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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
June-2003 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 125297 June 6, 2003 - ELVIRA YU OH v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143675 June 9, 2003 - SPS. ROMEO and EMILY GUDA v. ALAN A. LEYNES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 145338 June 9, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ZALDY P. LABIANO

  • A.C. No. 4738 June 10, 2003 - VIOLETA FLORES ALITAGTAG v. VIRGILIO R. GARCIA

  • Bar Matter No. 1036 June 10, 2003 - DONNA MARIE S. AGUIRRE v. EDWIN L. RANA

  • A.M. No. 99-6-81-MTCC June 10, 2003 - REPORT ON THE JUDICIAL AUDIT CONDUCTED IN THE MTCC OF PALAYAN CITY

  • A.M. No. MTJ-99-1203 June 10, 2003 - NELIA A. ZIGA v. RAMON A. AREJOLA

  • A.M. No. P-96-1214 June 10, 2003 - BERNARDINO M. FABIAN, ET AL. v. LEILA (LAILA) M. GALO

  • A.M. No. RTJ-03-1751 June 10, 2003 - ANDREA D. DOMINGO v. ERNESTO P. PAGAYATAN

  • G.R. No. 111159 June 10, 2003 - NORDIC ASIA LIMITED, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 116463 June 10, 2003 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. thru the DPWH v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 119293 June 10, 2003 - SAN MIGUEL CORP. v. NLRC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 123054 June 10, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FAUSTO B. OBEDO

  • G.R. No. 125778 June 10, 2003 - INTER-ASIA INVESTMENTS INDUSTRIES, INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 125838 June 10, 2003 - DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHIL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126281 June 10, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SERGIO A. CARATAO

  • G.R. No. 131842 June 10, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DIONISIO JACKSON

  • G.R. No. 139561 June 10, 2003 - SPS. FEDERICO & SARAH ATUEL, ET AL. v. SPS. BERNABE & CONCHITA VALDEZ

  • G.R. No. 141115 June 10, 2003 - POSADAS-MOYA and ASSOC. CONST. CO. v. GREENFIELD DEV’T. CORP.

  • G.R. No. 142467 June 10, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ABELARDO DE CASTRO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143076 June 10, 2003 - PHILIPPINE RURAL ELECTRIC COOPERATIVES ASSOCIATION, ET AL. v. SECRETARY, DILG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143125 June 10, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL .vs. DIOSDADO R. CORIAL

  • G.R. No. 144157 June 10, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LOWELL SALUDES

  • G.R. Nos. 144523-26 June 10, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FLORENTINO QUIJANO SR.

  • G.R. Nos. 145452-53 June 10, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LARRY CARITATIVO

  • G.R. Nos. 146749 & 147938 June 10, 2003 - CHINA BANKING CORP. v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 149154 June 10, 2003 - RODOLFO S. DE JESUS, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT

  • G.R. No. 150611 June 10, 2003 - JACINTO SAGUID v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 153660 June 10, 2003 - PRUDENCIO BANTOLINO, ET AL. v. COCA-COLA BOTTLERS PHILS.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-02-1724 June 12, 2003 - RODOLFO O. MACACHOR v. ROLINDO D. BELDIA JR.

  • G.R. No. 138541 June 12, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE LARRY COLONIA

  • G.R. No. 148327 June 12, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO P. DESALISA

  • A.M. No. P-03-1679 June 16, 2003 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. BEL EDUARDO F. NITAFAN, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. SCC-03-08 June 16, 2003 - ERMELYN A. LIMBONA v. CASAN ALI LIMBONA

  • G.R. No. 95901 June 16, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO B. SIBONGA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 138692 June 16, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. OSCAR AREO

  • G.R. Nos. 141280-81 June 16, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RICKY L. SODSOD, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144589 June 16, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JUANITO PACUANCUAN

  • G.R. No. 149683 June 16, 2003 - ILOILO TRADERS FINANCE INC. v. HEIRS OF OSCAR SORIANO JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149750 June 16, 2003 - AURORA ALCANTARA-DAUS v. SPS. HERMOSO & SOCORRO DE LEON

  • A.M. No. MTJ-96-1106 June 17, 2003 - CELESTINA B. CORPUZ v. ORLANDO ANA F. SIAPNO

  • A.M. No. RTJ-02-1710 June 17, 2003 - EVANGELINA C. SAMSON v. JULES A. MEDIA

  • A.M. No. RTJ-03-1784 June 17, 2003 - MANUEL M. ROSALES v. ROMULO S.G. VILLANUEVA

  • G.R. No. 123146 June 17, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALONA BULI-E, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 128225 June 17, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DANTE A. NARRA

  • G.R. No. 137042 June 17, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELIPE MUSA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144225 June 17, 2003 - SPS. GODOFREDO and CARMEN ALFREDO v. SPS. ARMANDO and ADELIA BORRAS

  • G.R. No. 145993 June 17, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RUFINO I. MALLARI

  • G.R. No. 148668 June 17, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TONY L. PEDRONAN

  • G.R. No. 151440 June 17, 2003 - HEIRS OF SIMPLICIO SANTIAGO v. HEIRS OF MARIANO E. SANTIAGO

  • A.M. No. MTJ-03-1493 June 18, 2003 - RENE BOY GOMEZ v. MANUEL D. PATALINGHUG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 123161 June 18, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LIBERATO SOLAMILLO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 125305 June 18, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BERNABE MONTEMAYOR

  • G.R. Nos. 127756-58 June 18, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN P. MEDINA SR.

  • G.R. Nos. 131926 & 138991 June 18, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MICHAEL U. PAGALASAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134981 June 18, 2003 - FREDELITO P. VITTO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135857 June 18, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ADRIANO ARCA

  • G.R. Nos. 140439-40 June 18, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELIX HERMOSA

  • G.R. No. 144975 June 18, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMADOR SAPIGAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149147 June 18, 2003 - FELIX BAROT v. COMELEC CITY BOARD OF CANVASSERS OF TANJAY CITY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 150327 June 18, 2003 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. MARILYN A. PERALTA, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. 01-6-314-RTC June 19, 2003 - RE: REQUEST OF JUDGE ROBERTO S. JAVELLANA, RTC-BR. 59, SAN CARLOS CITY

  • A.M. No. MTJ-92-710 June 19, 2003 - PEDRITA M. HARAYO v. JUDGE MAMERTO Y. COLIFLORES

  • G.R. No. 154411 June 19, 2003 - NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY v. HEIRS OF ISIDRO GUIVELONDO, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-03-1701 June 20, 2003 - BALTAZAR LL. FIRMALO v. MELINDA C. QUIERREZ

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1594 June 20, 2003 - PASTOR SALUD v. FLORENTINO M. ALUMBRES

  • G.R. No. 122766 June 20, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FELIPE ESPONILLA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 127275 June 20, 2003 - PHILIPPINE COMMERCIAL INTERNATIONAL BANK v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 130759 June 20, 2003 - ASIATRUST DEVELOPMENT BANK v. CONCEPTS TRADING CORP.

  • G.R. No. 139332 June 20, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. NOLI A. NOVIO

  • G.R. No. 140698 June 20, 2003 - ROGELIO ENGADA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142503 June 20, 2003 - ROMUALDO C. PEREZ v. APOLONIO CRUZ

  • G.R. No. 142820 June 20, 2003 - WOLFGANG O. ROEHR v. MARIA CARMEN D. RODRIGUEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143604 June 20, 2003 - PRISCO LANZADERAS, ET AL. v. AMETHYST SECURITY AND GENERAL SERVICES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146595 June 20, 2003 - CARLO A. TAN v. KAAKBAY FINANCE CORP., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152436 June 20, 2003 - NPC v. SPS. IGMEDIO CHIONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152766 June 20, 2003 - LILIA SANCHEZ v. COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 140872 June 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PABLITO T. INGGO

  • G.R. Nos. 142683-84 June 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SERGIO JOROLAN

  • G.R. Nos. 143760-63 June 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO B. MANLUCTAO

  • G.R. No. 144018 June 23, 2003 - FAR EAST BANK AND TRUST CO. v. TOMAS TOH, SR., ET AL.

  • A.C. No. 3849 June 25, 2003 - FELICIDAD VDA. DE BERNARDO v. JOSE R. RESTAURO

  • G.R. Nos. 105416-17, 111863 & 143715 June 25, 2003 - PHILIPP BROTHERS OCEANIC, INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 122109 June 25, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JESUS TORIO

  • G.R. No. 123896 June 25, 2003 - ROSALINDA SERRANO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126113 June 25, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO B. GUIHAMA

  • G.R. No. 135323 June 25, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDELMA LAGATA

  • G.R. No. 136773 June 25, 2003 - MILAGROS MANONGSONG v. FELOMENA JUMAQUIO ESTIMO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146018 June 25, 2003 - EDGAR COKALIONG SHIPPING LINES v. UCPB GENERAL INSURANCE COMPANY

  • G.R. Nos. 147589 & 147613 June 25, 2003 - ANG BAGONG BAYANI-OFW LABOR PARTY v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-01-1472 June 26, 2003 - ADRIANO V. ALBIOR v. DONATO A. AUGUIS

  • A.M. No. P-02-1544 June 26, 2003 - ERNESTO LUMANTA v. WILFREDO M. TUPAS

  • A.M. No. RTJ-02-1670 June 26, 2003 - SPS. CAROLINA AND VILLAMOR GRAGERA v. PABLO B. FRANCISCO

  • A.M. No. RTJ-02-1736 June 26, 2003 - SPS. ARTURO and JOSEFINA DE GUZMAN v. FERNANDO VIL PAMINTUAN

  • A.M. No. RTJ-99-1519 June 26, 2003 - GREGORIO LIMPOT LUMAPAS v. CAMILO E. TAMIN

  • G.R. No. 137296 June 26, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DIONISIO Q. VICENTE

  • G.R. No. 140967 June 26, 2003 - EMERITA ACOSTA v. EMILIO ENRIQUEZ

  • G.R. No. 141863 June 26, 2003 - BASILIO RIVERA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144090 June 26, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MICHAEL S. MAGUING

  • G.R. No. 145305 June 26, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. REDANTE C. SANTOS

  • G.R. No. 145731 June 26, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GREGORIO GERAL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148730 June 26, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE D. DELA CRUZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 154705 June 26, 2003 - REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA, ET AL. v. JAMES VINZON

  • G.R. No. 121828 June 27, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RENE GAYOT PILOLA

  • G.R. Nos. 124830-31 June 27, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GERARDO P. EVINA

  • G.R. No. 138993 June 27, 2003 - PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK v. SANTIAGO G. ESTRELLA, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 139217–24 June 27, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NELSON ESPERANZA

  • G.R. No. 143643 June 27, 2003 - NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION v. SPS. JOSE & MA. CLARA CAMPOS

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 140967   June 26, 2003 - EMERITA ACOSTA v. EMILIO ENRIQUEZ

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    THIRD DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 140967. June 26, 2003.]

    EMERITA ACOSTA, operating under the business name and style of NEW HAM’S TRADING, Petitioner, v. EMILIO ENRIQUEZ, Respondent.

    D E C I S I O N


    CORONA, J.:


    This is a petition for review of the decision 1 of the Court of Appeals dated November 29, 1999 affirming the July 28, 1995 decision of the Regional Trial Court (RTC) of Zamboanga City, Branch 16, in Civil Case No. 309(85).chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    It appears that a complaint for accion publiciana was filed by respondent Emilio Enriquez against petitioner, Emerita Acosta, operating under the business name and style of New Ham’s Trading. In his complaint, respondent averred that he is the owner of a parcel of land located at Rajah Soliman St., Zamboanga City with an area of 98 square meters covered by Transfer Certificate of Title (TCT) No. T-66,680. Constructed on said land is a three-storey building owned likewise by him.

    Petitioner occupied door nos. 30–32, consisting of the ground, mezzanine, and second floors of respondent’s building. Albeit no written lease contract was executed, Petitioner, together with her late husband Francisco, who was respondent’s brother, paid rent in 1984 in the amount of P3,000 a month. However, she eventually stopped paying rent after her husband died.

    On March 16, 1987, respondent gave notice to petitioner to vacate. She was given only until the end of June 1987 to use the property because respondent needed the space for his business. Again, on June 25, 1987, respondent demanded that petitioner vacate the premises. Petitioner failed to do so and in fact refused to vacate the property. Thus, on January 22, 1988, respondent, through counsel, sent petitioner a letter demanding payment of rentals for the whole year of 1987 at P8,000 a month and informed petitioner that the rent effective January 1, 1988 was to be P10,000 a month.

    Petitioner, however, continued to disregard respondent’s demands. She also failed to pay her rent of P8,000 a month for the whole year of 1987 and P10,000 a month from January 1, 1988 to April 1989. Hence, an action for recovery of possession (accion publiciana) was filed by respondent against petitioner.

    In her answer, petitioner admitted respondent’s allegations in his complaint that, in 1984, she paid rentals for the property but later on refused to pay the same. She denied, however, that respondent owned the property covered by TCT No. 66680 and the portion of the building in which her store was located. She claimed that her late husband, Francisco, owned several parcels of land but owed several creditors. In order to pay his debts, Francisco obtained a loan from Monte de Piedad Savings Bank, through his brother, Emilio, who had better credit with banks. For that purpose, Francisco temporarily transferred the titles of his landholdings to respondent, in trust for the former, to be used as collateral for the loans which respondent obtained for Francisco. Respondent successfully obtained the loan, and thus, her husband was able to pay his debts.

    Petitioner also claimed that part of the proceeds of the loan was used to purchase the property occupied by her New Ham’s Trading store. Thus, said property belonged to and was in fact owned by her husband. But since her husband’s demise, petitioner claimed that she and her children with Francisco were the lawful owners of the property in question, and the parcels of land he transferred to Respondent.

    After trial, the RTC of Zamboanga City rendered a decision 2 in favor of respondent, the dispositive portion of which read:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    WHEREFORE, judgment is hereby rendered in favor of plaintiff EMILIO ENRIQUEZ and against defendant EMERITA ACOSTA ENRIQUEZ, operating under the business name and style of New Ham’s Trading, as follows:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    1. Ordering said defendant and all persons claiming rights under her, members of her family, agents, representatives, or privies, to immediately vacate plaintiff’s premises at Door No. 32, first floor, mezzanine and second floor of plaintiff’s building located at Lot 5, covered by Transfer Certificate of Title No. T-66,680, along Rajah Soliman Street, Zamboanga City, and peacefully surrender possession thereof to the plaintiff;

    2. Ordering defendant to pay plaintiff rentals at P8,000.00 a month for the whole year of 1987, and P10,000.00 a month starting January 1, 1988 to December 1989 and P15,000.00 a month from January 1990 up to the date the defendant shall have vacated the above-mentioned premises.

    3. Ordering defendant to pay the costs of the suit.

    SO ORDERED. 3

    Aggrieved, petitioner appealed to the Court of Appeals which affirmed the decision of the trial court. Hence, the instant petition on grounds that: (1) the Court of Appeals erred in holding that a landlord-tenant relationship existed between the parties; (2) the Court of Appeals erred in ruling that because of the nature of the action, neither the appellate court nor the trial court could decide the issue of ownership that petitioner raised; and (3) the Court of Appeals erred in not rendering judgment on the counterclaim of petitioner for the reconveyance of several parcels of land under TCT Nos. T-63,733, T-63,734, T-68,755, and T-66,680.

    The petition is bereft of merit.

    Petitioner questions the findings of the Court of Appeals that a landlord-tenant relationship existed between the parties, alleging, inter alia, that the amount of P100 being paid to respondent per day constitutes mere contributions of Francisco to augment respondent’s monthly amortizations on the loan respondent obtained for Francisco’s benefit. Clearly, this is a factual issue.

    The trial court declared that respondent had established the landlord-tenant relationship between him and petitioner on the basis of the judicial admissions of petitioner in her Amended Answer. The Court of Appeals affirmed this finding stating that said relationship was likewise established on the basis of the evidence of the parties, including petitioner’s testimony. Petitioner in fact admitted the remittances of her late husband Francisco and those made by her after his death.

    We agree with the conclusions of the trial court and the Court of Appeals that indeed a landlord-tenant relationship existed between the parties. The petitioner failed to explain why the titles to the properties in dispute were transferred to Respondent. Except for her bare allegation that the money used to purchase the property came from the loan respondent allegedly obtained for her husband, petitioner failed to explain why said titles were transferred to respondent’s name without any objection or opposition from her.

    Findings of fact by the Court of Appeals, especially if they affirm factual findings of the trial court, will not be disturbed by the Court, unless these findings are not supported by evidence. 4

    The Court cannot be tasked to go over the proofs presented by the parties and analyze, assess and weigh them to ascertain if the trial court and appellate court were correct in according them superior credit. 5 The fact that the Court of Appeals adopted the findings of fact of the trial court makes the same binding upon this Court. The findings of the Court of Appeals are conclusive upon the parties and carry even more weight considering that these coincide with the factual findings of the trial court.

    Petitioner desperately attempts to justify her possessory rights over the property and raises the issue of ownership of the subject property, denying in effect respondent’s title thereto. Again, this matter has been passed upon and comprehensively discussed both by the trial court and the Court of Appeals. It bears stressing that a person who occupies the land of another at the latter’s forbearance or permission without any contract between them is necessarily bound by an implied promise that he will vacate upon demand, failing which a recovery for possession thereof may be filed against him. As correctly observed by the Court of Appeals, if petitioner believed that the deeds of absolute sale executed by her and her late husband, Francisco, in favor of respondent over their parcels of land (including the property now in dispute) were null and void, she should have instituted an action precisely to nullify said deeds.

    It should be emphasized that the only issue to be resolved in this action to recover possession of the subject property is the question on who is entitled to the physical or material possession of the premises. Accordingly, whatever right of possession petitioner may have over the subject property cannot prevail over that of respondent for the simple reason that respondent is the registered owner of the property in dispute. Hence, reconveyance thereof, as prayed for by petitioner in the instant case, cannot be granted.

    At any rate, judgment rendered in the instant case shall not bar an action between the same parties respecting title to the land or building, nor shall it be conclusive as to the facts therein found in a case between the same parties upon a different cause of action involving possession. 6 Whatever pronouncements are made on questions of ownership in this case can only be provisional in nature. 7

    In fine, after a careful consideration of the instant petition, we rule that petitioner failed to show why the actions of the trial court and the Court of Appeals should be reversed. There is no showing that these courts’ factual findings are not based on substantial evidence, or that their decisions are contrary to applicable law and jurisprudence.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    WHEREFORE, the Court hereby resolves to DENY the petition. The decision of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CV No. 52554 is AFFIRMED in toto.

    SO ORDERED.

    Puno, Panganiban, Sandoval-Gutierrez and Carpio Morales, JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:



    1. Penned by Associate Justice Romeo J. Callejo, Sr. (now Associate Justice of the Supreme Court) and concurred in by Associate Justices Quirino D. Abad Santos, Jr. and Mariano M. Umali, Rollo, pp. 24–41.

    2. Penned by Judge Jesus C. Carbon, Jr.

    3. Rollo, p. 81.

    4. Bañas, Jr. v. Court of Appeals, 325 SCRA 259 [2000]; Mari v. Court of Appeals, 332 SCRA 475 [2000]; Food Terminal Incorporated v. Court of Appeals, 334 SCRA 156 [2000].

    5. Chan Sui Bi v. Court of Appeals, 341 SCRA 364 [2000].

    6. Olam v. Court of Appeals, 314 SCRA 731 [1999].

    7. Amayan v. Marayag, 326 SCRA 581 [2000].

    G.R. No. 140967   June 26, 2003 - EMERITA ACOSTA v. EMILIO ENRIQUEZ


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