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RULES AND REGULATIONS ON
INVENTIONS
FULL TEXT
 

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RULES AND REGULATIONS ON INVENTIONS



MAIN INDEX
 
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I NTRODUCTION 

PART 1 DEFINITIONS   

RULE 100 : Definitions  

PART 2 PATENTABILITY   

RULE 200  :  Patentable inventions  
RULE 201  :   Statutory classes of invention  
RULE 202  :  Non-patentable inventions  
RULE 203  :  Novelty  
RULE 204  :  Prior art  
RULE 205  :  Non-prejudicial disclosure  
RULE 206  :  Inventive step  
RULE 207  :  Person skilled in the art  
RULE 208  :  Industrial applicability  

PART 3  :  RIGHT TO A PATENT   

RULE 300  :  Right to a patent  
RULE 301  :  Who may be named in an application as an applicant  
RULE 302  :  Inventions created pursuant to a commission  
RULE 303  :  Inventions made in the course of employment  
RULE 304  :  First to file rule  
RULE 305  :  Right of priority  
RULE 306.1.  :  Multiple priorities  
RULE 307  :  Certified copy of the foreign application  

PART 4  :  THE PATENT APPLICATION   

RULE 400  :  The patent application  
RULE 401  :  Payment of fees  
RULE 402  :  Marking of documents; acknowledgment  
RULE 403  :  Form of request; office application form  
RULE 404  :  The request  
RULE 405  :  Disclosure  
RULE 406  :  Test for enabling disclosure  
RULE 407  :  Content of the description  
RULE 408  :  Requirements of applications relating to biological materials and microorganisms  
RULE 409  :  Requirements of applications relating to biological materials and microorganisms  
                before allowance  
RULE 410  :  Title of the invention  
RULE 411  :  Abstract  
RULE 412  :  Prohibited matter  
RULE 413  :  General requisites for the drawing  
RULE 414.1.  :  Uniform standard of excellence suited to photo-lithographic process,  
           required of drawings  
RULE 414.2.  :  Paper and ink  
RULE 414.3.  :  Size of drawing sheet; imaginary line  
RULE 414.4.  :  Character and color lines  
RULE 414.5.  :  The fewest possible number of lines and little or no shading to be used   
RULE 414.6.  :  Scale to which drawing is made to be large enough   
RULE 414.7.  :  Letters and figures of reference  
RULE 414.8.  :  Signature; where to be placed   
RULE 414.9.  :  Title of the drawing   
RULE 414.10.  : Position on drawing sheets of large views  
RULE 414.11.  :  Flow sheets and diagrams  
RULE 414.12.  :  Requisites for the figure of the IPO Gazette   
RULE 414.13.  :  Reference signs  
RULE 414.14.  :  Photographs  
RULE 414.15.  :  Matters not permitted to appear on the drawings  
RULE 414.16.  :  Drawings not conforming to foregoing rules to be accepted only conditionally  
RULE 415  :  Claim  
RULE 416  :  Form and content of the claims  
RULE 417  :  Claims incurring fee  
RULE 418  :  Presentation of the application documents  
RULE 419  :  Models, when required  
RULE 420  :  Employment of attorney-at-law or agent recommended  
RULE 421  :  Appointment of resident agent or representative  
RULE 422  :  Decorum and courtesy required in the conduct of business  

PART 5  :  WHO MAY APPLY FOR A PATENT   

RULE 500  :  Who may apply for a patent  
RULE 501  :   When the applicant dies, becomes insane  
RULE 502  :  Assigned invention and patents  
RULE 503  :  Juridical person  
RULE 504  :  Proof of authority  
RULE 505  :  Forms of signatures  

PART 6  : FILING DATE AND FORMALITY EXAMINATION   

RULE 600  :  Filing date requirements  
RULE 600.1.  :  Incomplete application  
RULE 600.2.  :  [ N. B.: No sub-heading] 
RULE 601  :  According a filing date  
RULE 602  :  Late-filed or missing drawings  
RULE 603  :  Formality examination  
RULE 604  :  Unity of invention  
RULE 605  :  Requirements for unity of invention  
RULE 606  :  Reconsideration for requirements  
RULE 607  :  Appeal from requirement for division  
RULE 608  :  Subsequent presentation of claims for different invention  
RULE 609  :  Election of species  
RULE 610  :   Separate application for invention not elected  
RULE 611  :    Divisional application  
RULE 612  :  Information concerning corresponding foreign application  

PART 7  :  CLASSIFICATION AND SEARCH   

RULE 700  :  Classification and search  
RULE 701  :  International Patent Classification  
RULE 701.1.  :  Content of the Intellectual Property Search Report  

PART 8  :  PUBLICATION & REQUEST FOR EXAMINATION   

RULE 800  :  Publication of application  
RULE 801  :   Confidentiality before publication  
RULE 802  :  Observation of third parties  
RULE 803  :  Request for substantive examination  
RULE 804  :  Rights conferred by an application after publication  
RULE 805  :  Citation and references  

PART 9  :  THE EXAMINATION OF THE APPLICATION   

RULE 900  :  Applications prosecuted ex parte  
RULE 901  :   Preceedings a contest between the Examiner and the applicant   
RULE 902  :  Applicant supposed to look after his interest  
RULE 903  :  Preliminary adverse actions of the Examiner   
RULE 904  :  A preliminary rejection should not be taken literally  
RULE 905  :  Examiners shall have original jurisdiction over all application;
                appeal to the Director  
RULE 906  :  Order of examination  
RULE 907  :  Nature of examination, Examiner's action  
RULE 908  :  Completeness of Examiner's action  
RULE 909  :  Rejection of claims  
RULE 910  :  Unpublished, withdrawn and forfeited applications not cited  
RULE 911  :   Reply by applicant  
RULE 912  :  Re-examination and reconsideration  
RULE 913  :  Final rejection of action  
RULE 914  :  Conversion of patent applications or applications for utility model  
RULE 915  :  Prohibition against filing of parallel applications  
 
AMENDMENTS BY THE APPLICANT   

RULE 916  :  Amendments by the applicant  
RULE 917  :  Amendments after final action of the Examiner  
RULE 918  :  Amendment and revision required  
RULE 919  :  Amendment of diclosure  
RULE 920  :  Amendment of claims  
RULE 921  :  Manner of making amendments  
RULE 922  :  Entry and consideration of amendments  
RULE 923  :  Amendments to the drawing  
RULE 924  :  Amendment or amendments  
RULE 925  :  Substitute specification  
RULE 926  :  Numbering of claims  
RULE 927  :  Petition from refusal to admit amendment  
RULE 928  :  Interviews with the Examiners  
 
TIME FOR RESPONSE BY APPLICANT; WITHDRAWAL OF APPLICATION  

RULE 929  :  Withdrawal of application for failure to respond within time limit  
RULE 930  :  Revival of application  
RULE 931  :   Express withdrawal of application  

PART 10  :  GRANT OF PATENT   

RULE 1000  :  Grant of patent  
RULE 1001  :   Contents of patent  
RULE 1002  :  Publication upon grant of patent  
RULE 1003  :   [ N. B.: No sub-heading] 

PART 11  :  TERM OF PATENT   

RULE 1100  :  Term of patent  
RULE 1101  :   Annual fees  
RULE 1102  :  Date application is published  
RULE 1103  :  Non-payment of annual fees  
RULE 1104  :  Grace period  

PART 12  :  OTHER PROCEEDINGS AFFECTING THE APPLICATION OR THE PATENT   

CHAPTER 1  :  RECORDING OF ASSIGNMENT OF LETTERS PATENT  

RULE 1200  :  Form of assignment of a patent or of an application for a patent   
RULE 1201  :   Form of other instruments affection the title to a patent or application,  
                   including licenses  
RULE 1202  :  Assignment and other instruments to be submitted in duplicate  
RULE 1203  :  Date of recording of assignment or other instrument or license  
                   considered its date of  filing  
RULE 1204  :  Letters patent may be issued to the assignee in place of the applicant  
RULE 1205  :  Action may be taken by assignee of record in any proceeding in the Office  

CHAPTER 2  :  SURRENDER, CORRECTION & AMENDMENT  

RULE 1206  :  Surrender of patent  
RULE 1207  :  Correction of mistakes of the office  
RULE 1208  :  Correction of mistake in the application  
RULE 1209  :  Changes in patent   
RULE 1210  :  Form and publication on amendment or corrections  

CHAPTER 3  :  ASSIGNMENT & TRANSMISSION OF RIGHTS  

RULE 1211  :   Assignment and transmission of rights  
RULE 1212  :  Assignment of inventions  
RULE 1213  :  Rights of joint owners  

PART 13  :  PETITION AND APPEAL   

RULE 1300  :  Nature of the function of Examiners  
RULE 1301  :  Petition to the Director to question the correctness of the action of an Examiner  
                  on a matter not subject to appeal   
RULE 1302  :  Appeals to the Director  
RULE 1303  :  Effect of a final decision of an Examiner which is not appealed  
RULE 1304  :  Time and manner of appeal  
RULE 1305  :  Appellant's brief required  
RULE 1306  :  The Examiner's answer  
RULE 1307  :  Appellant's reply  
RULE 1308  :  Appeal to the Director General  
RULE 1309  :  Appellant's brief required  
RULE 1310  :   Director's comment  
RULE 1311  :    Appeal to the Court of Appeals  

FINAL PROVISIONS   

SECTION 1  :   Correspondence 
SECTION 2  :  Fees and charges to be prepaid 
SECTION 3  :  Implementation 
SECTION 4  :  Repeals 
SECTION 5  :  Separability 
SECTION 6  :  Furnishing of certified copies 
SECTION 7  :  Effectivity 
 
 

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