ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™  
Main Index Law Library Philippine Laws, Statutes & Codes Latest Legal Updates Philippine Legal Resources Significant Philippine Legal Resources Worldwide Legal Resources Philippine Supreme Court Decisions United States Jurisprudence
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
Chan Robles Virtual Law Library
 









 

 
UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
April-2009 Jurisprudence                 

  • A.C. No. 5195 - NELIA PASUMBAL DE-CHAVEZ-BLANCO REPRESENTED BY ATTY. EUGENIA J. MU OS v. ATTY. JAIME LUMASAG, JR.

  • A.C. No. 7813 - Carlito P. Carangdang v. Atty. Gilbert S. Obmina

  • A.M. No. 2008-12-SC Formerly A.M. No. 08-7-4-SC and A.M. NO. P-08-2510 - IN RE: IMPROPER SOLICATATION OF COURT EMPLOYEES / OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. SHEELA R. NOBLEZA

  • A.M. No. MTJ-06-1651 Formerly OCA IPI No. 04-1576-MTJ - PROSECUTOR ROBERT M. VISBAL v. JUDGE WENCESLAO B. VANILLA

  • A.M. No. MTJ-08-1706 Formerly OCA IPI No. 08-1984-MTJ - MUTYA B. VICTORIO v. JUDGE MAXWELL S. ROSETE

  • A.M. NO. P-05-1996 - ESTELITO R. MARABE v. TYRONE V. TAN

  • A.M. No. P-05-2065 - REPORT ON THE FINANCIAL AUDIT ETC.

  • A.M. No. P-07-2298 and A.M. No. P-07-2299 - Peteb B. Mallonga v. Marites R. Manio / Hon. Lyliha Abella-Aquino v. Marites R. Manio

  • A.M. No. P-07-2321 Formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 07-2492-P - JUDGE PELAGIA DALMACIO-JOAQUIN v. NICOMEDES C. DELA CRUZ ETC.

  • A.M. No. P-07-2344 - DOMINGO U. SABADO, JR. v. LANIEL P. JORNADA ETC.

  • A.M. No. P-07-2366 Formerly OCA-I.P.I. No. 07-2519-P - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. MA. CELIA A. FLORES

  • A.M. No. P-08-2469 Formerly OCA IPI No. 07-2509-P and A.M. OCA IPI No. 08-2857-P - ERLINA P. JOLITO v. MARLENE E. TANUDRA/ERLINA P. JOLITO v. GEORGE E. GAREZA

  • A.M. No. P-08-2523 Formerly OCA-I.P.I. No. 08-2872-P - ATTY. MARLYDS L. ESTARDO-TEODORO v. CARLOS S. SEGISMUNDO

  • A.M. No. P-09-2622 Formerly A.M. OCA IPI No. 08-2814-P - DOROTHY FE MAH-AREVALO v. ELMER P. MPE

  • A.M. No. P-09-2628 Formerly A.M. No. OCA IPI No. 07-2686-P - WILSON C. ONG v. ARIEL R. PASCAIO

  • A.M. No. RTJ-05-1917 - DEE C. CHUAN & SONS, INC. v. JUDGE WILLIAM SIMON P. PERALTA

  • A.M No. RTJ-06-1976 - PROVINCIAL PROSECUTOR MANUEL F. TORREVILLAS v. JUDGE ROBERTO A. NATIVIDAD ETC.

  • A.M. RTJ-07-2058 - Dolores S. Bago v. Judge Ernesto P. Pagayatan etc.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-09-2176 - PROSECUTOR JORGE D. BACULI v. JUDGE MEDEL ARNALDO B. BELEN

  • B.M. No. 1222 - RE: 2003 BAR EXAMINATIONS ATTY. DANILO DE GUZMAN (PETITIONER)

  • G.R. No. 126890 - United Planters Sugar Milling Co., Inc. (UPSUMCO) v. The Honorable Court of Appeals, et al.

  • G.R. No. 130088 - TALA REALY SERVICES CORP., ET AL. v. HON. ALICIA B. GONZALES-DECANO, ET AL./NANCY L. TY v. HON. WENCESLAO E. EBABAO, ETC. ET AL./TALA REALY SERVICES CORP., ET AL. VS.BANCO FILIPINO SAVINGS AND MORTAGE BANK/TALA REALY SERVICES CORP., ET A

  • G.R. No. 132540 - ALBAY ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC., ET AL. v. HON. RAFAEL P. SANTELICES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 135703 - PRESIDENTIAL AD HOC FACT FINDING COMMITTEE ON BEHEST LOANS, REPRESENTED BY ORLANDO L. SALVADOR v. OMBUDSMAN ANIANO A. DESIERTO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 138814 - MAKATI STOCK EXCHANGE, INC., ET AL. v. MIGUEL V. CAMPOS

  • G.R. No. 140717 - ANNIE L. MANUBAY, ET AL. v. HON. ERNESTO GARILAO

  • G.R. No. 145222 - SPOUSES ROBERTO BUADO AND VENUS BUADO v. THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 145867 - ESTATE OF SOLEDAD MANANTAN ETC. v. ANICETO SOMERA

  • G.R. No. 146408 - PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC. v. ENRIQUE LIGAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146622 - LEONORA P. CALANZA, ET AL. v. PAPER INDUSTRIES CORP., ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 148263 and 148271-72 - ARMANDO DAVID v. NATIONAL FEDERATION OF LABOR UNION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149221 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK v. MARCELINO BANATAO, ET AL. AND MARCIANO CARAG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149907 - ROMA DRUG AND ROMEO RODRIGUEZ v. RTC OF GUAGUA PAMPANGA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152048 - FELIX B. PEREZ, ET AL. v. PHILIPPINE TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE COMPANY

  • G.R. No. 152131 - FLORAIDA TERA A v. HON. ANTONIO DE SAGUN ETC.

  • G.R. No. 152318 - DEUTSCHE GESELLSCHAFT FUR TECHNICHE v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 154473 and G.R. NO. 155573 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ALFREDO L. BENIPAYO / PHOTOKINA MARKETING CORPORATION v. ALFREDO L. BENIPAYO

  • G.R. No. 154609 - MA. CORAZON SAN JUAN v. CELESTE M. OFFRIL

  • G.R. No. 155639 - JUANARIA A. RIVERA v. UNITED LABORATORIES, INC.

  • G.R. No. 156302 - THE HEIRS OF GEORGE Y. POE v. MALAYAN INSURANCE CO. INC.

  • G.R. No. 156766 - ROSARIO A. GATUS v. QUALITY HOUNSE INC., AND CHRISTOPHER CHUA

  • G.R. No. 157147 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. WILFREDOO CAWALING

  • G.R. No. 157584 - Congressman Enrique T. Garcia v. The Executive Secretary, et al.

  • G.R. No. 157723 - ROMEO SAYO Y AQUINO, ET AL. v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 157862 - PHILIPPINE COUNTRYSIDE RURAL BANK INC. v. JOVENAL B. TORING

  • G.R. No. 158071 - JOSE SANTOS v. COMMITTEE ON CLAIMS SETTLEMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158805 - VALLEY GOLF & COUNTRY CLUB, INC. v. ROSA O. VDA. CARAM

  • G.R. No. 158819 - ANTERO LUISTRO v. COURT OF APPEALS AND FIRST GAS POWER CORPORATION.

  • G.R. NO. 158885 and G.R. NO. 170680 - FORT BONIFACIO DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION v. CIR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158956 - ILIGAN CEMENT CORPORATION v. ILIASCOR EMPLOYEES AND WORKERS UNION-SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES FEDERATION OF LABOR, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 159687 - GULF AIR JASSIM HINDRI ABDULLAH, ET AL. v. NLRC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 160132 - SERAFIN NARANJA, ET AL. v. THE HONORABLE COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 160467 - SOLEDAD MU OS MESA v. SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 160918 - CONCEPCION ALCANTARA v. HILARIA ROBLE DE TEMPLE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 161539 - INTERNATIONAL CONTAINER TERMINAL SERVICES, INC. v. FGU INSURANCE CORPORATION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 161778 - CAYETANO A. TEJANO, JR. v. THE HON. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 161827 - SESINANDO POLINTAN v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 162272 - SANTIAGO C. DIVINAGRACIA v. CONSOLIDATED BROADCASTING SYSTEM, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 162370 - DAVID TIU v. COURT OF APPEALS AND EDGARDO POSTANES

  • G.R. No. 163072 - Manila International Airport Authority v. City of Pasay, et al.

  • G.R. No. 163583 - BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO v. JOSE ISIDRO N. CAMACHO, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 163957-58 and G.R. NOS. 164009-11 - MUNIB S. ESTINO AND ERNESTO PESCADERA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES/ ERNESTO G. PESCADERA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 164170 - MACA-ANGCOS ALAWIYA Y ABDUL, ET AL. v. HON. SIMEON A. DATUMANONG, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 164213 - VALENTIN CABRERA ET AL. v. ELIZABETH GETARUELA ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 164368 - People of the Philippines v. Joseph Ejercito Estrada, et al.

  • G.R. No. 164681 - BERNARDINO V. NAVARRO v. P.V. PAJARILLO LINER AND NLRC

  • G.R. No. 165443 - CALATAGAN GOLF CLUB, INC. v. SIXTO CLEMENTE, JR.

  • G.R. No. 164785 and G.R. NO. 165636 - ELISEO F. SORIANO v. MA. CONSOLIZA P. LAGUARDIA ETC.

  • G.R. No. 165927 - ERNESTO Z. GIDUQUIO v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 166199 - THE SECRETARY OF JUSTICE, ET AL. v. CHRISTOPHER KORUGA

  • G.R. No. 166510 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. BENJAMIN "KOKOY" T. ROMULADEZ AND THE SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 166748 - LAUREANO V. HERMOSO, ET AL. v. HEIRS OF ANTONIO FRANCIA AND PETRA FRANCIA

  • G.R. No. 167768 - MALAYAN INSURANCE COMPANY, INC. v. VICTORIAS MILLING COMPANY, INC.

  • G.R. No. 168273 - HARBOR VIEW RESTAURANT v. REYNALDO LABRO

  • G.R. No. 168631 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES v. CAROLINA VDA. DE ABELLO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 168716 - HFS PHLIPPINES, INC., RUBEN T. DEL ROSARIO AND IUM SHIP MANAGEMENT v. RONALDO R. PILAR

  • G.R. No. 168734 & G.R. No. 170621 - MARCELINO LOPEZ, ET AL. v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL./ NOEL RUBBER AND DEVELOPMENT CORP, ET AL. v. JOSE ESQUIVEL, JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 168800 - NEW REGENT SOURCES, INC. v. TEOFILO VICTOR TANJUATCO, JR. AND VICENTE CUEVAS

  • G.R. No. 169914 & 174166 - ASIA'S EMERGING DRAGON CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS, SECRETARY LEANDRO R. MENDOZA and MANILA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 170093 - JOSE PEPITO M. AMORES M.D. v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE LUNG CENTER OF THE PHILIPPINES AS REPRESENTED BY HON. MANUEL M. DAYRIT AND FERNANDO A. MELENDRES, M.D.

  • G.R. No. 170235 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. JAIME CADAG JIMENEZ

  • G.R. No. 170270 - Newsounds Broadcasting Network, Inc., et al. v. Hon. Ceasar G. Dy, et al.

  • G.R. No. 170532 - THE PROVINCIAL ASSESOR OF MARINDUQUE v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 170589 - OLYMPIO REVALDO v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 170750 - HEIRS OF TOMAS DOLLETON, ET AL. v. FIL-ESTATE MANAGEMENT INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 170977 - JOSE D. DEL VALLE, JR. AND ADOLFO C. ALEMANIA v. FRANCIS B. DY

  • G.R. No. 171072 - GOLDERES REALTY CORP. v. CYPRESS GARDENS ETC.

  • G.R. No. 171138 - H. TAMBUNTING PAWNSHOP, INC. v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE

  • G.R. No. 171253 - LAKEVIEW GOLD AND COUNTRY CLUB, INC. v. LUZVIMIN SAMAHANG NAYON, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 171536 - APRIL JOY ASETRE, ET AL. v. JUNEL ASETRE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 171636 - NORMAN A. GAID v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 171735 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ALEJO OBLIGADO Y MAGDARAOG

  • G.R. No. 172123 - MACARIOLA G. BARTOLO AND VIOLENDA B. SUCRO v. THE HONORABLE SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 172601 - AILEEN G. HERIDA v. F4C PAWNSHOP AND JEWELRY STORE/MARCELINO FLORETE, JR.

  • G.R. No. 172602 - HENRY T. GO. v. THE FIFTH DIVISION, SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 172607 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. RUFINO UMANITO

  • G.R. No. 172671 - MARISSA R. UNCHUAN v. ANTONIO J.P. LOZADA, ANITA LOZADA AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS OF CEBU CITY

  • G.R. No. 172832 - ROSARIO T. DE VERA v. GEREN A. DE VERA

  • G.R. No. 172854 - ADAM B. GARCIA v. NLRC (SECOND DIVISION) LEGAZPI OIL COMPANY, INC. ROMEO F. MERCADO AND GUS ZULUAGA

  • G.R. No. 173115 & 173163-64 - ATTY. VIRGILIO R. GARCIA v. EASTERN TELECOMMUNICATIONS PHILIPPINES, INC. ET AL./EASTERN TELECOMMUNICATIONS PHILIPPINES INC. v. ATTY. VIRGILIO R. GARCIA

  • G.R. No. 173210 - REPUBIC OF THE PHILIPPINES v. MACARIA L. TUASTUMBAN

  • G.R. No. 173588 - ARIEL M. LOS BA OS, ON BEHALF OF P/SUPT. VICTOR AREVALO, SP02 MARCIAL OLYMPIA, SP01 ROCKY MERCENE AND P01 RAUL ADLAWAN AND IN HIS PERSONAL CAPACITY v. JOEL R. PEDRO

  • G.R. No. 173637 - DANTE TAN v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES.

  • G.R. No. 173791 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. PABLO AMODIA

  • G.R. No. 173807 - JAIME U. GUSICAO v. LETECIA CHING AND EDWIN CASTA

  • G.R. No. 173834 - ISABELITA CUNANAN, CAROLYN CUNANAN AND CARMENCITA F. NEMOTO v. JUMPING JAP TRADING CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY REUBEN M. PROTACIO

  • G.R. No. 173931 - ALICIA D. TAGARO v. ESTER A. GARCIA, ETC.

  • G.R. No. 174105 - Reghis M. Romero II, et al. v. Sen. Jinggoy E. Estrada, et al.

  • G.R. No. 175320 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ERNESTO PE A Y SARMIENTO

  • G.R. No. 175945 Formerly G.R. NOS. 153211-12 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. LOLITO HONOR Y ALIGWAY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 175983 - METROPOLITAN CEBU WATER DESTRICT v. J. KING AND SONS COMPANY, INC

  • G.R. No. 176348 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. DIONISIO CABUDBOD Y TUTOR AND EDGAR CABUDBOD Y LACROA

  • G.R. No. 176531 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ROMEO BANDIN

  • G.R. No. 176566 - ELISEO EDUARTE Y COSCOLLA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 177163 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ALEX BALAGAT

  • G.R. No. 177187 - SPOUSES JUANITO R. VILLAMIL ETC. ET AL. v. LAZARO CRUZ-VILLAROSA

  • G.R. No. 177210 - SUMMA KUMAGAI, INC-KUMAGAI, GUMI CO. LTD JOINT VENTURE v. ROMAGO, INC.

  • G.R. No. 177220 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. RUBEN ROBLES

  • G.R. No. 177283 - DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY, ET AL. v. DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION (DLSUEA-NAFTEU)

  • G.R. No. 177302 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. JAIME LOPEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. NO. 177333 : April 24, 2009 - PHILIPPINE AMUSEMENT AND GAMING CORPORATION (PAGCOR) represented by ATTY. CARLOS R. BAUTISTA, JR., v. PHILIPPINE GAMING JURISDICTION INCORPORATED (PEJI), ZAMBOANGA CITY SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE AUTHORITY, et al.

  • G.R. No. 177346 - GUILLERMO PERCIANO v. HEIRS OF PROCOPIO TUMBALI REPRESENTED BY LYDIA TUMBALI

  • G.R. No. 177961 - LOURDES A. SABLE v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 178127 - VIRGEN SHIPPING CORPORATION, ET AL. v. JESUS B. BARRAQUIO

  • G.R. No. 178301 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ROLANDO MALIBIRAN, BEVERLY TIBO-TARO

  • G.R. No. 178453 - GLORIA ARTIAGA v. SILIMAN UNIVERSITY AND SILIMAN UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER

  • G.R. No. 178678 - DR. HANS CHRISTIAN M. SE ERES v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND MELQUIADES A. ROBLES

  • G.R. No. 178763 - PETER PAUL PATRICK LUCAS, ET AL. v. DR. PROSPERO MA. C. TUA O

  • G.R. NOS. 178831-32, 179120, 179132-33 and 179240-41 - JOCELYN SY LIMKAICHONG v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • G.R. NO. 178873 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ILLUSTRE LLAGAS A.K.A. NONOY LLAGAS

  • G.R. No. 179255 - National Transmission Corp. v. Venusto D. Hamoy, Jr.

  • G.R. No. 179563 - BACOLOD-TALISAY REALTY AND DEVELOPMENT CORP., ET AL. v. ROMEO DELA CRUZ

  • G.R. No. 179271 and G.R. NO. 179295 - BARANGAY ASSOCIATION FOR NATIONAL ADVANCEMENT AND TRANSPARENCY (BANAT) v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS/ BAYAN MUNA, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS

  • G.R. No. 179708 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ROGELIO ALETA, MARIO ALETA AND JOVITO ALETA

  • G.R. No. 179933 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. JOSEPH FABITO

  • G.R. No. 179955 - JOSE SY BANG (DECEASED), ET AL. v. ROSARIO SY (DECEASED), ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 180046 - Review Center Associations of the Philippines v. Executive Secretatry Eduardo Ermita, et al.

  • G.R. No. 179987 - HEIRS OF MARIO MALABANAN v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 180165 - METROPOLITAN BANK & TRUST COMPANY v. HON. SEC OF JUSTICE RAUL M. GONZALES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 180314 - NORMALLAH A. PACASUM v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 180363 - EDGAR Y. TEVES v. THE COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS AND HERMINIO G. TEVES

  • G.R. No. 180640 - HUTAMA-RSEA JOINT OPERATIONS, INC. v. CITRA METRO MANILA TOLLWAYS CORPORATION

  • G.R. No. 180892 - UST FACULTY UNION v. UNIVERSITY OF STO. TOMAS, REV. FR. ROLANDO DE LA ROSA, REV FR. RODELIO ALIGAN, DOMINGO LEGASPI, AND MERECEDES HINAYON

  • G.R. NO. 180923 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. SOLOMON DIONEDA Y DELA CRUZ

  • G.R. No. 181295 - Harlin Castillo Abayon v. Commission on Elections, et al.

  • G.R. No. 181318 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. GERMAN AGOJO Y LUNA

  • G.R. No. 181377 and G.R. NO. 181726 - RODANTE MARCOLETA, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL./ ALAGAD PARTY-LIST REPRESENTED BY DIOGENES S. OSABEL, PRESIDENT v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 181475 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. LARRY "LAURO" DOMINGO Y CRUZ

  • G.R. No. 182231 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. EDDIE GUM-OYEN Y SACPA

  • G.R. No. 182296 - SUSAN SALES Y JIMENA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES.

  • G.R. No. 182790 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. CESAR CANTALEJO Y MANLANGIT

  • G.R. NOS. 182978-79 and G.R. NOS. 184298-99 - BECMEN SERVICES EXPORTER AND PROMOTION, INC. v. SPS. SIMPLICIO AND MILA CUARESMA, ET AL./SPS. SIMPLICIO AND MILA CUARESMA v. WHITE FALCON SERVICES, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. NO. 183232 - GILBERT DELA PAZ v. MARIKINA FOOTWEAR DEVELOPMENT COOPERATIVE, INC., (MAFODECO), REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRMAN RODOLFO DE GUZMAN

  • G.R. No. 183278 - IMELDA O. COJUANGCO, PRIME HOLDINGS, INC., AND THE ESTATE OF RAMON U. COJUANGCO v. SANDIGANBAYAN, REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES AND THE SHERIFF OF SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 183565 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. EDUARDO ABOGANDA

  • G.R. No. 183905 and G.R. NO. 184275 - GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM v. THE HON. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. / SEC, ET AL. v. ANTHONY ROSETE, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 184174 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. REYNALDO CAPALAD

  • G.R. No. 184791 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. PEDRO NOGPO, JR. A.K.A. "TANDODOY"

  • G.R. No. 185132 - GOV. ENRIQUE T. GARCIA, JR., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 185162 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES v. ROLLY GIDOC @ BAYENG

  •  





     
     

    A.M. No. MTJ-08-1706 Formerly OCA IPI No. 08-1984-MTJ - MUTYA B. VICTORIO v. JUDGE MAXWELL S. ROSETE

      A.M. No. MTJ-08-1706 Formerly OCA IPI No. 08-1984-MTJ - MUTYA B. VICTORIO v. JUDGE MAXWELL S. ROSETE

    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    THIRD DIVISION

    [A.M. NO. MTJ-08-1706 : April 16, 2009]
    (Formerly OCA IPI No. 08-1984-MTJ)

    MUTYA B. VICTORIO, Complainant, v. Judge MAXWELL S. ROSETE, PRESIDING JUDGE, MUNICIPAL Trial Court IN CITIES, BRANCH 2, SANTIAGO CITY, Respondent.

    R E S O L U T I O N

    CHICO-NAZARIO, J.:

    The instant administrative complaint1 was filed before this Court by Mutya B. Victorio (Victorio) charging Judge Maxwell S. Rosete (Judge Rosete) of the Municipal Trial Court in Cities (MTCC), Branch 2, Santiago City, with Conduct Unbecoming a Judge, in relation to Civil Cases No. 11-551 and No. 556-557, entitled, Mutya Victorio v. Leonardo Chua, et al.

    The antecedent facts giving rise to the instant administrative case, as judicially determined in Chua v. Victorio,2 are recounted below:

    Sometime in September of 1994, [Victorio] (through her attorney-in-fact) made a rental survey of other commercial establishments along Panganiban Street. On the basis of the survey, a 25% rental increase was demanded from [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian].

    [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] refused to pay the increased rentals which compelled [Victorio] to file unlawful detainer cases against both lessees, docketed as Civil Cases Nos. II-370 and II-371. However, both complaints were dismissed by the Municipal Trial Court in Cities (MTCC), Branch II, Santiago City. The dismissal was affirmed by the Regional Trial Court (RTC), but reversed by the Court of Appeals, which ordered [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] to vacate the leased premises.

    The decision of the Court of Appeals became final and executory, and, upon motion filed by [Victorio], the MTCC issued writs of execution ordering the ejectment of [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] from respondent's property.

    [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] filed motions to quash the writs of execution, contending that there were supervening events which rendered the execution unjust or impossible. Specifically, [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] claimed that they had acceded to the request for an increase in rentals, and had paid [Victorio] the amount demanded.

    The MTCC found that [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] had indeed paid to [Victorio] the increased monthly rental even before the Court of Appeals decision attained finality. In fact, [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] offered to pay the increased rentals as early as January 1996, while the cases were still pending with the RTC. The increased monthly rentals were accepted by [Victorio] without reservation, and monthly payment of the rentals at the increased rate continued throughout the pendency of the suits. Accordingly, the MTCC quashed the writs of execution that it earlier issued.ςηαñrοblεš νιr υαl lαω lιbrαrÿ

    [Victorio] assailed the quashal of the writ of execution directly to the Supreme Court via a Petition for Review on Certiorari . This petition was dismissed by the Supreme Court on procedural grounds. [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] thus remained in possession of [Victorio's] properties.

    Subsequently, on October 10, 1998, [Victorio] wrote a letter to [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] informing them of her intention to increase the monthly rentals effective November 1, 1998, from P6,551.25 per unit to a sum more than double that, namely, P15,000.00 per unit. [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] refused to pay this amount, contending that it was beyond the allowable rental increase embodied in the compromise agreement.

    [Victorio] thus instituted Civil Cases Nos. [II-556 and 557] seeking the ejectment of [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian]. In a joint decision dated May 10, 1999, the MTCC, Branch II, Santiago City dismissed these complaints for lack of merit. On appeal [in Civil Cases Nos. 21-2761 and 21-2762], the RTC initially reversed the MTCC, but later reversed its earlier decision. On March 9, 2000, the RTC issued an order affirming the MTCC's dismissal of the complaints.

    [Victorio] filed a Petition for Review with the Court of Appeals, which was docketed as CA-G.R. SP No. [59482]. On May 31, 2001, the Court of Appeals reversed the March 9, 2000 Order of the RTC affirming the MTCC's dismissal of the complaints. The Court of Appeals ruled that the compromise agreement, which set a definite period of four years for the lease contract, had been abrogated by [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian's] refusal to pay the increased rentals in 1994. Accordingly, in 1994, the juridical relation between the parties severed. When [Victorio] accepted payment of the increased monthly amount, an entirely new contract of lease was entered into between the parties. Since payment of rent was made on a monthly basis, and pursuant to Article 1687 of the Civil Code, the period of this lease contract was monthly. Upon expiration of every month, the lessor could increase the rents and demand that the lessee vacate the premises upon noncompliance with increased terms. In exercise of equity, however, the Court of Appeals granted [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] an extension of one year from finality of the decision within which to vacate the premises. A motion for reconsideration [was filed but the same was denied] on 11 March 2003.3

    Aggrieved by the decision of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. SP No. 59482, Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian filed a Petition for Review on Certiorari before this Court, docketed as G.R. No. 157568, bearing the complete title Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian v. Mutya B. Victorio.

    The Court rendered a Decision4 in Chua v. Victorio on 18 May 2004, with the following fallo:

    Wherefore, in view of the foregoing, the instant Petition for Review is DENIED. The decision of the Court of Appeals dated May 31, 2001 in CA-G.R. SP No. 59482, is AFFIRMED with the MODIFICATION that [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] are ordered to vacate the leased premises one month after the finality of this decision. Petitioner Leonardo Chua is also ORDERED to pay [Victorio] the sum of P15,000.00 a month as reasonable compensation for the use of the premises from November 1, 1998 until he finally vacates the premises. Petitioners, Heirs of Yong Tian, are ORDERED to pay [Victorio] the monthly sum of P15,000.00 per unit, or P30,000.00 per month from November 1, 1998 until they finally vacate the premises.

    Costs against [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian].5

    The aforementioned Decision in Chua v. Victorio became final and executory on 6 August 2004, per Entry of Judgment6 issued by this Court.

    A Motion for Execution was filed on 28 December 2004 by Victorio before the MTCC in Civil Cases No. 11-551 and No. 556-557, but Judge Rosete denied the same.

    On 25 January 2005, Victorio filed another Motion7 for the Issuance of a Writ of Execution before the MTCC, but her Motion was again denied by Judge Rosete in a Resolution8 dated 28 March 2006, which decreed:

    PREMISES CONSIDERED, the court resolves and so holds that [Victorio] may no longer be entitled to a writ of execution. Accordingly, the motion for issuance of a writ of execution should be as it is hereby DENIED.9

    Victorio appealed the 28 March 2006 Resolution of the MTCC, but the appeal was withdrawn10 upon verbal instruction of Victorio's Attorney-in-Fact. Thereafter, Judge Rosete issued an Order on 3 August 2006, which declared that the case was considered "Finally Closed and Terminated."11

    On 13 November 2006, Victorio file a third Motion12 for Execution to have Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian vacate the leased premises. However, in a Resolution dated 6 December 2006, Judge Rosete only granted the issuance of a partial Writ of Execution for the enforcement of the rental obligations of Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian. The dispositive portion of said Resolution reads:

    WHEREFORE, in the light pf the foregoing, and finding [Victorio's] motion dated November 13, 2006 partially meritorious, let a writ of execution issue but only for the payment of rental arrearages by the [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian].13

    Consequently, Victorio filed on 28 March 2007 the present administrative complaint14 against Judge Rosete for Conduct Unbecoming a Judge. Victorio pointed out that Judge Rosete, in his Resolutions dated 28 March 2006 and 6 December 2006, in Civil Cases No. 11-551 and No. 556-557, refused to execute the judgment ordering Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian to vacate the leased premises. Victorio argued that Judge Rosete erred in ruling that Victorio's continuous acceptance of rental payment from Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian gave birth to new contracts of lease, since:

    A. All the receipts issued by [Victorio] to [Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian] contained a reservation which reads "It is understood that the deposit and endorsement of the above check(s) will not prejudice the cases now in court, Municipal Trial Court Branch II," among others.

    b. It is clearly stated on page 7 of the Supreme Court Decision the dispositive portion of which read "No amount of subsequent payment by the lessees could automatically restore the parties to what they once were "and" the lessor's acceptance of the increased rentals did not have the effect of reviving the earlier contract of lease.

    Victorio also informed the Court that on 14 December 2006, Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian filed with the Regional Trial Court, Branch 35, Santiago City, a Petition for Certiorari and Prohibition with Prayer for Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) and/or Preliminary Injunction, against Victorio and Judge Rosete challenging the issuance of the partial Writ of Execution in Civil Cases No. 11-551 and No. 556-557. The RTC issued a TRO and the Petition therein is now submitted for resolution.

    In his Comment15 on Victorio's administrative complaint against him, Judge Rosete explained that he considered the collection and acceptance by Victorio's representative from Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian of advance monthly rentals as having created a new lease contract between said parties. For this reason, Victorio may no longer press for the ejectment of Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian from the leased premises. Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian, however, remained bound and obligated to pay Victorio whatever balance they may have had on the monthly rentals as decreed by this Court in its Decision of 18 May 2004 in Chua v. Victorio. So Judge Rosete averred that it was not true that he denied the execution of the judgment in Chua v. Victorio, for he issued a Writ of Execution on 8 December 2006 for the same, particularly with regard to the payment by Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian of their rental obligations.

    On 3 March 2008, the Office of the Court Administrator (OCA) submitted its Report,16 recommending that -

    We respectfully submit for the consideration of the Honorable Court our recommendation:

    1. That the instant administrative complaint be RE-DOCKETED as a regular administrative matter;

    2. That respondent Judge Maxwell S. Rosete be found GUILTY of Gross Ignorance of the Law and accordingly be meted with a penalty of FINE in the amount of P40,000.00 to be deducted from his accrued leave credits;

    3. That the Fiscal Management Office be DIRECTED to compute the monetary value of Judge Rosete's leave credits to be applied in satisfaction of the penalty to be imposed.17

    On 2 June 2008, the Court required18 the parties to manifest within 10 days from notice if they were willing to submit the matter for resolution based on the pleadings filed. Both parties failed to file any manifestation despite notice sent to and received by them. Resultantly, the Court deemed the parties to have waived their right to submit such manifestations and considered the case submitted for decision based on the pleadings filed.

    The Court agrees in the recommendation of the OCA except for the penalty imposed.

    As the OCA found, Judge Rosete is indeed guilty of gross ignorance of the law for issuing the Resolutions dated 28 March 2006 and 8 December 2006, denying Victorio's motions for the issuance of a writ of execution in Civil Cases No. 11-551 and No. 556-557. There is no dispute that judgment in said cases, appealed to this Court in Chua v. Victorio, has already become final and executory, an entry of judgment having been made in Chua v. Victorio on 6 August 2004. With a final and executory decision, rendered by no less than this Court, execution should issue as a matter of right on motion by Victorio, in accordance with Section 1, Rule 39 of the 1997 Rules of Procedure, which provides:

    Section 1. Execution upon judgments or final orders. - Execution shall issue as a matter of right, on motion, upon a judgment or order that disposes of the action or proceeding upon the expiration of the period to appeal therefrom if no appeal has been duly perfected.

    Judge Rosete's excuses for his refusal to enforce the Decision dated 18 May 2004 of this Court in Chua v. Victorio, which categorically ordered Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian to vacate the leased premises, are unsatisfactory for the following reasons:

    First, the 18 May 2004 Decision of this Court in Chua v. Victorio was already final and executory, having been recorded in the Book of Entries of Judgment on 6 August 2004. Hence, Judge Rosete's insistence to the contrary constituted a contumacious disregard of a final and executory judgment of this Court.

    Second, Judge Rosete's exposition - that he deemed the collection and acceptance of advance monthly rentals by Victorio's representative from Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian as acts that had created new lease contracts between said parties and prevented the ejectment of the lessees from the leased premises - unacceptable.

    The Court, in Chua v. Victorio, clearly ordered (1) Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian to vacate the leased premises one month after the finality of the said Deicsion; (2) Leonardo Chua to pay Victorio P15,000.00 a month as reasonable compensation for the use of the leased premises from 1 November 1998 until he finally vacates the same; (2) Heirs of Yong Tian to pay Victorio P15,000.00 per month per unit, or a total of P30,000.00 per month, as reasonable compensation for the leased premises from 1 November 1998 until they finally vacate the same; and (4) Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian to pay the costs of the suit.

    By refusing to issue the necessary writ for the ejectment of Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian from the leased premises, and considering the establishment of alleged new lease contracts arising from Victorio's acceptance of advance rental payments from Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian, Judge Rosete effectively altered or modified the final and executory Decision dated 18 May 2004 of this Court in Chua v. Victorio, which ordered Leonardo Chua and Heirs of Yong Tian to already vacate the leased premises.

    Once a judgment becomes final and executory, the prevailing party can have it executed as a matter of right, and the issuance of a Writ of Execution becomes a ministerial duty of the court.19 A decision that has attained finality becomes the law of the case regardless of any claim that it is erroneous. The writ of execution must therefore conform to the judgment to be executed and adhere strictly to the very essential particulars.20

    A final judgment of the Supreme Court cannot be altered or modified, except for clerical errors, misprisions or omissions. No "inferior" court has authority to revoke a resolution of a superior court, much less a final and executory resolution of the Supreme Court, the latter itself having no power to revoke the same after it has become final. Any amendment or alteration which substantially affects a final and executory judgment is null and void for lack of jurisdiction, including the entire proceedings held for that purpose. An order of execution which varies the tenor of the judgment or exceeds the terms thereof is a nullity.21

    In disregarding the rules and settled jurisprudence, Judge Rosete showed gross ignorance of the law, amounting to bad faith.

    Judges, being the visible representations of law and justice22 are expected to be circumspect in the performance of their tasks,23 for it is their duty to administer justice in a way that inspires confidence in the integrity of the justice system.

    For this reason, the Code of Judicial Conduct requires high standards of competence, integrity and independence.24 It mandates judges to be faithful to the law and to maintain professional competence.25 Indeed, it has been held that the failure to consider and apply a basic and elementary rule, law or principle is not only inexcusable, but also renders magistrates susceptible to administrative sanctions for incompetence and gross ignorance of the law.26

    In this case, it is very clear that Judge Rosete disregarded a basic, unequivocal rule that execution shall issue as a matter of right when the order becomes final and executory.27 It is moreover hornbook doctrine that when this point is reached, the trial court has the ministerial duty to issue a writ of execution to enforce the order.28 The rule admits of exceptions,29 but none obtains in this case. Hence, it is mandatory for Judge Rosete to issue the writ prayed for.

    As can be seen, the law involved is simple and elementary; lack of conversance therewith constitutes gross ignorance of the law. Judges are expected to exhibit more than just cursory acquaintance with statutes and procedural laws. They must know the laws and apply them properly in all good faith. Judicial competence requires no less.30

    A judge owes it to himself and to his office to know by heart basic legal principles and to harness his legal know-how correctly and justly. When a judge displays utter unfamiliarity with the law and the rules, he erodes the confidence of the public in the courts. Ignorance of the law by a judge can easily be the mainspring of injustice. As an advocate of justice and a visible representation of the law, a judge is expected to be proficient in the interpretation of our laws. When the law is so elementary, not to know it constitutes gross ignorance of the law. Ignorance of the law, which everyone is bound to know, excuses no one - most especially judges. Ignorantia juris quod quisque scire tenetur non excusat.31 As the Court held in Spouses Monterola v. Judge Caoibes, Jr.32 :

    Observance of the law, which respondent ought to know, is required of every judge. When the law is sufficiently basic, a judge owes it to his office to simply apply it; anything less than that is either deliberate disregard thereof or gross ignorance of the law. It is a continuing pressing responsibility of judges to keep abreast with the law and changes therein. Ignorance of the law, which everyone is bound to know, excuses no one - not even judges - from compliance therewith. x x x. Canon 4 of the Canons of Judicial Ethics requires that the judge should be studious in the principles of law. Canon 18 mandates that he should administer his office with due regard to the integrity of the system of the law itself, remembering that he is not a depository of arbitrary power, but a judge under the sanction of law. Indeed, it has been said that when the inefficiency springs from a failure to consider a basic and elementary rule, a law or principle in the discharge of his duties, a judge is either too incompetent and undeserving of the position and the title he holds or is too vicious that the oversight or omission was deliberately done in bad faith and in grave abuse of judicial authority.33

    Competence is a mark of a good judge. When a judge displays an utter lack of familiarity with the rules, he erodes the public's confidence in the competence of our courts.34 It is highly imperative that judges be conversant with the law and basic legal principles.35 Basic legal procedures must be at the palm of a judge's hands.36

    Gross ignorance of the law or procedure is classified as a serious charge under Rule 140, Section 8 of the Rules of Court, as amended by A.M. No. 01-8-10 SC; and penalized under Section 11 of the same Rule as follows:

    SEC. 11. Sanctions. - A. If the respondent is guilty of a serious charge, any of the following sanctions may be imposed:

    1. Dismissal from the service, forfeiture of all or part of the benefits as the Court may determine, and disqualification from reinstatement or appointment to any public office, including government-owned or controlled corporations: Provided, however, that the forfeiture of benefits shall in no case include accrued leave credits;

    2. Suspension from office without salary and other benefits for more than three (3) but not exceeding six (6) months; or

    3. A fine of more than P20,000.00 but not exceeding P40,000.00.

    Guided by the previous rulings of this Court in Gamas v. Oco37 and Sule v. Biteng,38 a fine of P20,000.00 is justified in the case at bar.

    However, the Court notes that Judge Rosete filed a Certificate of Candidacy as mayor of Cordon, Isabela, on 29 March 2007. Pursuant to Section 66 of Batas Pambansa Blg. 881, otherwise known as the Omnibus Election Code of the Philippines, Judge Rosete is considered ipso facto resigned from his office. Moreover, on 15 April 2008, this Court en banc, in A.M. MTJ-08-1702,39 dismissed Judge Rosete from service with forfeiture of all benefits, except accrued leave credits, with prejudice to reinstatement or appointment to any public office, for Dishonesty and Gross Misconduct. Thus, the P20,000.00 fine imposed against Judge Rosete shall be deducted from his accrued leave credits, if sufficient.

    WHEREFORE, Judge Maxwell Rosette is found LIABLE for Gross Ignorance of the Law in issuing the Resolutions dated 28 March 2006 and 8 December 2006, denying complainant Mutya B. Victorio's motions for issuance of a writ of execution, and is hereby ordered to pay a FINE of Twenty Thousand (P20,000.00) PESOS, to be deducted from his retirement benefits. But since he was already dismissed from office with forfeiture of all benefits, the fine shall be deducted from his accrued leave credits, if sufficient; if not, then he should pay the said amount directly to this Court. The Fiscal Management and Budget Office is DIRECTED to compute the monetary value of Judge Rosete's leave credits to be applied in satisfaction of the fine imposed.

    SO ORDERED.

    Endnotes:


    1 Rollo, pp. 5-7.

    2 G.R. No. 157568, 18 May 2004, 428 SCRA 447.

    3 Rollo, pp. 13-16.

    4 Id. at 12-24.

    5 Id. at 22.

    6 Id. at 30.

    7 Id. at 36-37.

    8 Id. at 37-38.

    9 Id. at 39.

    10 Id. at 43.

    11 Id. at 44.

    12 Id. at 45-48.

    13 Id. at 50.

    14 Id. at 5-7.

    15 Id. at 59-60.

    16 Id. at 1-4.

    17 The OCA reported that Judge Rosete filed a Certificate of Candidacy for Mayor of Cordon, Isabela, on 29 March 2007; and pursuant to Section 66 of the Omnibus Election Code of the Philippines (Batas Pambansa Blg. 881), Judge Rosete was considered ipso facto resigned from his office. As per records of the Leave Division of the OCA, Judge Rosete had 115 days vacation leave and 126 days sick leave.

    18 Id. at 75.

    19 Rubio v. MTCC, Branch 4, Cagayan de Oro City, 322 Phil. 193-194 (1996); Soco v. Court of Appeals, 331 Phil. 753, 760 (1996).

    20 Buaya v. Stronghold Insurance Co., Inc., 396 Phil. 738, 748 (2000); Equatorial Realty Development, Inc. v. Mayfair Theater, Inc., 387 Phil. 885, 895 (2000).

    21 Torres v. Hon. Sison, 416 Phil. 394, 401 (2001).

    22 Spouses Dizon v. Hon. Calimag, 417 Phil. 778, 785 (2001).

    23 Re: Release by Judge Manuel T. Muro, RTC, Branch 54, Manila, of an Accused in a Non-Bailable Offense, 419 Phil. 567, 591 (2001).

    24 Code of Judicial Conduct, Canon 1, Rule 1.01.

    25 Code of Judicial Conduct, Canon 3, Rule 3.01 and Canon 1, Rule 1.01.

    26 Spouses Monterola v. Judge Caoibes, Jr., 429 Phil. 59, 67 (2002); citing De Guzman, Jr. v. Sison, 407 Phil. 351, 368-369 (2001).

    27 '1, Rule 39 of the Rules of Court.

    28 Mayuga v. Court of Appeals, 329 Phil. 1078, 1088 (1996); Bachrach Corporation v. Court of Appeals, 357 Phil. 483, 493 (1998).

    29 Execution of a final judgment or order may be stayed or precluded under any of the following conditions:

    1) Equitable grounds render its execution impossible or unjust due to facts and events transpiring after the judgment has become executory (Soco v. Court of Appeals, supra note 19).

    2) There has been a change in the situation of the parties, which makes execution inequitable (Philippine Sinter Corporation v. Cagayan Electric Power and Light Co., Inc., 431 Phil. 324, 333-334 [2002], citing Bachrach Corporation v. Court of Appeals, supra note 28).

    3) The judgment has been novated by the parties (Dormitorio v. Fernandez, 164 Phil. 381, 386 [1976]).

    4) Injunctive relief is prayed for and granted (Rule 38, Sec. 5).

    5) The five-year period to enforce the judgment has expired (Cunanan v. Court of Appeals, 134 Phil. 338 [1968]).

    6) The judgment is incomplete or is conditional (Ignacio v. Hilario, 76 Phil. 605 [1946]; Cu Unjieng v. Mabalacat Sugar Co., 70 Phil. 380 [1940]).

    30 Rubio v. MTCC, Branch 4, Cagayan de Oro City, supra note 19; Soco v. Court of Appeals, supra note 19; Villanueva v. Almazan, 384 Phil. 776, 786 (2000).

    31 Español v. Mupas, 485 Phil. 636, 664 (2004); Lu v. Siapno, 390 Phil. 489, 496-497 (2000).

    32 Supra note 26.

    33 Spouses Monterola v. Judge Caoibes, Jr., supra note 26 at 66-67.

    34 Fr. Guillen v. Judge Cañon, 424 Phil. 81, 88 (2002).

    35 Borja-Manzano v. Sanchez, 406 Phil. 434, 439-440 (2001).

    36 Pesayco v. Layague, A.M. No. RTJ-04-1889, 22 December 2004, 447 SCRA 450, 459.

    37 469 Phil. 633 (2004). In this case, respondent Judge was found guilty of gross ignorance of the law for failure to comply with the requirements of Section 1(a) of Rule 116 of the Revised Rules of Criminal Procedure, by failing to furnish complainants therein a copy of the information with the list of the witnesses and was meted a fine of P20,000.00.

    38 313 Phil. 398 (1995). In this case, respondent Judge was found guilty of gross ignorance of the law when he granted bail solely on account of the voluntary surrender of the accused and was meted a fine of P20,000.00.

    39 Lacanilao v. Judge Rosete, A.M. No. MTJ-08-1702, 8 April 2008, 550 SCRA 542.

    A.M. No. MTJ-08-1706 Formerly OCA IPI No. 08-1984-MTJ - MUTYA B. VICTORIO v. JUDGE MAXWELL S. ROSETE


    Back to Home | Back to Main

     

    QUICK SEARCH

    cralaw

       

    cralaw



     
      Copyright © ChanRobles Publishing Company Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions
    ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™
     
    RED