BEHEST LOANS v. ANIANO A. DESIERTO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 138403 August 22, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLLY C. ABULENCIA

  • G.R. Nos. 141712-13 August 22, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDMUNDO M. BOHOL

  • G.R. No. 143867 August 22, 2001 - PLDT v. CITY OF DAVAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128628 August 23, 2001 - ILDEFONSO SAMALA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 133749 August 23, 2001 - HERNANDO R. PEÑALOSA v. SEVERINO C. SANTOS

  • G.R. No. 133789 August 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDUARDO P. CHUA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136506 August 23, 2001 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. ANIANO A. DESIERTO, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 137199-230 August 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GEORGE J. ALAY-AY

  • G.R. No. 137842 August 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANILO H. CATUBIG

  • G.R. No. 138588 August 23, 2001 - FAR EAST BANK & TRUST COMPANY v. DIAZ REALTY INC.

  • G.R. No. 138022 August 23, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PEDRO A. FRANCISCO

  • G.R. No. 144142 August 23, 2001 - YOLANDA AGUIRRE v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. Nos. 138298 & 138982 August 24, 2001 - RAOUL B. DEL MAR v. PAGCOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 131609 August 27, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BONIFACIO PUERTA

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1571 August 28, 2001 - JESUS GUILLAS v. RENATO D. MUÑEZ

  • A.M. No. RTJ-01-1645 August 28, 2001 - VICTORINO S. SIANGHIO, JR. v. BIENVENIDO L. REYES

  • A.M. No. RTJ-01-1626 August 28, 2001 - JOSELITO D. FRANI v. ERNESTO P. PAGAYATAN

  • G.R. Nos. 100633 & 101550 August 28, 2001 - SOCORRO ABELLA SORIANO, ET AL v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 114118 August 28, 2001 - SIMEON BORLADO, ET AL v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 125728 August 28, 2001 - MARIA ALVAREZ VDA. DE DELGADO, ET AL v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129960 August 28, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PEDRO CARIÑO

  • G.R. No. 131175 August 28, 2001 - JOVITO VALENZUELA, ET AL v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 133056 August 28, 2001 - FACUNDO T. BAUTISTA v. PUYAT VINYL PRODUCTS

  • G.R. No. 140812 August 28, 2001 - CANDIDO ALFARO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143256 August 28, 2001 - RODOLFO FERNANDEZ, ET AL. v. ROMEO FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144653 August 28, 2001 - BANK OF THE PHIL. ISLANDS v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE

  • A.M. No. P-00-1415-MeTC August 30, 2001 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. TERESITA Q. ORBIGO-MARCELO

  • G.R. No. 111709 August 30, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROGER P. TULIN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 119811 August 30, 2001 - SOCORRO S. TORRES, ET AL. v. DEODORO J. SISON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 123980 August 30, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MANUEL CALIMLIM

  • G.R. No. 127905 August 30, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANILO REMUDO

  • G.R. No. 129093 August 30, 2001 - JOSE D. LINA, ET AL. v. FRANCISCO DIZON PAÑO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 133113 August 30, 2001 - EDGAR H. ARREZA v. MONTANO M. DIAZ

  • G.R. No. 136280 August 30, 2001 - ORCHARD REALTY and DEV’T CORP. v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139083 August 30, 2001 - FLORENCIA PARIS v. DIONISIO A. ALFECHE

  • G.R. No. 140229 August 30, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. HENRY BALMOJA

  • G.R. No. 140995 August 30, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANILO M. REGALA

  • G.R. No. 141128 August 30, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ORPIANO DELOS SANTOS

  • G.R. No. 141283 August 30, 2001 - SEGOVIA DEVELOPMENT CORP. v. J.L. DUMATOL REALTY

  • G.R. No. 144442 August 30, 2001 - JESUS SALVATIERRA v. THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • A. M. No. 00-7-299-RTC August 31, 2001 - REQUEST FOR CONSOLIDATION OF CIVIL CASE NO. R-1692 RTC BR. 45

  • A.M. No. 00-8-03-SB August 31, 2001 - RE: UNNUMBERED RESOLUTION OF THE SANDIGANBAYAN RE ACQUISITION OF THREE [3] MOTOR VEHICLES FOR OFFICIAL USE OF JUSTICES

  • A.M. No. P-99-1316 August 31, 2001 - KENNETH S. NEELAND v. ILDEFONSO M. VILLANUEVA

  • G.R. Nos. 132548-49 August 31, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ALEJO MIASCO

  • G.R. No. 141211 August 31, 2001 - CITY WARDEN OF THE MANILA CITY JAIL v. RAYMOND S. ESTRELLA, ET AL.

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 131609   August 27, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BONIFACIO PUERTA

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. 131609. August 27, 2001.]

    PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. BONIFACIO PUERTA Y RODRIGUEZ, Accused-Appellant.

    D E C I S I O N


    PER CURIAM:


    For automatic review before this Court is the decision 1 of the Regional Trial Court of San Jose, Camarines Sur, Branch 30, dated August 21, 1997, in Criminal Case No. T-1591, finding accused-appellant Bonifacio Puerta guilty of the crime of rape committed against his nine-year old daughter, Janet Puerta.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    The information reads:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "That on or about [the] 12th day of August, 1996 at about 3:00 o’clock in the afternoon at Barangay San Antonio, Municipality of Tigaon, Province of Camarines Sur, Philippines, and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused by means of force and intimidation, did then and there, wilfully, unlawfully and feloniously have carnal knowledge with his daughter, Janet B. Puerta, an 8-year old girl against her will and to her damage and prejudice.

    "ACTS CONTRARY TO LAW." 2

    Upon arraignment, Accused-appellant pleaded not guilty. 3 At the trial, the prosecution presented three (3) witnesses, namely: Janet Puerta, private complainant; Nieves Puerta, private complainant’s mother; and Dr. Peñafrancia Villanueva, municipal health officer of the Tigaon (Camarines Sur) Rural Health Unit. The defense, on the other hand, presented the accused himself, Bonifacio Puerta.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    The facts are as follows:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    The private complainant 4 testified that on the day of the incident, August 12, 1996, she was nine (9) years old. 5 At around 3:00 p.m. of the same day, she was in their house at Cagayagayahan, San Antonio, Tigaon, Camarines Sur with her younger siblings Junjun, 6 Jennifer 7 and Jenalyn. 8 Accused-appellant attended the fiesta at Tigaon. When private complainant was asked by the prosecutor as to what happened then, the former did not answer. The trial judge observed that private complainant was about to cry and her hands were "pressed hard." 9 After a while, private complainant answered that when accused-appellant arrived, they approached him. They followed him when he entered their house. Thereafter, Accused-appellant drank the San Miguel gin that he was carrying and lay down. Private complainant and her siblings were then on the bench when accused-appellant called her. Accused-appellant told her to massage his aching head. While at that task, Accused-appellant pulled her hand and took off her panty. He then kissed her lips, pulled down his pants and briefs, and laid on top of her. Accused-appellant held his penis and inserted it inside her vagina. 10 Private complainant recounted that "it was painful" 11 and she was crying at that time. 12 Accused-appellant threatened her not to tell anyone about the incident; otherwise, he would kill them, including her mother and grandmother. 13 At the time of the sexual assault, private complainant’s siblings were on the bench, which was located just inside their house. The sexual assault occurred in the sleeping area of the house. The said house had no bedroom. Afterwards, private complainant dressed up while accused-appellant slept. In addition, private complainant testified that while her father was sexually molesting her, her mother arrived and saw them. 14 Her mother, with her younger sister Jenalyn, went to her grandmother’s house. 15 Private complainant also testified that it was not the first time that accused-appellant sexually assaulted her but about the 10th time. 16 On cross-examination, she further testified that her birthday is on February 26, 1987, as told by her mother. She reaffirmed her testimony on direct examination that her siblings were around when her father sexually assaulted her. She also reiterated that when her father sexually assaulted her in the afternoon of August 12, 1996, he inserted his penis into her vagina. 17 She stated that there was ejaculation within her vagina. 18 When her mother arrived at their house, she heard her brother Junjun tell their mother that their father laid on top of her ("si Ate pigbabawan ni Papa"). 19 Afterwards, her mother and younger sister Jenalyn went to her grandmother’s house. Private complainant and her other siblings followed their mother to their grandmother’s house. Her mother reported the incident to her grandmother. The following day, August 13, 1996, her grandmother brought her to the Regional Hospital in Naga where she was examined by Dr. Peñafrancia Villanueva. 20

    Nieves Puerta, private complainant’s mother, testified that on August 12, 1996, the private complainant was nine (9) years old, having been born on February 26, 1987. At about 3:00 p.m. of the same day, she came from the house of a certain Ka Lorie located in Kagayagayahan, San Antonio, Tigaon, Camarines Sur and when she arrived at their house, she saw accused-appellant "doing the act on my daughter," [h]e is doing a bad act on my daughter and he is above her," "he was having sexual act with my daughter." 21 She witnessed the incident from a distance of about 2- ft. as she entered the door of their house and saw the private complainant and accused-appellant in the sleeping area. After seeing them, she went to her mother’s house and reported the incident to her mother. Thereafter, she went back to their house and found accused-appellant already asleep. She fed her children and put them to sleep. She further recounted that private complainant and her other children followed her to her mother’s house. When she asked private complainant why she did not inform her of her ordeal, private complainant told her in tears that her father threatened to kill them if she informed anyone. 22 Private complainant told her that" [s]he did not report anything more because she is very frightened of her father." 23 On cross-examination, Nieves reiterated her testimony on direct examination that she arrived at their house at about 3:00 p.m. on the day of the incident 24 and found accused-appellant "doing the sexual act" to private complainant; 25 that she went to her mother’s house after witnessing the incident; 26 that she informed her mother of what she saw; and that she went back to their house and found accused-appellant asleep. 27 She disclosed that she registered the birth of private complainant in the local civil registry only in November 1996 because when the chief officer of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), a certain Mrs. Portugal, asked for the birth certificate of private complainant, there was none. 28 She further revealed that on February 5, 1997, while outside the courtroom, Accused-appellant asked forgiveness from private complainant 29 by saying, "please forgive me because I will reform." 30

    Dr. Peñafrancia Villanueva, municipal health officer of the Tigaon Rural Health Unit in Tigaon, Camarines Sur, physically examined the private complainant and made the following findings and conclusions in a medico legal report dated August 13, 1996:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "FINDINGS:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "1. External Genitalia: Negative finding

    "2. Internal Genitalia: (+) hymenal lacerations, complete (sic) healed, at the 3, 6, 8 o’clock positions.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "Erythematous base of the hymen at the 10 o’clock position. Admits index finger with ease."cralaw virtua1aw library

    Dr. Villanueva explained that the healed hymenal lacerations could have been made more or less a month before the medical examination. She testified that there could be a slight penetration of the vagina without causing injury on the external genitalia, 31 that the hymenal lacerations could have been caused by a penis, and that there would be no rupture/laceration if there was no sexual intercourse." 32

    In his defense, Accused-appellant testified that on August 12, 1996, he was at the peria in the town proper of Tigaon and went back to their house at about 6:30 p.m. of the same day. 33 Upon his arrival, his wife, Nieves Puerta asked him for the things he bought but he replied that he lost the money at the peria. Nieves Puerta got angry with him, lambasted him, went berserk, threw his clothes outside their house, told him to get lost, quarreled and boxed him. He was not able to control himself, thus, he "hurt" her. Thereafter, she ran towards her mother’s house. After a while, she returned to their house and he went to sleep. At around 9:00 p.m. of the same day, a policeman arrived and told him to get out of the house because there was a complaint made against him by his daughter, Janet Puerta. He then asked his wife why there was a policeman in their house but she did not say anything. He went out of the house and was handcuffed by the policeman. He was told that he must go with them to Tigaon. Accused-appellant claimed that he was not in good terms with his mother-in-law, Amparo Butial, because the latter did not give him the money sent by his wife while working in Batangas sometime in December 1985. 34 He asserted that his mother-in-law told him that he must separate with his wife 35 because he had no use to the family and it would be better if he were dead. 36 He also claimed that his wife was actuated by improper motive in testifying against him, in particular, she wanted them to separate. 37 He admitted having asked forgiveness from private complainant but not for the charge against him, but forgiveness for whipping her. On cross-examination, he testified that he went to the peria in Tigaon at 8:00 a.m. on August 12, 1996. According to him, it takes about 10 minutes for one to go to the town proper of Tigaon from their place in San Antonio.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    On rebuttal, the prosecution recalled Nieves Puerta, private complainant’s mother, who denied having been actuated by improper motive in testifying against Accused-Appellant. 38

    On October 22, 1997, the Regional Trial Court of San Jose, Camarines Sur, Branch 30, promulgated a decision dated August 21, 1997 finding accused-appellant guilty beyond reasonable doubt of the crime of rape and sentencing him to suffer the maximum penalty of death. The dispositive portion of the decision reads:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "WHEREFORE, the accused Bonifacio Puerta is hereby sentenced to suffer the supreme penalty of death, to indemnify the offended party, Janet Puerta, the sum of Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000.00) Philippine Currency, as moral and exemplary damages, and for him to pay the costs.

    "SO ORDERED." 39

    In this appeal, Accused-appellant submits a lone assignment of error, to wit:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "THE TRIAL COURT MANIFESTLY ERRED IN CONVICTING ACCUSED-APPELLANT OF THE CRIME CHARGED DESPITE FAILURE OF THE PROSECUTION TO ESTABLISH HIS GUILT BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT." 40

    Accused-appellant in the main questions the credibility of prosecution witnesses, Janet Puerta and Nieves Puerta. In particular, Accused-appellant contends that the testimony of Nieves Puerta, private complainant’s mother, "is full of loopholes which renders the same unworthy of credit and belief," pointing out her "passive and lackadaisical attitude" at the time she came upon accused-appellant in the act of sexually assaulting private complainant, and her "quite unnatural" immediate reaction of doing nothing to stop the sexual assault and proceeding to her mother’s house; and insists that "her inaction is not in accordance with human experience." 41 Accused-appellant also avers that, considering that the alleged incident occurred at daytime, it is "highly improbable" for accused-appellant to leave the door wide open, as testified by private complainant’s mother, while he was committing the alleged sexual assault. Accused-appellant also asserts that since his other children were also inside the house at the time of the alleged incident, their presence alone would have discouraged him from committing the alleged sexual assault. Likewise, he avers that their house is not isolated and he could not have openly exposed himself to his neighbors while allegedly sexually assaulting his daughter. He further points out that Nieves Puerta." . . exhibited a passive stance by attending to her other children as if nothing unusual happened to her own daughter [referring to Janet]," upon her return to their house after coming from her mother’s house. As further proof of his assertion that Nieves Puerta is not a credible witness, Accused-appellant faults her for the "inconsistent entries" in private complainant’s birth certificate, which was registered belatedly in the local civil registry. 42

    Accused-appellant likewise assails the credibility of private complainant’s testimony that she was raped by the former, alleging that" [p]rivate complainant’s failure to answer spontaneously the question about the challenged incident makes her an unreliable witness." 43 According to him, private complainant’s initial lack of response when questioned about the alleged sexual assault, and her subsequent testimony only after repeated prodding, make her accusations doubtful and a mere afterthought. 44

    We find no merit in the appeal.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    It is settled that the evaluation of the testimonies of witnesses by the trial court is binding upon the appellate court in the absence of a clear showing that it was reached arbitrarily or that the trial court plainly overlooked certain facts of substance or value which, if considered, might affect the result of the case. 45 Time and again we have ruled that the testimony of a rape victim is credible where she has no motive to falsely testify against the accused. 46 Courts usually give credence to the testimony of a girl who is a victim of sexual assault, particularly if it constitutes incestuous rape because, normally, no person would be willing to undergo the humiliation of a public trial and to testify on the details of her ordeal were it not to condemn an injustice. Needless to say, it is settled jurisprudence that testimonies of child-victims are given full weight and credit, since when a woman, more so if she is a minor, says that she has been raped, she says in effect all that is necessary to show that rape was committed. Youth and immaturity are generally badges of truth and sincerity. 47

    In the instant case, the trial court found that the private complainant:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "x       x       x

    . . . testified in a natural, simple and straight-forward manner, except on the first question [on] how the sexual act was committed to (sic) her. This is an indication of sincerity, if not, of truthfulness bereft of any concoction, much less, influence from her mother Nieves Puerta including her grandmother Amparo Butial. She identified her father, the accused in this case. It is true that when the public prosecutor propounded the first question to her eliciting the details as to how the offense of rape was committed to (sic) her, she hesitated. This hesitation may, however, be attributed to her being practically a child and the accused is her own father, her own flesh and blood [from] whom she expects protection and care. And besides on the witness stand, even adults [were] gripped with tension due to the prevailing atmosphere. Later on, however, the court keenly observed that the offended party testified without hesitation, candid, categorical, consistent and free from any substantial contradiction particularly on how her father consummated the bestial and odious sexual assault on her person. And despite the lengthy cross-examination, her testimonies (sic) remain (sic) unshaken, another indication of the truthfulness of her testimony, more so, because the purpose of the cross-examination is to test the accuracy of her testimony. Such being the case, the testimonies (sic) of the offended party should be, as they are hereby accorded full faith and credence, being a child victim. Her power of observation and recall also makes her a best witness." 48 (Citations omitted. Emphasis supplied.)chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    A careful and thorough scrutiny of the evidence on record, particularly the testimonies of witnesses, shows that private complainant’s account of what transpired is straightforward and deserving of faith and credit despite her initial hesitation to recount the sexual assault on her person. Accused-appellant’s attempt to discredit the testimony of private complainant for her failure or inability to immediately narrate in open court the dastardly act of rape committed against her, must fail. Faultless testimony cannot be expected of a rape victim of tender age for she may be trying not to recall in her mind, much less, recount in open court every ugly detail of the harrowing experience and appalling outrage she went through, as it is too painful to remember. Private complainant’s initial reluctance to narrate the sexual assault upon her person does not detract from her credibility, her hesitation being attributable to her age, the moral ascendancy of accused-appellant and his threats against her and other members of her family. This Court has ruled that it is not proper to judge the actions of children who have undergone traumatic experiences by the norms of behavior expected under the circumstances from mature persons. The range of emotion shown by rape victims is yet to be captured even by the calculus. It is thus unrealistic to expect uniform reactions from rape victims. 49 We have consistently held that the workings of the human mind, placed under a great deal of emotional and psychological stress (such as during rape), are unpredictable, and different people react differently. There is no standard form of behavioral response when one is confronted with a strange, starting, frightful or traumatic experience — some may shout, some may faint, and some may be shocked into insensibility. A rape victim cannot be expected to constantly recount her experience. Because a victim would rather relegate the memory of her ravishment to the recesses of her mind, she is constantly engaged in an uphill battle to forget the torment of such a traumatic event. 50 The natural reluctance of a young girl to admit in public her having been raped is understandable, 51 especially considering that it was private complainant’s father who sexually assaulted her. Nonetheless, it should be observed that private complainant was subsequently able to narrate the harrowing details of her ordeal, thus:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "x       x       x.

    "Q: While you were at your home at that specific time and place, tell us what happened, if any?chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "A: (No answer.)

    "PROS. SOLANO:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Your Honor, considering that this witness is of tender age, [may] we be allowed to profound (sic) leading questions, Your Honor.

    "COURT:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Q: Do you understand the question to you? (sic)

    "A: Yes, sir.

    "WITNESS:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "A: There was.

    "PROS. SOLANO:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Your Honor, under the rule if the witness is a child of tender age, leading questions could be profounded (sic) to her.

    "Q: What was that? Tell us.

    "ATTY. BRIONES:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "May I placed (sic) on the record that the witness has no answer.

    "PROS. SOLANO:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "May I request that this witness be just allowed to sit in front here on the table. Your Honor, as we can possibly attest, the witness is already crying and it was (sic) already 12:00 o’clock.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "ATTY. BRIONES:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "I would manifest that there was no answer.

    "PROS. SOLANO:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "This witness is already crying, Your Honor.

    "COURT:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "To the question of the court whether she was hungry, she said no sir.

    "Q: Could you now answer the question?

    "A: (No answer.)

    "The court observes from the witness that she is going to cry and the hands [are] pressed hard.

    "ATTY. BRIONES:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "I will not object for (sic) a resetting provided that [that particular] question should not be asked [again].chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "COURT:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "What is only lacking from the witness is the answer to the question.

    "ATTY. BRIONES:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Since there is (sic) no answer, another question should be asked.

    "PROS. SOLANO:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "This witness arrived at 9:00 o’clock and we started our session at 11:00 o’clock, perhaps because of the agony of being in court. . .

    "ATTY. BRIONES:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "I am vigorously objecting.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "COURT:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "To the querry (sic) of the court whether she could answer the question, the witness answered she could.

    "ATTY. BRIONES:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "There was no answer.

    "PROS. SOLANO:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Your Honor, we are dealing with a [witness of] very tender age, not an ordinary witness.

    "COURT:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Q: You said awhile ago that you could answer. Why are you not answering the question profounded (sic) to you? Tell us what happened?

    "A: When my father arrived, we approached him.

    "PROS. SOLANO:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Q: After that, what happened?chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "A.: He entered the house and we followed him.

    "Q: And what happened?

    "A: He drunk (sic) the wine, San Miguel gin, that he was carrying.

    "Q: And after the accused drunk the San Miguel gin, what happened next?

    "A: He lied down.

    "Q: And after that what happened next?

    "A: We were on the bench and he called for me.

    "Q: After calling you, what transpired next?

    "A: He requested me to massage his head and I did it because according to him it was aching.

    "Q: While you were massaging your father’s head, what happened?

    "A: He was pulling my hand.

    "Q: And after pulling your hand, what happened?chanrobles virtual law library

    "A: He undressed me.

    "Q: What was undressed you? (sic)

    "A: Only my panty.

    "Q: After undressing you of your panty, what happened next?

    "A: He kissed my lips.

    "Q: And after kissing your lips, what happened, if any?

    "A: He pulled down his pants.

    "Q: After pulling down his pants, what happened next?

    "A: He lied on top of me.

    "Q: You mean he was not wearing an underwear at that time?

    "A: When the pants was pulled, it was together with his brief.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "Q: After pulling down his pants and his brief, what happened next?

    "A: He lied on top of me.

    "Q: After lying on top of you, what happened next?

    "A: He held his penis.

    "Q: After that, what happened, if any?

    "A: He inserted it on (sic) my vagina.

    "Q: After inserting it, what happened next?

    "A: He was holding his penis.

    "Q: What did you feel, if any, when he inserted his penis [in]to your vagina?

    "A: It was painful.

    "Q: And at the time he was not uttering anything?chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    "A: He was threatening me.

    "Q: Tell us, what was (sic) those threatening words he uttered to you?

    "A: That I must not report because he will kill us.

    "x       x       x" 52

    The defense also assails the credibility of the prosecution witness Nieves Puerta, by arguing that her "passive and lackadaisical attitude" at the time she came upon accused-appellant sexually assaulting the private complainant, is not in accord with human experience. We are not persuaded. We reiterate that different people react differently to a given situation or type of situation, and there is no standard form of human behavioral response where one is confronted with a strange or startling or frightful experience. 53 Hence, the fact that Nieves Puerta’s reaction does not seem natural to some does not destroy her credibility.

    With regard to the alleged "inconsistent entries" in the birth certificate of private complainant, suffice it to say that the said irregularity has been adequately explained by Nieves Puerta. As we have repeatedly ruled, neither inconsistencies on trivial matters nor innocent lapses affect the credibility of a witness. 54

    Finally, Accused-appellant’s assertion that he could not have raped the private complainant since there were other occupants present in the house at the time of the incident and the door was left wide open, is not deserving of belief. Rape can be committed even in places where people congregate, in parks, along the roadside, within school premises, and even inside a house where there are other occupants. Lust is no respecter of time and place. 55 In the instant case, the other occupants of the house were private complainant’s younger siblings with ages ranging from 2 to 5 years old. Considering the tender age, innocence and naivete of these children, one cannot expect anyone of them to put up a forbidding opposition to what was happening to their poor sister. It is therefore neither impossible nor incredible that accused-appellant could have raped his eldest daughter inside a room where her younger siblings were also present.

    Accused-appellant’s defenses of denial and alibi deserve scant consideration. Mere denial by an accused, particularly when not properly corroborated or substantiated by clear and convincing evidence, cannot prevail over the testimony of credible witnesses who testify on affirmative matters. 56 Likewise, alibi is a weak defense and cannot prevail over the positive identification of the accused. 57

    Verily, this Court is convinced beyond reasonable doubt that accused-appellant raped the private complainant on August 12, 1996 as charged.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    Four Justices of the Court maintain their position that R.A. No. 7659 is unconstitutional insofar as it prescribes the death penalty. Nevertheless they submit to the ruling of the majority that the law is constitutional and the death penalty can be lawfully imposed in the case at bar.

    WHEREFORE, the decision of the Regional Trial Court of San Jose, Camarines Sur, Branch 30, in Criminal Case No. T-1591, finding accused-appellant Bonifacio Puerta guilty of the crime of rape and sentencing him to suffer the penalty of death and to pay the costs, is AFFIRMED with the MODIFICATION that accused-appellant shall indemnify Janet Puerta the amount of P75,000.00 as indemnity, P50,000.00 as moral damages, and P25,000.00 as exemplary damages.

    In accordance with Section 25 of Republic Act No. 7659, amending Article 83 of Revised Penal Code, upon finality of this decision, let certified copies thereof, as well as the records of this case, be forwarded without delay to the Office of the President for possible exercise of executive clemency.

    SO ORDERED.

    Davide, Jr., C.J., Bellosillo, Melo, Puno, Vitug, Kapunan, Mendoza, Panganiban, Quisumbing, Pardo, Buena, Gonzaga-Reyes, Ynares-Santiago, De Leon, Jr. and Sandoval-Gutierrez, JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:



    1. Penned by Judge Alfredo A. Cabral, Rollo, pp. 17-26.

    2. Rollo, p. 8.

    3. Records, p. 29.

    4. Sometimes referred to as Jeanet Puerta in the transcript of stenographic notes.

    5. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 12.

    6. Junjun was five (5) years old.

    7. Jennifer was three (3) years old.

    8. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 12. Jenalyn was two (2) years old.

    9. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 14.

    10. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 15.

    11. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 15.

    12. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 16.

    13. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 16.

    14. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 17.

    15. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 17.

    16. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 17.

    17. TSN, April 28, 1997, p. 9.

    18. TSN, April 28, 1997, p. 12.

    19. TSN, April 28, 1997, p. 5.

    20. TSN, April 28, 1997, p. 12.

    21. TSN, February 19, 1997, p. 3.

    22. TSN, February 19, 1997, p. 4.

    23. TSN, February 19, 1997, p. 4.

    24. TSN, February 19, 1997, p. 9.

    25. TSN, February 19, 1997, p. 10.

    26. TSN, February 19, 1997, p. 11.

    27. TSN, February 19, 1997, p. 12.

    28. TSN, February 19, 1997, p. 13.

    29. TSN, February 19, 1997, pp. 18-19.

    30. TSN, February 19, 1997, p. 19.

    31. TSN, March 4, 1997, pp. 7-8.

    32. TSN, March 4, 1997, p. 8.

    33. TSN, June 30, 1997, p. 2.

    34. TSN, June 30, 1997, p. 4.

    35. TSN, June 30, 1997, p. 6.

    36. TSN, June 30, 1997, p. 7.

    37. TSN, June 30, 1997, p. 7.

    38. TSN, June 30, 1997, pp. 15-16.

    39. Rollo, p. 26.

    40. Ibid. at p. 38.

    41. Ibid. at pp. 41-42.

    42. Ibid.

    43. Ibid. at p. 43.

    44. Ibid.

    45. People v. Emmanuel Panique, G.R. No. 125763, October 13, 1999, pp. 6-7.

    46. People v. Escober, 281 SCRA 498, 508 (1997).

    47. People v. Lusa, 288 SCRA 296, 303 (1998).

    48. Rollo, pp. 23-24.

    49. People v. Sta. Ana, 291 SCRA 188, 209 (1998).

    50 People v. Balmoria, 287 SCRA 687, 705 (1998).

    51. People v. Roncal, 272 SCRA 242, 249 (1997).

    52. TSN, March 4, 1997, pp. 13-16.

    53. People v. Sta. Ana, 291 SCRA 188, 208 (1998).

    54. People v. Alfeche, 294 SCRA 352, 371 (1998).

    55. People v. Balmoria, 287 SCRA 687, 706 (1998).

    56. People v. Mahinay, 304 SCRA 767, 777 (1999).

    57. People v. dela Cruz, 304 SCRA 702, 709 (1999).

    G.R. No. 131609   August 27, 2001 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BONIFACIO PUERTA


    Back to Home | Back to Main

     

    QUICK SEARCH

    cralaw

       

    cralaw



     
      Copyright © ChanRobles Publishing Company Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions
    ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™
     
    RED