Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1950 > December 1950 Decisions > G.R. No. L-3737 December 27, 1950 - MELCHOR DAMASCO v. CIRIACO MONTEMAYOR

087 Phil 766:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

EN BANC

[G.R. No. L-3737. December 27, 1950.]

MELCHOR DAMASCO, FABIAN TOBIAS and IRINEO PANSOY, Petitioners, v. CIRIACO MONTEMAYOR, LUIS ORTEGA as Judge of the Court of First Instance of Pangasinan, and THE PROVINCIAL SHERIFF, Respondents.

Onofre P. Guevara, for Petitioners.

Respondent Judge, in his own behalf.

Alejo Mabanag, for other respondents.

SYLLABUS


1. COURTS; JURISDICTION; COMPROMISE-AGREEMENT FOREIGN TO ISSUE RAISED IN PLEADINGS; CASE AT BAR. — In an action for ejectment filed by C.M. against his tenants, M. D., F. T., and L. P., filed in the Justice of the Peace Court of Alaminos, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss upon the ground that the said justice of the peace court had no jurisdiction over the case, involving, as it did, a contract of rice tenancy. The motion having been denied, defendants filed an action for prohibition in the Court of First Instance of Pangasinan to prevent the Justice of the Peace Court of Alaminos from the case. Meanwhile, the parties entered into account a compromise whereby it was expressly stipulated that "the lease agreement shall terminate on December 31, 1949 unless renewed by the parties." This compromise was approved by the Judge of the Court of First Instance of Pangasinan. On January 27, 1950, C. M. file a petition asking for the execution of the judgment alleging that the lease agreement was not renewed by the parties and that, therefore, the lease having terminated on December 31, 1949, possession of the lands should be delivered to him by means of the execution of the judgment. The motion for execution which was granted is sought to be set aside by certiorari. Held: Certiorari granted. In the action for prohibition the issue whether or not the Justice of the Peace court of Alaminos had jurisdiction over the ejectment case. The subject-matter of the compromise agreement being foreign to such issue of jurisdiction, notwithstanding the stamp of judicial approval given to the compromise of the Court of Firsts Instance of Pangasinan, it remains an extrajudicial agreement because the Court of First Instance acted outside its jurisdiction in approving it and such extrajudicial agreement is unenforceable by means of writ of execution.

2. EXECUTION; COMPROMISE AGREEMENT; WRIT OF EXECUTION IS LIMITED TO TERMS OF JUDGMENT. — Furthermore, since the compromise agreement contains no stipulation regarding delivery of possession upon the termination of the contract, it follows that in the judgment approving the compromise there is no order for such delivery of possession and it is well settled that a writ of execution cannot go beyond the terms of the judgment sought to be executed.

3. LANDLORD AND TENANT; CONTRACT OF RICE TENANCY; COGNIZABLE BY THE TENANCY DIVISION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE; JURISDICTION. — The petition for the ejectment of tenants under the contract of rice tenancy is cognizable by the Tenancy Division of the Department of Justice and by the Court of Industrial relations on appeal.


D E C I S I O N


MORAN, C.J. :


This is a special civil action for certiorari. Petitioners Melchor Damasco, Fabian Tobias and Irineo Pansoy were tenants of respondent Ciriaco Montemayor in several parcels of land located in Alaminos, Province of Pangasinan. Petitioners were sued for ejectment in the Justice of the Peace Court of Alaminos by Ciriaco Montemayor, and against the complaint they filed a motion to dismiss upon the ground that said court had no jurisdiction over the case which involved a contract of tenancy. The motion was denied, whereupon, petitioners filed an action for prohibition in the Court of First Instance to prevent said justice of the peace court from trying the case. In the Court of First Instance, the parties had entered into a compromise by which petitioners bound themselves to deliver to respondent Ciriaco Montemayor as lessor, thirty-three and one-half (33 1/2) piculs of palay on or before February 1, 1949, which were the rentals corresponding to the agricultural year of 1948 and 1949, and that upon payment of such rental Ciriaco Montemayor bound himself to pay to each of the petitioners the amount of P5 as expenses. It is expressly stipulated in the compromise that the lease agreement shall terminate on December 31, 1949, if not renewed between the parties. This compromise was approved by the court in a judgment rendered to that effect. On January 27, 1950, respondent Ciriaco Montemayor filed a petition asking for the execution of the judgment alleging that the lease agreement was not renewed by the parties, and that, therefore, the lease having terminated on December 31, 1949, possession of the land should be delivered to him by means of execution of the judgment. The motion was granted, hence the instant petition for certiorari seeking to set aside the writ of execution alleged to have been issued without jurisdiction.

It must be noticed that the issue submitted to the Court of First Instance in the pleadings filed by the parties was whether or not the justice of the peace court had jurisdiction over the ejectment case filed by Ciriaco Montemayor against the petitioners herein. The parties, however, entered into a compromise agreement, the subject matter of which is foreign to such issue of jurisdiction. The court approved the agreement and it having acted outside its jurisdiction, the compromise-agreement, entered into by the parties voluntarily, should be considered as an extrajudicial agreement, unenforceable by means of writ of execution.

There is furthermore in the compromise agreement no stipulation regarding delivery of possession on the termination of the contract, and, therefore, in the judgment of approval there is no order for such delivery of possession. And a writ of execution can not go beyond the terms of the judgment sought to be executed.

Upon the other hand, it is a fact alleged in the petition and admitted by respondents that petitioners are tenants of Ciriaco Montemayor. Any petition for the ejectment of tenants under a contract of rice tenancy is cognizable by the Tenancy Division of the Department of Justice and by the Court of Industrial Relations on appeal.

Petition is granted; the writ of execution issued by the respondent Court of First Instance is hereby set aside, and respondents are all enjoined from carrying said writ into effect. With costs against respondent Ciriaco Montemayor.

Pablo, Bengzon, Padilla, Tuason, Reyes, Jugo and Bautista Angelo, JJ., concur.

Moran, C.J., Mr. Justice Paras and Mr. Justice Feria voted to grant the writ.




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