Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2016 > August 2016 Decisions > G.R. No. 191088, August 17, 2016 - FRILOU CONSTRUCTION, INC., Petitioner, v. AEGIS INTEGRATED STRUCTURE CORPORATION, Respondent.:




G.R. No. 191088, August 17, 2016 - FRILOU CONSTRUCTION, INC., Petitioner, v. AEGIS INTEGRATED STRUCTURE CORPORATION, Respondent.

PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

G.R. No. 191088, August 17, 2016

FRILOU CONSTRUCTION, INC., Petitioner, v. AEGIS INTEGRATED STRUCTURE CORPORATION, Respondent.

D E C I S I O N

This Petition for Review on Certiorari under Rule 45 of the Rules of Court assails the Decision1 of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CV No. 92108 which reversed and set aside the Decision2 of the Regional Trial Court, Branch 58, Makati City in Civil Case No. 05-711, a suit for a Sum of Money filed by respondent Aegis Integrated Structure Corporation against petitioner Frilou Construction, Inc.

Respondent's Complaint alleged, in pertinent part,:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
xx xx
2.    On   October   5,   2004,   [petitioner]   engaged   the   services   of [respondent] to supply, fabricate, deliver and erect the structural steel requirements of [petitioner] for the proposed Exhibit Building for and in consideration of P5,000,000.00 under Purchase Order No. 0461, x x x.

3.    On November 19, 2004, [petitioner], again, engaged the services of [respondent]   to   supply,   fabricate,   deliver   and   erect   the   structural requirements of [petitioner] for the proposed Residential Bldg. for and in consideration of P1,024,306.00 under Purchase Order No. 0500, x x x;
4.    Payment of the sum of P6,024,306.00 has long been overdue in that [respondent] had long supplied, fabricated, delivered and erected the structural   steel  requirements  of [petitioners]  but  the  latter  has  paid [respondent] the sum of F4s490,014.32 only thereby leaving an unpaid balance off 1,534,291.68;

5.    [Respondent]    made    repeated    demands    for    the    sum    of Pl,534,291.68   but   [petitioner]   failed/refused   to   pay,   hence,   it  was necessary for [respondent] to institute the instant suit for which it incurred attorney's fee of P 150,000.00;
WHEREFORE, it is respectfully prayed that judgment be rendered ordering [petitioner] to pay [respondent] the following:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary1.    Pl,534,291.68 plus interest thereon at the legal rate from May 25, 2005 until fully paid;

2.    P150,000.00 as attorney's fee;

3.    Cost of suit;

[Respondent] prays for such other relief as may be deemed just and equitable under the foregoing premises.3chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
Petitioner filed its Answer and countered that:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
xx xx

2.    [Petitioner]   likewise   ADMITS   paragraphs   2   and   3   of  the Complaint, the truth of the matter being those stated in the Special and Affirmative Defenses;

3.    Similarly, [petitioner] also DENIES paragraphs 4 and 5 for being contrary to the facts and circumstances surrounding the case;

4.    As and by way of Special and Affirmative Defenses, [petitioner] respectfully states:
SPECIAL AND AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSES
5.    While [petitioner] does not deny having engaged [the] services of [respondent]  for the  supply and delivery of steel requirements,  such delivery had already been paid in the amount of Php4,490,014.32 as of March 2005;

6.    [Respondent] failed to show evidence that indeed [petitioner] still owes the balance of P1,534,291.68 as alleged in the Complaint;

7.    No demand whatsoever was made against herein [petitioner] for the alleged balance complained of.

WHEREFORE, premises considered, it is respectfully prayed of this Honorable Court to DISMISS and DENY the aforementioned Complaint for lack of merit in fact and in law.

[Petitioner] further prays for such other reliefs and remedies just and equitable under the premises.4chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
During trial, respondent presented its Sales Engineer, Geronimo S.  Mangubat, whose testimony was summarized by the Court of Appeals, thus:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
[Respondent] supplies and fabricates building materials for its clients. [Mangubat's] duties include offering the services of [respondent] to clients and negotiating with the latter. He knows [petitioner] which contracted their services for the supply and delivery of construction materials. The first transaction worth P5,000,000.00 took place on October 5, 2004, covered by Purchase Order No. 0461, while the second under Purchase Order No. [0]500 with a consideration of f 1,024,306.00 happened on November 19, 2004. The purchase orders were signed for and in behalf of [petitioner] by Architect George Matunog, the Vice-President for Operations. After receipt of the purchase orders, [respondent] supplied the materials and erected the same at the construction site. They submitted billings and [petitioner] issued checks in payment thereof. All in all, [petitioner] paid a total of P4,490,014.32 out of the total contract price of P6,024,306.00. With respect to the balance in the amount of PI,534,291.68, the same remains unpaid, thus they sent two (2) demand letters, both signed by Filomeno H. Castillo, Jr., [respondent's] Vice-President, informing [petitioner] of the deficiency and inviting its representative to a meeting. When [petitioner's] representative failed to show up in the meeting, [respondent] referred the matter to its lawyer, Atty. Jose F. Manacop, who sent a demand letter to [petitioner] and filed this case in court against the latter. For the filing of this case, [respondent] Aegis incurred expenses in the amount of P150,000.00.
On cross-examination, Engr. Mangubat testified that [petitioner] Frilou signed a Certificate of Completion, but he did not present it as evidence. He also stated that he personally delivered one of the letters to [petitioner] through a staff of Architect Matunog.5chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
For its part, petitioner only had one witness, its employee, Jess de Guia, Jr. (De Guia), who, since 2003, has been in charge of petitioner's warehouse and responsible for receiving deliveries of materials at the construction site. De Guia testified that he received the deliveries of respondent and signed receipt thereof. De Guia further testified that he does not know the value of the materials delivered by respondent; only that petitioner had already paid for these deliveries.

The trial court dismissed the complaint for insufficiency of evidence sustaining petitioner's contention that respondent failed to show evidence of petitioner's supposed remaining liability for the balance amount of Pl,534,291.68. The trial court rejected respondent's stance that petitioner already admitted its liability for the total amount of the two (2) Purchase Orders when petitioner stated in paragraph 2 of its Answer that: "[it] ADMITS paragraphs 2 and 3 of the Complaint, the truth of the matter being those stated in the Special and Affirmative Defenses." For the trial court, the admission was qualified in that petitioner had already paid the amount of P4,490,014.32 and respondent did not show further evidence of petitioner's liability for the remaining balance. The trial court sustained petitioner's argument that the existence of the Purchase Orders in the amount of P6,024,306.00 was not equivalent to respondent's delivery of the materials to petitioner in the same amount. In all, the trial court ruled that respondent did not discharge the requisite burden of proof in civil case, i.e. preponderance of evidence.

On appeal by respondent, the appellate court reversed and set aside the trial court's ruling on the sole issue of whether [respondent] established its claim of the balance amount of P1,534,219.68 even absent presentation of delivery receipts. The appellate court ruled that:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary(1) Petitioner's judicial admission of the existence of the Purchase Orders worked to establish respondent's claim of the balance amount of P1,534,291.68 by a preponderance of evidence;

(2)   In failing to specifically deny  respondent's  allegation that respondent supplied, delivered and erected the structural steel requirements of petitioner in the amount of P6,024,306.00, the latter is deemed to have admitted the same:

chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary(3)    Consequently  of paragraphs 1  and 2,  respondent's  material allegations thereon need not be proven;

(4)    The Purchase  Orders numbered 0461   and 0500  evidence  a meeting of the minds such that a valid contract existed and became the law between the parties;

(5)    Petitioner's contention that the contract price was actually only P4,490,014.32, the amount petitioner has already paid, is inconsistent with its confirmation of the Purchase Orders in the amount of P6,024,306.0p as the original contract price; (6)    Petitioner is thus estopped from claiming a reduced amount of the contract price; and (7)    Petitioner itself failed to present evidence that respondent only partially complied with its obligation under the Purchase Orders for just the amount of P4,490,014.32.

Hence, this appeal by certiorari of petitioner insisting on the appellate court's error in granting respondent's complaint and holding petitioner liable to respondent for the balance amount of P1,534,291.68. i.e. Petitioner quibbles that it did not admit liability for the entire amount of the Purchase Orders, but only for the value of the actual deliveries by respondent hereunder in the amount of P4,490,014.32. Petitioner asseverates that such constituted a specific denial when it further set forth the substance of the matters upon which it relied to support its denial, respondent had no evidence that it owed the balance of P1,534,291.68. We disagree with petitioner and completely subscribe to the appellate court's ruling.

Indeed, petitioner admitted and failed to specifically deny the material averments in respondent's complaint that respondent complied with its obligation under the Purchase Orders for the complete amount of P6,024,306.00.

Section 10, Rule 8 of the Rules of Court on Manner of Making Allegations in Pleading contemplates three (3) modes of specific denial: 1) by specifying each material allegation of the fact in the complaint, the truth of which the defendant does not admit, and whenever practicable, setting forth the substance of the matters which he will rely upon to support his denial; (2) by specifying so much of an averment in the complaint as is true and material and denying only the remainder; (3) by stating that the defendant is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief as to the truth of a material averment in the complaint, which has the effect of a denial.

The purpose of requiring the defendant to make a specific denial is to make him disclose the matters alleged in the complaint which he succinctly intends to disprove at the trial, together with the matter which he relied upon to support the denial. The parties are compelled to lay their cards on the table.6chanrobleslaw

Thus, the disingenuousness of petitioner becomes apparent to this Court.

First.
Petitioner did not make a specific denial, but a general one to the effect that it no longer has any remaining liability to respondent.
Respondent's averment in paragraph 4 of its complaint reads:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
4. Payment of the sum of P6,024,306.00 has long been overdue in that [respondent] had long supplied, fabricated, delivered and erected the structural steel requirements of [petitioners] but the latter has paid [respondent] the sum of P4,490,014.32 only thereby leaving an unpaid balance of Pl,534,291.68;7chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
Petitioner denied this by stating, thus:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
3.         Similarly, [petitioner] also DENIES paragraphs 4 and 5 for being contrary to the facts and circumstances surrounding the case;8chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
However, petitioner did not state "the facts and circumstances surrounding the case," the matters which it relies on to support its denial of its liability in the amount of P1, 534,291.68. Petitioner only asserted that respondent failed to show evidence of its supposed remaining liability. This is not an assertion of the truth and substance of the matter. It is merely a statement that as far as petitioner is concerned, respondent does not have evidence to prove its claim.

Notably, there were four (4) material averments in paragraph 4 of respondent's   complaint:   (1)   petitioner   contracted   with   respondent   to fabricate and deliver the  former's  structural  steel requirements in amount   of P6,024,306.00;   (2)   respondent   completely   performed agreement under the Purchase Orders; (3) petitioner has only paid the amount of P4,490,014.32; and (4) thus, petitioner had an unpaid balance to respondent in the amount of P1,534,291.68.

Petitioner should have, and could have easily, specifically denied each and every averment under the foregoing paragraph as required by Section 10 of Rule 8 and then asserted the substance of the matter which it relies on to support its denial. Petitioner's last clause about respondent's allegations being "contrary to the facts and circumstances surrounding the case" is hardly anything which petitioner can rely on to support its case. The statement is not evidence for petitioner as defendant.9 Petitioner's assertion of contrariety of the facts to respondent's position is a conclusion that is made by the court after trial.

Petitioner is plainly splitting hairs. As a result of its failure to make a specific denial, it was deemed to have admitted all the material averment in paragraph   4.10 Consequently,   the   judicial   admission   of  petitioner's remaining liability need not be proved.11chanrobleslaw

Second. The generality of the denial betrays the absence of specific facts that can prove payment.12 If untrue, the falsity of the alleged remaining balance in the amount of P1,534,291.68 is wholly within petitioner's knowledge which it should have delineated in its Answer. Petitioner could have given specifics on why the original contract price of P6,024,306.00 as evidenced by the Purchase Orders was performed only, partially, thus prompting petitioner to pay only the amount of P4,490,014.32.

Since respondent alleged its complete performance of its obligation under the Purchase Orders, petitioner should have asserted respondent's partial and incomplete performance, specifying the deliveries that were not made. In particular, petitioner ought to have alleged in the Answer itself the structural steel requirements that were not erected such that it rightfully only paid for the lesser amount of P4,490,014.32. Yet, petitioner did not do so and only insisted that respondent did not have evidence of completion and delivery.

We further note that petitioner did not even attempt to allege, via the third mode of specific denial, that it had no knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief as to the truth or falsity of respondent's averments because the knowledge or information on the issue at hand was clearly known to it. Petitioner simply avoided a direct answer to the allegations of respondent.

We fail to read or see an Affirmative Defense in the following:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
5.    While  [petitioner]  does  not deny having  engaged  services of [respondent]  for the  supply and delivery of steel requirements,  such
delivery had already been paid in the amount of Php4,490,014.32 as of March 2005;

6.    [Respondent] failed to show evidence that indeed [petitioner] still owes the balance of PI, 534,291.68 as alleged in the Complaint;

7. No demand whatsoever  was    made    against    herein [petitioner] for the alleged balance complained of.13chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
Section 5(b), Rule 5 of the Rules of Court reads:ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
(b) An affirmative defense is an allegation of a new matter which, while hypothetically admitting the material allegations in the pleading of the claimant, would nevertheless prevent or bar recovery by him. The affirmative defenses include fraud, statute of limitations, release, payment, illegality, statute of frauds, estoppel, former recovery, discharge in bankruptcy, and any other matter by way of confession and avoidance.
As previously discussed, petitioner did not set forth a new matter in its Answer because respondent's Complaint already categorically stated in Paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of the Complaint that petitioner had only paid for the amount of P4,490,014.32 of a total indebtedness of P6,024,306.00. Simply petitioner did not dispute the allegations as regards the balance.

Lastly, we agree with the appellate court's imposition of legal interest of twelve percent (12%) from the date of extra-judicial demand, 11 April 2005, the unpaid deliveries being a forbearance of money and there being no stipulation between the parties on the payment of interest. However, we divide the applicable legal interest into two periods: (1) where the prevailing rate of interest on 11 April 2005 to 30 June 2013 is twelve percent (12%) per annum before the advent of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Circular No. 799, Series of 2013 and (2) the reduced rate of interest of six percent (6%) per annum from 1 July 2013 to date when this Decision becomes final and executory.14chanrobleslaw

We also agree that respondent failed to present adequate proof of its entitlement to attorney's fees in the amount of P150,000.00. While it is a sound policy not to set a premium on the right to litigate,15 we, however, find that respondent is entitled to reasonable attorney's fees for having been compelled to go to court in order to assert his right. Thus, we affirm Court of Appeal's grant of P25,000.00 as attorney's fees.

WHEREFORE, the petition is DENIED. The Decision of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. CV No. 92108 is AFFIRMED with MODIFICATION. Petitioner Frilou Construction, Inc. is ordered to pay respondent Aegis Integrated Structure Corporation the following amounts: (1) P1,534,291.00 plus legal interest of (a) twelve percent (12%)per annum form 11 April 2005 to 30 June 2013 and (b) six percent (6%) per annum from 1 July 2013 to date when this Decision becomes final and executory; and (2) P25,000.00 as attorney's fees.   The foregoing shall likewise earn legal interest of six percent (6%) per annum from the finality of this Decision until full satisfaction thereof.

SO ORDERED.chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

Velasco, Jr., (Chairperson), Peralta, Reyes, and Jardeleza, JJ., concur.

Endnotes:


1Rollo, pp. 47-57; Penned by Associate Justice Remedios A. Salazar-Fernando with Associate Justices Isaias P. Dicdican and Romeo F. Barza concurring.

2 Id. at 101-103; Penned by Judge Eugene C. Paras.

3 Id. at 61-62.

4 Id. at 67-68

5 Id. at 9-10.

6Philippine Bank of Communications v. Spouses Go, 658 Phil 43, 58 (2011).

7Rollo, pp. 61-62.

8 Id. at 67.

9 Evidence is defined under Section 1 of   Rule 128 as the means, sanctioned by [the] rules, of ascertaining in a judicial proceeding the truth respecting a matter of fact.

10 Section 11, Rule 8: Allegations not specifically denied deemed admitted.— Material averment in the complaint, other than those as to the amount of unliquidated damages, shall be deemed admitted when not specifically denied, x x x

11 Section 4, Rule 129: Judicial admissions.-—An admission, verbal or written, made by a party in the course of the proceedings in the same case, does not require proof, x x x

12Venzon v. Rural Bank of Buenavista, 716 Phil. 607, 615 (2013).

13Rollo, p. 68.

14    See Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Circular No. 799, Series of 2013.

15BPI Family Bankv. Franco, 563 Phil. 495, 515 (2007).



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  • G.R. No. 196289, August 15, 2016 - Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 217024, August 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RODEL BOLO Y MALDO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 200765, August 08, 2016 - DESIDERIO RANARA, JR., Petitioner, v. ZACARIAS DE LOS ANGELES, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213157, August 10, 2016 - NATIONAL GRID CORPORATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. OFELIAM. OLIVA, IN HER OFFICIAL CAPACITY AS THE CITY TREASURER OF CEBU CITY, Respondent.; G.R. NO. 213558 - OFELIA M. OLLVA, IN HER OFFICIAL CAPACITY AS THE CITY TREASURER OF CEBU CITY, Petitioner, v. NATIONAL GRID CORPORATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10231, August 10, 2016 - OSCAR M. BAYSAC, Complainant, v. ATTY. ELOISA M. ACERON-PAPA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 189081, August 10, 2016 - GLORIA S. DY, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, MANDY COMMODITIES CO., INC., REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, WILLIAM MANDY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203192, August 15, 2016 - IBM PHILIPPINES, INC., Petitioner, v. PRIME SYSTEMS PLUS, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 188769, August 03, 2016 - JOSEPH OMAR O. ANDAY A, Petitioner, v. RURAL BANK OF CABADBARAN, INC., DEMOSTHENES P. ORAIZ and RICARDO D. GONZALEZ, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 220715, August 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. RONNIE BOY EDA Y CASANI, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 217872, August 24, 2016 - ALLIANCE FOR THE FAMILY FOUNDATION, PHILIPPINES, INC. (ALFI) AND ATTY. MARIA CONCEPCION S. NOCHE, IN HER OWN BEHALF AND AS PRESIDENT OF ALFI, JOSE S. SANDEJAS, ROSIE B. LUISTRO, ELENITA S.A. SANDEJAS, EMILY R. LAWS, EILEEN Z. ARANETA, SALVACION C. MONTIERO, MARIETTA C. GORREZ, ROLANDO M. BAUTISTA, RUBEN T. UMALI AND MILDRED C. CASTOR, Petitioners, v. HON. JANETTE L. GARIN, SECRETARY-DESIGNATE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, NICOLAS B. LUTERO III, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF HEALTH, OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, AND MARIA LOURDES C. SANTIAGO, OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, CENTER FOR DRUG REGULATION AND RESEARCH, Respondents.; G.R. No. 221866 - MARIA CONCEPCION S. NOCHE, IN HER OWN BEHALF AND AS COUNSEL OF PETITIONERS, JOSE S. SANDEJAS, ROSIE B. LUISTRO, ELENITA S.A. SANDEJAS, EMILY R. LAWS, EILEEN Z. ARANETA, SALVACION C. MONTIERO, MARIETTA C. GORREZ, ROLANDO M. BAUTISTA, RUBEN T. UMALI AND MILDRED C. CASTOR, Petitioners, v. HON. JANETTE L. GARIN, SECRETARY-DESIGNATE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, NICOLAS B. LUTERO III, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF HEALTH, OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, AND MARIA LOURDES C. SANTIAGO, OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, CENTER FOR DRUG REGULATION AND RESEARCH, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208758, August 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JOVEN GERON Y YEMA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 214077, August 10, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. DANILO A. PANGASINAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 212632, August 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DEN ANDO Y SADULLAH AND SARAH ANDO Y BERNAL, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 219592, August 17, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ARTHUR PARCON Y ESPINOSA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 181268, August 15, 2016 - MILAGROS HERNANDEZ, REPRESENTED BY HER ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, FE HERNANDEZ-ARCEO, Petitioner, v. EDWINA C. OCAMPO, PHILIPPINE SAVINGS BANK, FELICITAS R. MENDOZA, METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, THE SHERIFF, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BINAN, LAGUNA, AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS, CALAMBA CITY, LAGUNA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 177875, August 08, 2016 - ATTY. RODOLFO D. MATEO, Complainant, v. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY ALBERTO G. ROMULO, DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY ARTHUR P. AUTEA, PRESIDENTIAL ANTI-GRAFT COMMISSION, OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, JOSE J. BELTRAN, EVELYN F. DACUYCUY, C.G. DUMATAY, HIGEVO C. MANGOSING, JOEY C. CASTRO, PACITA F. BARBA, RICARDO OLARTE, BELEN I. JUAREZ, LIZA T. OLIVAR, LUISA C. BOKINGO, SANDRO JESUS T. SALES, EDGARDO T. AGBAY, EDUARDO F. PACIO, MILDRED V. BEADOY, FRANCIS B. HILARIE, MA. NERIZZA L. BERDIN, LUIS S. RONGAVTLLA, ARLENE C. DIAZ, MARY JANE M. LAPIDEZ, MELCHOR P. ABRIL, VILMA A. VERGARA, MA. ISABEL S. NOFUENTE, BEATRIZ N. SORIANO, MA. ANNABELLE S. LUSUNG, JAIME M. NOFUENTE, ERLINDA RIZO, MA. CHAREVA S. GONZALES, LILIAN P. GACUSAN, MA. ANGELICA R. RONGAVILLA, EVELYN V. AYSON, CHARITO M. MENGUITO, ARLEEN E. BATAC, RENATO R. RIZO, EDUARDO D. ADINO, MILAGROS M. VELASCO, BELEN T. TORMON, RENATO P. GOJO CRUZ AND EMMIE L. RUALES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 185369, August 03, 2016 - J. TOBIAS M. JAVIER AND VINCENT H. PICCIO III, Petitioners, v. RHODORA J. CADIAO, ALFONSO V. COMBONG, JR., BENJAMIN E. JUANITAS, CALIXTO G. ZALDIVAR III, DANTE M. BERIONG, FERNANDO C. CORVERA, HECTOR L. FRANGUE AND KENNY S. OLANDRES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 163494, August 03, 2016 - JESUSA T. DELA CRUZ Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220023, August 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. DARIO TUBORO Y RAFAEL, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 206227, August 31, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. STANLEY BUENAMER Y MANDANE, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 215954, August 01, 2016 - SPOUSES JOVEN SY AND CORAZON QUE SY, Petitioners, v. CHINA BANKING CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 189185, August 16, 2016 - WILFREDO MOSQUEDA, MARCELO VILLAGANES, JULIETA LAWAGON, CRISPIN ALCOMENDRAS, CORAZON SABINADA, VIRGINIA CATA-AG, FLORENCIA SABANDON, AND LEDEVINA ADLAWAN, Petitioners, v. PILIPINO BANANA GROWERS & EXPORTERS ASSOCIATION, INC., DAVAO FRUITS CORPORATION, AND LAPANDAY AGRICULTURAL AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, Respondents.; G.R. No. 189305 - CITY GOVERNMENT OF DAVAO, Petitioner, v. COURT OF APPEALS, PILIPINO BANANA GROWERS & EXPORTERS ASSOCIATION (PBGEA), DAVAO FRUITS CORPORATION, AND LAPANDAY AGRICULTURAL AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 187850, August 17, 2016 - ANITA U. LORENZANA, Petitioner, v. RODOLFO LELINA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215750, August 17, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CARLITO TAYAO Y LAYA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 191527, August 22, 2016 - BALIBAGO FAITH BAPTIST CHURCH, INC. AND PHILIPPINE BAPTIST S.B.C., INC., Petitioners, v. FAITH IN CHRIST JESUS BAPTIST CHURCH, INC. AND REYNALDO GALVAN, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. P-13-3137, August 23, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. UMAIMA L. SILONGAN, ABIE M. AMILIL, AND SALICK U. PANDA, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 170060, August 17, 2016 - DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. CLARGES CORPORATION, REALTY Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 2404, August 17, 2016 - NILO B. DIONGZON, Petitioner, v. ATTY. WILLIAM MIRANO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 7437, August 17, 2016 - AVIDA LAND CORPORATION (FORMERLY LAGUNA PROPERTIES HOLDINGS, INC.), Complainant, v. ATTY. AL C. ARGOSINO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 192491, August 17, 2016 - MARY JANE G. DY CHIAO, Petitioner, v. SEBASTIAN BOLIVAR, SHERIFF IV, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 19, IN NAGA CITY, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220479, August 17, 2016 - PASDA, INCORPORATED, Petitioner, v. REYNALDO P. DIMAYACYAC, SR., SUBSTITUTED BY THE HEIRS, REPRESENTED BY ATTY. DEMOSTHENES D. C. DIMAYACYAC, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 219569, August 17, 2016 - HSY MARKETING LTD., CO., Petitioner, v. VIRGILIO O. VILLASTIQUE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205573, August 17, 2016 - HELEN LORENZO CUNANAN, Petitioner, v. COURT OF APPEALS, NINTH DIVISION, TEOFILO Q. INOCENCIO, REGIONAL DIRECTOR, DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM REGIONAL OFFICE NO. III, AND YOLANDA MERCADO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 9090, August 31, 2016 - TEODORO B. CRUZ, JR., Complainant, v. ATTYS. JOHN G. REYES, ROQUE BELLO AND CARMENCITA A. ROUS-GONZAGA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 218578, August 31, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ENRICO BRIONES BADILLA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 213187, August 24, 2016 - HAIDE BULALACAO-SORIANO, Petitioner, v. ERNESTO PAPINA, REPRESENTED BY ROSEMARY PAPINA-ZABALA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215551, August 17, 2016 - JAKERSON G. GARGALLO, Petitioner, v. DOHLE SEAFRONT CREWING (MANILA), INC., DOHLE MANNING AGENCIES, INC., AND MR. MAYRONILO B. PADIZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213241, August 01, 2016 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Petitioner, v. JUAN F. VILA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220461, August 24, 2016 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. SPOUSES PRIMO C. YBAÑEZ AND NILA S. YBAÑEZ, MARIS Q. REYOS, AND MICHELLE T. HUAT, Accused-Appellants.

  • A.C. No. 9464, August 24, 2016 - INTERADENT ZAHNTECHNIK, PHIL., INC., REPRESENTED BY LUIS MARCO I. AVANCEÑA, Complainant, v. ATTY. REBECCA S. FRANCISCO-SIMBILLO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 200157, August 31, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JOERY DELIOLA Y BARRIDO, A.K.A. "JAKE DELIOLA," Accused-Appellant.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3418 (Formerly A.M. No. P-12-3-46-RTC), August 08, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. ANTONIA P. ESPEJO, STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 20, VIGAN CITY, ILOCOS SUR, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 222658, August 17, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MARIO GALIA BAGAMANO, Accused-Appellant.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3515 (Formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 15-4401-P), August 10, 2016 - ARNOLD G. TECSON, Complainant, v. ATTY. MARICEL LILLED ASUNCION-ROXAS, CLERK OF COURT VI, BRANCH 23, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, TRECE MARTIRES CITY, CAVITE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 212340, August 17, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. GERRJAN MANAGO Y ACUT, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 214186, August 03, 2016 - RODFHEL BACLAAN, TORREFIEL, MYRA SUACILLO, LORLIE ORENDAY, SHEELA LAO, AND LEODELYN LIBOT, Petitioners, v. BEAUTY LANE PHILS., INC/MS. MA. HENEDINA D. TOBOJKA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 195138, August 24, 2016 - NATIONAL TRANSMISSION CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. MISAMIS ORIENTAL I ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC., Respondent.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3490 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 14-4278-P], August 30, 2016 - JUDGE FE GALLON-GAYANILO, Complainant, v. ERIC C. CALDITO, PROCESS SERVER, BRANCH 35, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, ILOILO CITY, ILOILO,, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 11317, August 23, 2016 - ETHELENE W. SAN JUAN, Complainant, v. ATTY. FREDDIE A. VENIDA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 215715, August 31, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDCEL COLORADA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 220608, August 31, 2016 - MARCELINO T. TAMIN, Petitioner, v. MAGSAYSAY MARITIME CORPORATION AND/OR MASTERBULK PTE. LTD., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 185473, August 17, 2016 - BERNADETTE IDA ANG HIGA, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 200577, August 17, 2016 - CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, Petitioner, v. CAROLINA P. JUEN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 185638, August 10, 2016 - HONORABLE ALVIN P. VERGARA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS CITY MAYOR OF CABANATUAN CITY, AND SANGGUNIANG PANLUNGSOD OF CABANATUAN CITY, Petitioners, v. LOURDES MELENCIO S. GRECIA, REPRESENTED BY RENATO GRECIA, AND SANDRA MELENCIO IN REPRESENTATION OF MA. PAZ SALGADO VDA. DE MELENCIO, CONCHITA MELENCIO, CRISTINA MELENCIO AND LEONARDO MELENCIO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190143, August 10, 2016 - SPOUSES LOLITA ORENCIA AND PEDRO D. ORENCIA, Petitioners, v. FELISA CRUZ VDA. DE RANIN, REPRESENTED BY HER ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, MRS. ESTELA C. TANCHOCO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 11350 [Formerly CBD Case No. 14-4211], August 09, 2016 - ADEGOKE R. PLUMPTRE, Complainant, v. ATTY. SOCRATES R. RIVERA, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 9920 [Formerly A.M. No. MTJ-07-1691], August 30, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR, Complainant, v. FORMER JUDGE ROSABELLA M. TORMIS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198756, August 16, 2016 - BANCO DE ORO, BANK OF COMMERCE, CHINA BANKING CORPORATION, METROPOLITAN BANK & TRUST COMPANY, PHILIPPINE BANK OF COMMUNICATIONS, PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, PHILIPPINE VETERANS BANK, AND PLANTERS DEVELOPMENT BANK, Petitioners; RIZAL COMMERCIAL BANKING CORPORATION AND RCBC CAPITAL CORPORATION, Petitioners-Intervenors; CAUCUS OF DEVELOPMENT NGO NETWORKS, Petitioner-Intervenor, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, BUREAU OF INTERNAL REVENUE, SECRETARY OF FINANCE, DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, THE NATIONAL TREASURER, AND BUREAU OF TREASURY, Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 7178, August 23, 2016 - VICENTE M. GIMENA, Complainant, v. ATTY. SALVADOR T. SABIO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199239, August 24, 2016 - PERCY MALONESIO, IN HIS CAPACITY AS GENERAL MANAGER OF AIR TRANSPORTATION OFFICE (ATO), Petitioner, v. ARTURO M. JIZMUNDO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 216146, August 24, 2016 - ALFREDO L. CHUA, TOMAS L. CHUA AND MERCEDES P. DIAZ, Petitioners, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. Nos. 187822-23, August 03, 2016 - EVER ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURING, INC., VICENTE C. GO AND GEORGE C. GO, Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE BANK OF COMMUNICATIONS (PBCOM), REPRESENTED BY ITS VICE-PRESIDENT, MR. DOMINGO S. AURE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 220399, August 22, 2016 - ENRIQUE Y. SAGUN, Petitioner, v. ANZ GLOBAL SERVICES AND OPERATIONS (MANILA), INC., GAY CRUZADA, AND PAULA ALCARAZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 174379, August 31, 2016 - E.I. DUPONT DE NEMOURS AND CO. (ASSIGNEE OF INVENTORS CARINI, DUNCIA AND WONG), Petitioner, v. DIRECTOR EMMA C. FRANCISCO (IN HER CAPACITY AS DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OFFICE), DIRECTOR EPIFANIO M. EVASCO (IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE DHUECTOR OF THE BUREAU OF PATENTS), AND THERAPHARMA, INC., Respondents.

  • A.M. No. P-16-3541 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 12-3915-P], August 30, 2016 - SYLVIA G. CORPUZ, Complainant, v. CEFERINA B. RIVERA, COURT STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF DAVAO CITY, DAVAO DEL SUR, BRANCH 12, Respondent.; A.M. No. P-16-3542 [FORMERLY OCA IPI No. 13-4049-P] - PRESIDING JUDGE RUFINO S. FERRARIS, JR., MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT IN CITIES OF DAVAO CITY, BRANCH 7, Complainant, v. CEFERINA B. RIVERA, COURT STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF DAVAO CITY, DAVAO DEL SUR, BRANCH 12, Respondent.; A.M. No. P-16-3543 [FORMERLY OCA IPI No. 13-4074-P] - IRINEO F. MARTINEZ, JR., Complainant, v. CEFERINA B. RIVERA, COURT STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF DAVAO CITY, DAVAO DEL SUR, BRANCH 12, RESPONDENT.; OCA IPI No. 14-2731-MTJ - CEFERINA B. RIVERA, COURT STENOGRAPHER III, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF DAVAO CITY, DAVAO DEL SUR, BRANCH 12, Complainant, v. PRESIDING JUDGE RUFINO S. FERRARIS, JR., MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT IN CITIES OF DAVAO CITY, BRANCH 7, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 8698, August 31, 2016 - MANUEL B. BERNALDEZ, Complainant, v. ATTY. WILMA DONNA C. ANQUILO-GARCIA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198160, August 31, 2016 - VICTORIA P. CABRAL, Petitioner, v. GREGORIA ADOLFO, GREGORIO LAZARO AND HEIRS OF ELIAS POLICARPIO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209385, August 31, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. SALUD ABALOS AND JUSTINA CLARISSA P. MAMARIL, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 189289, August 31, 2016 - GLORIA ZOLETA-SAN AGUSTIN, Petitioner, v. ERNESTO SALES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199431, August 31, 2016 - STA. FE REALTY, INC. AND VICTORIA SANDEJAS FABREGAS, Petitioners, v. JESUS M. SISON, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 221848, August 30, 2016 - FIELD INVESTIGATION OFFICE OF THE OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, Petitioner, v. REY RUECA CASTILLO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 218086, August 10, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CHARLIE BALISONG, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 197356, August 24, 2016 - EMILIO A. AQUINO, Petitioner, v. CARMELITA TANGKENGKO, MORRIS TANGKENGKO AND RANILLO TANGKENGKO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 183173, August 24, 2016 - THE CHAIRMAN AND EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, PALAWAN COUNCIL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, AND THE PALAWAN COUNCIL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Petitioners, v. EJERCITO LIM, DOING BUSINESS AS BONANZA AIR SERVICES, AS REPRESENTED BY HIS ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, CAPT. ERNESTO LIM, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 199497, August 24, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DELIA CAMANNONG, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 211724, August 24, 2016 - IN THE MATTER OF THE PETITION FOR CORRECTION OF ENTRY (CHANGE OF FAMILY NAME IN THE BIRTH CERTIFICATE OF FELIPE C. ALMOJUELA AS APPEARING IN THE RECORDS OF THE NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE), FELIPE C. ALMOJUELA, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 219071, August 24, 2016 - SPOUSES CHARITO M. REYES AND ROBERTO REYES, AND SPOUSES VILMA M. MARAVILLO AND DOMINGO MARAVILLO, JR., Petitioners, v. HEIRS OF BENJAMIN MALANCE,* NAMELY: ROSALINA M. MALANCE, BERNABE M. MALANCE, BIENVENIDO M. MALANCE, AND DOMINGA** M. MALANCE, REPRESENTED BY BIENVENIDO M. MALANCE, Respondents.