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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
April-1949 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-1749 April 2, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LUCAS GEMPES

    083 Phil 267

  • G.R. No. L-1441 April 7, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MIGUEL N. MORENO

    083 Phil 286

  • G.R. No. L-2179 April 12, 1949 - MANILA TRADING petitioner v. MANILA TRADING LABORERS’ ASSN.

    083 Phil 297

  • G.R. No. L-979 April 13, 1949 - COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHIL. v. FAR EASTERN SURETY

    083 Phil 305

  • G.R. No. L-2745 April 13, 1949 - FLAVIANO ROMERO v. POTENCIANO PECSON

    083 Phil 308

  • G.R. No. L-856 April 18, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SUSANO PEREZ

    083 Phil 314

  • G.R. No. L-493 April 19, 1949 - SANTIAGO BANAAG v. VICENTE SINGSON ENCARNACION

    083 Phil 325

  • G.R. No. L-1545 April 19, 1949 - E. R. CRUZ v. RAFAEL DINGLASAN.

    083 Phil 333

  • G.R. No. 48671 April 19, 1949 - EUSEBIO BELVIZ v. CATALINO BUENAVENTURA

    083 Phil 337

  • G.R. No. L-364 April 25, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIANO T. JAUCIAN

    083 Phil 340

  • G.R. No. L-1282 April 25, 1949 - JUAN S. BARROZO v. MARCELINO T. MACARAEG

    083 Phil 378

  • G.R. No. L-2525 April 26, 1949 - MARY BURKE DESBARATS v. TOMAS DE VERA

    083 Phil 382

  • G.R. No. 48676 April 26, 1949 - LEON ORACION v. PACITA JUANILLO

    083 Phil 397

  • G.R. No. L-793 April 27, 1949 - FELISA R. PAEZ v. FRANCISCO MAGNO

    083 Phil 403

  • G.R. No. L-1259 April 27, 1949 - IN RE: CRISANTO DE BORJA v. JULIANA DE BORJA

    083 Phil 405

  • G.R. No. L-1370 April 27, 1949 - BERNARDA DE VASQUEZ v. ALFONSO DIVA

    083 Phil 410

  • G.R. No. L-1399 April 27, 1949 - IN RE: GONZALO T. DAVID v. CARLOS M. SISON

    083 Phil 413

  • G.R. No. L-1590 April 27, 1949 - RAYMUNDA SIVA v. FELIXBERTO IMPERIAL REYES

    083 Phil 416

  • G.R. No. L-1627 April 27, 1949 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. MAMERTO RAMIREZ

    083 Phil 418

  • G.R. No. L-1976 April 27, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ARULA

    083 Phil 425

  • G.R. No. L-2056 April 27, 1949 - SANTIAGO ALERIA v. JUAN MENDOZA

    083 Phil 427

  • G.R. No. L-2336 April 27, 1949 - ANGELINA CANAYNAY v. BIENVENIDO A. TAN

    083 Phil 429

  • CA. No. 2592-R April 27, 1949 - SATURNINA ZAPANTA v. VIRGILIO BARTOLOME

    083 Phil 433

  • G.R. No. L-2612 April 27, 1949 - RURAL PROGRESS ADMINISTRATION v. DOMINADOR TEMPOROSA

    083 Phil 438

  • G.R. No. L-855 April 28, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TROADIO BUTAWAN

    083 Phil 440

  • G.R. No. L-1275 April 28, 1949 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. FULGENCIO BUSTILLOS.

    083 Phil 443

  • G.R. No. L-1661 April 28, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TEODORO CANTOS

    083 Phil 446

  • G.R. No. L-1672 April 28, 1949 - IN RE: ZENAIDA JIRO-MORI

    083 Phil 450

  • G.R. No. L-2028 April 28, 1949 - PHIL. SHEET METAL WORKERS’ UNION v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

    083 Phil 453

  • CA. No. 332 April 29, 1949 - CHINA INSURANCE & SURETY COMPANY v. B. K. BERKENKOTTER

    083 Phil 459

  • G.R. No. L-1650 April 29, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GORGONIO MACABUHAY

    083 Phil 464

  • G.R. No. L-2899 April 29, 1949 - NATIONAL COCONUT CORPORATION v. FRANCISCO GERONIMO

    083 Phil 467

  • G.R. No. L-150 April 30, 1949 - VICENTE HILADO v. FELIX DE LA COSTA

    083 Phil 471

  • G.R. No. L-1234 April 30, 1949 - VICTORINO FLORO v. SANTIAGO H. GRANADA

    083 Phil 487

  • G.R. No. L-1383 April 30, 1949 - PAZ ESCARELLA DE RALLA v. DIRECTOR OF LANDS

    083 Phil 491

  • G.R. No. L-1523 April 30, 1949 - BIÑAN TRANSPORTATION COMPANY v. FIDEL IBAÑEZ

    083 Phil 503

  • G.R. No. L-1783 April 30, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DIONISIO CARPIO Y ESTACIO

    083 Phil 509

  • G.R. No. L-1916 April 30, 1949 - PABLO C. SIBULO v. LOPE ALTAR

    083 Phil 513

  • G.R. No. L-2009 April 30, 1949 - SUNRIPE COCONUT PRODUCTS CO. v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

    083 Phil 518

  • G.R. No. L-2122 April 30, 1949 - FAUSTINO BUTER v. TRIBUNAL DE RELACIONES INDUSTRIALES

    083 Phil 526

  • G.R. No. L-46798 April 30, 1949 - PINDANGAN AGRICULTURAL CO., INC. v. ERNEST A. SCHENKEL Y OTRO

    083 Phil 529

  • G.R. No. 49167 April 30, 1949 - CO TAO v. JOAQUIN CHAN CHICO

    083 Phil 543

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. L-1672   April 28, 1949 - IN RE: ZENAIDA JIRO-MORI<br /><br />083 Phil 450

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. No. L-1672. April 28, 1949.]

    In re Judicial approval of the acknowledgment of a natural child. ZENAIDA JIRO-MORI (minor) through her guardian ad litem Lorenza J. Vda. de Balagtas, Petitioner-Appellant.

    Gualberto Cruz for Appellant.

    SYLLABUS


    1. PARENT AND CHILD; ACKNOWLEDGMENT; BY NOTARIAL DOCUMENT INSUFFICIENT; NECESSITY OF JUDICIAL PROCEEDING. — An acknowledgment before a notary is insufficient; there must be a judicial proceeding in the regular way.

    2. ID.; ID.; NECESSITY OF PRESENCE OF ADVERSE PARTY AND ASSURANCE THAT INSTRUMENT OF ACKNOWLEDGMENT IS GENUINE. — Counsel for petitioner believes that the law may be substantially complied with the merely having the court approve an acknowledgment previously made in a notarial document. But the danger of such a procedure when applied to this case may easily be conceived. According to counsel, the acknowledging parent is "reputedly rich and may have properties left in the Philippines." But it is not known where he is. At least, neither he nor any of his legal successors, if he is already dead, has been cited to appear Held: That with no assurance that the instrument of acknowledgment sought to be approved is genuine or has not been illegally obtained and with no adverse party present to impugn its validity, it would be possible, through the procedure advocated by counsel, for an impostor to become heir to a fortune in the absence of its owner.


    D E C I S I O N


    REYES, J.:


    On April 4, 1946, the minor Zenaida Jiro-Mori, through her mother and guardian ad litem Lorenza Jiro Vda. de Balagtas, filed a petition in the Court of First Instance of Rizal, accompanied by a certified copy of a notarial document dated December 26, 1944, on file in the office of the local civil registrar of Manila, which purports to be a recognition by a Japanese citizen named M. Mori of the filiation of a child then still in the womb of its mother, the said Lorenza Jiro Vda. de Balagtas. The petition alleges that petitioner is the child referred to in the document and asks that the court approve the acknowledgment made therein in accordance with the second paragraph of article 133 of the Civil Code.

    After hearing, with previous notice to the provincial fiscal of Rizal, who, however, did not appear to contest the petition, the court rendered an order of the following tenor:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "This concerns a petition praying that a document, purporting to acknowledge Zenaida Jiro-Mori, a minor, be judicially approved.

    "Considering that the relief applied for cannot be had by the mere filing of a petition of this nature, but by the institution of an ordinary civil action, the Court is constrain (constrained) to dismiss this petition, without prejudice, however, to the filing of an appropriate action by the petitioner."cralaw virtua1aw library

    From the order of dismissal, appeal was taken to the Court of Appeals, but that court has certified the case to us as the issue involved is purely one of law.

    The provision of law on which petitioner relies (second paragraph of article 133, Civil Code) says:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "The approval of the court, to be granted after hearing the prosecuting officer, shall be necessary to the acknowledgment of a minor, unless such acknowledgment be made in a certificate of birth or in a will."cralaw virtua1aw library

    Commenting on this provision, Manresa expresses the opinion that it permits the acknowledgment of a child still unborn (I Manresa, 6th ed., p. 625).

    But this Court has already held that, for the purposes of the provision, an acknowledgment before a notary is insufficient and that there must be a judicial proceeding in the regular way. (Legare v. Cuerques, 34 Phil., 221, 226.)

    Counsel for petitioner believes that the law may be substantially complied with by merely having the court approve an acknowledgment previously made in a notarial document. But the danger of such a procedure when applied to this case may easily be conceived. According to counsel, the acknowledging parent is "reputedly rich and may have properties left in the Philippines." But it is not known where he is. At least, neither he nor any of his legal successors, if he is already dead, has been cited to appear. With no assurance that the instrument of acknowledgment sought to be approved is genuine or has not been illegally obtained and with no adverse party present to impugn its validity, it would be possible, through the procedure advocated by counsel, for an impostor to become heir to a fortune in the absence of its owner.

    We see no error in the order appealed from. It is, therefore, hereby confirmed.

    Moran, C.J., Paras, Feria., Pablo, Perfecto, Bengzon, Briones, Tuason and Montemayor, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. L-1672   April 28, 1949 - IN RE: ZENAIDA JIRO-MORI<br /><br />083 Phil 450


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